Tag Archives: Eritrea

Fuel Shortage hits Tigray, writes The Reporter

15 Oct

Posted by The Ethiopia Observatory (TEO)

Rate of daily arrivals from Eritrea increased exponentially

Given the type of vehicles that are coming from Eritrea, each car will carry at least 400 litres per day 

Fuel trucks returning to Eritrea after buying needed amount of fuel from Tigray. Reporter’s photo. i

Following the opening of the border of the two countries, there is a significant increase in the transit of vehicles. In light of these, according to the data gathered from Tigray Urban Development, Trade & Industry Bureau–on average, 1,000 vehicles arrive at Tigray with the figure sometimes going up to 2,000. The vehicles mostly are automobiles, few freight vehicles as well as public buses.

This resulted in a shortage of Benzene in towns of Tigray, particularly Mekelle, Adigrat, Axum, Wekro as well as Adewa. Those who have arrived from Eritrea prefer to feel their cars here in Ethiopia given the price advantage as well the limited accessibility of the product in Eritrea.

“The problem needs a solution,” Daniel Mekonne, deputy head from Tigray Urban Development, Trade & Industry Bureau told The Reporter.

Given the type of vehicles that are coming from Eritrea, each car will carry at least 400 liters per day, he added.

The shortage which is mostly attributed to growing business activities in the borders towns is also promoted by other factors, The Reporter has learnt.

There are few fuel and gas distributing companies who has gas stations in those affected towns, which recently, have stopped supplying given the lawsuit by the Ethiopian Petroleum Supply Enterprise.

“As a result of this, we are not getting benzene which was supposed to come via those distributors,” said Daniel.

“We know about the shortage,” Tadesse Hailemariam, CEO of The Enterprise told The Reporter.

In related news, a new report from the UN High Commissioner for Refugees which was released last week has indicated that the reopening of the border has also resulted in an increase in number of people arriving from Eritrea.

From this, 90 percent of the new arrivals are women and children, according to the report. This is in contradiction to the current feature of refugee camps in Tigray, which is dominated by young men.

The average daily rate of arrivals is increasing from 53 to approximately 390 individuals, reads the report. Between September 12 and October, 02, 2018, a total of 6,779 refugees were registered at the Endabaguna Reception Centre with a further 2,725 awaiting relocation at the border to Endabaguna.

 

The Ethiopian Observatory (TEO) makes the following observations:


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Eritrean Nakfa (fixed exchange rate)

 

              Click to magnify

Ethiopian Birr National Bank rate in its managed float operations

A one year historical exchange rate of the Ethiopian Birr

Historical exchange rate of Birr from XE Oct 15, 2017 to 15 Oct 2018
Click to magnify.


Not all things are produced in Ethiopia. Those it does not produce, Ethiopia imports, especially wealthy ones, although Ethiopia has been a country — even during its double-digit growth years—a country that has never known—forget abundance of foreign exchange—not even half a year’s supply!

We all know now the earnings from good years of growth, as reported by international sources, were spirited out of the country.

Consequently, there has always been scarcity of sugar, oil, wheat, medicines, schools supplies, building materials, etc. The prices of those products are determined — theoretically by the market. However, during the past 27 years Ethiopians have known, at least better than TPLF’s revolutionary democracy and its developmental government, wherever the market is properly organised and law-governed, it has invariably determined the prices of goods based on their quality and availability— not mischiefs.

To determine prices, such a market in turn requires as many buyers and sellers participating in the market. Of that, the eminent conservative economist Milton Friedman is quoted as having remarked elegantly: “The most important single central fact about a free market is that no exchange takes place unless both parties benefit.”

In the Tigray market, today there is only one buyer. It’s also the same seller — the TPLF and its EFFORT!

Part of the dilemma of Ethiopians now is also the fact that, as citizens and in keeping with past feudal and un-transparent political tradition, the Abiy Administration has been tight-lipped on the terms of trade it has entered into with Eritrea— in particular the Nakfa exchange rate regime— which is fraught with future troubles for Ethiopia-Eritrea commerce. 

As administrator of Tigray Region, what has the TPLF done to address the current problem of scarcity of fuel, as Eritreans drive into Tigray and, in keeping with their individual needs, relieved their fuel problems their country could not provide? The action by Eritreans is consistent with that of all humans in situations of scarcity and excessive shortages!

Everything I state here is not in any sense directed against the people — but TPLF greed and blindness. Note that Daniel Mekonnen of the Tigray Urban Development, Trade & Industry Bureau told The Reporter “The problem needs a solution”.

This situation arose in Eritrea, partly because of the disability the TPLF has brought upon them! Was the TPLF held back from acting as supposedly as state leader, or is it disabled by its guilt, under the current circumstance?

Or this situation arose because some TPLF members saw this Eritrean pressing need for fuel and other products as their source of enrichment: by selling for Nakfa and turning it into dollars and keeping in foreign banks?

It’s possible the TPLF may have focused on its own solutions that as usual serves its interests— not of the people of Tigray!  For that, it has equated regulating the situation with leaving the door wide open for our Eritrean brothers to come and exhaust the meager supply of fuel and etc., which Ethiopia imports with its depleted foreign exchange resources!

Why this TPLF generosity now to the People’s Front for Democracy and Justice (PEFDJ), as if it had not been persecuting it at all international fora until less than half a year ago, including advocating sanctions not to be lifted? One only needs to consider the report of the United Nations Somalia Eritrea Monitoring Group (SEMG) to the Security Council (S/2017/924) of November 2nd, 2017.

In its paragraph 229, the SEMG recommended for Security Council action of “disassociating the Eritrea and Somalia sanctions regimes.” This was because it had found no evidence of Eritrean terrorism in Somalia or anywhere else in the Horn of Africa.

To be honest, in the circumstances I don’t have the fullest answer to any of the above questions!

Nonetheless, skepticism being a second nature to Ethiopians, i.e., without dropping any hints, today most Ethiopians prefer to distrust the TPLF ‘gesture’ to Eritreans. 

As a political force that finds itself caught between its present opportunism toward Eritreans and mortal enmity to the reformist Ethiopian group in power at this moment, it’s only contriving, if it could, to bring down the administration in Addis Abeba.

In that, its strategy is two-pronged. It aims at frustrating the unfortunate Tigrean people with scarcity. For over half a century, it has been masquerading as their protector, although now treating them as collaterals.

While paying lip-service to Eritreans, TPLF strategy is to bring down the Abiy Ahmed Administration.

Meantime, all known TPLF criminals would, with consent of the mafia organisation, continue to use Tigray as their hiding place from justice!

It’s my earnest hope Ethiopians and Eritreans would strengthen their fraternal ties in peace and dignity!

 

 

UAE reportedly to build oil pipeline between Addis Abeba & Assab

10 Aug

Posted by The Ethiopia Observatory (TEO)

Aug 10 Addis Ababa (AFP) The United Arab Emirates (UAE) will build a pipeline connecting Ethiopia to the Eritrean port of Assab, state media reported Friday.  

The agreement was reportedly made during discussions in Addis Ababa between Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed and UAE Minister of International Cooperation Reem Al-Hashimy.

The state-affiliated Fana Broadcasting Corporate did not provide details on the agreement.

Landlocked Ethiopia used an oil refinery located in Assab port for its domestic oil needs before a two-year war over the demarcation of the border broke out between the two countries in 1998, leaving some 80,000 dead before settling into a bitter cold war.

