Tag Archives: ethiopia

Reprint from 12/07/11 on this page: Meles’s appearance in parliament exposes latter’s unhelpful role in defense of the public’s interests

4 Feb

By Keffyalew Gebremedhin
http://www.ethiopiaobservatory.wordpress.com

Why this article now?

Initially, this piece was conceived in my mind as a personal reaction to the 5 July 2011 debate in the Ethiopian parliament at the conclusion of its debate on the 2011-2012 federal budget. I would return to that shortly with some observations, based on experience and career in another piece .


The intervention of Prime Minister Meles Zenawi has shed light on a number of important economic and financial issues in today’s Ethiopia, especially why things are the way they are. More importantly, I have been educated a great deal about the politics of governance in Ethiopia. This has weighed on me in a profound way, unable to answer where personal interests of politicians at the height of power should end and the national interest should predominate.

The fact that Ethiopia’s existing budget methodology is revamped and replaced by the results based program budget is an advance on its own. However, as I would discuss at some point in a separate article, what dumbfound me during the debate, among others, was how reforms and change are easily compressed and shown as policy advancements. In reality, however, the approach of the leading politicians has been akin to the methods of bees or ants how tirelessly they update their means of control, in like manner subordinating purported reforms or any anticipated or implied progress as means of consolidating more power by the ruling party, whose preponderance in every nook and cranny of the country—a favorite phrase of the prime minister’s—has already been overwhelming.

After watching the question and answer session on YouTube, I bottled inside me my reactions, for whatever reason. Probably I was extremely disappointed and shocked by what I saw and heard. I was restored only when I began leafing though the latest edition of Addis Fortune (10 July 2011) in the morning of 12 July, especially the excellent articles by Staff Writer Samson Haileyesus
 (http://www.addisfortune.com/Meles’%20Candid%20Admissions.htm) and the Editor-in-Chief Tamrat Gebre-Giorgis’s (http://addisfortune.com/Meles Dismissive of-Elusive on Former WB Director.htm). I was happily awakened from my inertia, realizing that others had also felt the same way and are writing about it fearlessly in a country where they can easily become victims the next moment.

Their articles are rare pieces of journalistic jewel, which I have so much enjoyed and for which I am very grateful. I did not realize until I wrote this piece that I was badly in need of therapy to overcome the shocks I suffered in watching that political drama on the Ethiopian parliamentary floor, until their observations encouraged me to do my part—go to my computer and write my observations as a concerned citizen.

Parliaments as a place where crooked whips prevail

In all countries, parliaments are politically cleansed of unwanted elements, i.e., opposition to the government in power, in democratic countries through democratic means winning by substantial majority of the electorate. In Ethiopia, this is done by doctoring the ballot box. In those other circumstances, experiences of ruling parties have shown that chance of parliamentary whips losing good night sleeps is one of the rare things in politics.

On occasions, when tough but non-fatal questions are asked in full public view in parliament in those other situations, the whips usually spend their pre-voting days harmonizing the thinking and actions of those members that dare to ask the tough questions. When the big mouth in question is their own, the whips may give him/her dress-down in private, bearing in mind the need to curtail such behavior in future.

For some, depending on their effectiveness, this may even bring rewards and promotion to buy their diffidence. Party whips keep in mind the need for balance between image of the party on one hand, i.e., avoiding criticisms by public that the party has become floor mat to critical remarks by unworthy opposition, which could be perceived by the electorate as sign of poor performance and poor delivery. On the other, account is taken of avoiding the danger of individual party members bolting out and joining the opposition altogether.

Such situations depend on political maturity and to some degree on appreciation for openness, i.e.e, after lessons learned-—never indulge the party into physical violence, which can sooner or later be traced to the culprit. They cannot venture into this in countries where the institutions of government first and foremost uphold the right of citizens, the public’s interest and the equality of everyone before the law. Nixon forgot that and lost the presidency on account of which he chose to go into thuggery and paid the ultimate price, after his involvement in the Watergate break-ins.

Aware of that, therefore, the other parties leave openings for internal debates so that individual parliamentarians speak their minds and get things corrected on societal concerns. Or they even systematically cultivate an internal dissident(s), deliberately making out of them heroes of the party that speak their minds. These individuals are assets to the party, whose credibility is an asset that can be used when things get pretty rough during the days of political slippage or misfortunes on hand.

The Ethiopian experience

When the questioning individual (parliamentarian) is from the opposition bench, as we saw it during the life of the last parliament in Ethiopia especially, senior officials of the ruling party usually from top down pounce at the questioner in public with manufactured accusations and embarrassments. They do that talking in codes, which in the end compels uninformed citizens to question the loyalty such marked individuals would have for the country. Allegations or charges of supporting or advocating secessionist and terrorist tendencies, e.g. Eritrean agency, OLF, ONLF, SLF, etc. are leveled at them, especially more often by the prime minister. His lieutenants and their media echoed this to the extent of making the individuals outright criminals and outcasts, without any investigations.

After they were out of parliament, none of them has been charged with treason and sentenced to imprisonments nor eliminated, even if the prime minister at the time had claimed before parliament that he had the evidences against them on hand. Why not?

Not only that, when convenient the state representatives position themselves into knitpicking a galore of human failures with intention to take away from either the truth uttered by any parliamentarian, or deprive him or her of credibility to speak again about anything, others—especially the government in particular. On moments of occurrence, at their lowest, their actions become no different from schoolyard ridicule by bullies. Recall the example of pronunciation differences between ‘fiscal’ and ‘physical’. Last time we witnessed rapping by the prime minister in public view, portraying the individual as incapable of pronouncing properly what he wanted to say in terms of ideas. This was intended to inject doubt whether that member of parliament was educated after all, although gossip had it at the time he is holder of MSc from a US university. Recall in this regard, the exchange at the close of the last and final session of parliament in 2010, when the PM jumped on a non-point on parliamentary opposition leader Temesgen Zewdie.

Perhaps it was then, the PM had vowed there should no more be opposition members in this parliament beyond one seat, which now is occupied by Ato Girma Seifu, whose interventions always are boiling the blood of the prime minister. Fortunately, during the 5 July parliamentary debate on final hearing of summary conclusions on the budget, it was only the rolling of eyes by the PM that the camera caught when he heard that member’s voice.

As a matter of fact, he was asking the right questions with utmost politeness. Evidently, many on the government side had displayed implicit doubts on government plans, but only feigning ignorance were asking the same questions to be educated, what is and what is not in the agreed document at the level of the parliament’s budget and finance committee in the Birr 118 billion. Clearly, from the point of view of the processes of considering and approving the budget, their questions have already made explanations provided by the PM after the budget was approved, which is superfluous. That is not what I am concerned about at this stage.

Was Ken Ohashi really an incompetent World Bank Country Director?

Among the many questions that were darted at the prime minister was what Parliamentarian Tadesse Meselu raised that got the PM reverting to his less statesmanly demure. The question was in connection with the critical article written by the outgoing World Bank’s Ethiopia Country Director Ken Ohashi, at a moment could not respond in self-defense, he suffered unfortunate lashing on the floor of the Ethiopian parliament from the usually unrestrained tongue of the prime minister’s on 5 July. He could in the right place, but absent as he was, Ken Ohashi could not defend himself against [Meles’s] charges of incompetence in his work.

He was also accused of being spoiled–a behavior, it was said–he allegedly acquired, when serving in an ‘underdeveloped country’ (emphasis added) before he came to Ethiopia. The prime minister went to the extent of stating that his evidence was the fact that Ohashi spoke with such liberty at his exit in retirement, meaning without any sense of accountability, as abnegation of responsibility both to the Bank and Ethiopia.

This he said was in complete contradistinction with the position of the World Bank that pumps money into Ethiopia, by the PM’s claim, with uninterrupted regularity in support of the government’s program, because it believes in Ethiopia’s programs. Astonishingly, the latest victim of this sharp tongued out of pocket attack by the Ethiopian prime minister was not a parliamentarian from the opposition side. It was the outgoing World Bank Country Director for Ethiopia Ken Ohashi and the incident took place on the floor of parliament.

