Tag Archives: ethiopia

Justice Needed for Deadly October Ethiopia Violence

2 Apr

Posted by The Ethiopia Observatory (TEO)

by Human Rights Watch

“The Ethiopian authorities can’t brush the killing and maiming of scores of people, the destruction of homes and businesses, and attacks on hospitals under the carpet,” said Laetitia Bader, Horn of Africa director at Human Rights Watch. “To ensure that upcoming elections can be held safely and securely, the government needs to accelerate its investigations into the October violence and bring those responsible for abuses to justice.”

Credible Prosecutions, Redress Key to Preventing Future Abuse

(Nairobi) – The Ethiopian government has made little progress in investigating the deadly October 2019 violence and in acting to prevent further security force abuses and inter-communal violence. Six months later, victims and their families from two towns in the Oromia region still seek justice for abuses committed by security forces and violent mobs.

Protests erupted in Ethiopia’s capital, Addis Ababa, on October 23, 2019, following social media posts by the prominent activist Jawar Mohammed accusing the authorities of threatening his security, a claim the police denied. The protests, which spread to about a dozen towns across the Oromia and Harari regions and to the city of Dire Dawa, devolved in several places into unrest and communal violence. According to official government figures, 86 people died during the protests and clashes across Oromia and surrounding areas, including 10 deaths that were the result of “confrontations” with the security forces.

“The Ethiopian authorities can’t brush the killing and maiming of scores of people, the destruction of homes and businesses, and attacks on hospitals under the carpet,” said Laetitia Bader, Horn of Africa director at Human Rights Watch. “To ensure that upcoming elections can be held safely and securely, the government needs to accelerate its investigations into the October violence and bring those responsible for abuses to justice.” Continue reading

የውጭ ጉዳይ ሚኒስትር ገዱ አንዳርጋቸው—”የግብፅ ዐባይን ለዘለዓለም ተቆጣጥሮ የመኖር ፍላጎት ለ20ኛው ክፍለ ዘመን ሠርቶ ሊሆን ቢችልም፣ ለ21ኛው ክፍለ ዘመን ግን አይሠራም!”

23 Mar

Posted by The Ethiopia Observatory (TEO)