In a surprise move in June, Ethiopia’s new reformist Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed announced he would finally accept a 2002 United Nations-backed border demarcation, paving the way for peace between the two nations.

Reciprocal visits by the two nations’ leaders led to the resumption of flights between their capitals as well as the opening of embassies and phone lines.

The UAE, which is reportedly using the Assab port to conduct military operations against Houthi rebels in Yemen, has been seen as a key mediator in the diplomatic thaw between Ethiopia and Eritrea. 

 

Ethiopia-Eritrea peace:             Hopes & some future concerns

1 Aug

Posted by The Ethiopia Observatory (TEO)

by Yohannes Zerai, Eritrean Opposition Movement: The Political Imperative of Self-Renewal

Recent political developments in Ethiopia seem to have generated internal dynamics that promise to fundamentally alter the political landscape in the country and perhaps even in the region. The emergence in April of Ethiopia’s newly elected prime minister, Dr. Abiy Ahmed has potentially opened the way for unprecedented social and political change and appears to have already set the country’s progress on a new trajectory. In assuming state responsibilities and addressing national issues, the new leader hit the ground running and pushed his fledgling administration to introduce hitherto unimagined political and economic reforms at a speed that Ethiopians and outsiders alike find breathtaking. The consistent message of respect, tolerance, reconciliation, love, and peace he articulates is palpably altering the mood of his nation although it remains to be seen if his future policies and decisions will be strictly guided by those ideals.

The boldness of his domestic initiatives has been mirrored in his handling of the country’s foreign affairs. In quick succession, the prime minister paid state visits to each of the IGAD countries (except Eritrea), Egypt and the Middle Eastern powers of Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates. The visits were reportedly aimed at expressing Ethiopia’s interest in closer bilateral relations so essential for fostering development cooperation and economic integration among countries in the region. Ethiopia’s new strategy towards Eritrea, with whom it was in a state of war for two decades, was a peace offer entailing unconditional acceptance of the terms of the Algiers Agreement and the UN Boundary Commission ruling along with a commitment to full implementation of the latter.

The process of rapprochement set in motion by that initiative has since been reinforced by a series of diplomatic moves: Eritrea dispatched a delegation to Addis Ababa, the Ethiopian leader visited Asmara and his Eritrean counterpart reciprocated the action – all in the short span of barely a month. It has now begun yielding concrete results as heralded by the 5-point Declaration of Peace and Friendship the two leaders signed in Asmara.

The fast pace at which events continue to unfold has sent at least the urban populations and the mass media in both countries into an unprecedented frenzy. Hence, until the dust settles and public mood sobers up, it would not be easy to guess how things may evolve in the near-term much less to predict what may transpire in the middle- and long-term. Consequently, this article presents just general observations regarding (i) public reaction to the reconciliation between the two countries and (ii) what this turn of events means to Eritrea’s democracy movement.

Public Reaction to Ethiopia-Eritrea Rapprochement

Mass-media accounts of the peace initiative indicate that public reaction in Ethiopia has been somewhat mixed. Some who never accepted Eritrean independence have enthusiastically supported the peace deal because they see it as providing a chance for eventually incorporating the port of Assab, if not Eritrea itself, into Ethiopian territory. Another section of the population – mostly Tigrayans – are opposed to the deal because they fiercely reject the possibility of ceding territories even those that the EEBC identified as Eritrean. The majority, however, are known to support the initiative because of its potential to bring the socio-economic dividends of peace that they yearn for.

Similarly, Eritrea’s diaspora population have been polarized in their reaction. Supporters were as uncritical of the regime’s delay in responding to the peace offer as they were supportive of its eventual decision to go overboard in its conciliation with Ethiopia. In contrast, the opposition was quick to show enthusiasm for Ethiopia’s declaration and to lavish praise on its prime minister while viciously attacking Eritrea’s leader. Citing his arrogance, authoritarian tendencies, and confrontational approach, many prematurely asserted that the leader will do everything possible to scuttle prospects for reconciliation and derail the initiative.

But when the strongman finally acted, his response caught everyone by surprise and threatened to turn the political tables. His sudden, all-out move for conciliation – symbolized by sending a delegation to Addis Ababa – and his emissaries’ cozying up and capitulation to an erstwhile foe may well prove to be a turning point in Eritrea’s politics of despotism. Some opposition elements are reported to have since softened their stance under the fake rationale that the regime has now begun addressing issues. On the other hand, the regime’s newfound priority of ensuring a “stable Ethiopia” over demarcating the border has infuriated some of its traditional supporters.

The complexities and requirements of border demarcation also were the subject of intense public discussion. Opposition media outlets disseminated information in the form of articles, comments, interviews, panel discussions, etc. that dealt with these issues and which drew from party representatives, activists, analysts and ordinary individuals. Many contributors offered well-informed and considered opinions that impart knowledge, provide insight into past and present realities and hint at prospects. The inputs of some others relied on wild guesses, exaggerations, and biases to push outrageous claims and outlandish predictions all laced with hatred for Isaias. Still, a few others advanced opinions that were remarkable for their haste and callousness and notable for the intellectual impairment they displayed.

The State of  Eritrean Opposition: A Movement at a Crossroads

The rapid end to the long-standing Ethio-Eritrea hostility has not only exposed the sorry state of the Eritrean opposition but has presented its constituent groups both an opportunity for an honest self-assessment and a challenge to justify their existence.

  1. A. In Search of Consensus: Opposition views on the peace initiative are generally random in nature and bear little or no commonality in underlying political principles. One is thus unable to discern any common thread(s) or coalescence of views that can be identified as consensus or majority opinion of one or more political groups. Even statements that leaders of political groups issued on the subject are, in tone and substance, neither authoritative nor representative. They simply reflect the views of the leaders themselves and perhaps a handful of colleagues that make up the group – not those of a mass following which they, of course, never had!If the movement is to gain momentum, its constituent groups must articulate their vision for the country, expound their strategies and programs for realizing it and mobilize Eritreans in the diaspora and, to the extent possible, inside the country. The aim should be to build a broad-based popular support evidenced by a registered membership large enough to win recognition and assistance from external political forces.
  2. Ending Intolerance and Division: The movement for democratic change has been a victim of the political climate of division, intolerance, and hostility that the PFDJ promoted. But, it has also done its share of exacerbating the resulting chaos by engaging in internecine fighting internally and with adversaries. In the process, it developed into an inward-looking, closed political camp that has continued to drift into isolation, stagnation, and fragmentation.It is high time that opposition groups came out of their present seclusion by tearing down barriers of suspicion and animus that the despotic regime has erected among the population in order to weaken the opposition. Pro-change groups must believe in the power of ideas and challenge each other intellectually. Their members should shun politics of hatred, engage regime supporters in discussions/debates and attend their social and political events. They should employ the art of negotiation and give-and-take to narrow differences with allies and adversaries and perhaps even to win some of the latter over to the movement. To do these, however, groups and their membership must first break out of the mold and cultivate civility and a more embracing attitude.
  3. Resetting Strategies: Public political discourse reveals that many in the opposition blame the country’s woes on Isaias Afewerki, not on the political system he presides over. They express indignation at his cruel, repugnant decisions and actions of the past, not the ideology, policy and strategy that made them possible. In short, many seem to labor endlessly to demonize the dictator. But they must understand the futility of trying to demonize a demon! Isaias Afewerki has long come to symbolize cruelty, despotism, belligerence and deception in the eyes of his own people, the region and the international community that has been relentless in its efforts to contain and isolate him.Opposition forces should instead focus their efforts on gaining insight into the dictator’s political thinking, his strategizing and political planning by co-opting insiders in his regime, luring PFDJ’s agents and activists abroad, networking with the diplomatic community in host countries and other creative ways. Placing themselves ahead of the political game in this way would enable the opposition to counter/challenge/circumvent the regime’s moves and actions more effectively.

