Tag Archives: conflict

WHO-DG accused of abusing his post as ‘TPLF diplomat’, discloses centenarian Anadolu News Agency

17 Nov

Posted by The Ethiopia Observatory (TEO)

(Addis Abeba, Ethiopia, Anadolu) World Health Organization (WHO) Director-General Tedros Adhanom has been “fully engaged in soliciting diplomatic and military support” for the Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF) in many parts of the world, a top official said Monday.

Tedros, who has been serving in his position at the WHO since 2017, was a member of the TPLF’s powerful Executive Committee. He was also Ethiopia’s health minister from 2005 to 2012 and foreign affairs minister from 2012 to 2016.

The official, who was not allowed to publicly discuss the matter, told Anadolu Agency on the condition of anonymity that the Ethiopian government had been well aware of Tedros’s activities since the beginning of the National Defense Force’s law enforcement operation against the TPLF, which is entrenched in the northern Tigray region.

“Tedros had been lobbying the UN agencies to exert pressure on the Ethiopian government to unconditionally stop its military action against the TPLF,” he noted. “He was relentlessly demonizing us.”

The official added that Tedros had also been soliciting Egyptian military support for the TPLF.

“To ally with Egypt, which had been bent on destabilizing Ethiopia for decades and aborting construction of the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD), is tantamount to treason,” he said.

According to the official, who attended many high-profile government briefings on the matter, Tedros was also active in eastern Africa.

“He repeatedly called top officials of many neighboring nations and pressured them to provide military and diplomatic support to the TPLF,” he noted, adding those countries informed the Ethiopian government.

“Those countries, which we cannot name, told us they declined Tedros’s requests, saying the conflict was an internal Ethiopian affair and they stand with us,” he said.

The official said from what they have gathered, Tedros was serving as a “full-time diplomat of the TPLF, breaching the duties of the director-general of the WHO.”

“We are readying a protest note to the WHO and other relevant bodies,” the official added.​​​​​​​

Ethiopia has launched what it describes as a law enforcement operation in Tigray after forces of the TPLF attacked the northern command of the federal army stationed across the Tigray region, killing soldiers and looting military assets.

The TPLF dominated political life in Ethiopia for more than three decades before current Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed, who hails from the Oromo ethnic group, came to power in 2018.

The Oromo is the largest ethnic tribe in Ethiopia, representing around 34.9% of the country’s population of 114.9 million, while the Tigray account for only 7.3%.

NB: Bold face added.

Related from Anadolu:

Ethiopia’s Tigray war has potential to escalate: Experts

After resisting public pressure for more than two-and-half years, Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed finally launched a full-scale military operation against Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF), ruling the northernmost Tigray region.

Ethiopian officials said the TPLF crossed a red line on Nov. 3, when it allegedly organized a multi-pronged attack on the Ethiopian military’s Northern Command. Abiy described the attack as treason, vowing that it will never be forgotten…

2020 Global conflict & disorder patterns: “reactivated groups cause for heightened risk of mass violence in Ethiopia…”

21 Feb

Posted by The Ethiopia Observatory (TEO)

Editor’s Note:  Separately on Ethiopia since 2019, pls consult ACLED’s: [Ethiopia] At risk of increased fragmentation despite a popular leader)

 

by Clionadh Raleigh, ACLED Executive Director

Paper presented at the 2020 Munich Security Conference

There is a great range in how states and citizens experience security: in places like Mexico and Burundi, active and latent groups dominate the security environment, while in Iran, Turkey and Ukraine, the level of per capita civilian killing is low, but perpetrated by the same small range of state, and state-associated groups. In countries like Ethiopia and Pakistan, the possibility of high numbers of ‘re-activated’ groups mean that civilians are at a heightened risk of mass violence, should the political environment change suddenly.

In the past 10 years, the world has witnessed a decline in global cooperation and security. This downturn is manifest through multiple internationalized wars and massive humanitarian crises, rising nationalism from global powers, transnational terror organizations using sophisticated recruitment techniques, cyber-attacks orchestrated by marginalized states, sustained levels of violence in nominally ‘post-conflict’ countries, and a drastic rise in the number of non-state violent agents. An intensification of violence and risk has accompanied these notable shifts. Drawing on the ACLED dataset of almost a million political violence and protest events across over 100 countries, we can discern four broad patterns that summarize the current conflict landscape and indicate how disorder is likely to evolve in the future:

(1) Political violence is rising and manifesting as disorder in multiple forms. It is persistent and dynamic, consistently adapting to changing political circumstances and opportunities, rather than dissipating. For these reasons, it is best to understand political violence not as a failure of states, but as a volatile and flexible feature of political systems.

(2) Political violence is rising most quickly in developed states: Russia, Mexico and Turkey are key examples of how specific forms of political violence find an outlet in relatively wealthier states. Continued conflicts in the Democratic Republic of Congo, Somalia and Afghanistan demonstrate the intractable nature of wars in states with inconsistent government control and capacity across territory. Conflict is most persistent in poorer states, but even in these environments, it is a tool of the powerful, rather than the poor and aggrieved.

