Tag Archives: China

የኢትዮጵያ ዕዳ መሸከም ጫናና ወለድ የመክፈል አቅም አስጊ ደረጃ ላይ ደርሷል!

15 May

Posted by The Ethiopia Observatory (TEO)

ከኢትዮጵያ ኢኮኖሚክስ ማበር 

ከሳህራ በታች ያሉ የአፍሪካ ሃገራት የዕዳ ጫናቸው እያደረ ወደ ሰማይ መጥቶል ምክንያቱም ከፍተኛ ብድርና ያጋጠማቸውን ኪሳራና እጥረት ለመሸፈን ሲሉ በእዳ ይዘፈቃሉ ምንም እንኮን አጠቃላይ የኢኮኖሚ እድገት እያደረጉም ቢሆን ይላል ዓለም ዓቀፍ የገንዘብ ድርጅት ባወጣው ሪፖርት፡፡ የአፍሪካ አገራት ከዓለም ዓቀፍ የብድር ገበያ ብድር ማለብ ቀጥለዋል እንዲሁም የውጭ ምንዛሪ ብድር ሪከርድ ሰብረዋል ባልተረጋጋው የኢንቨስተሮች ፍላጎት ለቀጣይ ምርት ሂደት፡፡  የዓለም ዓቀፍ የገንዘብ ድርጅት የአፍሪካ ዴሬክተር አበበ ዓዕምሮ ስላሴ ለሮይተር እንደገለጡት ድርጅቱን ያሳሰበውና የእዳው ጫና የእድገቱ ጭማሪ ከአማካዮ በላይ መሆኑ ነበር፡፡ ድርጅቱ የአህጉሪቱ የኢኮኖሚ እድገት 3.4 ከመቶ በ2018እኤአ ሲገመት በ2017እኤአ ከነበረው 2.8 በመቶ ዓለም ኣቀፍ እድገት የምርት ዋጋ መጨመር እንደሚኖር ገልፀዋል፡፡ ምንም እንኮን ዝቅተኛ ገቢ ያላቸው ሃገራቶች   40 በመቶ አካባቢ የዕዳ ጫና በከፍተኛ አደጋና ስጋት ውስጥ ይገኛሉ፣ እዳቸውን ለመክፈልም ከፍተኛ ዋጋ ይከፍላሉ፡፡IMF warns of rising African debt despite faster economic growth (REUTERS- Kwasi Kpodo, May 8,2018)

“Sub-Saharan Afrian nations are at growing risk of debt distress because of heavy borrowing and gaping deficits, despite an overall uptick in economic growth, the International Monetary Fund.

African government issued a record $7.5 billion in sovereign bonds last year, 10 times more than in 2016. And they have issued or plan to issue over $11 billion in additional debt in the first half of 2018 alone, the report said. Foreign currency debt increased by 40 percent from 2010-13 to 2017 and now accounts for about 60 percent of the region’s total public debt on average, IMF data showed. Average interest payments, meanwhile, increased from 4 percent of expenditures in 2013 to 12 percent in 2017. Six countries- Chad, Eritrea, Mozambique, Congo Republic, South Sudan and Zimbabwe- were judged to be in debt distress at the end of last year. And the IMF’s rating for Zambia and Ethiopia were changed from moderate to “high risk of debt distress.”   ”

አይኤምኤፍ፣የኢትዮጵያየዕዳመሸከምጫናናወለድየመክፈልአቅምአስጊደረጃላይደርሶልአለ!!!

‹‹የኢትዮጵያ የዕዳ መጠን እየጨመረ ነው›› ግንቦት 2 ቀን 2010ዓ/ም (ቢቢሲ አማርኛ ዜና ሜይ 10 ቀን 2018ዕኤአ)

