The Release of Ethiopian Political Prisoners: Stifled Voices amidst False Promises

25 Jan

Posted by The Ethiopia Observatory (TEO)
by Elizabeth Fraser & Frédéric Mousseau, Oakland Institute
 
For years, the Ethiopian government has denied that there are political prisoners in the country. This is despite its consistent use of the draconian Anti-Terrorism Proclamation to stifle dissent and detain thousands of politicians, journalists, religious and indigenous leaders, and students.

Thus, Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn’s recent announcement that some political prisoners would be released, sparked a mixture of relief and confusion: relief that the government was finally acknowledging and releasing political prisoners in the country; and confusion over who would be freed, and what the announcement really meant.

Uncertainty Continues after Prime Minister Desalegn’s Announcement

This uncertainty has continued. A week after the announcement, prominent Ethiopian political prisoner Bekele Gerba was sentenced to an additional six months in jail for singing a protest song during his court proceedings. Gerba, the Deputy Chairman of the Oromo Federalist Congress, was arrested in his home in December 2015, just months after spending four years in prison for meeting with Amnesty International researchers. Gerba was granted bail in October 30, 2017, but it was revoked two days later.

Then on January 15, it was announced that charges against 528 persons currently in detention would be dropped. Most of them, including prominent political prisoner Merera Gudina, appear to have been released on January 17.

Detention of Indigenous Leaders Continues

However, this is not the time to celebrate given that thousands of others remain in jail. Ethiopia’s anti-terrorism law and other draconian legislation like its civil society proclamation are still in place and widely used to intimidate and repress.

Most importantly, the repressive system is not just about barring political freedom; to a large extent, it is about ensuring the control of a minority over the resources of the country and the benefits of the economic development. Many political prisoners in Ethiopia are not just members of opposition political parties but ordinary citizens who oppose the grabbing of their land and natural resources by the government.

Many are members of indigenous communities such as the Anuak, Bodi, Mursi, and other marginalized groups who spoke up against land grabbing and for the rights of their people to decent livelihoods and life with dignity. Thousands are still being held by the regime in facilities across the country though the actual number is unknown given the general opacity surrounding such matters.

Closure of Maekelawi Prison Doesn’t Guarantee End of Torture

We must also scrutinize the Prime Minister’s announcement to close the notorious Maekelawi police station. The government said this closure is because Maekelawi was used as a place of torture under the previous Derg regime, insinuating that torture no longer takes place there. But, as numerous studies have documented, torture is rampant at Maekelawi and prisons across Ethiopia and, as stated below by those who have suffered at the hands of this government, its closure does nothing to guarantee that these abuses will halt.

In the course of the Oakland Institute’s work on land rights and development issues in Ethiopia, we have met or come to know many of the victims of this repressive system. We reached out to several current and past Ethiopian political prisoners and their families to hear their perspectives on the recent announcements made by the government. We share and amplify their voices here, and echo their calls for justice. Given the ongoing threats to themselves and their families, names have been withheld to protect their identities.
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አራት ተከሳሾች ተፈረደባቸው

አራት ተከሳሾች ተፈረደባቸው (ኢሳት ዲሲ–ጥር 16/2010) ኢሕአዴግ ክሳቸውን ሰርዞ እፈታቸዋለሁ ካላቸው 115 እስረኞች መካከል አራቱ ችሎት ቀረበው እንደተፈረደባቸው ታወቀ።

ይፈታሉ ተብሎ ስማቸው ከተጠራውና ለስልጠና ወደ ቃልቲ ተውሰደ ከነበሩት 115 እስረኞች መካከል እንደነበሩም ታውቋል።

ነገ ግን ዛሬ በፌደራሉ ከፍተኛ ፍርድ ቤት ልደታ ምድብ 4ኛ ወንጀል ችሎት እነዚሁ ክሳቸው ተነስቶላቸዋል የተባሉት አራት ተከሳሾች ቀርበው የተላለፈባቸውን ፍርድ እንዲሰሙ መደረጉ ታውቋል።

የህግ ባለሙያዎች በበኩላቸው እንዲህ አይነቱ አካሄድ በዛች ሀገር አዛዥና ታዛዥ መጥፋቱን ብሎም በመንግስት ተቋማት መካከል አለመግባባት መኖሩን ያሳያል ነው ያሉት።

አራቱ የኢህአዴግ አባል ድርጅቶች ሳምንታትን የፈጀ ስብሰባ ካደረጉና ለብሔራዊ መግባባት ሲባል እስረኞች ይፈታሉ ብሎ መግለጫ መስጠታቸው ይታወሳል።