The outlook for the Future

Ethiopia’s new prime minister has been doing great things for his country showcased by the impressive political and economic reforms that he introduced early in his tenure. Indeed, he must be applauded for what he has been able to achieve thus far and for his efforts to bring peace to the region. Despite these positive impressions, however, it is difficult to guess what Dr. Abiy’s ultimate goal really is, what kind of a leader he will eventually evolve into and how his country will fare in the months and years ahead.

The peoples of Eritrea and Ethiopia and, indeed, of the wider region have long yearned for peace. A bilateral or multilateral “peace project” that is fair, just and equitable in its formulation and implementation – hence, is capable of bringing to the regional stability and prosperity – would be embraced by all. It is inescapably obvious, however, that there exist forces poised to exploit this rare opportunity for genuine peace to achieve their abominable goals.

In this regard, it is imperative that our overexcited Ethiopian friends understand that the road to Eritrea’s future does not pass through Addis Ababa. That road is destined to be laid, as it had in the past, only by the Eritrean people through blood, sweat, and tears!  Likewise, those “Eritreans” who hallucinate about bringing back to life a “cadaver of a notion” about Eritrea’s future, must be helped to see reality: their cheerleading for “Abiy” in the hope of having their dream realized is as delusional as was the now-expired wish of bringing change to Eritrea by “riding Weyane tanks to Asmara”!

Denial of democracy in Eritrea is a problem that has hampered national progress, but recent political developments in the region have lately elevated it to the level of existential threat. The dawn of peace in Ethio-Eritrea relations is, in and of itself, capable neither of removing the threat nor of instituting democracy in the country. Such outcomes will be achieved only through a popular political struggle waged by Eritreans themselves. To do so, elements of the movement for change must undertake a critical appraisal of their organization, strategy, and performance as a basis for self-renewal and transformation into a more effective movement. They should then carry the struggle forward unphased by the turbulent forces at play in the Horn and cutting through the political cross-currents that muddy the region’s waters. The forces of change should stay on course guided by the beacon of hope that the vision of justice and democracy sustains.

/ Awate.com

 

ግመሎቹ ይሄዳሉ፣ ውሻዎቹ ይጮሃሉ

25 Jul

Posted by The Ethiopia Observatory (TEO)

ከኢትዮጵያ ኢኮኖሚክስ ማህበር

በ1983ዓ/ም  ወያኔ ዓሳራ “ግመሎቹ ይሄዳሉ፣ ውሻዎቹ ይጮሃሉ!”ይል ነበር፡፡ከ2008ዓ/ም ጀምሮ ሕዝብ “ግመሎቹ ይጮሃሉ፣ ውሻዎቹ ዝም ብለዋል!”አላቸው!!!

የዴሞክራሲና የፀረ-ዴሞክራሲ ኃይሎች ፍልሚያ !!! 

ጠቅላይ ሚንስትር ዶክተር አብይ አሕመድ  በ100 ቀናት ውስጥ የሰሩት አስደናቂ ሥራዎች በተለያዩ የባህር ማዶና የሃገር ውስጥ መገናኛ ብዙሃን መደመጡ ዋቢ ምስክር አያስፈልገውም፡፡ ሌሎቹ የተለያዩ ሚንስትሮች ከተሾሙ ጀምረው ምን ሰሩ ምን ለመስራት አቀዱ፣ በየመሥሪያ ቤቱ ምን የእርምት እንቅስቃሴ አደረጉ፣ ለመገናኛ ብዙኃን በራቸው ክፍት አድርገዋል ወይ፣ ሙስናንና ሌብነትን ለመዋጋት ያላቸው ቁርጠኝነት ምን ድረስ ነው፣ ከሰራተኞቻቸው ጋር ያላቸው ግንኙነት እንዴት ነው፣ መስሪያ ቤቱ ከህብረተሰቡ ጋር ያለው ግንኙነት ምን ይመስላል፣ የመሳሰሉት ለግልፅነትና ለመልካም አስተዳደር የእርምት እንቅስቃሴ በር ይከፍታል እንላለን፡፡ ብዙዎቹ  ሚኒስቴር መስሪያ ቤቶችና ኤጀንሲዎች በድረ-ገፆቻቸው መረጃ ለሕዝብ መስጠትና ለዮኒቨርሲቲ የጥናትና ምርምር ተማሪዎችና መምህራን እንዲሁም የምጣኔ ሃብት፣ የማህበራዊ ጥናት ተመራማሪዎች ለጥናታቸው ግብዓቶች የሚሆኑ ስታስቲካል/ አሀዛዊ መረጃዎች የማግኘት መብት በህገ-መንግስቱ የተረጋገጠ በመሆኑ ተግባራዊ የማድረግ ግዴታ እያንዳንዱ ሚኒስቴር መስሪያ ቤቶችና ኤጀንሲዎች ኃላፊነትና ግዴታ መሆኑን ሊገነዘቡ ይገባል፣ ብሎም ተግባራዊ ካልሆነ ተጠያቂነት እንዳለባችሁ ለማሳሰብ እንወዳለን፡፡ ሚኒስቴር መስሪያ ቤቶችና ኤጀንሲዎች የፕሬስና የሌሎች መገናኛ ብዙኃን፣ የህዝብን ጥቅም የሚመለከት መረጃ የማግኘት ዕድልን መስጠትና ለዴሞክራሲያዊ ሥርዓት አስፈላጊ የሆኑ መረጃዎች፣ ሃሳቦችና አመለካከቶች በነጻ መንሸራሸራቸውን ለማረጋገጥ ሚኒስቴር መስሪያ ቤቶችና ኤጀንሲዎች በድረ-ገፆቻቸው ማስተናገድ ይኖርባቸዋል፡፡ ወጣት የዲጅታል ቴክኖሎጂ ሙያተኞች በድረ-ገፆች መረጃ የማቅረብና የማሰራጨት ክህሎታቸውን የመጠቀም መብት አላቸውና፡፡ የዴሞክራሲ ኃይሎች እንደ ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሩ የ100 ቀናት የሥራ ክንውን ግምገማ ልዩ ልዩ የሚኒስቴር መስሪያ ቤቶችና ኤጀንሲዎች ባለስልጣኖች የሥራ እቅድና አፈፃፀም ለህዝብ ይፋ መሆን አለባቸው እንላለን፡፡

