ትልቁ የኢትዮጵያ ‘ፌደራል’ በጀት ድክመቱ፣ገጽታዎቹና ውስብስብ ችግሮቹ

21 Jun

በከፍያለው ገብረመድኅን The Ethiopia Observatory (TEO)
 
ለኢትዮጵያ አስተዳደራዊ ሥራ ማስፈጸሚያ በከፍተኛነቱ የመጀመሪያው የሆነውና በ2010 ዓ.ም (2017/18) ተግባራዊ የሚሆነው ብሔራዊ በጀት ብር 320.8 ቢሊዮን ($14 ቢሊዮን) የተመደበለት መሆኑን የፋይናንስና ኤኮኖሚ ሚኒስትሩ ዶ/ር አብርሃም ተከስተ የፓርቲያቸው ብቻ ለሆነው ፓርላማ ለወጉ ረቂቁን እንዲያጸድቅ ሰኔ 1/2009 ማቅረባቸው በሕዝብ መገናኛ ተገልጿል።

የራሱ ውስጣዊ ችግሮቹ እንዳሉ ሆነው፡ ከሕዝባዊው አመጽ ወዲህ የመጀመሪያው የሆነው ይህ በጀት፡ በሕዝብ ቁጣ ወላፈን መለብለቡን በብዙ መልኩ ያሳያል። በተለይም ዛሬ ኤኮኖሚው ካጋጠመው የገንዘብ ችግሮች፣ የዕዳ ጫና፥ የምርቶች መቀነስና፣ የዋጋ ግሽበት አደጋ የኤኮኖሚው ማሽቆልቆ ከድህነት መስፋፋት ሁኔታ፣ ዜጎች በየጊዜው በሚታፈኑባትና ያለፍርድ በሚታሥሩባት እንዲሁም የሃገሪቱ ሰላም በአፈሙዝ ከሚጠበቅበት አንጻር ሲታይ — የበጀቱ አዘጋጆች በዚህ ትንተና ባይስማሙም — እነዚህ ከሃገሪቱ ፊት የተጋረጡ እውነታዎች ናቸው።
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Gates Research Institute to Focus on Accelerating Translational Research

23 Jun

Posted by The Ethiopia Observatory (TEO)
AIVI Report (The International AIDS Vaccine Initiative (IAVI)
 

“Going forward it [BMGF] will take the unusual step of doing some of the research itself.”

Since its inception in 2000, the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation (BMGF) has spent billions of dollars on global health research, largely by funding academic laboratories and product development partnerships (PDPs). Going forward it will take the unusual step of doing some of the research itself.

A press release posted on BMGF’s website on April 25 says they plan to establish a non-profit medical research institute aimed at improving the pace of translational research—that is, the process of turning scientific discoveries into actual products. The release says the institute will focus on “capitalizing on research breakthroughs and identifying viable candidates for drugs, vaccines, diagnostics, and medical devices.” BMGF anticipates that the institute will be co-located in Seattle and Boston and that Penny Heaton, who heads up BMGF’s Vaccine Development and Surveillance Program, will be taking a senior leadership role in the new institute, according to the press release.

The research institute will receive US$100 million annually from BMGF to study diarrheal diseases, malaria, and tuberculosis (TB). Ambitious projects are underway to eradicate these diseases, but there is still no vaccine to prevent malaria, diarrheal diseases remain a leading killer of young children in developing countries, and better vaccines and drugs are needed in the TB fight, as are more efficient ways of confirming its diagnosis.

Exactly why BMGF decided to switch gears and open its own research institute is unclear. Bryan Callahan, a spokesman for BMGF, told IAVI Report that they preferred not to comment until October, when the concept and design of the institute should be complete.

Another open question is how the new research institute will impact PDPs that are working on these same diseases and currently receiving financial support from BMGF. Peter Hotez, director of the Texas Children’s Hospital Center for Vaccine Development, says not enough is known now to determine what kind of impact the new research institute will have.

In a Q&A, BMGF said it is still evaluating how the institute will work with its product development partners, but that it is anticipated that the new institute will affect relationships with a “small subset of partners in specific disease research areas.”