Simply put, Ohashi was caricatured as a person heading to his twilight with frustration, meaning retirement years. The prime minister accused him of failure to change the lots of those countries he served before coming to Ethiopia. He added that in the years he was in Ethiopia the representative’s arrogant behavior and mentality was rejected as was his attempts at imposition of his neoliberal ideology.

What did Ohashi do to deserve this? What has that neoliberal subversive ideology tried to push that we Ethiopians do not and should not want to the extent that it should force the Ethiopian prime minister to engage in discrediting the personality and contributions of a worthy helping hand our country has ever had from the World Bank?

The answer to this could be found in the partying message Ken Ohashi penned on the 12 June issue of Addis Fortune as a commentary entitled “National ideologies and national blinders”

"I believe that this lack of bottom-up feedback may be the biggest blind spot for Ethiopia. A system that is long on top-down discipline and control may be strong in the sense that it is able to impose its will and execute certain kinds of plans well. It may also be stable, for changes are not readily permitted. But it may be “brittle,” as it is short on ability to adapt; it could break down when faced with a major crisis.The long-run stability and resilience of any system come from continual adaptation to changing circumstances. That in turn requires the free flow of information, even when the message is not what the top leaders hoped to hear, and the space for vigorous contestation of ideas.For Ethiopia to be a thriving nation in the globalised and fluid economic setting of today, it must become a system in which there is a profusion of new ideas, new technologies, and new products. To create such a system, Ethiopia will need more “empowered” children who would not have hesitated to say, “Teacher, we have a problem.”The government will also need much more feedback, from its own officials, the media, opposition parties, academics, the private sector, and citizens at large. And the country will need to expand the space in which different ideas are debated vigorously, to forge and sustain a national vision and to identify the best policies to achieve the vision. (In the diverse traditions of Ethiopia, there are ethnic groups that are far less top-down and more egalitarian, as Professor Donald Levine has shown in his works. In fact, such traditions can play a catalytic role in changing the dominant tradition of hierarchy.)I leave Ethiopia with a conviction that it is a country with immense potential. If it succeeds in reorienting its past approach and develops a more bottom-up and open way of achieving collective efforts, I believe that its future will be bright.”

Open up the system, respect your people, listen to their views are the sort of things that flustered Ato Meles Zenawi. The best I can say in the circumstances is I found the public hacking of an international civil servant embarrassing, for that matter with lies. For that matter, his professionalism and uprightness is appreciated by those who knew him closely. In his years of service to Ethiopia, Ken Ohashi had been upfront about speaking his mind. Those who knew him better, even outside office, say that he was itching to engage the Ethiopian government on its programs to discuss alternative mechanisms for effective program implementation and least cost possibilities.

By the same token, he was lightening road against international critics of Ethiopia, when he seriously thought their criticisms were unfair. A case in point is what he wrote on The New York Times (http://www.nybooks.com/articles/archives/2010/jun/24/cruel-ethiopia/) about allegations that aid to Ethiopia was waste of good monies. In his letter, he defended government policy and actions on elimination of poverty and realization of the Millennium Development Goals (MDG), indicating Ethiopia was one of the few African countries likely to attain their targets, as stated below:

Development assistance is a complex and difficult task. In a recent article, “Cruel Ethiopia” [NYR, May 13], Helen Epstein highlights some of the challenges. However, I think that Ms. Epstein’s argument conflates two closely linked, but separable, topics.

Fundamentally, development assistance aims to promote national development for the country and the reduction of poverty for its people. In this regard, Ethiopia has an impressive performance, with economic growth accelerating sharply on a sustained basis since about 2003, despite the global economic crisis. Since 2000, Ethiopia has recorded the second-fastest improvement in human development in the world, according to the UNDP Human Development Report 2009. This measure relates to more Ethiopians living a longer and healthier life, being better educated, and having a decent quality of life.

With regard to the globally agreed Millennium Development Goals, Ethiopia is making significant progress in all areas. The country is on track to meet goals relating to extreme poverty and hunger, universal primary education, combating HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other diseases, and developing a global partnership for development. Good progress is also being made in reducing child mortality and ensuring environmental sustainability. Despite having already achieved gender parity in primary schools, Ethiopia is likely to fall short, as of 2015, on the targeted improvements for promoting gender equality and empowering women and improving maternal health.

These achievements in national growth and poverty reduction are important measures by which donors assess the effectiveness of their support to Ethiopia. They show that donor funding to the country and peoples of Ethiopia has yielded substantial results that have had a significant impact on improving the lives of the poorest families. They are also testimony to the government’s strong commitment to improving basic services and building a backbone of infrastructure (i.e., roads and electricity) that can facilitate economic growth. Such government commitment is central to sustained progress in the development process.

As important as they are, the results sketched out above are not enough, for ultimately the goal of development in every country is the freedom for every individual to realize his or her full potential. There are concerns about the overall governance of the country, efficiency and fairness of resource use, the risk of dependence on aid, and protection of basic human rights, as Ms. Epstein points out. We recognize these concerns, and development partners in Ethiopia take them seriously.

We start, however, with a belief that in every country people want to be self-reliant and prosperous, and to develop a transparent, accountable, effective, and efficient governance system. Ethiopia is no exception. Our task, as an external development partner, is to support that innate tendency.

However, building institutions, public and private, that assure every citizen’s right to and effective delivery of public services takes a long time; indeed, it never ends, as we can see even in the most industrialized countries. Changes are incremental, and at times they may suffer serious setbacks. It is, therefore, crucial that development partners work with the long-term process of change, always in support of it, not in control of it (which is impossible in any case).

Of course, this does not mean that we ignore the negative impact that our assistance may bring. That is why we monitor the effects of our assistance closely and maintain continual dialogue with the host government on issues that hinder a robust and sustainable development process. And this is precisely the approach we follow in our efforts to assist Ethiopia.”

After all, is it not ridiculous that the government of Ethiopia should now claim that Ken Ohashi has proved ineffective in countries he served before he came to Ethiopia? His appointment by the World Bank to Ethiopia was supported by Ethiopia itself, when it gave its concurrence. How come that it did not reject him right from the start, if it knows full well, as it alleges, that he was incompetent and ineffective in countries he served previously?

The established practice in such appointments is that, just like the appointment of ambassadors, sort of agrément is sent for of reaction of receiving government. The person assumes his duties only when written approval is given in writing. All UN agencies do follow the same procedure, accepting or rejecting being the prerogative of governments, with no further questions asked about it at any time by anybody, not even informally. That is what all governments do in such circumstances. They carefully vet the person proposed to see if they accept or reject for such positions. In the circumstances, if the Meles regime has not done that in the case of Ken Ohashi, it must own its failures; it should neither blame Ken Ohashi or World Bank, although in this case, the source of the problem is official and habitual lose talk to which the prime minister is never criticized for his lack of proportion publicly or called upon to apologize to individuals over whom he usually rides roughshod.

The situation brings to mind the fact that availing oneself to statesmanship may seem a free ride to the ambitious, whose rise to power is a function of military might, not politics, as vetted by ordinary people in a free and democratic environment to reach that decision. In reality, statesmanship is not a cap one can pick up during a free ride. It comes with a very accurate measure of the individual possessing and demonstrating in action three long established criteria. I was recently reminded by the 2011 Reith Annual Lecture what Max Weber has brilliantly defined as the three pre-eminent qualities of a politician should be — “passion, responsibility and a sense of proportion.”

What have utterly been lacking all this time in Ethiopia have been a good sense of responsibility and a sense of proportion, as the above has demonstrated. How could a polarized society, such as Ethiopia constantly kicking and crying on the brinks of disaster and all round crises could heal, when political power simple-mindedly and single-mindedly pushes what only advances its stay in power?