(3) The fallout from many externally imposed peace-building and stabilization efforts, forced elections, and corruption is unprecedented levels of militia and gang violence. Rather than a descent into chaos, this trend is tied directly to the domestic politics of states and the economic benefits of conflict. The form and intensity of such conflict adapts to political competition within states. As a result, we should expect a continued rise in militias, gangs and violence across most states.

(4) Finally, demonstrations are increasing drastically — but most peaceful protests have no effect on political structures and elite politics. State security forces continue to intervene violently in protests, and mobs — often hired by politicians — are responsible for a significant and deadly increase of rioting in South Asia and beyond.

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ለማ መገርሣ ሰለኢሕአዴግ ምክር ቤት ስብሰባ የሠጡት መግለጫ

31 Mar

Posted by The Ethiopia Observatory (TEO)
 


 

    ማሳሰቢያ ለአንባብያን

ከኢሕአዴግ ምክር ቤት የተሰጠ ድርጅታዊ መግለጫ

    የአቶ ለማ መገርሣ መግለጫ ኢሕአዴግ ውስጥ ከፍተኛ ትግል መካሄዱን የሚያበሥር የመሆኑን ያህል፣ የኢሕአዴግ መግለጫ ግን ተስፋ የተጣለበትን የአዲስ ጅምር ፍላጎትን ቀርቶ መኖሩንም ምልክት አይሰጥም።

    ይህ የሆነው እንደተለመደው፣ ኢሕአዴግ በተለመደው የሕወሃት አመራር ወደ ተለመደው ሸፍጡ ተመልሶ ነው፣ ወይንስ ሕወሃት አዲሱን ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር ሳቦታጅ የማድረግ ሥራውን ከወዲሁ መጀመሩ ነው?

    ወንድሞችና እህቶች፣ ይህን ሁኔታ በቀላል የሚወሰድ መሆን የለበትም!

    ሕወሃት ከዚያ ሁሉ መሃላና ሰበካ በኋላ ወደ ተለመደው ሸፍጡ መመለሱ ከሆነ፡ ሃገራችን ከፍተኛ አደጋ ላይ ለመሆኗ እንደምልክት ልንወስደው ይገባል!

 

Floods destroy meagre crops in Ethiopia’s lush highlands

15 Oct

Posted by The Ethiopia Observatory (TEO)

The worst drought for decades in Ethiopia’s northern highlands has ended, but unusually heavy downpours threaten to ruin crops and exacerbate food insecurity as flash flooding turns roads to rivers and swamps fields Photographs by James Whitlow Delano/USAid

The worst drought for decades in Ethiopia’s northern highlands has ended, but unusually heavy downpours threaten to ruin crops and exacerbate food insecurity as flash flooding turns roads to rivers and swamps fields
Photographs by James Whitlow Delano/USAid via The Guardian

In its latest report, Fews.Net notes that the June to September Kiremt rains have gradually decreased since mid-August, although rainfall totals in most northern and western areas remained above average.
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GAMBELLA UPDATE: ጋምቤላ በአስፈሪ ቀውጢ ወቅት፡ የኢትዮጵያ ችግሮች መበራከት!

3 Feb

Posted by The Ethiopia Observatory (TEO)

 

Kiir appeals for African solution to end conflict: What’s African solution?

7 Jul

Posted by The Ethiopia Observatory (TEO)

July 6, 2014 (JUBA) – South Sudan’s president, Salva Kiir, has called on African leaders to take a leading role in the resolution of the crisis which has gripped the young nation since mid-December last year, saying the leadership looks forward to the application of African solutions for African problems.
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AU leaders end 22nd summit in Addis Abeba, without rising above the usual sham and hypocricy

4 Feb

By Keffyalew Gebremedhin – The Ethiopia Observatory

The 22nd summit of the AU had accomplished three tasks. First, the summit either pretended to or tried to discuss how to extinguish the raging fires of conflicts here and there within the region. Of course, conflict in Africa is akin to the summer fires in Australia or North America. Nonetheless, they had to put their emphasis on the Central African Republic and South Sudan.
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Redefining protest in Ethiopia: what happens to the ‘terror’ narrative when Muslims call for a secular state?

23 Oct

By AWOL ALLO and ABADIR M. IBRAHIM – Source: Open Democracy

The early contact between Ethiopia and Islam is romantic. It begins in the days when Islam was a new religion in Arabia and Muslims a persecuted minority. When persecution by their Arab kin became unbearable, early Muslim converts sought and were granted refuge by an ancient Ethiopian-Christian King, an asylum that is depicted spectacularly in Islamic theological history. For centuries to come, when Islamic conquest was expanding in the region and beyond, the Muslim Caliphs returned the favour by not invading the Ethiopian-Christian kingdom in accordance with the prophet’s order to “leave the Ethiopians alone”. After a millennium and a half, the two, conjoined in this unique way, may be on the verge of a monumental turning point in their common history.
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