  • ኢትዮ ቴሌኮም፣ የኢትዮጵያ ቴሌኮሙኒኬሽን የሃገሪቱን ሕዝብ ተልኮውን ሳይወጣ ህዝብ ሲሰልል፣ ሲያሳስር የከረመ ድርጅት ነው፡፡ በኢትዮጵያና በኤርትራ ህዝብ ለአለፉት 20 አመታት የስልክ አገልግሎት በማቆረጥ የህዝብ ለህዝብ ግንኙነቶችን ያቆረጠ ድርጅት ነው፡፡
  • የማዕድን፣ ነዳጅና የተፈጥሮ ጋዝ ሚኒስቴር፣ የሜድሮክ የወርቅ ማዕድንና የኢዛና ወርቅ ማዕድኖች ያመረቱትን ወርቅ ወደ ብሄራዊ ባንክ ገቢ ሳያደርጉ ባህር ማዶ እየሸጡ እንደነበር ታጋልጦል፣ ጋዜጠኞች ጉዳዩን መርምሮ ፀሃይ እንዲሞቀው ማድረግ ያሻል፡፡
  • የትራንስፖርት ሚኒስቴር፣ ሙስና ተጋለጠ፣ በአዲስ አበባ አስተዳደር የመንግስት የአንበሳ አውቶቡስ ውስጥ 120 አውቶብሶች ሊብሬ የሌላቸው በሌብነት ገንዘቡ የግለሰቦች መጠቀሚያ እንደሆነ ታውቆል፣ የኢፈርት አውቶብሶችና የጭነት መኪኖችም ይጋለጡ፡፡
  • የኢንፎርሜሽን መረብ ደህንነት ኤጀንሲ፣ የፌዴራል ፖሊስ ኮሚሽን ወንጀል ምርመራ ቡድን ፀረ ዲሞክራቲክ ኃይል በመሆን የሃገረቱን ለውጥ ና ጸጥታ ለማደፍረስ የቀድሞ የኢንፎርሜሽንና መረብ ደህንነት ኤጀንሲ (ኢንሳ) ምክትል ዳይሬክተር ኮ/ል ቢንያም ወልደ ማርያም በቁጥጥር ስር በማድረግ የሰሩት ስራ ያስመሰግናል፡፡ የማረሚያ እስር ቤት ሁኔታን ማሻሻልና የግርፋት (ቶርቸር) ማስቀረት፣ ገራፊዎቹን ለፍርድ ማቅረብ፣ ማረሚያ ቤቱን ታራሚዎች አያያዝ ማስተካከልና በመገናኛ ብዙሃን የቀድሞ እስረኞችና የአሁን አያያዝ ሁኔታን በግልፅ ማሳየት  ወዘተ እርማቶች በማስተካከል ላይ ይገኛሉ፡፡ በሃገሪቱ ያሉ ስውር የወያኔ እስር ቤቶች ይጋለጡ፡፡
  • በኢፈዴሪ የመንግስት ቤቶች ኤጀንሲና የመንግስት ቤቶች ኤጀንሲ፣ ቤት ሰርተው የሚያከራዩ በመንግስት ቤቶችና በቀበሌ ቤቶች የሚኖሩ ሹማምንቶች እንዲሁም መከላከያ በሰራቸው ወታደራዊ ኮንዶሚንየም ቤቶች የሚኖሩ ጀነራል መኮንኖችና ደህንነቶች ብሎም ሁለትና ሦስት ኮንዶሚኒየም የተሰጣቸው ሌቦች ተጋልጠው ለፍርድ መቅረብ አለባቸው፡፡ የመንግሥት ቤት ካርታን በስማቸው ያዞሩ አዲሱ ለገሠ፣ ፈትለወርቅ ገብረእግዚአብሄር፣ አስመላሽ ወልደስላሴ፣ ስብሃት ነጋ፣ አዜብ መስፍን ወዘተ ሌሎችም ተጋልጠው በህግ ፊት ሁሉም ዜጋ እኩል መሆኑንና ለሌባ ፍርድ መስጠት የሃላፊነት ግዴታ ነው፡፡ ሙስናውን የሚያውቁ የመስሪያ ቤቱ ሠራተኞች በተጠያቂነትና በተባባሪነት በህግ ይጠየቃሉ፡፡ በተለያዩ የሚኒስቴር መስሪያ ቤቶችና ኤጀንሲዎች የሚገኙ ሠራተኞች ሙስናና ሌብነትን የማጋለጥ ባህላቸውን በማዳበር ከዴሞክራሲ ኃሎች ጋር መደመር የህልውና ጉዳይ ነው፡፡ የገማው የመንግሥት ቤቶች ኤጀንሲ ይዘጋ፡፡
  • የኤፌዲሪ ሀገር መከላከያ ሚኒስቴር፣ በሙስና የተዘፈቁ የሜቴክ ጀነራል መኮንኖች በተጠያቂነት ለፍርድ ማቅረብና ሌሎች የሌብነት ወንጀሎች ማጋለጥ ሠራዊቱ ውስጥ የሚገኙ አባላቶች ተሳትፎን ይጠይቃል፡፡ በኢትዮጵያና ኤርትራ መንግሥቶች የተፈረመው የሰላም ስምምነት በቀጣኝነትና በዘለቄታው ሠራዊቱን ወደ ቀድሞው ቦታ መመለስ ለሁለቱም ሃገራቶች የኢኮኖሚ ልማት የሚያስገኘው ፋይዳ አመታዊ ወጪ የሆነውን ከ15 እስከ 20 ቢሊዮን ብርና ናቅፋን ስለሚያድን ለልማት ሥራ በማዋል መተግበር አለበት እንላለን፡፡የኢትዮጵያ መከላከያ ሠራዊት ከካንፑና ከምሽጉ ቀበሮ ጉድጎዱ ወጥቶ በአዲሱ አመት በእንቁጣጣሽ ከቤተሰቦቹ ጋር ይቀላቀል እንላለን፡፡
  • የሰራተኛና ማህበራዊ ጉዳይ ሚኒስቴርና የሴቶችና ህጸናት ጉዳይ ሚኒስቴር፣ 24 ሽህ ህፃናቶችን በማደጎነት የሸጡና ከነዚህ ውስጥ 7 ሽህ ህፃናቶች ወላጆች ልጆቻቸው የት እንዳሉ እንደማያውቁ መስሪያ ቤቱን ሲጠይቁም መልስ አለማግኘታቸው ቢጋለጥም የሹማምንቶቹ ተጠያቂነትና ለፍርድ አለመቅረብ በኢትዮጵያ ፍትህ የጨለመ፣ ጋዜጠኞች ለህፃናቱ ህይወት አለመታገል፣ ያስቆጫል፡፡
  • የፌዴራል ጠቅላይ አቃቢ ህግ፣ የፍትህ ሚኒስትር በፌዴራል የመጀመሪያ ደረጃ ፍርድ ቤት እንዲሁም በከፍተኛ ፍርድ ቤት 120 ዳኞች ሹመታቸው በህዝብ ተወካዮች ምክርቤት መፅደቁ ፍትህ ለተጠማ ህዝብ ትልቅ አስተዋፆኦ አለው፣ ለ27 አመታት ፍትህ ያዛቡ ዳኞች በተጠያቂነት ለፍርድ መቅረብ ይኖርባቸዋል፡፡ የወያኔ የጅምላ መቃብር ሥፍራዎች በትግራይ፣ በአፋር፣ በጋምቤላ፣ በደቡብ በሎቄ ሲዳማና በአረካ የወላይታ፣ በኦሮሚያ፣ በሃረር፣ ወለጋ፣ በባሌ ዶሎመና፣ በሱማሌ ሁሉ ግዛት፣ በአማራ ጎንደር ወልቃይት፣ ደብረማርቆስ፣ ደብረብርሃን፣ አዲስአበባ በወያኔ የጦር ሠፈሮች ውስጥ ተቆፍሮ ይወጣል!!! የወያኔ የዘር ፍጅት ተዋናዬች ተጠያቂ ለፍርድ ይቅረቡ፡፡
  • የፌደራል ዋና ኦዲተር፣ በልዩ ልዩ የሚኒስቴር መስሪያ ቤቶችና ኤጀንሲዎች ያደረገው የኦዲት ሪፖርት ተጠያቂዎች ለፍርድ እንዲቀርቡ፡፡