አይ ሕወሃት! አቤት ቅሌት!አ ይ ጊዜ!

10 Jan

The Ethiopia Observatory (TEO)

ስብሃት ነጋንም ኣጓጉል አደረግሽዉ አይደል! ሰዉ ነንና ይህን ፎቶ ያየ ሁሉ ሠቅጠጥ ይላል!

ስብሃት ነጋ ሌላ ሰው ቢሆን ‘አይ ምሥኪን’ ብዬ ውስጤ ትንሽ መራራት ሊሰማኝ ይችል ነበር! ነገር ግን ቀበጦቹ/ባለጌዎቹ ሕወሃቶች ኢትዮጵያን ልታከናንቡ ያዘጋጃችሁላትን ውርደት በዚህ በሚታየው መልክ ራሳችሁ ተላበሳችሁት!

የኢትዮጵያ አምላክ እግዚአብሔር ክብሩ ይስፋ! 

ምርኮኛዉ ስብሃት አዲስ አበባ ደርሶ ወደ ‘መጨረሻ’ ማረፊያው ሲወስድ! (Picture credit: Fana)

የሕወሃቱ ስብሃት ነጋ! የክፋትህ መጠን~~አነተም ጓደኞችህም~~በጠቅላላው ሁላችሁም የተጠናወታችሁ መጥፎነት፣ ሌላው ቀርቶ በአሁኑ ሰዓት ሕዝባችን ደግነቱን እንዲነፍጋችሁ አድርጓችኋል! ዛሬ ስብሃት ነጋ በወከላችሁ ሃፍረትና አመድ መሰል ሁኔታውም የኢትዮጵያ ሕዝብ ፊቱን ቢያዞር አልገረምም!

የሚገርመው ስታንጓጥጠው የኖርከው የኢትዮጵያ ሕዝብ ፊት ዛሬ በአንድ እግርህ ብቻ ካልሲ አድርገህ፡ እውነተኛውን ማንነትህን በሚገልፅ መልክ መቅረብህ፣ ትላንት አንተ የነበርክበት ቦታ ዛሬ እንዳንተው ሁለት እጆቻቸውን ኪሶቻችው ውስጥ ሰንቅረው—’አለኛም ሰው የለም ባዮቹን— ‘ከኔ ሁኔታ በጊዜ ትምህርት ውሰዱ!’ በላቸው! ‘አሁን የኔ ለፈጸምኩት ግፍ፡ ጥጋብና ወስላታነት የምከፍለው ዕዳ ነው!’ በላቸዉ!

በዚህ እርጅና ባዳከመው ዕድሜ ተከብረህ መኖር ሲገባህ፣ ያላጣኸውን ስታሳድድ፣ ሁሉንም አጣኸዉ! ለዓመታት ያንተና የጭፍሮችህ ‘መሬት አልበቃ አለችን’፡ ሃገራችንን ብዙ ጎድቷል! ብዙ ወገኖቻችን ሕይወቶቻቸውን አጥተዋል!

የኢትዮጵያ አምላክ ግን ኢትዮጵያን እንደማይጥላት አሳይቷል! የትግራይ ሕዝብስ በምን ዕዳዉ?

ኢትዮጵያ ይህ በሽታ ከሥሩ እንዲነቀል ትሻለች!

እኔም ጆሮዬን አቁሜ የቀሪዎቹን ወንበዴዎች ፍፃሜ ጠብቃለሁ!

የኢትዮጵያ መከላካያ ሠራዊት በዳዮቿን ለመቅጣት በቀላሉ ሰው ከማይደርስበት ድረስ ወርዳችሁ—ፊቱ ሳይላላጥ፡ የቡጢ ምልክት ሳይኖርበት፡ ሳይሠበር፡ ሳይገረፍና ሳይጎሳቆል መምሰል የሚገባውን አስመስላችሁ በማቅረባችሁ—በምወዳትና በምኮራባት ብቸኛ ሃገሬ ስም ፍቅሬንና ከበሬታዬን እገልጽላችኋለሁ!

ኢትዮጵያ ለዘለዓለም ትኑር!

ዕሠይ ኢትዮጵያ! ሠራዊታችን መላ ትግራይን ተቆጣጥሯል! ወንበዴዎቹን እንደ ዐይጥ ከየጉድጓዳቸው ነቅሶ መልቀም ለነገ የማይባል ግዴታችንነው!

29 Nov

Posted by The Ethiopia Observatory (TEO)

ኢትዮጵያ ከሰሞኑ በሕወሃት ወንበዴዎች ላይ የተቀደጀቻቸው ድሎች ለዜጎች የአዲስ ሕይወትን ተስፋ ይፈነጥቃሉ። አዳዲስ ግዴታዎችን በመንግሥት፥ ሕዝብና ሃገር ላይም ያስከትላሉ!

ሃገሪቱ በነፃነትና ዲሞክራሲ መንገድ እንድትጓዝ: እያንዳንዱ ዜጋም በዲሞክራሲያዊት ሃገሩ ያለፍርሃትና ሥጋት እንዲራመድ፣ ማለትም ዜጎች የሠጭ ተቀባይ ሣይሆኑ በራሳቸው መሪነትና ተጠያቂነት ሕልማቸውን ተግባራዊ የሚያደርጉበት የአስተማማኝ ጅማሮ ፈር ቀዳጅ ተደርጎ መታያት ይኖርበታል። ለዚህም ነው የዛሬውና የሚከታተሉት ድሎች፥ እስከዛሬ የሕወሃት ዘራፊዎችና ሸፍጠኞች ኢትዮጵያውያንን የነፈጓቸውን የዴሞክራሲና በትክክልም ድህነት ከኢትዮጵያችን የሚያስወግድ መንግሥታዊና ሁሉን አቀፍ እኩልነትና ልማት ላይ የምታተኩር ሃገርና ዜጎች በመሆን፡ ለተቃጠሉት አሥርታት ማካካሻ ለመሥራት እንገደዳለን።

የሕወሃት ሥልጣን ላይ ለዘላለም ሃገራችንን መዝረፍ ብቻ ሣይሆን፡ እነርሱ ለእነርሱ— ኢትዮጵያውያን በዘርና ዘርማንዘር በመከፋፈል—ኢትዮጵያ አንድ ሃገር እንዳትሆን የማድረግ ዓላማቸውን በተግባር ለመተርጎም ‘አንድ ሐሙስ…’ ነበር የቀራቸው በሚለው አባባል ብናስቀምጠው ማጋነን አይሆንም!

ይህም ድል ዜጎች ያገኙትን የወደፊቱን ተስፋና አዲሱን የድል ፍሬ የሚመዝን፥ የሚተርክና መሆን ይኖርበታል። ለዜጎች አዲሱን ተስፋ የሚያማትሩበትና በራሳቸውም መሪነት ሕልማቸውን ተግባራዊ የሚያደርጉበት መሆን ይኖርበታል።

ለዚህም ነው የቅዳሜውና የሚከታተሉት ድሎች፥ ወንበዴዎቹ ዘብጥያ ሣሉ ሁሉም ዜጎች በነፃንትና እኩልነት በጥረቶቻቸው ተሳታፊና ተጠቃሚ እንዲሆኑ ሕልሞቻቸውን ዕውን ማድረግ እንዲችሉ በሃገር አቀፍ ደረጃ ቃል የሚገባበት!

የሃገሪቱ ዳኞችና ፍርድ ቤቶችም— ከቅርብ ጊዜ ወዲህ ማየት እንደጀመርነው—በአሣፋሪነት ለፖሊስ ፍላጎት ተገዥ መሆናቸው ተወግዶና ተኮንኖ፣ የሕወሃት ከሃድያን በሠራዊታችን ጥንካሬ እንዳበቃላቸው፣ ይህም ብልግና እዚህ ላይ ተኮንኖ ለአንዴና ለመጨረሻ ጊዜ በቃው ይባል! የድርጊቱ ፈጻሚዎችና አስፈጻሚዎች ለፍርድ ይቅረቡ!

