Tag Archives: Egypt

History Will Judge [Ethiopian] Negotiators on GERD [Will It?]

20 May

Posted by The Ethiopia observstory (TEO )

By Addis Fortune, February 8, 2020

Belatedly, negotiators over the Great Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (DERD) took the rare gesture in explaining to the public the positions they have taken during tough talks with their counterparts from Sudan and Egypt. They faced a select group of people gathered at the Hyatt Regency Hotel late last week, in a forum organised by the Institute for Strategic Studies (ISA), after their return from Washington, D.C., the capital of the convener and the headquarters of the World Bank.

To their disappointment, the damage has already been done. Public perception has already been formed, seeing the negotiators in disfavour, believing that they have compromised Ethiopia’s national interest under duress from the US government and the World Bank. The Hyatt session was an attempt to redress this and assure the public that no document will be signed if it is deemed against Ethiopia’s interests. Indeed, the team, led by Seleshi Bekele (PhD), minister of Water, Irrigation & Energy, has delved into plenty of technical details to make its point and appealed for public understanding.

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Sudan rejects Ethiopia’s partial Agreement proposal on filling dam

14 May

Posted by The Ethiopia Observatory (TEO)

On Tuesday the Sudanese Ministry of Irrigation and Water Resources announced that Sudan had rejected an Ethiopian proposal to sign a partial agreement on filling the Renaissance Dam Lake, which is expected to start next July.

In a written statement distributed to the media, the ministry announced that Prime Minister Abdalla Hamdok communicated to Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed Sudan’s position on the proposal, in correspondence that was intended as a response to a letter previously sent by the Ethiopian prime minister.

The statement added: “We consider that signing any partial agreement for the first stage cannot be approved due to the technical and legal aspects, which must be included in the in the accord first, and which are determined by the coordination mechanism, data exchange, the safety of the dam, and environmental and social impacts.”

The statement quoted Hamad Saleh, Sudan’s chief negotiator, stating: “Most of the issues are still under negotiation, the most important of which are the coordination mechanism, data exchange, the safety of the dam and environmental and social impacts that are closely related not only to the first filling of the lake, but to all the rest of the stages and long-term operations, and therefore the agreement cannot be fragmented.”

Ethiopia: Dam dispute stokes anti-Egypt feelings

In his letter, Hamdok emphasised his position on reaching a tripartite agreement between Sudan, Egypt and Ethiopia, stressing that: “The way to reach a comprehensive agreement is the immediate resumption of negotiations.”

In 2011, Ethiopia started building a six billion US dollar-dam on the Blue Nile, the main branch of the Nile.

The Renaissance Dam raised the concerns of Sudan and Egypt, in terms of affecting their supply of the Nile water. Since that date, the three countries have entered into negotiations to agree on limiting the impact of the Ethiopian dam on both Sudan and Egypt.

Last February, Ethiopia refused to sign a proposal for an agreement submitted by the US, which was involved in the negotiations last November as a mediator alongside the World Bank Group (WBG), to solve the differences between the three countries.

Saleh pointed to a Sudanese attempt to resume negotiations with reference to “the Washington track”, explaining: “We are expecting to see the results of those contacts by resuming negotiations soon.”

/Middle East Monitor






በውሃ ክፍፍል የሕዳሴው ግድብ ዝቅተኛ የኢትዮጵያ መደራደሪያ ነጥብ የቱ ነው: 31 ኪሜ ወይስ 37?

15 Mar

Posted by The Ethiopia Observatory (TEO)

ከ31 ቢሊየን ሜትሪክ ኪዩብ ማለፍ የለብንም ይላሉ ባለሙያዎች፣ የድርድሩ ቡድን መሪ የተለየ ሃሣብ አላቸው!


ዋዜማ ራዲዮ– አሜሪካ በታላቁ የኢትዮጵያ ህዳሴ ግድብ ውሀ አሞላልና አለቃቅ እንዲሁም በድርቅ ማካካሻ ላይ ኢትዮጵያ ግብጽና ሱዳንን ለማደራደር የሄደችበት መንገድ ችግር ከገጠመው በኋላ ኢትዮጵያ በራሷ የስምምነት ሰነድ እያዘጋጀች መሆኑ ተነግሯል። በፈረንጆቹ አቆጣጠር የካቲት ወር መጨረሻ ይፈረምበታል የተባለው ሰነድ ከመፈረም የተረፈው የኢትዮጵያው የውጭ ጉዳይ ሚኒስትር ገዱ አንዳርጋቸው በራሳቸው ተነሳሽነት ወደ ዋሽንግተን ለዚህ ጉዳይ አልሄድም በማለታቸው መሆኑን ዋዜማ ራዲዮ ሰምታለች። አሜሪካ ያዘጋጀችው የስምምነት ሰነድ ላይ ኢትዮጵያ አልፈርምም ማለቷ ተገቢ ውሳኔ በመሆኑ ከበርካታ ዜጎች ይሁንታን አግኝቷል።