የህዝብ ተወካዬች ምክር ቤትና የፌደሬሽን ም/ ቤት፣ በኦነግ፣ኦብነግና ግንቦት 7 ላይ ተጥሎ የነበረው የሽብርተኝነት ክስ መሠረዝ፣ የመንግሥታዊ ያልሆኑ ድርጅቶች የወጣ ህግና የቦዘኔ በተመለከተ ህግ ማምከን የዴሞክራሲውን ምህዳር ያሰፋዋል፡፡ እንዲሁም የመለስ ዜናዊ ክልሎች የበጀት ቀመር አድሎዊና ፍህታዊ ባለመሆኑ ዶክተር አብይ አህመድ ለሙያተኞች አስጠንተው በዘርና የልሳን ፌዴራሊዝም ላይ ያልተመሠረተ ሁሉንም ዜጋ የሚያካትት የበጀት ቀመር ማድረግ የሚነሳውን የማንነት ጥያቄ በጀትን የሽሮ መብያ ያደረጉ ዘውጌ ብሄርተኞችን የገቢ ምንጭ ያደርቃል እንላለን፡፡ የብሄርና የብሄረሰብ የማንነት ጥያቄ በቀጥታ ከበጀት ድልድል ጋር የተያያዘ መሆኑን በተደረጉ ጥናቶች መረዳትና ወይም ማስጠናት ከዚህ የዘር ፍጅት፣ የሃብት ድርሻ፣ የመሬት፣ የግጦሽ ቦታ፣ ግጭቶችና የማንነት ጥያቄ እድገት መጨመር መንስኤው ወደ ልዮ ዞንና ፣ የክልል መንግስት ለማደግና በጀት ቅርምቱና ድልድል ገንዘብ ከማግኘት ጋር የተያያዘ መሆኑን ለቅጣት አንጠራጠርም፡፡ በሃገራችን የማንነት ጥያቄ የሽሮ መብልያ ጥያቄ ነው፣ ሲዳማ፣ ጉራጌ፣ ወላይታ ወዘተርፈ እያለ 80ዎቹ ሁሉ የመጠየቅ መብት እንዳላቸው መረዳት አልያም የማንነት ጥያቄን በሰውነት ጥያቄ ለውጦ ከጠባብ ብሄርተኝነት ህብረ ብሄራዊ ሃገር መገንባት አማራጭ የሌለው መፍትሄ ነው እንላለን፡፡ የበጀቱ ቀመር በዘውጌና በልሳን ላይ የተመሠረተ አይሁን አልን እንጅ ክልሎች ባህላቸውን መጠበቅ፣ ልሳናቸውን መጠቀም፣ ማዳበር ስብአዊ መብታቸው መሆኑን ማክበር ሊዘነጋ አይገባም፡፡

የክልል መንግሥታት፣ የኦሮሞ ክልል ፕሬዜዳንት ኦቦ ለማ መገርሳ  ለጨፌ ኦሮሚያ (ለኦሮሚያ ምክር ቤት) የክልሉ ፀጥታ መደፍረስ በንቃት ይከታተላሉ፣ ፀረ ዲሞክራቲክ ኃይሎችን የክልሉን ጸጥታ ለማደፍረስ የሞከሩትን ነቅሶ በማውጣትና  ከኦሮሚያ መንግሥታዊ መዋቅር በመንቀል አስፈላጊውን ቆራጥ ዕርምጃ በመውስድ ያደረጉት የፀረ ዴሞክራሲ ሃይሎችን ማዳከም ቆራጥ አቋም በሌሎች ክልሎች  መቀጠል ይኖርበታል። ዶክተር አብይ አህመድ በኦሮሚያና ሱማሌ ክልል ያለውን ግጭት ለማስቆም የመከላከያ ሠራዊተወና  የፖሊስ ኃይል ማሰማራቱ የሚደገፍ ነው። በሌሎችም ቦታዎች በፍጥነት ማሰማራት በህይወትና ንብረት ውድመትን ያስቆማል፡፡ የሶማሌ ክልል ፕሬዜዳንት አብዲ ኢሌ በሱማሌ ብሮድባንድ ለጋዜጠኞች ያቀረቡትን የጌታቸው አሰፋን ጉድ አዳመጠን፣ የአብዲ ኢሌ በህዝብ ላይ የፈጸሙትን ግፍ አወቅን መረጃ የማወቅ መብት በሃገራችን ሊበረታታ ይገባል፡፡ በተመሳሳይ የአማራ ክልል ፕሬዜዳንት አቶ ገዱ አንዳርጋቸው የብአዴን የእንግዴ ልጆችን ጠርጎ መጣልና ፀረ ዲሞክራቲክ ኃይሎችን የክልሉን ጸጥታ ለማደፍረስ የሚሞክሩትን አረሞች በጊዜው ማረም አስፈላጊ ነው፡፡ ዳተኝነት አያዋጣም፡፡

የመገናኛና ኢንፎርሜሽን ቴክኖሎጂ ሚኒስቴር፣ የኢትዮጵያ ብሮድካስት ቴሌቪዝን የእስረኞች አያያዝ ሁኔታን ለህዝብ ይፋ በማድረግ፣ የተለያዩ መንግሥት ሹማምንቶችን በጥያቄ ማፋጠጥ፣ የሜጋ ፕሮጀክቶችን ሁኔታ በግልፅነት መከታተል፣ ሃቁን ለህዝብ የማቅረብ የጋዜጠኝነት ሥነምግባር በመወጣት፣ የኢትዮጵያ ብሮድካስት የቦርድ አባል አድርጎ ዶክተር መረራ ጉዲናን ሾሟል። የእርምት ንቅናቄው ተጠናክሮ መቀጠል ይኖርበታል እንላለን፡፡