በሪፖርተር

አቶ ገዱ አንዳርጋቸው የውጭ ጉዳይ ሚኒስትር በመሆን የተሾሙት፣ የዛሬ አንድ ዓመት ገደማ በሚያዝያ ወር 2011 ዓ.ም. ነበር፡፡ ከዚህ ሹመት አስቀድሞ የአማራ ክልል ፕሬዚዳንት በመሆን ለረዥም ዓመታት ያገለገሉት አቶ ገዱ፣ ወደ ውጭ ጉዳይ ሚኒስቴር የመጡት ከወርቅነህ ገበየሁ (ዶ/ር) መልቀቅ በኋላ ለወራት ክፍት ሆኖ ቆየውን ኃላፊነት በመረከብ ነበር፡፡ አቶ ገዱ ወደ ውጭ ጉዳይ ሚኒስቴር የመጡበት ጊዜ በኢትዮጵያ የውጭ ጉዳይ ከፍተኛ ለውጦች የተስተዋሉበት በመሆኑ የተነሳ፣ በርካታ ሥራዎች ይጠብቋቸው ነበር፡፡ እነዚህ ጉዳዮች በዋናነት ከግብፅና ከሱዳን ጋር የሚደረጉትና እየተጧጧፉ የመጡት የህዳሴ ግድብ ድርድሮችና የኢትዮጵያና የኤርትራ የሰላም ስምምነቶች ሲሆኑ፣ ሁለቱም ጉዳዮች ከፊት ሆኖ የሚመራና ውጤት የሚጠበቅበት አመራር ይጠይቁ ነበር፡፡ በዚህም ሳቢያ አቶ ገዱ የመጡበት ጊዜ ፈታኝ እንደሆነ በርካቶች ይስማማሉ፡፡ እሳቸው ወደ ሚኒስቴር መሥሪያ ቤቱ ከመጡ በኋላ በህዳሴ ግድብ የውኃ አሞላልና አለቃቀቅ ላይ የሚደረጉ ውይይቶች እየጦፉ ነው፡፡ በተለይ የአሜሪካ መንግሥትና የዓለም ባንክ በታዛቢነት በህዳሴ ግድቡ ድርድር መሳተፍ ከጀመሩበት ጊዜ አንስቶ የግድቡ ጉዳይ ዓለም አቀፍ ገጽታን እየተላበሰ የመጣ ሲሆን፣ የአሜሪካ መንግሥት የግምጃ ቤት ኃላፊ ኢትዮጵያ ያልተሳተፈችበትን የመጨረሻ ውይይት አስመልክቶ ላወጣው መግለጫ ኢትዮጵያ ምላሽ ስትሰጥ፣ ግብፅ ደግሞ በበኩሏ ኢትዮጵያን መውቀስ ጀምራለች፡፡ ይኼም በተደጋጋሚ በኢትዮጵያና በግብፅ መካከል የቃላት ጦርነት እንዲታይ አድርጓል፡፡ ኢትዮጵያ አሜሪካ ሳትገኝበት ከቀረችው የውይይት መድረክ በኋላ በአገሮቹ መካከል በጉዳዩ ላይ የተደረገ ውይይት ባለመኖሩ፣ የዚህ ውዝግብ ጉዳይ መጨረሻ ምን ሊሆን ይችላል ሲሉም ብዙዎች ይጠይቃሉ፡፡ የህዳሴ ግድቡ ድርድር ቀጣይ ዕጣ ፈንታ፣ የግብፅ ተፅዕኖ፣ የአሜሪካ ለግብፅ ማድላት፣ በዓረብ ሊግ ውሳኔ የጂቡቲና የሶማሊያ አቋም፣ እንዲሁም የኢትዮ ኤርትራ ዕርቅን  የተመለከቱ ጉዳዮችን በማንሳት ብሩክ አብዱ ከአቶ ገዱ አንዳርጋቸው ጋር ቆይታ አድርጓል፡፡

ሪፖርተር፡– በህዳሴ ግድቡ የውሃ አሞላልና አለቃቀቅ ላይ በኢትዮጰያ፣ በግብፅና በሱዳን መካከል ሲደረግ የቆየው ድርድር ስምንት ዓመታትን ቢዘልቅም በአገሮቹ መካከል ለዚሁ ጉዳይ ገዥ ሊሆን የሚችል ሕግ ላይ ስምምነት ተደርሶ ሊፈረም አልቻለም፡፡ በስተመጨረሻም የአሜሪካ መንግሥት ከዓለም ባንክ ጋር በመሆን ድርድሩን በታዛቢነት አስኬዳለሁ በማለት የተሳተፈ ሲሆን፣ አሜሪካና የዓለም ባንክ ከሚናቸው ውጪ በመሄድ ስምምነት አርቅቀን እናቀርባለን በማለታቸው የኢትዮጵያ መንግሥት በሁለቱ ታዛቢነት ከሚደረገው የመጨረሻ ድርድር ራሱን አግልሏል፡፡ ይኼንን ተከትሎ የአሜሪካ ግምጃ ቤት ያወጣውን መግለጫ የኢትዮጵያ መንግሥት አሳዝኖኛል በማለት ለግብፅ ያደላ እንደሆነ በማስታወቅ አጣጥሎታል፡፡ ነገር ግን የአሜሪካና የዓለም ባንክ የሚታዘቡት ድርድር ላይ ከመገኘታችሁ አስቀድሞ፣ በተለይ አሜሪካ ለግብፅ ልታደላ እንደምትችል መገምገም አልተቻለም ነበር?