አሁንም ግን በኢትዮጵያ በኩል እየተዘጋጀ ነው የተባለው የታላቁ ህዳሴ ግድብ የውሀ አያያዝና አለቃቀቅ ሰነድ ላይም እየተነሱ ያሉና መስተካከል ያለባቸው ይዘቶች እንዳሉ ዋዜማ ራዲዮ ለሙያው ቅርብ ከሆኑ ምንጮቿ ሰምታለች። በነዚህ ይዘቶች ላይም በውሀ መስኖና ኤነርጂ ሚኒስትሩ ስለሺ በቀለና በተዋቀረው የተደራዳሪዎች ቡድን መካከል ክርክሮች እንዳሉ መረዳት ችለናል።

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Sudan refuses to endorse Arab League resolution supporting Egypt in Nile dam dispute; Ethiopia’s response!

6 Mar

Posted by The Ethiopia Observatory (TEO)

The Middle East News Agency (MENA) reported that Sudan had reservations about a draft resolution reached by the council of Arab Foreign Ministers, affirming the Arab League’s solidarity with the position of Egypt and Sudan regarding the Ethiopian Renaissance Dam as downstream countries.

MENA quoted sources saying that during the meeting of the council of Arab Foreign Ministers on Wednesday Egypt submitted a draft resolution issued by the Arab League expressing solidarity with Egypt and Sudan regarding the Renaissance Dam, taking into account the interests of the downstream countries. The Sudanese side was informed in advance of the draft decision to consult on it while confirming that this decision supports the position of the downstream states of Egypt and Sudan, and reflects Arab support for the water rights of both countries.

The sources said that Sudan asked not to include their name in the decision, and added that the decision is not in Sudan’s interest, nor is permissible to include the Arab League. They also expressed concerns over a possible confrontation between Ethiopia and Arab countries as a result of this decision.

According to the sources, most Arab delegations stated that supporting Egypt and Sudan is not aimed at confronting other parties, but rather it is an obligation that must be performed in connection with a file that threatens Arab national security.

The sources pointed out that the Arab delegations were surprised that Sudan maintained its conservative position even after the name of Sudan was deleted from the draft resolution, as it was limited to protecting the water interests of Egypt. The Sudanese side sought to empty the draft of its content, while the other Arab parties emphasised the feasibility and importance of this decision.

At the end of the session, the draft resolution was adopted without amendment, with Sudan formally withdrawing from it.



Meantime, Ethiopia has rejected the “Resolution” of the Executive Council of the Arab League issued yesterday regarding the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD).

“Ethiopia rejects the “Resolution” in its entirety,” said the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in a statement today

According to the Ministry, the “Resolution” gives blind support to a member state without taking into consideration key facts at the center of the GERD talks.

Ethiopia, however, commended the stance taken by the Government of Sudan for refusing to endorse the “Resolution” of the Arab League.

“Sudan has once again demonstrated its position of being a voice of reason and justice in the latest orchestrated so-called “Arab League position” on the GERD,” the statement added.

Ethiopia expressed its profound appreciation to Sudan’s principled position that helps advance win-win solutions for all the parties involved, through a commitment to open dialogue.

The statement further said “Ethiopia’s relations with the peoples’ and governments of member states of the Arab League are longstanding based on common values, deep rooted cultural ties and traditions.”

“The relationship demonstrated the power of justice in the face of adversity, sanctuary in the face of persecution, cooperation at the time of need, and friendly relations during alienation

“As an institution composed of sovereign countries, the League is expected to follow an approach that allows an accurate representation of facts and balances all interests involved.

“When acting contrary to this norm, the credibility of the League and its ability to promote peace, stability, and cooperation in the increasingly globalized world is at risk.”

Ethiopia reiterated its longstanding and firm position as expressed by successive governments that it “has the right to use its Nile water resources to meet the needs of the present and future generations.”