የኢትዮጵያ ሕዝብ እስካሁን ዲሞክራሲንና ሙሉ ነፃንትን የሚያውቃቸው በወሬና የማይተገብሩለት መንግሥታት በሚገቡለት ባዶ ተስፋ ብቻ ነው! ውስጣዊ ግጭቶችና የመንግሥትም ሆነ ቡድኖች በሚሠጧቸው ባዶ ተስፋዎች ወጣቶችን የሚያንከላውሱት ተወግደው፥ የኢትዮጵያ ሕዝብ በሃገሩ ያለፍርሃት በነፃነት እንዲራመድ ሁኔታዎች መመቻቸት ይሆርባቸዋል።

ከእንግዲህ የኢትዮጵያ ሕዝብ በመሰል የውንብድና ቡድኖች እየተዘረፈና እየተገደለ መኖሩ—ቤተሰቡ ፍትህ እንኳ ማግኘት የማይችልበት ሁኔታ—የሕወሃት ወንበዴዎች ጋር አብሮ ማክተም አለበት!

ከወያኔዎች ቀጥሎ የሕዝባችን ምሬቶች ፖሊስ ሠራዊት ውስጥ ተሠግሥገው የዜጎችን ሕይወት በየአስባቡ የሚቀጥፉ ወንበዴዎች በዩኒፎርምና ሥልጣናችውን ተገን በማድረግ በእነርሱ የሚጠቀሙ ሹማምንትም በመላ ሃገሪቱ ለፍርድ ሊቀርቡ ይገባል!

ኢትዮጵያን በልማትና በዲሞክራሲ ጎዳና ማራመድ የሚቻለው መዋቅሮቻችን —እንቅልፍ ላይ ሆኖ ዜጎችን የሚያስጠቃው ፓርላማ ጭምር—ከእንቅልፋቸው ነቅተው ለተቋቋሙባቸው ዓላማዎች በጽናት መቆም ሲችሉ ብቻ ነው!

በአዲሲቷ ኢትዮጵያ መንግሥትም በእያንዳንዷ እንቅስቃሴው፥ ከሕግ በላይ አለመሆኑን በቅጡ ቢገነዘብ፡ ሃገራችን አንድነቷ፥ ተስፋዋና ጥንካሬዋ ይፈረጥማል!

ድል ለመላው የኢትዮጵያ ሕዝብ!

ዘረኞችና ከፋፋዮች ይውደሙ!

ኢትዮጵያ ሠላሟና ልማቷ ይብዛ!

AI investigation reveals evidence that scores of civilians were killed in massacre in Tigray state

14 Nov

Posted by The Ethiopia Observatory (TEO)

Amnesty International can today confirm that scores, and likely hundreds, of people were stabbed or hacked to death in Mai-Kadra (May Cadera) town in the South West Zone of Ethiopia’s Tigray Region on the night of 9 November.

The organization’s Crisis Evidence Lab has examined and digitally verified gruesome photographs and videos of bodies strewn across the town or being carried away on stretchers. It confirmed the images were recent and using satellite imagery, geolocated them to Mai-Kadra in western Tigray state (14.071008, 36.564681).

“We have confirmed the massacre of a very large number of civilians, who appear to have been day labourers in no way involved in the ongoing military offensive. This is a horrific tragedy whose true extent only time will tell as communication in Tigray remains shut down,” said Deprose Muchena, Amnesty International’s Director for East and Southern Africa.We have confirmed the massacre of a very large number of civilians, who appear to have been day labourers in no way involved in the ongoing military offensive. This is a horrific tragedy whose true extent only time will tell as communication in Tigray remains shut down. Deprose Muchena, Amnesty International’s Director for East and Southern Africa.

“The government must restore all communication to Tigray as an act of accountability and transparency for its military operations in the region, as well as ensure unfettered access to humanitarian organizations and human rights monitors. Amnesty International will regardless continue to use all means available to document and expose violations by all parties to the conflict.”

The organization has also spoken to witnesses, who were providing food and other supplies to the Ethiopian Defense Forces (EDF), who visited the town immediately after the deadly attack, on the morning of 10 November, to find dead bodies strewn all over the town, as well as injured survivors.

Most of the dead bodies were found in the tow​n centre, near the Commercial Bank of Ethiopia, and along a road that exits to the neighbouring Humera town, according to the witnesses and verified images.

People who saw the dead bodies told Amnesty International that they had gaping wounds that appear to have been inflicted by sharp weapons such as knives and machetes, reports which have been confirmed by an independent pathologist commissioned by Amnesty International. Witnesses said there were no signs of gunshot wounds.

The witnesses said that together with the EDF soldiers, they found some wounded people among the dead and took them to nearby hospitals in Abreha-Jira and Gondar, before removing dead bodies from the streets.

“Those wounded told me they were attacked with machetes, axes and knives. You can also tell from the wounds that those who died were attacked by sharp objects. It is horrible and I am really sad that I witnessed this in my life,” one distraught witness said

‘Soaked in blood’

Amnesty International has not yet been able to confirm who was responsible for the killings, but has spoken to witnesses who said forces loyal to the Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF) were responsible for the mass killings, apparently after they suffered defeat from the federal EDF forces.

Three people told Amnesty International that survivors of the massacre told them that they were attacked by members of Tigray Special Police Force and other TPLF members.

“There was a military operation by the EDF and Amhara Special Force against the Tigray Special Police and militia at a place called Lugdi during the daytime on 9 November. After they defeated the Tigray forces, the EDF spent the night on the outskirts of Mai-Kadra town. When we entered, we saw a lot of dead bodies, soaked in blood, on the streets and rental dormitories frequented by seasonal workers. The view was really debasing, and I am still in shock struggling to cope with the experience,” a civilian who entered the town after it was retaken by EDF told Amnesty International.When we entered the town, what we saw was devastating. The roads were strewn with dead bodies especially in the centre of the town, and on the road the connects the town to Humera. Civilian who witnessed the aftermath of the massacre

This was corroborated by another who said: “We went to the town immediately after the army and the Amhara Special Force took control of Mai-Kadra town on 10 November around 10 am. The army entered … after encircling the town overnight. There was no exchange of fire for the army to take over the town. But when we entered the town, what we saw was devastating. The roads were strewn with dead bodies especially in the centre of the town, and on the road the connects the town to Humera.”

“The Ethiopian authorities must immediately, thoroughly, impartially and effectively investigate this blatant attack on civilians and bring those responsible to justice in fair trials,” said Deprose Muchena.

“TPLF commanders and officials must make clear to their forces and their supporters that deliberate attacks on civilians are absolutely prohibited and constitute war crimes. All parties in the Tigray conflict must ensure full respect for international humanitarian law and human rights law in their operations.  The safety and protection of civilians must be paramount.”

While the official death toll in Mai-Kadra is not yet known, the Amhara regional government’s media agency AMMA reported there were around 500 victims, adding that they were primarily non-Tigrayan residents of the town. A man who is helping to clear the bodies from the streets told Amnesty International that he had looked at the state-issued identification cards of some victims, and most were Amhara.

Background

On 4 November 2020, Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed ordered the Ethiopian Defence Forces (EDF) to militarily engage with the Tigray Regional Paramilitary Police and militia loyal to the Tigray People Liberation Front (TPLF) in what he stated was a response to multiple attacks by the Tigray security forces on the EDF North Command base in Mekelle and other military camps in Tigray Region.

Since the start of the conflict, there have been armed confrontations between federal forces (Federal Army, Amhara Region’s Special Force Police and Amhara local militia) on one side and the Tigray regional forces (Tigray Special Force Police and militia) on the other side

The Ministry of Defence and the Prime Minister have announced that Ethiopian Air Force planes carried out multiple air strikes against TPLF military installations. The Prime Minister and the Army Chief of Staff pledged to continue air strikes on selected targets without endangering civilian life, advising residents to stay away from ammunition depots and other military targets. 