አቶ ገዱ፡– የህዳሴ ግድብ ድርድር ወደ አሜሪካ ሲሄድ አሁን ወደ መጨረሻ አካባቢ የታየው አዝማሚያ እንደሚኖር አልተገመተም ወይ ለሚለው፣ የተለያዩ ሰዎች የተለያዩ ሐሳቦች ነበሯቸው፡፡ ምን ማለት ነው? በተለይ ግብፆች የሚያሳዩት ባህርይ ስለነበረና አሜሪካን ለምነው ስለሆነ ወደዚያ የሄዱት የእነሱም ባህርይ እንዲታረቅ፣ እንደገና ደግሞ አሜሪካ የሁለቱም አገሮች ወዳጅ ስለሆነች ልዩነቱ የሚቀራረብበትን መንገድ ይፈልጋሉ፣ ያግዛሉ በሚል ነው፡፡ ዋናው የቴክኒክ ጉዳይ ከመሆኑ ጋር ተያይዞ ዞሮ ዞሮ አማካሪዎቹ ይኼ ይሁን፣ ያ አይሁን ብለው ይመጣሉ ተብሎ አይጠበቅም፡፡ ሳይንሳዊ በሆነ መንገድ ይፈታል ብለው ተስፋ ያደረጉ ሰዎች ነበሩ፡፡ በሌላ በኩል ደግሞ አሜሪካኖች ጉዳዩን በጥልቀት ስለማይገነዘቡት፣ እንዲሁም በጉዳዩ እየገቡ ያሉት በግብፅ ግፊት ስለሆነ ኢትዮጵያን እንጉዳ ብለው ቢያስቡ እንኳን ከዕውቀትም ማነስ፣ ወይም ደግሞ ግብፆች የበለጠ እንደተበደሉ አድርገው በመገንዘብ ያልሆነ አቅጣጫ እንዲይዝ ሊያደርጉት ይችላሉ በማለት፣ ጉዳዩ አሜሪካ መሄዱ ለኢትዮጵያ ላይጠቅማት ይችላል የሚሉም ነበሩ፡፡ ስለዚህ ሁለቱም ወገኖች የየራሳቸው ግምት ነበራቸው ማለት ነው፡፡ በመንግሥት በኩል ግን እርግጠኛ የምንሆነው በአንድ ነገር ነበር፡፡ አሜሪካኖች እናግዛችሁና ችግራችሁን እናንተው ፍቱ፣ እኛ እናቀላጥፍላችሁና ይህንን ጉዳይ አቃልላችሁ በሌላ ጉዳይ ላይ ትኩረት አድርጉ፣ ይኼ ቀጣና ለትብብርና ለሰላም እንጂ ሌላ ግጭት እንዲፈጠርበት አንፈልግም ብለው ሲጋብዙን አንገኝም ማለት ከድርድር እንደ መራቅ ይቆጠራልና ለዲፕሎማሲያችንም ጥሩ አይሆንም፡፡ ነገር ግን እርግጠኛ መሆን ያለብን የምናካሂደው ድርድር አሜሪካም፣ ካይሮም፣ ካርቱምም ሆነ አዲስ አበባ ተካሄደ የኢትዮጵያን ብሔራዊ ጥቅም አሳልፎ መስጠት የማይቻል መሆኑን እርግጠኛ መሆን ይጠበቅበታል፡፡ ስለዚህ የኢትዮጵያ መንግሥት እርግጠኛ የነበረው በተያዘው አቋም ነበር፡፡ የኢትዮጵያን ብሔራዊ ጥቅም የሚያስከብር እስከሆነ ድረስ ድርድር ነውና ድሮውንም ቢሆን የታችኞቹን አገሮች መጉዳት ፍላጎታችን ስላልነበረ፣ በድርድሩ አንዳንድ ነገሮችን ሰጥተን በሰጥቶ መቀበል ችግሩ የሚቃለል ከሆነ ምንም ችግር የለውም ብለን ነው የገባንበት፡፡

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The new dominant party in Ethiopia delays democratization

22 Mar

Posted by The Ethiopia Observatory (TEO)

by Ethiopia Insight

 

As EPRDF’s successor, Prosperity Party will assume its suffocating role

Despite being the oldest independent country in Africa, Ethiopia has no experience of peaceful, let alone democratic, transfers of power. In fact, throughout much of its history, transitions from one regime to the next have invariably been shrouded in intrigue or marred by bloodshed. The last two rounds of power transfer for which we have a living memory (the ascent to power of the Derg in 1974 and its removal in 1991) involved unimaginable cruelty and the death of an untold number of people. Even the so-called democratic elections in recent years have been accompanied by violence, which at its peak in 2005 claimed the lives of more than 300 protesters in Addis Ababa alone. As a result, every potential change of power in Ethiopia raises fears of tumult of some kind.