As the Nile is a transboundary water resource, Ethiopia is committed to the principles of equitable and reasonable use, not causing significant harm and that of cooperation, the statement added

“We firmly believe that through continued open and transparent dialogue there is great potential to arrive at an amicable solution. Hegemonic posturing is unproductive and need not have a place in our interdependent global order.”

“Ethiopia is also firmly committed to the Agreement on the Declaration of Principles (DoP) which provides the basis for the first filling and annual operation of the GERD. The DoP provides that first filling will be done in parallel with the construction of the GERD.

“Ethiopia is confident that the Arab League will live up to the standard of objectivity and the longstanding relations and common values in its engagements with Ethiopia.”

Finally, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs said that Ethiopia is keen to a strengthened partnership and to work closely on common goals.



Ethiopia Is Building GERD Because It Has Full Rights To Build It—Finally in English!

3 Mar

Posted by The Ethiopia Observatory (TEO)

Finally the statement came out in English

Addis Ababa, February 3, 2020 (FBC) –Ethiopia is building the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD) because it has the full rights to build it, said Gedu Andargachew, Minister of Foreign Affairs.

The Foreign Minister made the remark here today at a press conference he issued together with Dr Engineer Seleshi Bekele, Minister of Water, Irrigation and Energy.

Ethiopia has the full rights to lift its citizens out of poverty using its natural resources. It is building the dam in such a way as to not cause a significant harm to the downstream countries, he said.

Though Ethiopia is building the dam by taking into account this issue, it entered into talks in order to build trust and confidence among downstream countries, he said.

After the series of talks held on a number of issues over the past years, Ethiopia, Sudan and Egypt managed to narrow their differences, the Foreign Minister said.

Following the talks held in Washington, the three countries had also reached agreements on many issues. However, there are also technical and legal issues that have not yet been agreed, he said.

Ethiopia believes that these issues would be resolved through dialogue and some of them need more time for consultation because “we want the negotiation to preserve Ethiopia’s interest,” he said.

There is an interest from both the Egypt and the United States for the agreement to be concluded soon, he said, adding, Ethiopia, however, need more time to hold consultation with its people.

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አሜሪካ፡ የሕዳሴ ግድብ ውሃ ሙሌት ከመጀመሩ በፊት ስምምነት መፈረም አለበት!

2 Mar

Posted by The Ethiopia Observatory (TEO)

የታላቁ የኢትዮጵያ ህዳሴ ግድብን በውሃ የመሙላትና የሙከራ ሥራ ከመጀመሩ በፊት በአገራቱ መካከል ስምምነት መፈረም እንዳለበት አሜሪካ አርብ ለሊት ባወጣችው መግለጫ ማመላከቷ ይታወሳል።

የአሜሪካ የገንዘብ ሚኒስቴር ባወጣው መግለጫ ላይ እንዳለው ቀደም ሲል የነበረውና ግንባታው በታችኛው የተፋሰሱ አገራት ላይ ጉልህ ጉዳት እንዳይደርስ በሚለው የመርህ ስምምነት መሰረት “ግድቡን በውሃ የመሙላትና ሥራውን የመሞከር ሂደት ስምምነት ሳይደረግ መከናወን የለበትም” ብሏል።

የአሜሪካ የገንዘብ ሚኒስትር ስቴቨን ምኑቺን ባወጡት መግለጫ ላይ እንዳሉት ከዚህ በፊት በነበሩ ስምምነቶች መሰረት ግድቡን በውሃ የመሙላቱ ሥራ ከመጀመሩ በፊት በአገራቱ መካከል ስምምነት መፈረም አለበት።

ትናንት የኢትዮጵያ የሚኒስትሮች ምክር ቤት ባደረገው ስብሰባው የታላቁ የኢትዮጵያ ህዳሴ ግድብን አስመልክቶ ማንኛውም ነገር የኢትዮጵያን ፍላጎትና ጥቅም በሚጠብቅ መልኩ ብቻ እንደሚከናወንና የኢትዮጵያ ብሔራዊ ጥቅም የሚነካ ድርድር እንደማይካሄድ አስታውቋል።

የውጭ ጉዳይ ሚኒስቴር እና የውሃ፣ መስኖ እና ኢነርጂ ሚኒሰቴር የአሜሪካ የገንዘብ ሚኒስቴር የታላቁን የህዳሴ ግድብ የውሃ አሞላልና አለቃቀቅን በተመለከተ ሲደረግ ከነበረው ድርድር አንጻር ያወጣውን መግለጫ ከፍተኛ ቅሬታ በኢትዮጵያ መንግሥት በኩል መፈጠሩን ገልጸዋል።

