Ethiopia-UK human rights consultation underlines worrying situation in the country, for which Foreign Ministry has no answer

16 Nov

Editor’s Note:

    Diplomacy always is the art of the possible. There is also a diplomacy that is not fruitful at all. This latter thought was felt after reading on The Reporter Wednesday evening about the encounter between Ethiopian and United Kingdom officials, during which time the latter has sort of made a démarche about the deteriorating human rights situation in the country.

    The claim in the UK statement is true indeed.

    However, as a former Ethiopian foreign service member, then one of its diplomats and over a period participant in various international conferences and in 1989-1990 in the Security Council, and currently a retired International Civil Servant from the United Nations, I can say with certainty nothing is harder and more difficult than:

    (a) getting real information for practitioner of diplomacy in a country such as Ethiopia, where it is difficult to know where the real decision-making body of the regime is within so many layers, the many secret back channels and then who the real decidion-makers are; and

    (b) defending the TPLF regime’s atrocious human rights violations. Obnoxious is TPLF’s political duplicity and open and systematic cruelty; the Front’s unconscionable injustices of its ethnic nepotism and mafia-class corruption the regime has been perpetrating against the Ethiopian people are depressing, while all donors are witnessing, at times openly standing in its defence!

    If the past is any guide, I know, the foreign ministry and its staff are always in the dark. I am sure this is true of the foreign minister too, since he — unlike his predecessor Tedros Adhanom and before that Seyoum Mesfin — is not one of the core ethnic Tigreans graduating from ‘Dedebit’, either by deed or blood.

    Regimes such as the TPLF’s do not accept the civil service system. They are afraid of it. That is why they do not have even laws and regulations on its rights and functions.
    Instead, the regimes recruit the individuals into membership of their corrupt system and enslave their minds. That’s why African nations lose every year many good and industrious citizens, whose independence and loyalty to their nations the dictators fear.

    True, the TPLF has a Civil Service College to foster its “civil service” graduates.

    It is for the same reasons civil society organisations, as defenders of common societal interests — outside the regimes own creations — have become vanishing local institutions.

    As for the foreign ministry people, how can people defend what they don’t know, or cannot correlate their responses to any of the official guidelines or laws of the nation? The TPLF people are good in these things: to start with, they have inside information to varying degrees; if not, they are all free to tell lies; it is neither a crime nor sin, when they do it in defence of the ethnic group, or leadership interests!

    That’s why the TPLF is confident about getting away with the crime of murder and assassinations any time and anywhere, including inside parliament when things get worse!

    My question to the United Kingdom, and through it to all other donor nations, is what after such an exercise Ethiopia and the UK had just undertaken?

    Since the taxpayers in the UK have paid for travel costs/per diem of those who were present for this meeting from the capital, the annual programme also has a budget for it, they must have a well-defined objective and expected outcome.

    That in mind, I would like to ask what progress has been made that has satisfied UK to continuing the exercise thus far or in future, especially after these fourth round of consultations with the Ethiopian officials on human rights, given the significant deteriorations in the situation.

    I know for a fact, what we notice in Ethiopia is continuous deterioration, which in our judgement makes the consultations futile.

    On its part, the US is holding meetings with African foreign ministers of 37 African countries in Washington D.C. I understood from Ambassador Donald Yamamoto’s press conference Tuesday, governance and economic development and cooperation are the major topics of discussion.

    Current realities in the region dictate and, I presume, the primary focus of the consultations to be the increasing popular protests in countries such as Ethiopia, Kenya, terrorism in the Sahel region, Burundi, Congo, etc.

    The elite newspapers in the respective donor countries inform their nations about the kind of situations that are now prevailing in Africa. From my vantage point, key content of the stories could be the grand slippage in many places, which of late has reached concerning proportions.

    People are rising into action in defence of their dignities. That is the story from Ethiopia to Burundi to Kenya, Nigeria to Zambia, now Zimbabwe, before dynastic power transfer took place with Mrs Mugabe as the main beneficiary.