According to the UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR), as of 11 November, some 7,000 refugees had fled western Tigray state into neighbouring Sudan.

/ Amnesty International Statement 12 November 2020, 17:25 UTC

የኢትዮጵያ የፊናንስ ተቋሞች ቢሊዮኖች ከፍለው የሸገርን ራት ቢቋደሱም ካልተፈቱት የሃገሪቱ ችግሮቻችንና ነገን አያመልጡም!

5 Nov

Posted by The Ethiopia Observatory (TEO)

ሪፖርተር ባለፈው እሁድ የኅዳር መግቢያ የሰሞኑን ዜና የያዘው ዕትሙ፡ ንግድ ባንክ ‹‹ገበታ ለአገር›› ፕሮጀክቶች የ1.1 ቢሊዮን ብር ድጋፍ አበረከተ  ይላል። በተጨማሪ በዚህም ዘገባ እስካሁን “በጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሩ ለቀረበው ጥሪ ከተሰጡ ድጋፎች ከፍተኛው ሆኖ ተመዝግቧል፡፡”

የባንኩ ፕሬዚዳንት አቶ አቤ ሳኖ “ለእነዚህ [ሶስት] ፕሮጀክቶች ለቀረበው ጥሪ ባንኩን የሚመጥን ዕገዛ ማድረግ መቻላቸውን ጠቁመው ‘ትልቅ ኩራት ይሰማናል’ ማለታቸው ተገልጿል—ምንም እንኳ ምንም እንኳ ይህ በዘፈቀደ በየወቅቱ የሚረጨው ገንዘብ የባንክ አስተዳዳሪዎቹ ባይሆንም!

ባንኩ ስለዚሁ ሥጦታ ጥቅምት 30/2020 እንዳሳወቀውና የኢትዮጵያ ንግድ ባንክ የዳይሬክተሮች ቦርድ ሰብሳቢ አቶ ተክለወልድ አጥናፉ በወቅቱ እንዳሉት ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሩ ላቀረቡት “የገበታ ለሃገር ፕሮጀክት የልማት ጥሪ የኢትዮጵያ ንግድ ባንክ ቀዳሚውን ድርሻ ወስዶ ምላሽ መስጠቱ የሚያስመሰግንና ከአንድ ትልቅ የፋይናንስ ተቋም የሚጠበቅ ነው” ብለውታል። ባንኩ በራሱና በሠራተኞቹ ስም ስለዚሁ ባካፈለው መረጃ መሠረት፥

“የኢትዮጵያ ንግድ ባንክ የሠራተኞች መሠረታዊ ማኅበር ፕሬዚዳንት አቶ ኦላኒ ሳቀታ እንዳሉት ደግሞ ሠራተኛው ለሃገራዊ የልማት ጥሪዎች የሚያደርገው ተሳትፎ የላቀ መሆኑን አስታውሰው፣ በገበታ ለሃገር ጥሪ ላይም የራሱን አሻራ ለማኖር የሚያስችለውን ምላሽ በዚህ መልኩ ማድረጉ ደስታን የፈጠረ መሆኑን ገልጸዋል።የኢትዮጵያ ንግድ ባንክ ከዚህ ቀደም ሸገርን ለማስዋብ ፕሮጀክት የ500 ሚሊዮን ብር ድጋፍ ያደረገ ሲሆን በአሁኑ ወቅት ያደረገው የ1.1 ቢሊዮን ብር የገንዘብ ድጋፍ የጎርጎራ፣ የወንጪና የኮይሻን ፕሮጀክቶች በማልማት ቱሪዝምን ለማስፋፋት ለተነደፈ “ገበታ ለሃገር” ፕሮጀክት የሚውል ነው።”

ተቋማዊ ግቦቻችንን ሥተናል!

በዚህ የሚሊዮኖችና ቢሊዮኖች ለመበተን በሌላው ወገን ደግሞ መሰብሰብ የመቻልን ብተና ነፃነትን ጉዳይ ሃሣቤን ወረቀት ላይ ሳሳርፍ ትዝ ይለኝ የነበረው የጀርመኑ ፈላስፋ ፍሬድሪሽ ሄግል ‘ታሪክ ራሱን ይደግማል’ ብሂል ነበር። ይህም የሆነው የነዐባይ ፀሐዬ ጥረት ለዘመናት እጅግ ፍሬያማ የነበረውን የኢትዮጵያ ልማት ባንክ አኮላሽቶ፡ ወዲያውኑ ወደ ኢትዮጵያ ንግድ ባንክ በመሸጋገሩ ነበር። በወቅቱ ለእኔም ያለተገለጸልኝ፡ በተለይም ለምን ማርክስን እንዳናደው ነበር።

ማርክስ የራሱን ምልከታ ለሄግል በጻፈው ምንባብ እንደተገለጸው፡ ይሁንልህና ታሪክም ራሱን ይድገም፤ ራሱን ከደገመ ደግሞ መሆን ያለበት: “አንዴ በኃዘን (tragedy) ሁለተኛ ጊዜ ደግሞ በከንቱነት (farce) ይሆናል ያለውን ማስታወስ ለሃገራችንም በተለይም የኢትዮጵያ ልማት ባንክን በዘረፋ መክሰም/ውድቀት ማሰላሰልና፡ አሁንም በ1942 ዓ. ም.የተቋቋመው ትልቁ ባንካችን—የኢትዮጵያ ንግድ ባንክን —የወደፊት ጉዞ ለማሰላሰል ይረዳል በማለት ነው

ጋምቤላ ላይ ሕወሃት እንኳን በበድኑ ላስቀረው ለኢትዮጵያ ልማት ባንክ ማስታወሻ ሃውልት ሊያሠራ፡ በጥቂት ወራት ውስጥ ባንኩን በቦርድ ሊቀመንበርነቱ በበድኑ እንዲቀር  መንገዱን የቀየሰው ዐባይ ፀሐዬ ልማት ባንክን ሳይቀብር ነበር ወደ ኢትዮጵያ ንግድ ባንክ በቦርድ አመራርነት ያቀናው።

ሥራው ነውና እንደደረሰም የዓላማ ትሥሥር ካለው ከበረከት ስምዖን ጋር የንግድ ባንኩን ለእነዓላሙዲ የገንዘብ ፋብሪካ ለማድረግ ብዙም አልፈጀባቸውም።  ይህም በወቅቱ በሚዲያ ብዙ ዜጎች እያነሱ ይከራከሩበት የነበረውን እሰጥ አገባ ልክ እንደዛሬ አስታውሳለሁ።የዐባይ ጸሐዬ ወደ ዕድሜ ጠገቡ (ዘንድሮ 78 ዓመቱ) የኢትዮጵያ ንግድ ባንክ ማቅናት፡ የልማት ባንክ ጽዋም ወደ ንግድ ባንክ እንደሚመጣ እርግጠኛ የሆኑት ባለሙያዎች—እንደተወነጀሉት እሳቱን ማፋፋም የፈለጉ ሣይሆኑ—በሄግል ዕይታ ለሃገር ተቆርቋሪ ነበሩ ቢባል ለማይገባው ዋጋ  መሥጠት አይመስለኝም።

እስካሁንም በየወቅቱ ባንኩን እያጋጠሙ ያሉት ችግሮች አለመፈታታቸው ይህንኑ አመላካች ነው።

የኢትዮጵያ ንግድ ባንክ  ነባርና አዳዲስ ችግሮች በተለያዩ ወቅቶች በዝቅተኛ ውጤት ማለፉ ግን በረዥም ጊዜ የተጣለበትን ኃላፊነት ተወጥቷል፤ ይወጣልም ለማለት አያስችልም—በተለይም በአሁኑ ወቅት! እኔ ከብዙ ዓመታት በፊት ያየሁት Ranking of African Commercial Banks የኢትዮጵያ ንግድ ባንክ በዘመናዊ ሥርዓት የተያዘ ተብሎ ከአፍሪካ ባንኮች በ10ኛ ደረጃ ላይ ነበር። በብዙ ችግሮች መተብተቡና አሁን ደግሞ የዘር ፖለቲካ ም በተለይም በዘር መሳሳቡ፣ይህንን የሃገር ትልቅ ባንክ በካፒታሉ መሥፈርት ዛሬወደ54ኛ ደረጃ አሽቀንጥሮት ሳየው፣ የራሳችን ጠላቶች እኛው ራሳችን መሆናችንን አሳምኖኛል።