አለም አቀፍ የገንዘብ ተቆም አይ ኤም ኤፍ ባወጣው የአፍሪካ ሃገራት  ምጣኔ ሀብታዊ ዘገባ፤ የኢትጵያ የእዳ ጫና መጠን ከአጠቃላይ የሃገር ውስጥ ምርት 56.2 በመቶ ድርሻ እንደሚይዝ ገለፀ፡፡  ባሳለፍንው አመት የ10.9 በመቶ እድገት ያስመዘገበችው ሃገር ይህን ያክል ዕዳ መሸከሞ አስጊ የሚባል ደረጃ ላይ እንደሆነች ያሳያል ብሎል መግለጫው፡፡ ከሳህራ በታች የሚገኙ የአፍሪካ ሃገራት በፍጥነት በማደግ ላይ የሚገኘውን ምጣኔ ሃብታቸውን ለማሥቀጠል ሲሉ ከፍተኛ የሆነ ዕዳ ውስጥ እየገቡ እንደሆነ በየዓመቱ የሚወጣው ዘገባ ያትታል፡፡ 40 በመቶ የሚሆኑት ዝቅተኛ ገቢ ያላቸው የአፍሪካ ሃገራት ከፍተኛ የሚባል የዕዳ መጠን አስመዝግበዋል፤ ወይም ወደዚያ እየተጠጉ ነው የሚለው ዘገባው እነዚህ ሃገራት በቅርብ ጊዜ ውስጥ የማይወጡት ችግር ይገጥማቸዋል ሲል ይተነብያል፡፡ ኢትዮጵያ እና ዛምቢያ ከአጠቃላይ ሃገራዊ ምርታቸው ጋር ያተመጣጠነ ዕዳ እያስመዘገቡ መሆኑን የዓለም አቀፍ ተቆም ጥናት ያሳያል፡፡ በ2016 የኢትዮጵያ ዕዳ መጠን ከሃገራዊ አጠቃላይ ምርቶ 55 በመቶ የነበረ ሲሆን በ2017 ደግሞ ቀላል የማይባል ለውጥ በማሳየት ወደ 56 በመቶ አድጎል፡፡ ኢትዮጵያን ጨምሮ አብዛኛዎቹ የአፍሪካ ሃገራት አሁንም የመሠረተ ልማት ሥራዎቻቸውን ለማስቀጠልና ማህበራዊ ዋስትናን ለማረጋገጥ ወደ ብድር መግባታቸው አይቀርም የሚለው ዘገባው ቀጣይነት ያለው እድገት ማስመዝገብ ካለባቸው ግን የብድር መጠናቸውን መቀነስ ግድ ይላል፡፡ በሌላ በኩል ኢትዮጵያ ውስጥ ለመሠራታዊ ፍጆታ የሚውሉ እቃዎች ዋጋ ከቀን ወደ ቀን እያሻቀበ መጥቶል፡፡ በ2016እኤአ የሃገሪቱ አጠቃላይ የመሠረታዊ ፍጆታ ዋጋ በ6.7 በመቶ ብቻ ያደገ ሲሆን በ2017እኤአ ግን ከእጥፍ በላይ በመጨመር 13.6 በመቶ እድገት አሳይቶል፡፡››  የአፍሪካ አገራት በእዳ ጫና የተነሳ ለወሰዱት ብድር ወለድ መክፈል እማይችሉነት ደረጃ ደርሰዋል፡፡

Africa’s Public Debt seen Exceeding 50% of GDP in 2017, IMF says (Bloomberg- David Malingha, 0ct 30,2017)

“The median level of government debt in Sub-Saharan Africa will probably rise to more than 50 percent of gross domestic product this year, increasing strain on the financial sector and limiting much-needed stimulation for growth, the International Monetary Fund said. … Dollar- denominated bond issuance from the region’s markets was about $4.6 billion in the first half of this year compared with $750 million for the whole of 2016, the IMF’s African Departmnet Director Abebe Selassie said by phon before the release of the report. “High levels of public debt can be quite harmful,” he said. “ The debt-servicing cost can be a major source of drain of resources that could otherwise be used.” ዓለም ዓቀፍ የገንዘብ ድርጅት፣ የአፍሪካ ሃገራት የእዳ ጫና ባለፍት 18 ዓመታት ውስጥ ያልታየ ሲሆን ፣ ለወሰዱት ብድር ወለድ ለመክፈል እንዲረዳቸው ከፍተኛ ታክስ መሰብስብ ይኖርባቸዋል፡፡ በተለይ ከሳህራ በታች ያሉ ሃገራት በአዲስ የዕዳ ጫና ዳፍንት ተመተዋል በዚህም ምክንያት 40 በመቶ የሚሆኑት ሃገራት በዕዳ ጫና ስቃይ ውስጥ ይዋኛሉ፣ በአምስት ኣመት ውስጥ እዳቸው በእጥፍ ጨምሮል፡፡ ስምንት የአፍሪካ አገራቶች  ለወሰዱት ብድር ወለድ ለመክፈል ባለመቻላቸው  ከዓለም ዓቀፍ የመበደር መብታቸውን አጥተዋል፡፡  ኣለም አቀፋዊ የእዳ ስረዛ ዘመቻ ሃብታም ሃገራት ለደሃ ሃገራት የሚያደርጉበት ዘመን አብቅቶል ምክንያቱም ደሃ ሃገራት የተበደሩት ከንግዱ ህብረተስብ ቱጃር ባለፀጎች በመሆኑ ምህረት የለሽ ነው፡፡