የኢትዮጵያ ብሮድካስት በግብር ከፋዩ ህዝብና በመንግሥት ገንዘብ የሚካሄድ ወይም በመንግሥት ቁጥጥር ሥር ያለው መገናኛ ብዙኃን ላለፉት 27 አመታት የህወሓት/ኢህአዴግ ፖለቲካን ሲያናፉና በውሽት የተቀቀለ መረጃ ሲያቀርቡ የኖረ፣ ለሙስናና ሌብነት ከለላ ሲሰጥ የኖረ፣ ለዋልጌነትና ለምግባረ ብልሹነት ዋስትና የሰጠ ሲሆን፣ በመልካም አስተዳደር ሥነምግባር ብልሹነት፣ ለፀያፍ አነጋገርና ስነዜጋ ለጎደለው የሚዲያ የጋዜጠኝነት አቀራረብ፣ ተጠያቂነትና የችሎታ ማነስና በዘመድ አዝማድ መቀጠርና ከችሎታ ይልቅ በዘር ተኮር መመዘኛ ያተኮሩ መሆናቸው ይታወቃል፡፡ በእርምቱ እንቅስቃሴ በዩኒቨርሲቲ መምህራኖች ፈተና ወጥቶ ያለአንዳች አድሎ ተፈትነው የሥራ ብቃትና ችሎታ ያላቸው መስፈርቱን የሚያሟሉ ጋዜጠኞችና ሙያተኞች ቦታውን መያዝ ይገባቸዋል፡፡ ዴማክራሲያዊ ጋዜጠኞች የተለያዩ አስተያየቶች የማስተናገድ ችሎታ የተገነዘቡ፣ ወገንተኝነት የሌላቸው፣ ሚዛናዊ ፍርድና የጋዜጠኝነት ሙያ ፍቅር ያላቸው፣ ለፕሬስ ነፃነት ማበብ አስተዋፅኦ ያበረከቱ፣ በባህር ማዶና በሃገር ውስጥ የሚገኙ የተባረሩ ጋዜጠኞች ይቅርታ ተጠይቀው ተመልስው እንዲሰሩ ማድረግ ያስፈልጋል፡፡ የመገናኛና ኢንፎርሜሽን ቴክኖሎጂ ሚኒስቴር፣ በወያኔ የፖለቲካ ፓርቲ አደግዳጊነት የተሰጡ የብሮድካስት የቴሌቪዝን፣ ሬዲዬና ኤፍኤም ሬዲዬኖች ንብረት የግብር ከፋዮ የኢትዮጵያ ህዝብ የተገዙ ንብረቶች በሃቀኛ ሠራተኞች ተጋልጠው ለህዝብ የማሳወቅ ግዴታ አለባችሁ እንላለን፡፡ የመገናኛና ኢንፎርሜሽን ቴክኖሎጂ ሚኒስቴር፣ አመዛኙን ብሮድካስቶች በግሉ ዘርፍ እንዲሸጡ ማድረግ አስፈላጊ ነው እንላለን፡፡ አንድ ሽህ አንድ የኢትዮጵያ ብሮድካስት የውሸት ወሬ በቅፌን፣  አንድ ለናቱ ኢሣት እንደደባለቀውና፣ ኦኤምኤን እንደደቆሳቸው ህዝብ ያውቃል፡፡

የሚኒስቴር መስሪያ ቤቶችና ኤጀንሲዎች የ100  ቀናት የሥራ ክንውናቸውን በጋዜጠኞች መጠየቅና መመለስ የዴሞክራሲ ባህል መለመድ አለበት፡፡

የውጭ ጉዳይ ሚኒስቴር የሴቶችና ህጸናት ጉዳይ ሚኒስቴር የኢትዮጵያ ፌደራል ፖሊስ ኮሚሽን
የኤፌዲሪ ሀገር መከላከያ ሚኒስቴር የማዕድን፣ ነዳጅና የተፈጥሮ ጋዝ ሚኒስቴር የኢትጵያ ስፔስ ሳይንስና ቴክኖሎጂ ኢንስቲትዩት
የመንግስት ኮሙኒኬሽን ጉዳዮች ጽህፈት ቤት የባህልና ቱሪዝም ሚኒስቴር የፌደራል ሰነዶች ማረጋገጫና ምዝገባ ኤጀንሲ
የጤና ጥበቃ ሚኒስቴር የፌዴራል ጠቅላይ አቃቢ ህግ የፌደሬሽን ም/ ቤት
የገንዘብና ኢኮኖሚ ትብብር ሚኒስቴር የኢትዮጵያ ገቢዎችና ጉምሩክ ባለስልጣን ታላቁ የህዳሴ ግድብ
የእርሻና ተፈጥሮ ሀብት ሚኒስቴር ሀገር አቀፍ የትምህርት ምዘናና ፈተናዎች ኤጀንሲ የመንግስት ቤቶች ኤጀንሲ
የትምህርት ሚኒስቴር የኢትዮጵያ ኢንቨስትመንት ኮሚሽን የኢትዮጵያ ካርታ ሥራ ኤጀንሲ
የመገናኛና ኢንፎርሜሽን ቴክኖሎጂ ሚኒስቴር የፌደራል የስነ ምግባርና ፀረ ሙስና ኮሚሽን የኢትዮጵያ ብሔራዊ ባንክ
የፌደራልና አርብቶአደር ልማት ጉዳዮች ሚኒስቴር የፌደራል ዋና ኦዲተር የኢትዮጵያ ንግድ ባንክ
የኢንዱስትሪ ሚኒስቴር ኢትዮ አይሲቲ ቪሌጅ የኢትዮጵያ ልማት ባንክ
የንግድ ሚኒስቴር የኢትዮጵያ ኤሌክትሪክ አገልግሎት ኢትዮ ቴሌኮም
የፐብሊክ ስርቪስና የሰው ሃብት ልማት ሚኒስቴር የኢትዮጵያ ሥራ አመራር ኢንስቲትዩት የመንግስት ሰራተኞች ማህበራዊ ዋስትና ኤጀንሲ
የእንሰሳትና ዓሳ ሃብት ልማት ሚኒስቴር የኢንፎርሜሽን መረብ ደህንነት ኤጀንሲ የግል ድርጅቶች ሠራተኞች ማህበራዊ ዋስትና ኤጀንሲ
የትራንስፖርት ሚኒስቴር የኢትዮጵያ መንገዶች ባለስልጣን የኢትዮጵያ ብሔራዊ ቤተመዛግብትና ቤተመፃህፍት ኤጀንሲ
የውሃ፣ መስኖና ኤሌትሪክ ሚኒስቴር የፌደራል ትራንስፖርት ባለስልጣን የፌደራል ጥቃቅንና አነስተኛ ማህበራት
የከተማ ልማትና ቤቶች ሚኒስቴር የኢትዮጵያ የሕብረተሰብ ጤና ኢንስቲትዩት የመንግስት ግዥና ንብረት ማወገድ አገልግሎት
የሳይንስና ቴክኖሎጂ ሚኒስቴር የመንግስት ግዥና ንብረት አስተዳደር ኤጀንሲ የኢትዮጵያ የባህር ትራንስፖርትና ሎጅስቲክስ አገልግሎት ድርጅት
የሰራተኛና ማህበራዊ ጉዳይ ሚኒስቴር በኢፈዴሪ የመንግስት ቤቶች ኤጀንሲ የፌዴራል ኤች አይቪ ኤድስ መከላከያና መቆጣጠሪያ  ጽ/ቤት

ሁሉም የሚኒስቴር መስሪያ ቤቶችና ኤጀንሲዎች፣ ሙስናና ሌብነትን የማጋለጥ ቀጣይ ዘመቻ፣ በድረ-ገፆች የህዝብ ጥያቄንና አስተያየት መቀበል እንዲሁም የዴሞክራሲያዊ ባህልን ማዳበር፣ ተጠያቂነትን ማስፈንና  አስፈላጊ ነው እንላለን፡፡ ከዴሞክራሲ ኃይሎች ጋር በጊዜው ይደመሩ እንላለን!!! በመቐለ የመሸጉ የወያኔ ፀረ-ዴሞክራሲ ኃይል የዓሳራ ግመሎች ከድርጊታቸው እንዲቆጠቡ፣ የትግራይ ህዝብ አሳልፎ እንዲሰጣቸው እንጠይቃለን፡፡

‹‹ድር ቢያብር፣ አንበሳ ያስር!!!››  የመምህራን ማህበር፣የተማሪዎች ማህበራት፣ የሠራተኛ ማህበራት፣ የሴቶች፣ የገበሬዎች፣ የወጣቶች፣ የታክሲ ሹፌሮች  ማህበራት ተጠናክረው የዴሞክራሲ ኃይሉን መቀላቀል ይጠበቅባቸዋል፡፡

የኢትዮጵያ መከላከያ ሠራዊት ከካንፑና ከምሽጉ ቀበሮ ጉድጎዱ ወጥቶ በእንቁጣጣሽ ከቤተሰቦቹ ጋር ይቀላቀል!!!