ኢትዮጵያ “የግድቡን የውሃ ሙሌት ከግንባታው ትይዩ በፍትሐዊና ምክንያታዊ አጠቃቀም እንዲሁም ጉልህ ጉዳት ያለማድረስ መርሆዎች መሰረት የምታከናውን ይሆናል” ተብሏል።

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Ethiopia skips latest US talks with Egypt over dam dispute

26 Feb

Posted by The Ethiopia Observatory (TEO)

ADDIS ABABA, Ethiopia (AP) — Ethiopia will skip the latest round of U.S.-brokered talks this week on a disputed Nile dam project with Egypt and Sudan, the country’s water ministry announced Wednesday.

A final deal on the massive Great Ethiopian Renaissance Dam had been expected this month, but U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo said in his Ethiopia visit last week that an agreement now might take months as “a great deal of work remains.”

The dispute over what will be Africa’s largest hydroelectric dam pits Ethiopia’s desire to pull millions out of poverty against Egypt’s concerns over a critical water supply.

Ethiopia will skip the talks in Washington on Thursday and Friday “because the country’s delegation hasn’t concluded its consultation with relevant stakeholders,” the ministry of water, irrigation and energy said on its Facebook page. “The decision has been communicated with the U.S. Treasury secretary.”

The announcement came amid widespread concerns in Ethiopia that its delegation has been pressured by the U.S. to reach a deal on $4.6 billion dam that is nearing completion. The U.S. became involved in the talks after Egypt’s invitation.

Egypt wants the dam to be filled more slowly to reduce restrictions on the flow of the Nile.

Ethiopia says the dam is needed to provide electricity for development. In January it announced that it will start filling the dam, now more than 70% complete, in July at the start of the rainy season.

“There was lots of discomfort recently due to the behavior and changing role of the U.S. among policy makers in Ethiopia,” political analyst Abel Abate Demissie told The Associated Press.


የህዳሴ ግድብ ተደራዳሪዎች ጫና እንደነበረባቸው በውይይት መድረክ ላይ ገለጹ

20 Feb

Posted by The Ethiopia Observatory (TEO)

የህዳሴ ግድብ የውኃ አሞላልና አለቃቀቅን በተመለከተ እየተደረገ በሚገኘው ድርድር ጫና እንደ ደረሰባቸው ኢትዮጵያን ወክለው የሚደራደሩት የሕግና የቴክኒክ ባለሙያዎች፣ በጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር ጽሕፈት ቤት በበተደረገ የውይይት መድረክ ላይ ገለጹ።

ሰኞ የካቲት 9 ቀን 2012 ዓ.ም. በጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር ጽሕፈት ቤት አዳራሽ በተካሄደው የውይይት መድረክ ላይ የተገኙት የኢትዮጵያ ተደራዳሪ ቡድን አባላት፣ በአሜሪካና በዓለም ባንክ አመቻችነት የህዳሴ ግድቡን የውኃ አሞላል አስመልክቶ እየተካሄደ የሚገኘው ድርድር፣ ኢትዮጵያን የሚጠቅም ሂደት ነው ብለው እንደማያምኑ መናገራቸውን የሪፖርተር ምንጮች ገልጸዋል።

ውይይቱን እንዲከታተሉ የተወሰኑ የመንግሥት የመገናኛ ብዙኃን ብቻ ተጠርተው የነበረ ቢሆንም፣ ውይይቱ ከተጀመረ በኋላ የውይይቱን ይዘቶች እንዳያስተላልፉ መመርያ እንደተሰጣቸው ተሰምቷል።

ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሩ የውይይት መድረኩን ከከፈቱ በኋላ ጥሪ እንደ ተደረገላቸው ሌሎች ተሳታፊዎች በታዳሚነት የተከታተሉ መሆኑን የገለጹት ምንጮች፣ መድረኩ ከተከፈተ በኋላም የውሃ፣ መስኖና ኢነርጂ ሚኒስትሩ ስለሺ በቀለ (ዶ/ር) ሁለት ሰዓት የፈጁ የድርድሩን ሂደትና ይዘት የተመለከቱ የቴክኒክና የሕግ ጉዳዮች ላይ ገለጻ ማድረጋቸውን ምንጮች ለሪፖርተር ጠቁመዋል። ሚኒስትሩ ገለጻቸውን ካጠናቀቁ በኋላ የኢትዮጵያ ተደራዳሪ ቡድን አባላት አስተያየት እንዲሰጡ መጋበዛቸውን፣ የድርድሩ ሂደትም በአሜሪካ መንግሥት በተወከሉ ታዛቢዎች ጫና ይደረግባቸው እንደነበር ይፋ ማድረጋቸውን ምንጮች ገልጸዋል።