‘’ IMF officials at the spring meetings in Washington have urged African countries to increase the efficiency of public expenditure, hand over public investment to the private sector, and fully implemenet fiscal consolidation plans, including seeking new revenues from consumer taxes.’’(FINANCIAL TIMES)

የኢትዬጵያየውጪብድርክምችት፣ ከብሄራዊ አማካይ ጠቅላላ አመታዊ ምርት ድርሻ በ2011 እኤአ 19.9 በመቶ የነበረ ሲሆን በ2014 እኤአ 27 በመቶ ነበር፡፡ የመንግሥታዊ ልማት ዘርፎች ብድር  ከብሄራዊ አማካይ ጠቅላላ አመታዊ ምርት ድርሻ በ2011እኤአ 20.9 በመቶ የነበረ ሲሆን በ2014 እኤአ 42.0 በመቶ ሆኖል፡፡ በ2016/17 እኤአ የህወሓት መንግስትና ብሄራዊ ባንክ ባለሞሎች የሃገሪቱን ልትወጣ በማትችለው የውጪ ብድር ክምችት ከተው ኢኮኖሚውን አዘቅት እንደሚከቱት አጥኝዎች ተንብየዋል፡፡ ለዚህም ግልፅ ማሽረጃ የ2009 ዓ/ም ዓመት እቅድና አፈጻጸም፣ በተለይ የውጪ ንግድ ገቢ ማሽቆልቆል፣ የውጪ ብድር መክፈል አቅም መሽመመድና የውጪ ምንዛሪ እጥረት በቀጣይነት ተከስቶል፡፡ በ2008ዓ/ም የውጭ ዕዳ ክፍያ 1 ቢሊዩን ዶላር ለመክፈል ተገዶል፡፡ የወለድ ክፍያው በዓመት ከ350 ሚሊዩን ዶላር ከፍ ብሎል፡፡ በ2009ዓ/ም የውጭ ዕዳና የወለድ ክፍያ 1.5 ቢሊዩን ዶላር ለመክፈል ተገዶል፡፡ የኢትዬጵያ የውጭ ብድር 40 እስከ 50 ቢሊዩን ዩኤስ ዶለር ሲገመት ይህውም ከአመታዊ አጠቃላይ የአገር ውስጥ ምርት($69) ቢሊዬን ዩኤስ ዶለር (GDP) 58% እጅ ይይዛል፡፡

የአስቸኳይ ጊዜ አዋጅ›› ይነሳ!!! የህግ ልዕልና በኢትዮጵያ ይስፈን!!!

የፖለቲካ እስረኞች ይፈቱ!!!

ምንጭ: Ethiopianexplorer.

 

TPLF vainly copies China’s ways — Censorship & planting pseudonymous articles in social media —hoping to trump an Ethiopia ‘agenda’ to save its increasingly slipping power (Part I)

22 Jul

By Keffyalew Gebremedhin The Ethiopia Observatory (TEO)
 
Of late, constantly on my mind has been the 31-year old Yonatan Tesfaye. He was once the spokesperson for the opposition Blue Party. Before his imprisonment, I had felt him coming across in his media appearances — as did many I have spoken to — as a promising young man, with future prospects written all over him.
Continue reading

China’s approach to Africa takes on a harder edge

5 Apr

Posted by The Ethiopia Observatory (TEO)
by Jennifer Staats & Anna Stahl, US Institute of Peace, March 31, 2017
 
China, in seeking to protect its projects and people in Africa, is boosting its military engagement on the continent, supporting multilateral peacekeeping operations and national forces that help improve overall stability. China’s first overseas military base in Djibouti—which a senior U.S. commander said this week creates “operational concerns” in the area—is only the latest and most visible indicator of the country’s stepped up security presence in Africa.
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Lessons from a Troubled Neighbor; lessons also for others who can learn, other than pretenders

12 Jun

Posted by The Ethiopia Observatory (TEO)
by Yan Jiefu, Lessons from a Troubled Neighbor CaixinOnline
 

Japan’s rapid post-war growth that ended in years of stagnation serves as a mirror for China to reflect on its own economic model
 

China has looked to Japan for lessons in development for almost a century. Despite frictions between the two countries in modern history, China has long considered Japan as a model among developed nations.