በመሆኑም በተለያዩ ምክንያቶች ይመስላል፣ ረዥም ጉዞውን ከ15 ሃገራዊ ንግድ ባንኮች ጋር አወዳድሮ በ2019 የገመገመው የEuropean Journal of Business Science and Technolology  ጥናት እንዳሳየው፣ በነበረው ምቾት በአንዳንድ መስኮች ትልቁ ንግድ ባንክ ቀዳሚነት ቢያሳይም—ንግድ ባንኩ ሊይዝ የቻለው የስምንተኛነት ደረጃ ያለው አሳሳቢ ችግር ላይ ጣት ይጠነቁላል።

አሁን በጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሩ ቢሮ በገበታ ስም በተደጋጋሚ በፊናንስ ዘርፉ ላይ የሚካሄደው መታለብ፣ለወደፊቱ የከፋ አደጋን ያረገዘ ሆኖ ታይቶኛል። እኔን በቀዳሚነት የሚያሳስበኝ፡ ይህ በልማት ስም ያለተጠያቂነት ግራና ቀኝ የሚረጨው የሃገር ገንዘብ ጉዳይ ነው።

ለምንድነው ሌሎቹ የግል ባንኮች ገንዘብ ያላዋጡት—ያዋጡም ካሉ ሁለት ብቻ ከ30 ሚሊዮን ያልበለጠ የከፈሉት?—ገንዘቡ ባለቤቶች ስላለው አይደለምን? ኢትዮጵያ ንግድ ባንክ ውስጥ ያለው ግን ባለቤት የሌለው ገንዘብ በመሆኑ አይደለምን? ገና ሌላ ጉዶችም አሉ!

Picture credit: PM’s FB

እየተንገዳገደ ያለው ይህ የኢትዮጵያ ንግድ ባንክና ሠራተኞቹ 1.1 ቢሊዮን ብር ጥቅምት 30/2020 ዓ.ም. ‘ለገበታ ለሃገር’ ድጋፍ ማድረጋቸውን ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር ዐቢይ አሕመድ በፌስቡክ ገጻቸው ገልጸውናል።ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሩ ባንኩ ያደረገውን ከፍተኛ የገንዘብ ድጋፍ በተረከቡበት ወቅት እንዳሉት “የኢትዮጵያ ንግድ ባንክ በሃገሪቱ ለሚከናወኑ ዘርፈ ብዙ ልማቶች የፋይናንስ ምንጭ ከመሆኑም ባሻገር፣ በየጊዜው ለሚቀርቡ የልማት ፕሮጀክት ጥሪዎች ፈጣንና ከፍተኛ መጠን ያለውን የገንዘብ ድጋፍ በማድረግ የሚታወቅ ነው”ብለዋል።

ይህ ዜና ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሩ ለተያያዙት አዲስ አበባን የማስዋብ ፕሮጄክት—ብዙ ማከናወን የሚያስችል መሆኑ ቢገመትም— ያላንዳች በሕገ መንግሥቱ ተቀባይነት ባለው ላዕላይ መዋቅር ክትትል፥ ዕቅድና የሥራ ዓላማው አፈጻጸም ግምገማ ተደግፎ የሚካሄድ ባለመሆኑ፣ ጠቀሜታ ይኖረዋል ተብሎ ቢታመንበት እንኳ—ዜጎችን ጥርጥር ላይ ጥሏል።

በተጨማሪም የበጎ ፈቃድ ሣይሆን፣ የጣሊያን ማፍያ ሥራ ይመስል፡ በብልፅግና ፓርቲ በየመሥሪያ ቤቱና በየደረጃው በተሰባሰቡ ማኔጀሮች፣ ባለሥልጣኖች አማካይነትና የመሠረታዊ ድርጅት አባላት በኩል ጥሪውን ያደረጉትን ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሩን ለማስደሰት፣ የወር ደሞዝ ከየመሥሪያ ቤቱ ለማሠባሠብ እንቅስቃሴ በግዳጅ እንደተደረገ ተሠምቷል!

በሥውር ግዳጅ ክፍያ ደሞዛቸውን እንዲያዋጡ የማስገደድ ተግባርም ስለሚፈጸም፡ በተለይም በኢትዮጵያ ንግድ ባንክ ሠራተኞችመካከል ቁጣ መቀስቀሱ በተለያዩ ሚዲያዎች በሠፊው ተሠራጭቷል። ለምን ይኽ ማስፈራራት (በወደፊት ዕድገትና የሥራ ድልድል፣ በገዥው ፓርቲ ድርጅታዊ ሕዋሳትም በሥውርም ደኅንነቱ) በኢትዮጵያ ንግድ ባንክ ላይ ጠነከረ ለሚለው —ተጠያቂነት በጠፋባት ኢትዮጵያ—ባንኩ ባለቤት እንደሌለው ተደርጎ በመቆጠሩ መሆኑንና ዜጎችተጠያቂነት በጠፋባት ኢትዮጵያ፡ ባንኩ ባለቤት እንደሌለው ተደርጎ በመቆጠሩ መሆኑንና የባንኩ የቦርድ አባላት እነማናቸው ለሚለው መልስ ማግኘት ይኖርባቸዋል።  

ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሩ ምነው ንግድ ባንኩ ላይ እንዲህ አተኮሩ?

በአብዛኛው የባንኩ የቦርድ አባላት ከጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሩ ጋር አብረው የሚሠሩ፣ የተቀራረበ ግንኙነትና የዓላማ አስፈጻሚነት ላይ የተሠማሩ ስዎች መሆናቸው፣ እስትንፋስን ያግታል።

ዝርዝራቸውን ከባንኩ  Board of Directors ገጽ ላይ፡ ከነፎቶግራፋቸው ጭምር ይመለከቱ!

ለምንደነው ከጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሩ ጋር ቅርበት ያላቸው ግለሰቦች ብዙ ገንዘብ ካለው ቁጥጥር የለበትም ከሚባለው የኢትዮጵያ ንግድ ባንክ ላይ አተኮሩ የሚለው ጥያቄ ተገቢው መልስ ሊገኝለት ይገባል! አለያ፣ ሃገራችን በዲሞክራሲ ነገዋ ችግሮቿ በረፓብሊካን ጋርድ (ምናልባትም መደበኛ ባልሆኑ ኃይሎች አፈና ጭምር) አደጋ ላይ መውደቁ ብቻ ሣይሆን፣ የወደፊቱ የኢትዮጵያ ኢኮኖሚም የሃገራችን ሕዝብ ሃብትና ንብረት መሆኑ ይቀራል!

ስለሆነም፣ በአሳዛኙ የሃገራችን ልምድና ባሕሪም ምክንያት—እንደማናቸውም በዐቢይ አሕመድ አመራር እንደሚፈጸም ዕቅድና ሥራዎች ሁሉ—በዚህም የጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሩ ‘ገበታ ለሃገርም’ በሌለ ሃብት ይህ የጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሩ ፍላጎት ከሌሎች አስፈላጊና አንገብጋቢ የኅብረተሰብ ችገሮች ልቆና ተሻሚ መሆኑ ከመንግሥታዊም ሆነ ከግል የአፈጻጸምና የሃብት አጠቃቀም ግምገማ ነፃ በመሆኑ፡ እጅግ ያሳስባል፤ አላስፈልጊ ላልሆነ ጥርጥርም በር ከፍቷል።

በሃገሪቱ ውስጥ መንግሥታዊ መዋቅሮች በሕግና ተጠያቂነታቸውን እንዳያዳብሩ ብልፅግና ፓርቲ በየርሥፍራው ሰው ለመብላት በተዘጋጁ ነፍሰ በላዎችና በጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሩና ላይ ካሉ ጋሻ ጃግሬዎቻቸው የተባሉትን ብቻ አነብናቢዎችና ለሃገርና ሕዝብ አገልግሎት ከማበርከት ይልቅ፣ ግርድና የሚቀላቸውን በማይመጥኗቸው ሥፍራዎች በመትከል፣ ሃገራችን ላይ ‘ሥውር አደጋ’ እየተፈጸመ ነው! ይህ ሕገ ወጥንነት የሚፈጸመው ያለምክንያት አይደለም!

