Tag Archives: ethiopia

Ethiopian Statement on the Washington D.C. Nile Trilateral Talks Agreement

17 Jan

Posted by The Ethiopia Observatory (TEO)

 

 

Related:

Joint Statement of Egypt, Ethiopia, Sudan, the United States and the World Bank

Double Standards:             Ethiopia Must Solve its Internal Displacement Crisis

10 Jan

Posted by The Ethiopia Observatory (TEO)

by Nikita Taniparti*, The Globe Post

The world has been loud in its laudation of Ethiopia’s commitment. However, Ethiopia’s success with refugees is in stark contrast with its underperformance with internally displaced persons. Comparing the two types of displaced groups is unfair, but that doesn’t mean the country cannot catch up with itself.

June 2019. The spacious lobby of the Hilton in Ethiopia’s capital Addis Ababa was unusually brimming with confused and harried-looking visitors. Preempting my curiosity, a colleague grimly explained that the new arrivals were a result of the latest in several evacuation announcements issued in South Sudan.

“Every time there is such conflict, Addis is the top-choice destination in the region,” he said. “These people are only the wealthy ones. This means that the rest of Ethiopia will get a new wave of refugees again. But we already have millions of our own displaced.”

He is right. Ethiopia hosts almost 750,000 refugees from all over the region and is set to host more as conflicts worsen. Displaced persons within its own borders, though, far outnumber the refugees. Estimates place the number of internally displaced persons (IDPs) at over 3 million.

Ethiopia’s Refugee Policies

Ethiopia last year adopted a refugee law that, among other things, allows refugees to get work permits, access primary education, and obtain drivers’ licenses. The U.N. refugee agency called the law one of the “most progressive refugee policies in Africa.”

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ኢትዮጵያ እንደ አፄ ቴዎድሮስ ያለ መሪ ዳግም ያስፈልጋት ይሆን?

9 Jan

Posted by The Ethiopia Observatory (TEO)

 

 

 

ሰብዓዊ መብቶች ኮሚሽነር ዳንኤል በቀለ የጥላቻ ንግግር ረቂቅ ሕግ ስብዓዊ መብቶችን አደጋ ላይ ከመጣል አንጻር ስላላቸው ሥጋት የሠጡት አስተያየት!

8 Jan

Posted by The Ethiopia Observatory (TEO)

 

 

Related:

UN Special Rapporteur David Kaye on the right to freedom of opinion & expression: End of Ethiopia mission statement

 

 

Ethiopia’s forthcoming elections feared violent & divisive, FP Magazine

2 Jan

Posted by The Ethiopia Observatory (TEO)

Ezega.com— Ethiopia’s national elections scheduled for May 2020 could be violent and divisive, as candidates outbid one another in ethnic appeals for votes, says Foreign Policy Magazine on its website, foreignpolicy.com.

The website in its analysis entitled “10 Conflicts to Watch in 2020” said, since assuming office in April 2018, Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed has taken bold steps to open up the country’s politics. He has ended a decades-long standoff with neighboring Eritrea, freed political prisoners, welcomed rebels back from exile, and appointed reformers to key institutions. He has won accolades at home and abroad—including the 2019 Nobel Peace Prize.

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Passport slowdown in Ethiopia means more corruption!

30 Dec

Posted by The Ethiopia Observatory (TEO)

The long wait for renewing passports has opened room for brokers, dealers and government employees to take bribes in order to speed up the process of getting a passport.

People are being asked to pay up to 50,000 birr as a bribe for a new passport. Normally a passport costs 600 birr.

Ethiopian Passport (Credit: Capital)

According to Capital sources, the case is more serious for individuals who want to renew their passport for business. They will be asked for up to 100,000 birr by the dealers who have contact with the agency employees and will get their passport renewed within five days.

Wendowessen (his name is changed for privacy) is a business man who has license in the import and export business and frequently travels to China and Dubai, Waiting for more than five months puts him out of the game, so he chooses to go beyond the curtain to get his passport renewed.

“The agency has no alternate procedures for business people who are engaged in import and export which encourages people to break the law,” said a Capital source.

Under normal circumstance, it takes two months to get a new passport through normal procedures, which costs 600 Birr for 32 pages and 900 Birr for a 64-page passport. However, applicants can get their passport expedited to between three and five days after paying 2,186 birr.

For individuals who need to go abroad for medical purposes, they should get a document from the medical board to get the service.