አድርባይ ምላሳዊ ጋዜጠኞች ይወገዱ!!! የኢትዮጵያና ኤርትራውያን ህዝቦች ወዳጅነት ይጠንክር!!!

የዴሞክራሲ አብሪ ጥይቶች በሃገራችን ሰማየ ሰማያት ላይ ተተኩሰዋል!!!

( ሃምሌ 10 ቀን 2010ዓ/ም ተፃፈ )

/EthiopiaExplorer

Statements in support of Ethiopia-Eritrea Declaration of Peace and Friendship

10 Jul

Posted by The Ethiopia Observatory (TEO)

On behalf of the European Union High Representative / Vice President Federica Mogherini:

“The signature of the Joint Declaration of Peace and Friendship represents an historic and courageous move by Eritrean President Isaias Afewerki and Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed. Breaking a twenty year old deadlock in bilateral relations, it raises unprecedented prospects for reconciliation and paves the way for enhanced regional cooperation and stability in the Horn of Africa.
The European Union stands ready to mobilise the support needed to consolidate the normalisation of relations between Ethiopia and Eritrea and to build on new opportunities for regional cooperation.”
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On behalf of the people and government of the United States Secretary Pompeo:

“The United States welcomes the July 9 commitment to peace and security between the State of Eritrea and the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, effectively ending 20 years of conflict.  We commend Prime Minister Abiy of Ethiopia and President Isaias of Eritrea for courageously leading their citizens towards peace, prosperity, and political reform. The normalization of relations and the adoption of the Joint Declaration of Peace and Friendship between Eritrea and Ethiopia will provide their peoples with the opportunity to focus on shared aspirations for closer political, economic, and social ties.

The United States stands ready to support this process, and encourages all parties to continue working with transparency and confidence in the coming days.  Peace between Ethiopia and Eritrea will further the cause of stability, security, and development in the Horn of Africa and Red Sea.”

 

The devil dead in Ethiopia, at last?   Eritrea to send peace mission to Ethiopia for talks with Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed’s government

20 Jun

By Keffyalew Gebremedhin, The Ethiopia Observatory (TEO)

It is no surprise that since June 18, 2018, the famous quote by the English novelist Charles Reade: “Courage, mon ami, le diable est mort! (Take courage, my friend, the devil is dead!) has been on my mind.

After listening to Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed that day in parliament, his pledge to institute the rule of law —”Presumption of innocence until proven guilty”—  for the first time ever in my life has made me trust our nation’s leader and as such identify myself with him. Thus, the pinned message on my twitter page now essentially reads: ABIY AHMED OUR PRIME MINISTER in the context of rule of law!

In response to Ethiopia’s acceptance of in its June 8, 2018 statement of the December 12, 2000 Algiers Agreement without any precondition, Eritrea too has today broken its silence and has expressed interest in sending a delegation to Addis Ababa for the necessary peace talks.

On account of what Abiy has demonstrated to date, more particularly inside the TPLF parliament last Monday, Eritrea seems convinced its infamous foe, the ‘clogger’ of peace to date now belongs to Ethiopia and Eritrea’s past. By the will of the Ethiopian people, the TPLF regime is very likely out of commission. However, there can be no certainty it would not try its usual mischiefs, as it has already been trying to fan ethnic tensions and conflicts. However, the prevalent mood in the country is, as stated in my response to similar concern Tuesday, the risks are more for the TPLF as well as the responsibilities for the consequent conflagration, leading to its final termination!

Eritrea responds to Ethiopia’s peace overture

The TPLF’s information outlet secured this Eritrean information from a tweet by Ato Estifanos Afeworki, Eritrea’s envoy to Japan, who revealed: 

A translation of President Isaias’ statement, as presented by The Washington Post reads:

“We will send a delegation to Addis Ababa to gauge current developments directly and in depth as well as to chart out a plan for continuous future action…The Eritrean people, but also the Ethiopian people, have lost an opportunity of two generations for over half a century”.

Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed has responded positively, according to the Post, expressing “his readiness to welcome warmly and with considerable goodwill the Eritrean delegation.”We have heard in the past, the evidence for Eritrea of Addis Abeba’s acceptance has been Ethiopian troops withdrawal from Badme. Now, I feel, there may have been quiet contacts between Addis Abeba and Asmara for some time to return to status quo ante 1998.

I strongly feel that this Eritrean positive response comes after Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed has exorcised in public in parliament on June 18, 2018 the 20 year-old demon that has locked Ethiopia and Eritrea into a permanent state of conflict. Abiy seemed to level the fault for this on the TPLF. He accused the Front of squandering a poor nation’s resources, as if acquiring the latest sophisticated ground and air warfare weapons could secure peace. It only proved a hindrance to peace, while it was too much, costly and burdensome for a country of 105 million population against a nation of 5.2 million. 

It is the case, I presume, possibly the prime minister’s first extensive reporting to parliament on the overall Ethiopian situation, with emphasis on the importance of sustainable peace with Eritrea that must have helped sway Eritrea to end its wait and see attitude.

I learn from my senses and close friend’s reactions to Monday’s development, i.e., Abiy’s vision, his logic, transparent approach, seriousness and the courage of his profound conviction have done the magic, gripping Ethiopians at home and abroad, possibly infecting Eritreans too.

Abiy’s “መደመር” Gospel

The sense amongst the majority of Ethiopians today is optimism, at last finally better days are coming. On the other hand, before our eyes, the TPLF has taken humiliating beatings with the truth and revelation of its injustices against our citizens and the nation. Therefore, for almost everyone the awareness of the possibilities of becoming one and whole again for real.

Equally important are the lessons from the past that remain valid: this wholeness must be constructed on the solidity of mutual respect, equality, freedom, rule of law and respecting the dignity of each and every Ethiopian, fully restored where infringed and wholeness within every citizen’s reach

Instrumental for the prime minister in doing his ‘healing’ is his now popular approach “መደመር”! It literally means, to be added, in the sense of readiness to pull together.

The prime minister believes his “መደመር” ensures sustainable peace, beat poverty and facilitate true development of Ethiopia, or a group of nations working together toward the same goal of changing the lives of their citizens.

This መደመር”,  Abiy has been harping from day one since he set foot on the political scene on April 2, 2018.

In its deeper meaning “መደመር” implies being conjoined, as one people i.e., to live in sustainable peace that facilitates working together toward enabling our people(s) to live qualitatively improved life.

