Ebola virus disease outbreaks & reach

27 Aug

by Keffyalew Gebremedhin – The Ethiopia Observatory (TEO)

The World Health Organization (WHO) reports that a total of 2,615 infections have been recorded, while by August 20, 2014 the death figure stands at 1,427.

The distribution of infections and deaths in the four West African countries is as follows: (a) Guinea 607 infections and 406 deaths, (b) Liberia 1,082 infections and 624 deaths, (c) Nigeria 16 infections and 5 deaths, and Sierra Leone 910 infections and 392 deaths.

To show the speed in which this disease spreads, WHO indicated that a total of 142 new cases of Ebola virus disease was reported between August 19 and 20, resulting in 77 deaths in these four countries.

Spread of this dangerous disease is shown in the WHO map hereunder:

Geographical distribution of Ebola outbreaks in West Africa  7 August 2014 (Courtesy of WHO)

(Courtesy of WHO)

On the map countries such as the Central African Republic, Chad, Ethiopia, Madagascar, Niger, Togo and Uganda have been marked with the beige color for past serological evidence. This relates to the scientific study of plasma serum and other bodily fluids, which were found by those countries and reported as positive in the past. It means that antibodies against the virus have been detected in a blood sample but no cases of sick patients were found.

Meanwhile, on August 25, 2014 Congo DR reported two confirmed cases of Ebola virus, where according to the health minister of that country already 13 people had died, according to BBC News.

Ebola virus disease transmission

Ebola is introduced into the human population through close contact with the blood, secretions, organs or other bodily fluids of infected animals. In Africa, according to WHO, infection has been documented through the handling of infected chimpanzees, gorillas, fruit bats, monkeys, forest antelope and porcupines found ill or dead or in the rainforest.
 

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