Though there is less magnitude, the long waits are also observed in Adama, Semera, Dire Dawa, Jigjiga, Hawassa, Jimma, Dessie, Bahir Dar and Mekelle,

“The agency is trying to alleviate the existing problems still we are importing passports and the shortage of hard currency complicates the problem,” said Desalegn Teressa, Communication Director.

On average, the Agency spends USD five million to print passports every year. The Agency, was issuing an average of 2,000 passports daily. Previously, any individual with a kebele identification card and birth certificate can obtain a passport from the agency, as long as they present documents from the government institution as a letter of recommendation, Individuals with medical case, for individuals who have active visa, and for individuals who engage in import-export trade. It will not take more than a week.

 

/Capital

PETITION REGARDING THE GRAND ETHIOPIAN RENAISSANCE DAM (GERD)

29 Dec

Posted byThe Ethiopia Observatory (TEO)

Editor’s Note:

TEO’s Editor fully supports the action taken by the under-listed 56 fellow countrymen petitioners—academics and professionals of Ethiopian origin in the Diaspora.

Congratulations to my compatriots for their thoughtful petition and am happy to extend my fullest support for their timely action. Of late, the direction the Nile talks have taken has been troubling due to it being reduced to a unilateral Cairo showThis Ethiopian petition, which has adequately covered the issues our citizens attach importance is also directed to the attention of the appropriate international and regional bodies.

Surely, of late Ethiopia has appeared tragically defenceless and its citizens insecure. In my Dec 1 /2019 Open Letter to the PM (A & B) I have tried to express my concern at the lack of government action, following the Oct 23 barbarism and inhumanity our citizens were forced to experience.

This situation is a function of Ethiopia’s weakening that Egypt and its friends have considered the right time to strike.

While Egypt’s water problem is understandable, Cairo should have known better it cannot compensate that coming with another historical miscalculation—no matter the cost—that Ethiopia cannot and would not allow to stand. I

f Egypt continues with present course, let it be known it would become cause of wider conflict involving Africa and the Arab world.

WHEREAS, the efforts of the United States and the World Bank to resolve the dispute between Egypt and Ethiopia are well intentioned;

WHEREAS, the Joint Statement of Egypt, Ethiopia, Sudan, the United States, and the World Bank, issued on November 6, 2019, sets dates that do not allow sufficient time for consultation or for a realistic examination of the ramification of any agreement to Ethiopia’s sovereignty and future generations;

WHEREAS, the assessment of the feasibility of a dam on the Blue Nile was completed more than half a century ago, and the site of the belated GERD project was identified during geological surveys conducted between 1956 and 1964 by the United States Bureau of Reclamation (Brookings, July 25, 2013);

WHEREAS, a robust framework was laid out under the Nile Basin Initiative (NBI) in 1999 by ten countries and the World Bank, which subsequently refused to fund the current project (Liersch, Koch and Hattermann, 2017), but appears now to play a “neutral” observer/mediator role;

WHEREAS, an agreement between Ethiopia and four other upstream riparian States (Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda and Tanzania), signed on the Cooperative Framework Agreement (CFA), favoring the equitable and fair use of the waters of the Nile River, was ratified by the Ethiopian Parliament on June 13, 2013;

WHEREAS, Egypt, Sudan and Ethiopia had agreed on a technical team studying the impact of filling the GERD, but Egypt still continues to backtrack on the agreements and refuses to negotiate in good faith;

WHEREAS, Egypt, instead of using modern transboundary water treaties, such as the NBI and the ones between the United States and Mexico as a framework for cooperation and negotiation, has demanded the inclusion of skewed colonial-era treaties, which are irrelevant to current realities and have no binding effect on Ethiopia because the latter was not a party to the treaties in spite of being a sovereign state at the time;

WHEREAS, at a time when the transition in Ethiopia is experiencing considerable challenges, Egypt has seized the opportunity to advance its own interests by undermining the NBI framework and the ongoing change in Ethiopia, as was evidenced by the official pronouncements of successive Egyptian politicians threatening implicitly to take a military action against Ethiopia while supporting clandestinely subversive activities through funneling funds to anti-government adversaries;

WHEREAS, it is well recognized that Egypt’s objective of thwarting the filling of the GERD within the appropriate time would cause extreme economic hardship on Ethiopia due to escalating costs and lost opportunities;

WHEREAS, the Agreement on Declaration of Principles on which the joint statement is founded is a step backward from the NBI, which requires three countries to negotiate separately, while deliberately giving large concessions to Egypt;