This represents a complete departure from the nearly three-decade-old ideology and state politics of the Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF). We saw in Ethiopia through its white lies and its mafia-esque robbery, ethnic politics has been TPLF’s goal of fragmenting society into its lowest elements, which literally is its war game, its strategy aiming to divide and conquer even relatively stronger party, eventually reducing it into its prey.

For Abiy, what“መደመር” or being conjoined means, Ethiopia internally achieving unity and cohesion— to stand as the Ethiopian nation and state. As pertains to the Horn of Africa sub-region, four days before reporting to parliament he was in Somalia. On his return, Abiy offered his vision for Ethiopia and Somalia. His effort is to spread his “መደመር” Gospel, that is replicating the same amongst Ethiopia’s neighbours. This he said would create better opportunities for the peoples of the Horn of Africa, a sub-region to date known for its restlessness and wretchedness of life. 

Because of my familiarity with the situation in Somalia, I am more surprised by the degree of welcome accorded to Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed to his “second home”. There is also the affirmative response of President Mohammed Mohamud to the Ethiopian prime minister’s “መደመር” Gospel, already affirming Somalia’s readiness  to work full time to benefit from economic integration as it his nation’s objective!

In formulating this, Abiy’s starting basis is the shared commonalities between the two nations, which capitalises on shared ethnic origin, culture, religion and history, as he put to Somalia’s leadership!

Ethiopia and Eritrea: One people, One nation

Speaking of his approach for peace between the two brotherly peoples of Ethiopia and Eritrea, Prime Minister Abiy emphasised each and every exercise for peace heretofore has been exploited for political ends. 

It is in that context he vowed “There to be no democratic dispensation in Ethiopia in his administration, wherein we [the politicians] bring forth to the table only what we scheme and plot.” (“ከዚህ በኋላ የድብቅ ፖለቲካ ኢትዮጵያ ውስጥ አይሠራም… በመደበቅ፣ በመሸረብና እኛ ብቻ አብስለን  የምናቀርብበት ዴሞክራሲያዊ ሥርዓት የለም”!) 

Instead, as a soldier who has paid his share with the lives of a close family member and friends and the damages Ethiopia has sustained during that war with Eritrea and the consequent losses in wealth continuing to this day, he made clear how his proposal can be realised, as follows:

“Our thinking is to talk together and work toward realisation of the objective of what the EPRDF Executive Committee has proposed. This makes sense because the people of Eritrea are our brothers. Brotherhood would not disappear irrespective of land taken, or land received.” (“እኛ የምናስበው እየተነጋገርን እንተገብረዋለን ብለን ነው፡፡ ምክንያቱም የኤርትራ ሕዝብ ወንድም ነው፡፡ መሬት ስለሄደና ስለመጣ ወንድምነት አይቀርም”)

In the barely three months Dr. Abiy Ahmed has been in office, he has won the accolade of politicians in foreign lands and the international media. A good friend of the Ethiopian people, who for long has sought and endeavoured through the United States Congress to change the untenable course Ethiopia has been orbiting, Congressman Chris Smith  (R-NJ), Chair of the House Foreign Affairs Subcommittee on Africa, noted:

“I welcome news of Ethiopia’s acceptance of the 2000 peace agreement with Eritrea as well as parliament’s approval of a bill to end the State of Emergency. I remain cautiously optimistic that Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed will continue along the direction of peace and respect for human rights.  The lifting of the state of emergency means that imprisoned journalists and peaceful activists must now be freed, and greater progress must be made toward inclusive governance.  Congress will continue to monitor developments in Ethiopia with guarded optimism.”

Abiy’s maturity and his reflection in everything leaves its traces for everyone to see. He has repeatedly acknowledged what has propelled him to office is the citizens’ opposition to decades of TPLF mode of governance by state violence, official burglary and torture and terrorism against the people, as he has put it, ‘the terrorism of those in power’.

Of course, Isaias has also picked this point, it seems as a reminder – I don’t know to whom — as The Washington Post quotes him saying “Ethiopians have said ‘enough is enough’… Ethiopia is now at a turning point or transition.”

In When Peace is a Problem, international observers The New York Times quotes think:

“If Ethiopia does withdraw its troops from the Eritrean territory it still occupies, a key excuse for Mr. Isaias’s iron rule will be removed.

His admirers hope that he would grab any historic opportunity for real peace with Ethiopia to display once again the visionary leadership that defined him as a freedom fighter and reset his management of the country.

His critics, who see him as incapable of shifting gears, believe the sustained bluff that was mass conscription may have just been called. If they are correct, Ethiopia’s recent peace overture could actually make the region more, not less, volatile.”

While there is always that possibility, this time I would like to believe the author Michela Wrong is wrong in subscribing to this view in this situation. I strongly believe Isaias is too foxy to recognise pulling the strings too tight this time would be against his sole interest — spending his last days in power!

Perhaps the story by The Financial Times bears some veracity in stating, even given what Prime Minister Abiy spelt out to parliament regarding access to international waters to Ethiopia’s goods and services – the accursed TPLF has deprived it of. It is of the view that peace between the two nations could, at least, pave the “way to resumption of commercial relations.”

What has surprised me most is the silence of the United Nations secretary-General preferring silence on this Ethiopia-Eritrea peace overture! Recall that the United Nations had managed the United Nations Mission in Ethiopia and Eritrea (UNMEE) peacekeeping mission between the two warring nations from 2000-2008. The meaning of this silence has eluded me. 

The UN knows and Ethiopians know full well that the TPLF has been accorded, to the misfortune of the United Nations, the running of one whole UN peacekeeping force—the United Nations Interim Security Force for Abyei (UNISFA), free to exercise its ethnic discrimination practices since 2011— including its designation of force commanders, deputies and other officers, as I had tried to bring this breach of Charter principles to the  attention of all concerned.

What is more worrying is murderer TPLF officers assuming responsibilities as UN peacekeeping commanders, as I had made known in 2018 in Part I and Part II of my articles on the subject.

Perhaps with the coming to the political scene in Ethiopia of Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed, the Horn of Africa could be main beneficiary —unlike the TPLF commanders selling masses of weapons— who would mercilessly get rid of Al-Shabaab terrorists, corrupt TPLF commanders-induced  problem. This I had discussed in my various articles on the basis of evidences accumulated by the Somalia Eritrea Monitoring Group reports. One of such reports, for instance, states:

“According to arms traders, the biggest suppliers of ammunition to the markets are Ethiopian and Transitional Federal Government commanders, who divert boxes officially declared “used during combat”. The Mogadishu arms markets are doing a booming business, S/2008/274 08-29068 7 and, according to precise information received by the Monitoring Group, their clients include parties in Kenya.”

*Updated.

ልቡ በሃገሩ ፍቅር የነደደ ወጣት ታሪኩ ታደሰ ከበደ በግጥሙ ያደረገው ብሔራዊ ጥሪ!

17 Apr

Posted by The Ethiopia Observatory (TEO)
 


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Deliverance: A Tale of Colliding Passions and the Muse of Forgiveness — Prof. Bereket Habte Selassie’s historical novel

6 Aug

Posted by The Ethiopia Observatory (TEO)

The news late this Saturday afternoon from the TPLF side, according to HornAffairs, is:

There is nothing in the official news in Ethiopia or in the social media. However, this does not mean I am dismissing what the TPLF source such as the above is reporting.
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