    Libya has become slave trader, according to latest CNN report. South Sudan and ‘Democratic’ Congo have become the largest death traps to their citizens. There are still many donor nations doing business with Kabila, who has been sitting on the throne, unable to find time to decide when he would organise election.

    In all these, I fear, efforts in all the different fora seem focused on facilitating to bring about calmness to the troubled nations. In other words, this is no time for such action that chooses to ignore grievances of the population. That is why now they have come back on a graduating scale now.

    The more this is allowed to continue, there is the danger of unwanted elements and terrorists seizing power to disrupt everything! This is neither the time no the area where containment can be experimented on!


የኢትዮጵያ ሰብዓዊ መብት አያያዝ እንዲስተካከል እንግሊዝ ጥያቄ አቀረበች! በሕወሃት ተወካዮች በኩል ለጥያቄው መልስ ሳይሆን፣ እንግሊዝ ለምትሠጠው ዕርዳታ ምሥጋና ማቅረብ መሆኑ ኃፍረት ፈጥሯል!

Ethiopia-UK Fourth Round Human Rights Consultations (Foto Reporter)


Posted by The Ethiopia Observatory (TEO)

“በሰብዓዊ መብት አያያዝ ላይ [ኢትዮጵያ] ችግሮች አሉባት!”

“ይህንን ያህል የስደተኛ ቁጥር ተቀብሎ ማስተናገድ ከባድ ነው፡፡ የእንግሊዝ መንግሥት ይህንን ከግምት ውስጥ በማስገባት ከኢትዮጵያ መንግሥት ጎን ይቆማል፡፡ የሰብዓዊ መብት አያያዝ ጉዳይ ግን ጊዜ የማይሰጠው ነው፤”

    —   ከተሳታፊዎቹ አንዱ የሆኑ የእንግሊዝ ዲፕሎማት ለሪፖርተር

ከቅርብ ጊዜ ወዲህ በኢትዮጵያ እየተከሰተ ካለው ቀውስ ጋር ተያይዞ እየተፈጠሩ ያሉ የሰብዓዊ መብት አያያዝ ችግሮች እንዲስተካከሉ እንግሊዝ ጠየቀች፡፡

ባለፉት ሁለት ዓመታት በአገሪቱ እየተከሰተ ካለው ቀውስ ጋር ተያይዞ የሰብዓዊ መብት አያያዝ ችግር እንዳለ፣ ኢትዮጵያም ይህን ችግር እንድታስተካክል እንግሊዝ ምክረ ሐሳብ ማቅረቧ ታውቋል፡፡

ይህ ምክረ ሐሳብ የቀረበው ኢትዮጵያና እንግሊዝ ለአራተኛ ጊዜ በሰብዓዊ መብቶች ላይ ያተኮረ የጋራ ውይይት፣ ሰኞ ኅዳር 4 ቀን 2010 ዓ.ም. በውጭ ጉዳይ ሚኒስቴር በተካሄደበት ወቅት ነው፡፡

በውይይቱ ላይ የውጭ ጉዳይ ሚኒስትር ዴኤታ ወ/ሮ ሒሩት ዘመነ፣ በኢትዮጵያ የስደተኛና ከስደት ተመላሽ ጉዳዮች ዳይሬክቶሬት ተወካዮች፣ የኢትዮጵያ ሰብዓዊ መብት ኮሚሽን ተወካዮች፣ በኢትዮጵያ የእንግሊዝ አምባሳደር ሱዛና ሞርሄድና የኤምባሲው የሥራ ኃላፊዎች፣ የብሪታኒያ ዓለም አቀፍ የልማት ድርጅት (ዲኤፍአይዲ) ዳይሬክተሮችና ሌሎች የሰብዓዊ መብት ተሟጋቾች ተገኝተው ነበር፡፡

የውይይቱ አጀንዳዎችም የኢትዮጵያ የሰብዓዊ መብት አያያዝ፣ ስደት፣ የመንግሥት ተጠያቂነትና ግልጽነት ነበሩ፡፡ የሁለቱ አገሮች የጋራ ውይይት የተካሄደው በዝግ ቢሆንም፣ የሪፖርተር ምንጮች እንደጠቆሙት በኢትዮጵያ ሰብዓዊ መብት አያያዝ ላይ ያሉ ችግሮችን የእንግሊዝ መንግሥት ተወካዮች በዝርዝር አውስተዋል፡፡

