In danger-prone Addis Abeba, early this morning three young plastic factory employees electrocuted

30 Apr

Posted by The Ethiopia Observatory (TEO)

አዲስ አበባ፣ ሚያዚያ 22፣ 2008 (ኤፍ.ቢ.ሲ) በአዲስ አበባ በንፋስ ስልክ ላፍቶ ክፍለ ከተማ በአንድ ፕላስቲክ ፋብሪካ የሚሰሩ ሶስት ወጣቶች በኤሌክትሪክ አደጋ ህይወታቸው አለፈ።

የአዲስ አበባ እሳትና ድንገተኛ አደጋዎች መቆጣጠርና መከላከል ባለስልጣን የህዝብ ግንኙነት ባለሙያ አቶ ንጋቱ ማሞ እንደገለፁት፥ አደጋው የደረሰው ዛሬ ማለዳ በንፋስ ስልክ ላፍቶ ክፍለ ከተማ ወረዳ 11 ነው።

ስሙ ባልተጠቀሰው የፕላሲቲክ ፋብሪካ ውስጥ የውሀ ገንዳ በማፅዳት ላይ የነበሩት ሶስቱ ወጣቶች በገንዳው ውስጥ ተዘርግቶ የነበረ ኤሌክትሪክ ይዟቸው ነው ህይወታቸው ያለፈው።

“እነዚህ ወጣቶች የነገውን በዓል በደስታ ለማሳለፍ ስራቸውን ቀድመው ለማጠናቀቅ ሲሯሯጡ አደጋው ደርሶባቸዋል” ያሉት አቶ ንጋቱ፥ በዋዜማ በሚከናወኑ የበዓል ዝግጅቶች በተለይም ከኤሌክትሪክና ተቀጣጣይ ነገሮች ጋር ተያይዞ ከፍተኛ ጥንቃቄ ሊደረግ እንደሚገባ አሳስበዋል።

ባለስልጣኑ ድንገተኛ አደጋዎችን መቆጣጠር የሚያስችል ዝግጅት ማድረጉንም ተናግረዋል።

በዓሉን ተከትሎ ሊደርሱ የሚችሉ አደጋዎችን መሰረት ያደረገ የጥንቃቄ መልዕክት በገበያና በሃይማኖት ተቋማት አካባቢ መሰራጨቱንም ነው የጠቆሙት።

በሰባቱም የባለስልጣኑ ቅርንጫፍ ጣቢያዎች ሁሉም የአደጋ መቆጣጠር ማሽኖች፣ ባለሙያዎችና የአምቡላንስ ተሽከርካሪዎች ዝግጁ እንዲሆኑ ተደርገዋል ብለዋል።

አደጋ ከደረሰም ህብረተሰቡ ፈጠኖ ስልክ በመደወል እንዲያሳውቅ ያሳሰቡት አቶ ንጋቱ፥ 939 ነፃ ከመሆኑ ጋር ተያይዞ በጥሪ ስለሚጨናነቅ ተጨማሪ ስልኮችን መጠቀም ያስፈልጋል ብለዋል።
 

Abnegation of state duties & responsibilities: Why is the TPLF failing to give priority to citizens’ safety and security, especially in work places?

The constitution of Ethiopia, written by the TPLF, has many important features regarding workplace safety. Added to it are also the provisions in institutional mandates of the ministries of health, social and labor affairs, women and youth affairs, among others.

The three young employees, in the above news story, were cleaning water tank, when the power inside the tank electrocuted them. this should not have happened in a country that for the first time joined the ILO as a state member.

As TEO also discussed last week in our article – ተጠያቂነት በሌለበት የሕወሃት አስተዳደር በሕወሃት መሃንዲሶች ከቅጠል የሚሠሯቸው ሕንጻዎችና መንገዶች እየተደረመሱ፣ ሕዝብና ንብረት እየፈጁ ነው — አሳፋሪው የቦሌው ሰሚት ሕንጻ ጉዳይ! – this accident exemplifies lack of national standards and absence of accident prevention under the TPLF regime.

In addition, this accident represents a violation of International Labor Organization’s (ILO) longstanding conventions and procedures on occupational safety the aim of which to protect workers from work place accidents, injuries and deaths.

In terms of rights of labor, Article 42 (1) of the 1994 Ethiopian constitution states:

    Factory and service workers, farmers, farm labourers, other rural workers and government employees whose work compatibility allows for it and who are below a certain level of responsibility, have the right to form associations to improve their conditions of employment and economic well-being. This right includes the right to form trade unions and other associations to bargain collectively with employers or other organizations that affect their interests.

These openings in the main law have also been subsumed in labor proclamations, for instance Proclamation No.377/20, which in Articles 87-92 makes important references to occupational safety of all workers, including singling out women and young workers and the obligations of employer.

The ILO has 40 international instruments dealing with occupational safety and health, as well as over 40 Codes of Practice. In its 93 years as a member of the ILO, Ethiopia has ratified 19 conventions to date, of which the June 3, 1981 “Occupational safety and health and workingenvironment Convention No 155/1981” is one of them it ratified on January 28, 1991, just a few months before the TPLF seized power.

In Article 4 (1), the above-mentioned Convention requires of its state party to “formulate, implement and periodically review a coherent national policy on occupational safety, occupational health and the working environment. In Article 4 (2), the Convention states its aim, which is “to prevent accidents and injury to health arising out of, linked with or occurring in the course of work, by minimising, so far as is reasonably practicable, the causes of hazards inherent in the working environment.”

Unfortunately, while Ethiopia has adequate laws and procedures in place, in the past quarter century these international obligations have lacked institutional intervention to ensure their implementation and supervision.

For various reasons, in ILO circles, the TPLF regime is perceived as pretender and one that tries to turn the hands of time to the pre-ILO days. This perception has followed the regime on account of its repressive laws and the denial of the rights of labor, bearing in mind what it has done to trade and professional unions, such as teachers, which turned ILO committees and working groups known places of litigation by international actors against the Ethiopian regime. It has been known as insincere for the measures it has taken to foster its own handiwork and inserting them as legitimate organizations its representatives in control, while detaining the legitimate representatives of unions and closing the bank accounts registered organizations.

That is why today internationally the TPLF – from the ILO members’ vantage point – is known as anti-civil society, ideological and militaristic authoritarian regime.

Therefore, it goes from this that since the TPLF’s interest is in power, as in most other areas of its endeavors, laws have increasingly become no different from a collection of trophies for a show as collectors item in Ethiopia, instead of instruments that empower and help improve the quality of life of citizens.

The case of the three youngsters electrocuted in TPLF-licensed plastic factory represents one in the series of the many failures of the regime, characterized by absence of codes and standards for every invention or construction!
 

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