Tag Archives: ethiopia

Legal differences emerge over Ethiopian dam filling agreement

16 Jun

Posted by The Ethiopia Observatory (TEO)

June 15, 2020 (Sudan Tribune) New legal disagreements emerged the tripartite talks on the first filling of the Great Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD) forcing the parties to extend the talks for more time.

The dispute between Egypt and Ethiopia over the first filling of the giant hydropower dam continued on Monday according to a statement issued by the Sudanese government which initiated the ongoing videoconference meetings after the failure of Washington meetings to break the deadlock.

However, the Sudanese government stressed that “great progress” has been achieved on the issues related to the operation of the GERD, the safety of the dam, the long-term operation, data exchange and the technical committee for the needed coordination between the upstream and downstream countries.

All these points dealt in fact with the concerns of Sudan.

Nonetheless, the statement also pointed to progress on the “first filling of the dam” which is the main issue of concern for Egypt but did not develop on this matter.

Egyptian and Ethiopian government trade accusations about the bad faith of each other, as the public debate moved gradually to the ownership of the water and two sides accuse each other of seeking to dictate its will on the other.

Despite the announced progress in the discussions, the statement stressed that “legal” differences appeared between the parties.

“Differences arose between the three delegations regarding legal aspects, especially in binding character and legal force of the agreement and how to amend it,” further said the statement.

Secondly, the parties are still at odds on “the mechanism for the settlement of disputes over the implementation of the agreement,” underscored the statement.

The third point of discord is how to link the agreement to other “irrelevant issues related to water sharing”, said the Sudanese government which seeks to bring the parties to conclude a deal before the rainy seasons to enable Ethiopia to launch the long term filling process.

The legal teams of the three countries were tasked to deliberate on the three legal dispute, in the presence of the observers, before to submit their findings to a ministerial meeting that will be held on Tuesday, June 16.

Treaties often contain a mix of mandatory and non-mandatory elements. The parties have to determine clearly what is revocable and how to settle a dispute over it.

(ST)

 

 

History May Look Back on this time as Needless Moment:       Addis Fortune editorial

16 Jun

Posted by The Ethiopia Observatory (TEO)

If the rippling effects of granting the incumbent an extension of its full power based on a contested deliberative political and constitutional process was not apparent, there have been signs of ill omen over the past week.

Three major opposition parties – the Oromo Federalist Congress, Oromo Liberation Front and the Ogaden National Liberation Front – have warned of an increase in tensions. In the case of the first two, the consequence could be a return to public discontent and possible eruptions of anti-government protests that “could transform into violence,” according to a joint statement they released…

Unwittingly, a process stewarded by Chief Justice Meaza granted a legal closure to what is essentially a political deadlock. History will remember her and those legislators who have voted in favour of their decision needlessly.

 

It is characteristic of the general climate of confusion the year 2020 has set in Ethiopia and the global stage in general. There is an air of melancholy.

In just a few months, the spirit of the Constitution was afforded as much respect as its intent was devalued. The circumstances were at first ominous.

The National Electoral Board of Ethiopia (NEBE), citing disruptions caused by the Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic, decided to postpone the much anticipated national elections, which were slated for August. It was a fateful decision that failed to pass the test of considerable and thoughtful reflections.

But it set off a substantive and rewarding debate on the letter and spirit of the Constitution, with legal scholars reflecting on the possibilities and implications of postponing the elections. No less encouraging was to see the Council of Constitutional Inquiry (CCI) hold a hearing chaired by Chief Justice Meaza Asheanfi, president of the Supreme Court, for legal and constitutional experts to add to the discussion. It was an uplifting exercise of the sort rarely witnessed in the country’s political history. Continue reading

At Least 90 Ethiopian Health Workers Tested Positive for COVID-19

9 Jun

Posted by The Ethiopia Observatory (TEO)

June 8, 2020 (Ezega.com) — At least 90 Ethiopian health workers have tested positive for the novel coronavirus as the number of citizens infected by the pandemic rises to 2020 across the country.