WHEREAS, a fair and balanced solution can be formulated and implemented only on the basis of a framework that guarantees and respects the sovereignty of Ethiopia over the sources of the Blue Nile and the operation of the dam;

WHEREAS, failure of a fair and balanced solution will create a major Afro-Arab conflict, with horrific and catastrophic consequences;

NOW, THEREFORE, We academics and professionals of Ethiopian origin in the Diaspora have filed this petition to:

  • The Secretary General of the United Nations, to exert influence against Egypt’s unacceptable behavior and avert potential conflict in the region;
  • The President of the Pan African Parliament, to support the Nile Basin Initiative and to demand Egypt to refrain from undermining Ethiopia’s sovereign rights over the sources of the Blue Nile and the dam; including but not limited to its operations;
  • The Chairperson of the African Union Commission, to support the Nile Basin Initiative and to demand Egypt to refrain from undermining Ethiopia’s sovereign rights over the sources of the Blue Nile and the dam, including but not limited to its operations;
  • The President of the United States, to be a neutral facilitator;
  • The President of Russia, to be a neutral facilitator;
  • The President of the World Bank, to use its good offices to play the role of a neutral facilitator and revisit its refusal to finance the GERD project;
  • The President of the Arab Republic of Egypt, to cease and desist undermining the Nile Basin Initiative, and the sovereignty of Ethiopia on the basis of a water security mindset
  • The Speaker of the Arab Parliament, to retract the recent letter and to cease intimidating Ethiopia;
  • The Egyptian academics and professionals, to find an amicable and mutually beneficial solutions to the problem; and
  • The Prime Minister of Ethiopia, to fight for a reasonable resolution, taking into consideration the water rights of future generations, based on a framework that does not compromise in anyway the sovereignty of the country over the sources of the Blue Nile and the dam, including but not limited to its operations.

መገናኛ ብዙሃን በግለሰቦችና በቡድኖች ነጻነታቸውን እያጡ መጥተዋል ተባለ—          ‘መንግሥት አደረገው’ ባለማለቱ ጋዜጠኛውም አደጋ አይደርስበትም!

25 Dec

Posted by The Ethiopia Observatory (TEO)

 

‘የአዲስ ወግ ተሳታፊዎች (ኢዜአ ፎቶ)

 

ኢዜአ  ታህሳስ 15/2012.. መገናኛ ብዙሃን ከዚህ ቀደም በመንግስት ይደርስባቸው ከነበረው ነጻነት የማጣት ችግር ባለፈ በአሁኑ ወቅት በግለሰቦችና በቡድኖች አማካኝነት ነጻነታቸውን እያጡ መሆኑ ተገለጸ።

በኢትዮጵያ የሕዝብና የግል መገናኛ ብዙሃን በግለሰቦችና በቡድኖች በሚደርስባቸው ጫና የሙያ ነጻነታቸውን እያጡ መሆኑ ተገልጿል።

በጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር ጽሕፈት ቤት በየወሩ የሚካሄደው የአዲስ ወግ የውይይት መድረክ ‘የሚዲያ ሚና አሳቦችን ለማቀራረብ’ በሚል ርዕስ እየተካሄደ ይገኛል።

በውይይቱ ላይ የግል መገናኛ ብዙሃን ባለሙያዎች፣ የመንግስት መገናኛ ብዙሃን ባለሙያች፣ ታወቂ ግለሰቦች፣ ፖለቲከኞችና ሌሎች እየተሳተፉ ይገኛሉ።

ከአዲስ አበባ ዩኒቨርሲቲ የመጡት ዶክተር ሙላቱ አለማየሁ ‘ሚዲያ በሽግግር ወቅት’ በሚል ርዕስ የመወያያ መነሻ ጽሁፍ አቅርበዋል።

በዚህም ጊዜ የኢትዮጵያ የመገናኛ ብዙሃን ሚና እንደ ነባራዊ ሁኔታ የሚለያይ መሆኑን አንስተዋል።

በተለይ የጸር ሽብር አዋጅ መጽደቅ በአገሪቱ የሚዲያ ታሪክ አሉታዊ አስተዋዕጾ እንደነበረው አስታውሰዋል።

በአሁን ጊዜ የመገናኛ ብዙሃን ነጻነት ከባለፉት ዓመታት የተሻለ ቢሆንም ከመንግስት ባለፈ ከግልሰቦችና ከቡድኖች በሚደርስ ጫና የሙያ ነጻነት እየቀጨጨ መምጣቱን ዶክተር ሙላቱ ተናግረዋል።

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