እንደሚታወስውም በቅርቡ ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሩ በፓርላማ እርሳቸው ከፍተኛ ገንዘብ እየፈሰሰባቸው የሚያሠሯቸው የሸገርን ማስዋብ ጉዳይና የቱሪስት መስህቦችን መፍጠር ለመንግሥታዊ ተቋም ግንዛቤና ክትትል ዘገባ ይቅረብ ቢባሉ፡ ‘ለምኜ ለማመጣው ገንዘብ—(በመንግሥት መሥሪያ ቤቶች፣ መዋቅሮችና መሬት ላይ ቢሆንም እንዳይታይ)—ፓርላማውንም ሆነ ማንንም አያገባውም ማለታቸው፣ ፓርላማውን አንገት ከማስደፋት ውጭ እስከዛሬ የፈየደው ነገር የለም!

ዐቢይ ፓርላማ አባላትን ማስፈራራት ይጀምር ይሆን?

ፓርላማው ኅዳር 3/2020 ባደረገው ስብሰባ፣ ወለጋ የዐቢይ መንግሥት ፊቱን አዙሮ ችላ ባለው ኦነግ ሸኔ በዜጎቻችን ላይ በየጊዜው የሚፈጸመውን ጭፍጨፋ አሁንስ በቃን በሚል ተነሳሽነት በቁጣ የመንግሥት እጅ አለበት ብሎ ቁጣውን በብዙ አባላት እምባ ጭምር መግለጹ፣ ከእንግዲህ በባንኮቻችንና መንግሥታዊ ተቋሞቻችንን መንግሥት የሚፈጽመውን ጥፋት ብዙ ሊታገሠው ይቻላል ብሎ ማመን አይቻልም! የፓርላማ አባላትም ላይ ዐቢይ ማስፈራራት ሊፈጽሙ ስለሚችሉ፡ በዜጎች በኩል ይህንንም በቅርብ መከታተል አስፈላጊ የሚሆንበት ደረጃ ላይ ደርሰናል።

ኦዲተር ጄነራሉ በሕገ መንግሥት የተሠጣቸውን ሥራ ለምን እንዳይሠሩ ተደረጉ?

መሰል ኃላፊነት መሸከም የማይችል ፓርላማ፥ ሕወሃትን እግር በእግር እየተከታተሉ ያጋለጡትን ታዋቂው ኦዲተር ጄኔራል ገመቹ ዱቢሶ—በሕገ መንግሥቱ አንቀጽ 55፥ 74፥ እና ሥራቸውንም የሚያከናውኑት በአንቀጽ 101 መሠረት ቢሆንም—ዐቢይ አሕመድ ከአፈ ጉባዔው ጋር በመተባበር ግለሰቡ ፓርላማ ቅጥር ግቢ ውስጥ ጭምር እንዳይደርሱ ‘መታገዳቸው’ እየታወቀ አንዳችም እርምጃ አለመውሰዱ፣ በተለይም ጠለቅ ያለ ምርመራ እንዲካሄድ ባደረገና አፈ ጉባዔውን ካሥራቸው ሊያሳግድ በተገባ ነበር!

ከሁሉም የከፋውና የሃገሪቱ መፃዒ ደኅንነትም አደጋ ላይ መሆኑን የሚያሳየው ደግሞ፣ ባለፈው ሰኔ 30 የፌደራል መንግሥት 476 ቢሊዮን ብር በጀት የጸደቀው—ከሕገ መንግሥቱት ድንጋጌ ውጭ— ያለኦዲተር ጂኔራል ተሳትፎ መሆኑን በቻልኩት መንገድ ለማሰማት ሞክሪያለው—ዜጎችም ጉዳዩ የማይመለከታቸው ይመስል ችላ ቢሉትም፡ ነገ ግን ይህ banana republic አሠራር ሃገራችንን ይጎዳል ብዬ መጻፌን አስታውሳለሁ!

የዐቢይ አሕመድ ብልጣ ብልጥነት የሃገራችንን የዴሞክራሲ ተስፋንም በኢትዮጵያችን ፈጽሞ እያጨለመ ነው! ማንም የውጭ መንግሥት ከዚህ መፃዒ ጥፋት ኢትዮጵያን አያስጥልም! ይህን ማክሸፍ የሚቻለው ዜጎች በንቃት የሃገራቸውን ጥቅም በጋራ በማስከበር እንጂ፡ ‘አማራን ሰበርነው፡ አዲስ አበባን ዋጋ እንሳጣታለን…’ እያሉ አሁን ደግሞ የዓላሙዲ የወርቅ አውጭ ኩባንያ የጋርዮሽ ባለቤትነት ሊሠጣቸው በተዘጋጁ ዘረኞችና ዘራፊ ቡድን ሊሆን አይችልም!

ከሰሞኑ ስለኢትዮጵያ ሕዝብ የወቀቱ አስተሳሰብ AfroBarometer: Overwhelming majority of Ethiopians support democracy, seek accountable governance በሚልባ ወጣው ዘገባ፡ እጅግ የሚገርምና ለነገ ተስፋ የሚያሠጥ ጥናት አውጥቷል! የቀረበውን ግራፍ ልብ ብሎ ያየ ዜጋ ሌላ ነገር ማንበብ አያስፈልገውም!

ፓርላማው የዜጎችን ማቆሚያ የሌለው ጭፍጨፋ በቃ በማለት ዐቢይ አሕመድ እስከዛሬ በመሸፋፈን ለማለፍ ሲደደርግ የነበረውን ዛሬ በግልፅ ተቃወመ!

3 Nov

Posted by The Ethiopia Observatory (TEO)

በምዕራብ ወለጋ በንፁሃን ዜጎች ላይ የተፈፀመው ግድያ (VOA)

በምዕራብ ወለጋ ዞን ጉሊሶ ወረዳ ውስጥ “የኦሮሞ ነፃነት ሸማቂዎች ወይም ኦነግ ሸኔ ታጣቂዎች በፈፀሙት ማንነትን መሰረት ያደረገ ጥቃት ቁጥራቸው በወል ያልታወቀ ንፁሃን ዜጎች መገደላቸውን ከጥቃቱ ያመለጡ የአይን እማኞች ተናግረዋል።

ማንነትን መሰረት ባደረገው ጥቃት ማዘናቸውን የገለፁት የኢትዮጵያ ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር ዐቢይ አህመድ መንግሥት ሁሉንም ዓይነት አማራጮች ተጠቅሞ የችግሩን ይነቅለዋል ብለዋል።

የኢትዮጵያ ጠላቶች ወይ እኛ እንገዛለን ወይ ሀገር አትኖርም ብለው ተነስተዋል ሲሉ ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሩ አክለዋል።

ፕሬዚዳንት ሳህለወርቅ በንፁሃን ላይ የተፈፀመውን ጥቃት አወገዙ

አዲስ አበባ ፣ ጥቅምት 24 ፣ 2013 (ኤፍ ቢ ሲ) ፕሬዚዳንት ሳህለወርቅ ዘውዴ በኦሮሚያ ክልል በምዕራብ ወለጋ በሰላማዊ ዜጎች ላይ የተፈፀመውን ጥቃት አውግዘዋል።

ዘርና ሀይማኖት ለፖለቲካ ጥቅም እንዲውሉ ሲደረግ፤ ንጹሀን ዜጎች በአሰቃቂ ሁኔታ ሲገደሉ፣ ሲፈናቀሉና ሲንከራተቱ ማየት ስሜትን ለመግለጽ ቃላት ያጥራል፤ ለቅሶ፣ድንጋጤና ሥጋት የብዙዎችን በር አንኳኩቷል ሃዘናቸው ሃዘኔ ነው ብለዋል:

ሀገሪቱን ካንዣበበባት ክፉ አደጋ ለማዳን ሁሉም ሚናውን ሊወጣ ይገባልም ነው ያሉት!