The health workers contracted the virus from outgoing patients in various health centers across the country, Minister of Health Dr. Lia Tadesse said in a daily briefing.

The minister further added most of the cases which make up 91 percent of the total infections among the health community are in Addis Ababa.

The pandemic has already claimed the lives of 27 Ethiopians and seven deaths, the highest ever was reported on Sunday.

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Coronavirus turns to mercilessly infecting Ethiopia; five fatalities in single day

9 Jun

Posted by The Ethiopia Observatory (TEO)

Addis Ababa (ENA) — The number of new COVID-19 cases in Ethiopia rose by 190 over the past 24 hours, bringing the nationwide tally to 2,336.

It also reported 5 new fatalities from coronavirus, taking the total death toll in Ethiopia to 32.

In its daily update, the Ministry of Health disclosed that the increase in numbers follows after laboratory testing with more than 4,599 carried out over the last 24 hours.

Of the total 190 confirmed cases, 135 are males and 55 females aged between 1 and 89 years. All the infected individuals are Ethiopian nationals.

Among the identified cases, 153 are in Addis Ababa, 16 in Oromia, 10 in Amhara, and 2 in Tigray Regional States. In each Regional States of SNNPR, Harari and Somali 3 people have identified with the virus.

Meanwhile, 18 more patients have recovered from the virus, bringing the overall number of recoveries to 379.

A total of 152,334 samples have been tested in Ethiopia since the first case was reported last March.

Recall that on June 8, Ethiopia had recorded 136 infections new COVID-19 fatalities, which was the highest single-day surge since the pandemic hit the country in early March, raising the death toll to 27.

The new figures may also be a function of expansion of testing in the country, which daily is reaching about 5,000 people.

 

“አምባገነናዊ መንግሥት ሲመሠረት ተባባሪ ላለመሆን ኃላፊነቴን ለቅቄያለሁ”—  ኬሪያ ኢብራሂም

9 Jun

Posted by The Ethiopia Observatory (TEO)

የፌዴሬሽን ምክር ቤት አፈ ጉባኤዋ ወይዘሮ ኬሪያ ኢብራሒም ሕገ መንግሥት ከሚፈቅደው ውጪ አምባገነናዊ መንግሥት ሲመሰረት ተባባሪ ላለመሆን በገዛ ፈቃዳቸው ከኃላፊነታቸው መልቀቃቸውን አስታወቁ።

የአፈጉባኤዋን ሥልጣን መልቀቅ በተመለከተ ወ/ሮ ኬሪያ እዚህ ውሳኔ ላይ የደረሱት የአገሪቱን “ሕገ መንግሥት በየቀኑ ከሚጥስና አምባገነንነትን ከሚያራምድ ቡድን ጋር ለመስራት ፈቃደኛ ስላልሆንኩ ነው” ብለዋል። አፈጉባኤዋ ከኃላፊነታቸው መልቀቃቸውን በተመለከተ በሰጡት መግለጫ ላይ እንዳሉት በሥልጣን ላይ ያለው ወገን “ሕገ መንግሥቱን በግላጭ ተጥሷል አምባገነናዊ መንግሥት ወደ መመስረት ገብቷል” ሲሉ ከሰዋል።

ለዚህም እንደማሳያ ያስቀመጡት ሥልጣን ላይ ያለው መንግሥት ያለምርጫ በሥልጣን ላይ ለመቆየት ሲል በሕገ መንግሥቱ ውስጥ ያለ ክፍተትን በመፈለግ “አንዱን አንቀጽ ከሌላው ጋር በማጋጨት ክፍተት እንዲገኝና አማራጭ እንዲፈለግ” ጥረት ተደርጓል ብለዋል።