አንድ የእንግሊዝ ዲፕሎማት ለሪፖርተር እንደገለጹት፣ ኢትዮጵያ በምሥራቅ አፍሪካ ስደተኞችን በማስተናገድ ግንባር ቀደም አገር ብትሆንም በሰብዓዊ መብት አያያዝ ላይ ችግሮች አሉባት፡፡ ‹‹ይህንን ያህል የስደተኛ ቁጥር ተቀብሎ ማስተናገድ ከባድ ነው፡፡ የእንግሊዝ መንግሥት ይህንን ከግምት ውስጥ በማስገባት ከኢትዮጵያ መንግሥት ጎን ይቆማል፤›› ብለዋል፡፡ ‹‹የሰብዓዊ መብት አያያዝ ጉዳይ ግን ጊዜ የማይሰጠው ነው፤›› ሲሉ ዲፕሎማቱ ጠቁመዋል፡፡

በሁለቱ አገሮች ውይይት ላይ ከአራት ዓመታት በፊት የመን ተይዘው ለኢትዮጵያ ተላልፈው የተሰጡት የትውልደ ኢትዮጵያዊው አቶ አንዳርጋቸው ጽጌ ጉዳይ ተነስቶ ውይይት መደረጉን የሪፖርተር ምንጮች ጠቁመዋል፡፡ በውይይቱ ላይም አቶ አንዳርጋቸው በምን ሁኔታ ላይ እንዳሉ የእንግሊዝ መንግሥት ማብራሪያ መጠየቁን ለማወቅ ተችሏል፡፡ በኢትዮጵያ በኩል በተሰጠው ምላሽም እንደ ማንኛውም እስረኛ በእስር ላይ እንደሚገኙና የሰብዓዊ መብት ጥሰት እንደማይካሄድባቸው መገለጹ ታውቋል፡፡

ሁለቱ አገሮች ከአፍሪካ በተለይም ከምሥራቅ አፍሪካ እየፈለሱ ወደ አውሮፓ ስለሚሄዱ ስደተኞችና ስለሚደርስባቸው ጉዳት ውይይት መደረጉን ለማወቅ ተችሏል፡፡ በዚህም ኢትዮጵያ ለዜጎች የሥራ ዕድል በመፍጠር ስደትን ማስቆም እንዳለባት የእንግሊዝ መንግሥት መግለጹ ታውቋል፡፡ እንግሊዝ ሕገወጥ ስደትን ለማስቆምና ለወጣቶች የሥራ ዕድል ፈጠራ ያግዝ ዘንድ ለኢትዮጵያ የምታደርገውን ድጋፍ አጠናክራ እንደምትቀጥል ቃል መግባቷ ተሰምቷል፡፡

የውጭ ጉዳይ ሚኒስትር ዴኤታዋ ወ/ሮ ሒሩት እንግሊዝ የኢትዮጵያ ትልቋ የልማት አጋር መሆኗን ተናግረዋል፡፡ እንግሊዝ ከፍተኛ ድጋፍ እያደረገች መሆኗን የጠቆሙት ሚኒስትር ዴኤታዋ፣ በተለያዩ መስኮች በሚደረጉ የአቅም ግንባታ ሥራዎች ላይ አስተዋጽኦ እያበረከተች ነው ብለዋል፡፡ ኢትዮጵያ ገና በማደግ ላይ ያለች አገር በመሆኗም ችግሮች እንዳሉና በአሁኑ ወቅት ብዙ መሻሻሎች እንዳሉ አስረድተዋል፡፡


የሕወሃት ሰብዓዊ መብት ኮሚሽን ከቂሊንጦ ቃጠሎ ጋር በተገናኘ የመብት ጥሰትና ሰቆቃዎች መፈጸማቸውን አረጋገጠ!


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