The rise to power of the current Prime Minster, Abiy Ahmed, has all the hallmarks of a change of power (but technically it is not). Although the groundswell of protests that brought him to power cost many lives, all the subsequent changes of laws and regulations that transformed the political landscape in the country went largely peacefully. That is partly what seems to have generated a tenuous hope for peaceful democratization through an election, which we are led to expect in a few months’ time in August. This upcoming election is to be seen as a critical test for many things. On one hand, it will test the Prime Minister’s ability to act on his promises and fulfill the unprecedented, constitutional assurance of assuming power through the ballot box. On the other, it sadly could demonstrate that our optimism was either ill-founded or premature.

It is pertinent to ask why changes involving violence and instability have dominated governance in Ethiopia for so long. In my opinion, the burning demand at the heart of the long-standing discontent has always centered on the right to self-rule at local level. Somewhat overlooked, and, at times, dangerously underestimated, is the extent of centuries-long resentment harbored by people of the southern part of the country towards administration from Addis Ababa, ever since their incorporation into modern-day Ethiopia. For many nationalities, being part of Ethiopia has meant the loss of their language, culture, religion, and land.

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በውሃ ክፍፍል የሕዳሴው ግድብ ዝቅተኛ የኢትዮጵያ መደራደሪያ ነጥብ የቱ ነው: 31 ኪሜ ወይስ 37?

15 Mar

Posted by The Ethiopia Observatory (TEO)

ከ31 ቢሊየን ሜትሪክ ኪዩብ ማለፍ የለብንም ይላሉ ባለሙያዎች፣ የድርድሩ ቡድን መሪ የተለየ ሃሣብ አላቸው!

 

ዋዜማ ራዲዮ– አሜሪካ በታላቁ የኢትዮጵያ ህዳሴ ግድብ ውሀ አሞላልና አለቃቅ እንዲሁም በድርቅ ማካካሻ ላይ ኢትዮጵያ ግብጽና ሱዳንን ለማደራደር የሄደችበት መንገድ ችግር ከገጠመው በኋላ ኢትዮጵያ በራሷ የስምምነት ሰነድ እያዘጋጀች መሆኑ ተነግሯል። በፈረንጆቹ አቆጣጠር የካቲት ወር መጨረሻ ይፈረምበታል የተባለው ሰነድ ከመፈረም የተረፈው የኢትዮጵያው የውጭ ጉዳይ ሚኒስትር ገዱ አንዳርጋቸው በራሳቸው ተነሳሽነት ወደ ዋሽንግተን ለዚህ ጉዳይ አልሄድም በማለታቸው መሆኑን ዋዜማ ራዲዮ ሰምታለች። አሜሪካ ያዘጋጀችው የስምምነት ሰነድ ላይ ኢትዮጵያ አልፈርምም ማለቷ ተገቢ ውሳኔ በመሆኑ ከበርካታ ዜጎች ይሁንታን አግኝቷል።

አሁንም ግን በኢትዮጵያ በኩል እየተዘጋጀ ነው የተባለው የታላቁ ህዳሴ ግድብ የውሀ አያያዝና አለቃቀቅ ሰነድ ላይም እየተነሱ ያሉና መስተካከል ያለባቸው ይዘቶች እንዳሉ ዋዜማ ራዲዮ ለሙያው ቅርብ ከሆኑ ምንጮቿ ሰምታለች። በነዚህ ይዘቶች ላይም በውሀ መስኖና ኤነርጂ ሚኒስትሩ ስለሺ በቀለና በተዋቀረው የተደራዳሪዎች ቡድን መካከል ክርክሮች እንዳሉ መረዳት ችለናል።

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የጥላቻ ንግግርና የሐሰተኛ መረጃ ሥርጭትን ለመከላከል የወጣው አዋጅ ተስፋና ሥጋቶች!