በሥልጣን ላይ ያለው አካል ካለሕዝብ ውሳኔ ባለበት ለመቆት መወሰኑንና ይህንንም ሕጋዊ ለማድረግ ክፍተት በመፈለግ ሕገ መንግሥታዊ ከሆነው መንገድ ውጪ “ባልተለመደ አካሄድ ሕገ መንግሥቱ እንዲተረጎም ግፊት እየተደረገ ነው” ሲሉ ተናግረዋል።

ይህም አስቀድሞ የተወሰነ መሆኑን ጠቅሰው “ትልቅ ታሪካዊ ስህተት ነው” ብለዋል። ጨምረውም ይህ ተግባራዊ እንዲሆን ውሳኔውን በማይቀበሉት ላይ “ማስፈራሪያና ዛቻ” እየተካሄደ መሆኑን ጠቅሰዋል።

በዚህም ሳቢያ የፌዴሬሽን ምክር ቤት አፈ ጉባኤ ሲሆኑ “ሕገ መንግሥቱን የማክበር የማስከበር አደራ ስለተቀበልኩ፤ ሕገ መንግሥቱ ተጥሶ አምባገነናዊ መንግሥት ሲመሰረት ተባባሪ ላለመሆን” ሲሉ በፈቃዳቸው ስልጣናቸውን እንደለቀቁ ተናግረዋል።

ጨምረውም “በሕገ መንግሥት ትርጉም ሽፋን የአምባገነናዊ ሥርዓት ሕግ የሚጥስ ድርጊትን ላለመተባበር ወስኛለሁ” ብለዋል ወይዘሮ ኬሪያ ኢብራሂም።

 

ከሁለት ዓመት በላይ የፌዴሬሽን ምክር ቤት አፈጉባኤ ሆነው ያገለገሉት ወ/ሮ ኬሪያ ስለውሳኔያቸው በሰጡት መግለጫ ላይ እንዳሉት ይህ እርምጃ የአገሪቱ ብሔር፣ ብሔረሰቦችና ሕዝቦች የስልጣን ባለቤትነትን የሚጥስ ነው ብለዋል።

ቢቢሲ ከፌዴሬሽን ምክር ቤት ስለ አፈጉባኤዋ ሥራ መልቀቅ ለማጣራት ባደረገው ጥረት ምክር ቤቱ የሚያውቀው ነገር እንደሌለ ገልጿል።

 

የፌዴሬሽን ምክር ቤት የሕዝብ ግንኙነት ምክትል ኃላፊ አቶ ገብሩ ገብረ ሥላሴ ለቢቢሲ የአፈ ጉባኤዋን ከሥራ መልቀቅ በተመለከተ የቀረበ ነገር እንደሌለ ተናግረዋል።

ቢሆንም ግን አፈ ጉባኤዋ ሥልጣናቸውን መልቀቃቸውን በሚመለከት የመገናኛ ብዙሃን ዘገባዎችን መመልከታቸውን ገልጸው፤ በጽሕፈት ቤቱ በኩል ግን የቀረበ ይህንን የሚያረጋግጥ ነገር የለም ብለዋል።

የትግራይ ክልል ገዢ ፓርቲ የሆነው የሕዝባዊ ወያኔ ሓርነት ትግራይ (ሕወሓት) የሥራ አስፈጻሚ አባል የሆኑት ወይዘሮ ኬሪያ በአፈ ጉባኤነት የሚመሩት የፌዴሬሽን ምክር ቤት አነጋጋሪ በሆነው የሕገ መንግሥት ትርጉም ጉዳይ ላይ በቅርቡ ምላሽ ይሰጣል ተብሎ ይጠበቃል።

/BBC News አማርኛ

 

 

ሕዝብን የወከሉ ሁለት ተቋማት “በሕገ መንግሥቱ ትርጉም ሂደት ላይ አልተደመጥንም” ሲሉ አቤቱታ አቀረቡ!