የፌዴሬሽን ምክር ቤት ዛሬ ባካሄደው መደበኛ ስብሰባ የትግራይ ክልልን በሚመለከት ውሳኔ አሳለፈ

7 Oct

አዲስ አበባ፣ መስከረም 26፣ 2013 (ኤፍ.ቢ.ሲ) የፌዴሬሽን ምክር ዛሬ ባካሄደው መደበኛ ጉባዔ የፌደራል መንግስት ከትግራይ ክልል ምክር ቤት እና ከፍተኛ የህግ አስፈጻሚ አካል ጋር ምንም ዓይነት ግንኙነት ማድረግ እንደማይቻል ወስኗል፡፡

የፌዴሬሽን ምክር ቤት የህገመንግስት ትርጉምና የማንነት ጉዳዮች ቋሚ ኮሚቴ ፀሐፊ አቶ ወርቁ አዳሙ በጉዳዩ ዙሪያ መግለጫ ሰጥተዋል፡፡

በዚህም ፌደራል መንግስት ከትግራይ ክልል መንግስት ጋር ግንኙነት እንዳያደርግ ውሳኔ መተላለፉን ነው የተናገሩት፡፡

እንዲሁም የፌደራል መንግስት የትግራይ ህዝብን የሰላም የልማትና መሰረታዊ አገልግሎት ማዕከል በማድረግ ከወረዳ፣ ከከተማ ከቀበሌ አስተዳደሮች ጨምሮ በክልሉ ከሚገኘው ህጋዊ ተቋምማት ብቻ የስራ ግንኙነት እንደሚያደርግም ወስኗል፡፡

አቶ ወርቁ በመግለጫቸው የውሳኔው አፈጻጸምና የፌዴሬሽን ምክር ቤት አፈጉባዔ እና በሚመለከተው ቋሚ ኮሚቴ ክትትል እንደሚያደርግም ነው የገለጹት፡፡

ይህ ውሳኔ የተወሰነው ከዚህ ቀደም በነሃሴ 30 ቀን 2012 ዓ.ም የፌዴሬሽን ምክር ቤት ባደረገው አስቸኳይ ስብሰባ በወሰነው ውሳኔ መሰረት መሆኑ ተገልጻል፡፡

ከዚህ ቀደም የተወሰነው ውሳኔ የትግራይ ብሔራዊ ክልላዊ መንግስት ምክር ቤት፣ አስፈፃሚ አካላት እና የምርጫ ኮሚሽን ምርጫን በሚመለከት ያወጣው አዋጅ፣ ያሳለፏቸው ውሳኔዎችና የፈፀሟቸው ተግባራት ከሕገ መንግስቱ ጋር የሚቃረኑ በመሆናቸው በሕገ መንግስቱ አንቀጽ 9(1) መሰረት እንዳልተደረጉ የሚቆጠሩ፣ የማይፀኑ እና ተፈፃሚነት የሌላቸው ናቸው የሚል እንደነበር ይታወሳል፡፡

‘ይቅር …. ታ…. ታታ ….. ሿሿሿ’—    የጳጉሜው ይቅርታና ያሬድ ኃይለማርያም ትዕዝብት!

7 Sep

Posted by The Ethiopia Observatory (TEO)

ዛሬ የይቅርታ ቀን ተብሎ መሰየሙን እና አንዳንድ የመንግስት ባላሥልጣናት፤ እንዲሁም የኃይማኖት አባቶች ይቅርታ ሲጠይቁ እየሰማው ነው። በሃሳብ ደረጃ ነገርየው ጥሩ ነው። ይቺን ነገር አምናና፣ ካቻምናም አድርገናት ነበር። ከአምናው ይቅርታ መጠያየቅ ወዲህ በአገራችን የተፈጸሙትን ነገሮች ብቻ ማሰብ ይህ ነገር ከልብ ነው? ያስብላል። የኃይማኖት አባቶችን እና የሕዝብን ለጊዜው ልተውና በባለሥልጣናት በየአመቱ ስለሚጠየቀው ይቅታ ይችን ልል ወደድኩ።

ይቅርታ ጥፋትን እና ጸጸትን ተከትሎ የሚመጣ ነገር ነው። በፖለቲካው አውድ ጥፋት ሳይኖር ይቅርታ አይጠየቅም። ጥፋት፤ ከዛ መጸጸት፤ ከዛ ተጠያቂነት፣ ከዛ ይቅርታ ይከተላል። ፖለቲከኞች እና ባለሥልጣናት የሚፈጽሙት ጥፋት በአገር እና በሕዝብ ጥቅምና መብት ላይ ያነጣጠሩና ጉዳታቸውም ከፍ ያለ ስለሆነ ይቅርታ የሚጠይቁትም አገርን እና ሕዝብን ነው። በመሆኑም ፖለቲከኞች፤ በተለይም ባለሥልጣናት የሚጠይቁት ይቅርታ ሌላው ተራው ሰው እንደሚጠይቀው ይቅርታ ሾላ በድፍኑ አይነት ነገር አይደለም። ቢያንስ ከዚህ የሚከተሉትን የይቅርታ ቋንቋዎች እና ሃሳቦች የያዘ መሆን አለበት።

፩ኛ/ ተገልጾ ለታወቀው ጥፋት መጸጸትን መግለጽ (Expressing regret)

፪ኛ/ ለተፈጸመው ጥፋት ኃላፊነትን መውሰድ (Accepting responsibility)

፫ኛ/ የተጎዳን መካስ ወይም ያበላሹትን ማስተካከል (Making restitution)

፬ኛ/ ዳግም ተመሳሳይ ጥፋት እንዳይፈጸም የሚያስችል ከእውነተኛ ፍላጎት የመነጨ የእርምት እርምጃ (Genuinely repenting) እና

፭ኛ/ ተበዳይ ወገን ይቅርታ እንዲያረግ መጠየቅ (Requesting forgiveness)

እኔ ይሄን ካልኩኝ ዘንዳ ዛሬ አቶ ታከለ ኡማ እና ሌሎች ባለሥልጣናት በቴሌቪዥን መስኮት ብቅ ብለው “ሳናውቅ ለበደልናችሁ ይቅርታ” ያሉበትን መንገድ መፈተሽ ደግሞ የእናንተ ሥራ ይሁን። ይህ አይነቱ ይቅርታ አምና እና ካቻምና ከተደረጉት የይቅርታ ጥያቄዎች በምን ይለያሉ? ከዛስ በይቅርታው ማግስት ምን ሆነ?

እንግዲህ እኔ ፖለቲከኞች ስለሚጠይቁት የይቅርታ አይነት ከላይ ያሉትን አምስት ነጥቦች አስቀምጫለሁ። እናንተ የሹሞቹን ይቅርታ በእነዚህ መስፈርቶች እየመዘናችሁ ‘ይቅር ብለናል’ ማለቱን ለእናንተው ልተው።

እንደ እኔ የፖለቲከኞቻችን ይቅርታ ከላይ ያለውን መስፈርት እሲኪያሟላ እና ከልብ እስኪሆ ድረስ፤ ‘ይቅር …. ታ…. ታታ ….. ሿሿሿ’ ብያለሁ።

መልካም ሰንበት!

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