ክሳቸው ተሰርዞ በፌደራል ደረጃ ከተባሉት ታሳሪዎች መካከል 115 እስረኞች ይገኙበታል።

ዛሬ ላይ በፌደራሉ ከፍተኛው ፍርድ ቤት ልደታ ምድብ 4ኛ ወንጀል ችሎት የተፈጠረው ነገር ግን ጭራሹኑ የሕወሃት አገዛዝን በውሸት የተሞላ አሰራር ያረገገጠ ነው ተብሏል።

ነገሩ እንዲህ ነው በመንግስት ክሳቸው ተሰርዞ ይፈታሉ የተባሉት የፌደራሉ 115 እስረኞች ወደ ቃሊቲ ተወስደው ስልጠና እንዲወስዱ ተደርጓል።

ከነዚህ ውስጥ ደግሞ ሉሉ መሰለ፣ በጋሻው ዱንጋ፣ መርደኪዮስ ሽብሩና ጌታሁን ቀጶ ይገኙበታል።

እነዚህ ታሳሪዎች ታዲያ ትፈታላችሁ ከመባልም አልፈው በአገዛዙ እንዲሰጣቸው የተወሰነውን ተሃድሶም ተሳትፈዋል።

ዛሬ ጥር 16/2010 ላይ ግን ከቃሊቲ እንዲመጡ ከተደረገ በኋላ ልደታ ላይ በተሰየመው ችሎት ፊት ቀርበው ከቤተሰባችሁ ጋር ተቀላቀሉ የሚል ዜናን በመጠባበቅ ላይ ሳሉ ከችሎቱ የተሰጣቸው ምላሽ ግን ሌላ ሆኗል።

በተከሰሳችሁበት ወንጀል ፍርድ ተላልፎባችኋል የሚል።

በዚሁም የፍርድ ቤት ውሳኔ መሰረት ሉሉ መሰለ 4ዓመት ከ5 ወር፣ በጋሻው ዱንጋ 4ዓመት ከ5 ወር፣ ጌታሁን ቀጶ 5 ዓመት ከ10 ወር እንዲሁም መርደኪዮስ ሽብሩ 5ዓመት ተፈርዶባቸዋል።

እስረኞቹም ፍርዱን ከሰሙ በኋላ “እኛኮ ከተፈቺዎቹ መካከል ነን” የሚል ጥያቄ ለፍርድ ቤቱ ቢያቀርቡም ከችሎቱ የተሰጣቸው ምላሽ ግን ጉዳያችሁን ከጠቅላይ ዐቃቤ ሕግ ጋር ጨርሱ የሚል ነው።

ጌታቸው ሽፈራው በመራጃ መረቡ ላይ እንዳሰፈረው ከሆነ በእነ ሉሉ መሰለ የክስ መዝገብ ላይ የተፈጠረው ይሄ ብቻ አይደለም ይላል።

ይፈታሉ ከተባሉትና “ተሃድሶ” ወስደው ከተፈረደባቸው በተጨማሪ ይፈታሉ ከተባሉት 115 እስረኞች መካከል ያልተፈቱ ሌሎች እስረኞችም እንዳሉ አስቀምጧል።

በእነ ትንሳኤ በሪሶ የክስ መዝገብ 7ኛ ተከሳሽ አሰጋ አሰፋ፣ 8ኛ ተከሳሽ ጌታቸው ይርጋና 9ኛ ተከሳሽ ዳኛ ሽቴ ሙሉ መዝገባቸው ጠፍቷል በሚል አልተፈቱም ብሏል።

የህግ ባለሙያዎች ይህን የፍርድ ቤት ሂደት አስገራሚና አስደናቂ ሲሉ ነው የገለጹት።

ተከሳሶቹ ይፈታሉ የተባለው ከፍርድ በፊት ክሳቸው እንዲነሳ ተደርጎ ነው።

አስቀድሞ ጥፋተኛ ከተባሉ ግን እንዴት ክሳቸው ሊነሳ ይችላል ሲሉም ከህግ አግባብ ይጠይቃሉ።

አሁን ላይ ነገሩ ተወሳስቧል ግራ የገባውንና በቃሉ መገኘት የማይችለውን የሕወሃት አገዛዝ በዚህ ውስጥ ማየት ይቻላል ብለዋል።

ከዚህም ሌላ ተቋማት እርስ በርሳቸው እንደማይገባቡና አዛዥና ታዛዥ የጠፋበት አካሄድ መሆኑን በግልጽ ያስቀመጠ ነው ይላሉ።

ፍርድ ቤት ያጸደቀውን ጉዳይ አንድ የእስር ቤት ጠባቂ ፖሊስ ሲሽረው የታየበትን አጋጣሚ በማሳያነትም ያነሳሉ።

አሁን ላይ እየታዩ ያሉት ልዩነቶች የፍትህ ተቋማቱ ስርአት አልበኝነት እየሰፈነባቸው መምጣቱን በግልጽ የሚያሳዩ ናቸው ሲሉ ተደምጠዋል።
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