13 Mar

Posted by The Ethiopia Observatory (TEO)

 

የጥላቻ ንግግርና የሐሰተኛ መረጃ ሥርጭትን ለመከላከል የወጣው አዋጅን በተመለከተ፣ የመብቶችና ዴሞክራሲ ዕድገት ማዕከል፣ የኢትዮጵያ ዲጅታል መብቶች ቡድንና አመሐ መኮንንና አጋሮቹ የሕግ ቢሮ በጋራ ያዘጋጁት የውይይት መድረክ

 

 

Center for Advancement of Rights and Democracy (CARD), echoing the principles to make democracy the only rule of game in #Ethiopia. (former EHRP)

 

 

 

Ethiopia’s Communications Shutdown Takes Heavy Toll

9 Mar

Posted by The Ethiopia Observatory (TEO)

Government must restore Internet, phone services in Oromia

The Ethiopian government should immediately lift the shutdown of internet and phone communications in the Oromia region. The two-month-long shutdown has prevented families from communicating, disrupted life-saving services, and contributed to an information blackout during government counterinsurgency operations in the area.

Since January 3, 2020, the authorities have disconnected mobile phone networks, landlines, and internet services in western Oromia’s Kellem Wellega, West Wellega, and Horo Gudru Wellega zones. In East Wellega, residents reported that the internet and social media services were blocked, with text and cell service available only in major towns. The shutdown has been imposed in areas under federal military control and comes amid reports of government military operations against the armed wing of the once-banned Oromo Liberation Front (OLF). The media have credibly reported human rights abuses, including accounts of killings and mass detentions by government forces.

“The Ethiopian government’s blanket shutdown of communications in Oromia is taking a disproportionate toll on the population and should be lifted immediately,” said Laetitia Bader, Horn of Africa director at Human Rights Watch. “The restrictions affect essential services, reporting on critical events, and human rights investigations, and could risk making an already bad humanitarian situation even worse.”

Under Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed’s administration, communication blackouts without government justifications has become routine during social and political unrest, Human Rights Watch said.

A ruling party regional spokesman told the media in January that the communications shutdown had “no relationship” to the military operations but then said that it had contributed to the operation’s success. The federal government offered no explanation for the shutdown until February 3, when Abiy told parliament that restrictions were in place in western Oromia for “security reasons.”

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Sudan refuses to endorse Arab League resolution supporting Egypt in Nile dam dispute; Ethiopia’s response!

6 Mar

Posted by The Ethiopia Observatory (TEO)

The Middle East News Agency (MENA) reported that Sudan had reservations about a draft resolution reached by the council of Arab Foreign Ministers, affirming the Arab League’s solidarity with the position of Egypt and Sudan regarding the Ethiopian Renaissance Dam as downstream countries.

MENA quoted sources saying that during the meeting of the council of Arab Foreign Ministers on Wednesday Egypt submitted a draft resolution issued by the Arab League expressing solidarity with Egypt and Sudan regarding the Renaissance Dam, taking into account the interests of the downstream countries. The Sudanese side was informed in advance of the draft decision to consult on it while confirming that this decision supports the position of the downstream states of Egypt and Sudan, and reflects Arab support for the water rights of both countries.

The sources said that Sudan asked not to include their name in the decision, and added that the decision is not in Sudan’s interest, nor is permissible to include the Arab League. They also expressed concerns over a possible confrontation between Ethiopia and Arab countries as a result of this decision.

According to the sources, most Arab delegations stated that supporting Egypt and Sudan is not aimed at confronting other parties, but rather it is an obligation that must be performed in connection with a file that threatens Arab national security.