የአሜሪካ መንግሥትን ወክለው ድርድሩን የሚታዘቡ ኃላፊዎች በተለያዩ አጋጣሚዎች፣ ‹‹ኮንሲኩዌንስ (ችግር) ያመጣባችኋል›› በማለት በኢትዮጵያ ቡድን አባላት ላይ ጫና ያደርጉ እንደነበር፣ በግልጽ ለመድረኩ መናገራቸውን ምንጮች አስረድተዋል።

በዚህና መሰል ጉዳዮች ምክንያትም የግብፅ ተደራዳሪዎች የዐባይ ውኃን በተመለከተ፣ ግብፅ ዳግም የበላይነት መቆጣጠር እንዳለባት የሚያመላክቱ አቋሞችን ያራምዱ እንደነበር፣ ተደራዳሪዎቹ ለመድረኩ እንዳስረዱ ከምንጮቹ ገለጻ ለመረዳት ተችሏል።

በግብፅና በኢትዮጵያ ተደራዳሪዎች መካከል መጥበብ ያልቻሉ የልዩነት ነጥቦች ናቸው ያሏቸውን ለመድረኩ ያቀረቡ ሲሆን፣ ኢትዮጵያ ወደ ዳሴ ግድቡ የሚመጣውን የጥቁር ዐባይ የውኃ መጠን መሠረት ያደረጉ ነጥቦችን ስታነሳ፣ የግብፅ ተደራዳሪዎች ግን የጥቁር ባይ አጠቃላይ የተፈጥሮ ፍሰትን የድርደሩ መሠረት በማድረግ የግድቡ አሞላል እንዲወሰን መጠየቃቸውን፣ የኢትዮጵያ ተደራዳሪዎች በዋነኝነት ማንሳታቸውን ከምንጮች ለመረዳት ተችሏል።

በዚህም ምክንያት እየተደረገ ያለው ድርድር ኢትዮጵያን የሚጠቅም ደት ነው ብለው እንደማያምኑ ለመድረኩ እንዳስታወቁ ምንጮቹ አስረድተዋል። የውይይት መድረኩ ለግማሽ ቀን ብቻ የተያዘ በመሆኑ ሌሎች ጥሪ የተደረገላቸው ምሁራን፣ ሚኒስትሮችና ታዋቂ ሰዎች ጥያቄዎችን እንዳላነሱ ነገር ግን ውይይቱ ከቀናት በኋላ በዝርዝር ጉዳዮች ላይ በስፋት እንዲቀጥል መወሰኑን ገልጸዋል።

የው፣ መስኖና ኢነርጂ ሚኒስትሩ ስለሺ (ዶ/ር) ከሳምንት በፊት ሰጥተውት በነበረ ጋዜጣዊ መግለጫ ላይ በድርድሩ ጫና ተሰምቷቸው እንደሆነ ቀርቦላቸው ለነበረ ጥያቄ፣ ‹‹አዎ፣ ጫናዎች መኖራቸው አይቀርም። ጫናዎች በእኛ ተደራዳሪዎች ላይ ነበሩ፣ በሌሎች አገሮች ተደራዳሪዎች ላይም ነበሩ፤›› የሚል ምላሽ ሰጥተው ነበር።

ለሥራ ጉብኝት ወደ ኢትዮጵያ የመጡት የአሜሪካ የውጭ ጉዳይ ሚኒስትር  ማይክ ፖምፒዮ ከኢትዮጵያ አቻቸው አቶ ገዱ አንዳርጋቸው ጋር በመሆን ማክሰኞ የካቲት 10 ቀን 2012 ዓ.ም. በሰጡት መግለጫ፣ የዳሴ ግድብ ድርድርን በተመለከተ አገራቸው ጣልቃ እንደማትገባና ሦስቱም ተደራዳሪ አገሮች ልዩነቶቻቸውን በራሳቸው መንገድ እንዲፈቱ እንደምትፈልግ ገልጸዋል።




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