Lawrence Corey, president and director emeritus of the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center in Seattle and a principal investigator of the HIV Vaccine Trials Network, says he had little knowledge about the concept or genesis of the institute. “But new research into these problems are always welcome and helpful.”

Anthony Fauci, director of the US National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), the largest public funder of basic research of infectious diseases, agreed. “NIAID puts a substantial effort into TB, malaria, and diarrheal diseases, and we will likely develop collaborative and synergistic relationships with them,” he says. “I’m looking forward to seeing how this thing evolves.” — Mary Rushton
 

Dangote, Africa’s richest man, may quit Ethiopia over nationalization dispute

23 Jun

Posted by The Ethiopia Observatory (TEO)

LAGOS – Dangote Cement, controlled by Africa’s richest man, Aliko Dangote, said it may shut its operations in Ethiopia if authorities in the central state of Oromia don’t reverse an order to cement makers to hand over control of some parts of their businesses to local young people.

Oromia state’s East Shewa Zone administration wants the Nigerian company to outsource its pumice, sand and clay mines to youth groups or be responsible for “any problems” that may arise, according to a letter from the authority to Dangote that was seen by Bloomberg and verified with a representative of East Shewa’s administration. The regional government sees the transfer of jobs in pumice production as a way to ease youth unemployment and quell unrest, according to the document.
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የሃገሪቱ ዕዳ ከ$40 ቢሊዮን በላይ በሆነበት ወቅት የሕወሃት ፓርላማ ተጨማሪ ቢሊዮን ያህል የአሜሪካን ዶላር ብድሮችን አጸደቀ

23 Jun

Posted by The Ethiopia Observatory (TEO)

አዲስ አበባ፣ ሰኔ 15፣ 2009 (ኤፍ.ቢ.ሲ) የሕዝብ ተወካዮች ምክር ቤት በሁለተኛ ዓመት የስራ ዘመን በ42ኛ መደበኛ ጉባኤው ከቀረቡለት 15 የተለያዩ ረቂቅ አዋጆች በብድር ስምምነት ላይ ያተኮሩ ስድስት አዋጆችን በሙሉ ድምጽ አፅድቋል።

ለሁለተኛው የከተሞች የመጠጥ ውሃና ሳኒቴሽን 236 ሚሊየን 400 ሺህ ኤስ ዲ አር እና 125 ሚሊየን የአሜሪካ ዶላር የብድር ስምምነት አዋጅ ጸድቋል።
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Golden era of growth fails to mask deeper grievances in Ethiopia

22 Jun

Posted by The Ethiopia Observatory (TEO)
by Hanna Blyth, Fragile States Index
 
Since the end of an almost two-decades long civil war that began in 1991, the Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF) has provided relative political stability and enabled strong economic development. Though an inter-state conflict with Eritrea over disputed territory flared in 1998-2000, since the ceasefire was declared between the two countries in December 2000, Ethiopia has been on a path of strong fiscal growth and has become an increasingly respected player within the international community. Ethiopia’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) has risen from US$8.2 billion in 2000, to an impressive US$61.5 billion in 2015 – coinciding with major injections of foreign capital from development partners. Looking past these golden dollar sign headlines, however, there are signals that deep social and political fissures have the potential to set the country back on a path to conflict.
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8 men have the same wealth as 3.6 billion of the world’s poorest people. We must rebalance this unjust economy

22 Jun

Posted by The Ethiopia Observatory (TEO)
by Winnie Byanyima
Executive Director, Oxfam International
 
Today just eight people have the same wealth as 3.6 billion of the world’s poorest and most vulnerable. It’s actually not even “people” anymore, as these fortunate few are all men.
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Starvation looms as food runs out in drought-hit Ethiopia

22 Jun

Posted by The Ethiopia Observatory (TEO)
by AFP
 

The Somali people of Ethiopia’s southeast have a name for the drought that has killed livestock, dried up wells and forced hundreds of thousands into camps: sima, which means “equalised”.

It’s an appropriate name, they say, because this drought has left no person untouched, spared no corner of their arid region. And it has forced 7.8 million people across the whole of Ethiopia to rely on emergency food handouts to stay alive.
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