The sources pointed out that the Arab delegations were surprised that Sudan maintained its conservative position even after the name of Sudan was deleted from the draft resolution, as it was limited to protecting the water interests of Egypt. The Sudanese side sought to empty the draft of its content, while the other Arab parties emphasised the feasibility and importance of this decision.

At the end of the session, the draft resolution was adopted without amendment, with Sudan formally withdrawing from it.

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Meantime, Ethiopia has rejected the “Resolution” of the Executive Council of the Arab League issued yesterday regarding the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD).

“Ethiopia rejects the “Resolution” in its entirety,” said the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in a statement today

According to the Ministry, the “Resolution” gives blind support to a member state without taking into consideration key facts at the center of the GERD talks.

Ethiopia, however, commended the stance taken by the Government of Sudan for refusing to endorse the “Resolution” of the Arab League.

“Sudan has once again demonstrated its position of being a voice of reason and justice in the latest orchestrated so-called “Arab League position” on the GERD,” the statement added.

Ethiopia expressed its profound appreciation to Sudan’s principled position that helps advance win-win solutions for all the parties involved, through a commitment to open dialogue.

The statement further said “Ethiopia’s relations with the peoples’ and governments of member states of the Arab League are longstanding based on common values, deep rooted cultural ties and traditions.”

“The relationship demonstrated the power of justice in the face of adversity, sanctuary in the face of persecution, cooperation at the time of need, and friendly relations during alienation

“As an institution composed of sovereign countries, the League is expected to follow an approach that allows an accurate representation of facts and balances all interests involved.

“When acting contrary to this norm, the credibility of the League and its ability to promote peace, stability, and cooperation in the increasingly globalized world is at risk.”

Ethiopia reiterated its longstanding and firm position as expressed by successive governments that it “has the right to use its Nile water resources to meet the needs of the present and future generations.”

As the Nile is a transboundary water resource, Ethiopia is committed to the principles of equitable and reasonable use, not causing significant harm and that of cooperation, the statement added

“We firmly believe that through continued open and transparent dialogue there is great potential to arrive at an amicable solution. Hegemonic posturing is unproductive and need not have a place in our interdependent global order.”

“Ethiopia is also firmly committed to the Agreement on the Declaration of Principles (DoP) which provides the basis for the first filling and annual operation of the GERD. The DoP provides that first filling will be done in parallel with the construction of the GERD.

“Ethiopia is confident that the Arab League will live up to the standard of objectivity and the longstanding relations and common values in its engagements with Ethiopia.”

Finally, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs said that Ethiopia is keen to a strengthened partnership and to work closely on common goals.

 

 

Ethiopia Is Building GERD Because It Has Full Rights To Build It—Finally in English!

3 Mar

Posted by The Ethiopia Observatory (TEO)

Finally the statement came out in English

Addis Ababa, February 3, 2020 (FBC) –Ethiopia is building the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD) because it has the full rights to build it, said Gedu Andargachew, Minister of Foreign Affairs.

The Foreign Minister made the remark here today at a press conference he issued together with Dr Engineer Seleshi Bekele, Minister of Water, Irrigation and Energy.

Ethiopia has the full rights to lift its citizens out of poverty using its natural resources. It is building the dam in such a way as to not cause a significant harm to the downstream countries, he said.

Though Ethiopia is building the dam by taking into account this issue, it entered into talks in order to build trust and confidence among downstream countries, he said.

After the series of talks held on a number of issues over the past years, Ethiopia, Sudan and Egypt managed to narrow their differences, the Foreign Minister said.

Following the talks held in Washington, the three countries had also reached agreements on many issues. However, there are also technical and legal issues that have not yet been agreed, he said.

Ethiopia believes that these issues would be resolved through dialogue and some of them need more time for consultation because “we want the negotiation to preserve Ethiopia’s interest,” he said.

There is an interest from both the Egypt and the United States for the agreement to be concluded soon, he said, adding, Ethiopia, however, need more time to hold consultation with its people.

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