Huang Zunxian, who served as a Counselor at the Chinese Embassy’s in Tokyo for the Qing Court between 1877 and 1882, discussed his observations on Japan’s geography, politics, society, culture and other aspects in his seminal work, Treaties of Japan, published in 1890. Huang is one of the pioneers who reintroduced Japan to the Chinese public after the Meiji Restoration, a revolution that restored imperial rule to Japan in 1868.

The Chinese were eager to learn from Japan’s success not only because of its remarkable achievements in modern times, but also because it was the only developed country in the East.
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IMF Lagarde’s Lecture on‘Decisive Action to Secure Durable Growth’

5 Apr

By Keffyalew Gebremedhin The Ethiopia Observatory (TEO)
 

Describing the state of the global economy in her well-received Lecture of Tuesday April 5, 2016 at the Goethe University of Frankfurt, Germany, IMF Managing Director Christine Lagarde set out, without being sufficiently convincing, to assure a concerned populace and governments that “the recovery continues; we have growth; we are not in a crisis.”
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Ethiopian scholar warns country’s overstretched economy risks collapse

29 Mar

Posted by The Ethiopia Observatory (TEO)
by Andualem Sisay, AfricaReview

“What will happen if they (China) stopped such funding tomorrow? What if, for instance, the Chinese government tomorrow says sell for me Ethio Telecom or sell to me Ethiopian Airlines or give me some share or buy my airplanes or I will stop such credit financing? The country will collapse, I guarantee you”!

Prof. Alemayehu Geda (left) of Addis Ababa University and London University, presenting his paper on Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) to Ethiopia in Addis Ababa. PHOTO | ANDUALEM SISAY

Prof. Alemayehu Geda (left) of Addis Ababa University and London University, presenting his paper on Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) to Ethiopia in Addis Ababa. PHOTO | ANDUALEM SISAY

The Ethiopian government’s growing reliance on foreign loans is posing a serious risk of economic collapse, a paper presented Friday March 25, 2016 by a renowned local economist says.
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የቻይና ኩባንያዎች ኢትዮጵያ ውስጥ ታክስ አለመክፈላቸው ቢታወቅም በሕወሃት አስተዳደር አይጠየቁም – የባልሥልጣኖቹ የግል ጥቅም ግንኙነቶታቸው እንቅፋት ሆነው ይሆን?

22 Feb

Posted by The Ethiopia Observatory (TEO)
በሪፖርተር
 

የኢትዮጵያ ገቢዎችና ጉምሩክ ባለሥልጣን በታክስ ስወራና ማጭበርበር የደረሰባቸው የቻይና ኩባንያዎች ላይ ሕጋዊ ዕርምጃ እየወሰደ አለመሆኑን ምንጮች ለሪፖርተር ገለጹ፡፡

የባለሥልጣኑ የኢንተለጀንስ ዳይሬክቶሬትና የኢንስፔክሽን ኦዲት ዳይሬክቶሬት በሚያደርጉት ምርመራ በርካታ የቻይና ኩባንያዎች በታክስ ስወራና ማጭበርበር ቢደርስባቸውም፣ ሕጋዊ ዕርምጃ መውሰድ የሚገባው የባለሥልጣኑ የሕግ ማስከበር ዘርፍ ግን ተግባራዊ ዕርምጃ በመውሰድ ላይ አይደለም ሲሉ ወቅሰዋል፡፡
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As US once again donates $97 million toward drought affected Ethiopians, Beijing records the damage from hunger underway

1 Feb

Posted by The Ethiopia Observatory (TEO)

The last time I read the papers, months ago, I noticed that China had contributed about $8 million. That was also the time when the US had paid another $88 million. Now the US has pledged another <a href="http:// Continue reading

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