3 Jun

Posted by The Ethiopia Observatory (TEO)

በሐይማኖት አሸናፊ

የኢትዮጵያ ሰብአዊ መብቶችና የዴሞክራሲ ዕድገት ማዕከልና ሴንተር ፎር አድቫንስመንት ኦፍ ራይትስ ኤንድ ዴሞክራሲ (ካርድ) የተሰኙት ሁለት የሲቪክ ተቋማት፤ የሕዝብ ጥቅምን በመወከል የምርጫ ጊዜ መዛወርን በሚመለከት በከሳሽነት ወይም በጣልቃ ገብነት ለመሟገት፤ ለሕገ መንግስት ጉዳዮች አጣሪ ጉባኤ ያቀረብነው አቤቱታ አልተደመጠም ሲሉ ቅሬታቸው አሰሙ።

ሁለቱ ተቋማት ግንቦት 13፣ 2012 ለጉባኤው በጣልቃ ገብነት ለመሟገት ማመልከቻ በማስገባት በጉዳዩ ለመሳተፍ መጠየቃቸውን ገልጸዋል። ይሁንና የአጣሪ ጉባኤው ጽህፈት ቤት በጉዳዩ ላይ ጭብጥ ይዞ ካለማከራከሩ ባሻገር “ማመልከቻውን ለመቀበሉ የደረሰኝ ቁጥር ወይም ሌላ ማረጋገጫ እንኳን ለመስጠት ፈቃደኛ አልሆነም” ሲሉ ተቋማቱ አስታውቀዋል።

አጣሪ ጉባኤው የጣልቃ መግባት ጥያቄውን ወደ ጎን ብሎ ሳያከራክር ወይም እንደ አማራጭ የባለሙያ ምክር የመስጠት ጥያቄያቸውን ወደ ጎን ማለቱን የተቋማቱ ተወካዮች ለ“ኢትዮጵያ ኢንሳይደር” በላኩት መግለጫ ጠቅሰዋል። “ለአጣሪ ጉባኤው አስተያየት ለማቅረብ በህግ ሶስተኛ ዲግሪ መያዝ ወይም በአጣሪ ጉባኤው መመረጥ አይገባም። ይልቁንም የሕገ መንግስቱ ባለቤት የሆነው እና ያገባኛል ያለ አካል ሊደመጥ ይገባ ነበር” ብለዋል።

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Pandemic is blessing for Abiy but curse for Ethiopian democracy

3 Jun

Posted by The Ethiopia Observatory (TEO)

by Mebratu Kelecha

Prime Minister should not use the coronavirus crisis to consolidate power @Ethiopia Insight

Democracy has been the driving force of political movements in Ethiopia since the 1960s, but its protagonists have, all-too-often, indulged in violence and bloodshed. The political forces that emerged from the Ethiopian student movement of the 1960s and 1970s, such as the Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Party and the All-Ethiopia Socialist Movement (MEISON) called for democracy but engaged in mutual assassination in its name before the military regime decimated both parties.

The military regime also claimed to have pursuing “socialist democracy” in a later period of its rule. The TPLF-engineered EPRDF regime which came to power in 1991 introduced “electoral democracy,” but remained a minority ethnic dictatorship, expelling potential rivals and regularly accusing  any critics and opposition parties of being anti-democratic.

In the end, the TPLF was confronted with Frankenstein moment, as resurgent groups within the ruling coalition it has created in the 1990s captured the centre and caused the creator’s trouble, aided by street protests that helped propel Abiy Ahmed to power. Political differences among those claiming to be fighting for democracy, both in and out of elections, frequently, almost normally, embraced violence rather than votes, reinforcing what they claimed to be irreconcilable differences between good and evil. Demonization, harassment, imprisonment, torture, and physical elimination have continued as major mechanisms to resolve differences. Hence, the struggle for it has done little to develop or maintain the reality of democracy since a democratically elected government remains the deprioritized goal of political leaders.

When Abiy took office in April 2018 he promised to build a democratic Ethiopian state, and his early reforms were promising, though the political transition he launched, while largely nonviolent in origin, involved  hostile  rhetoric against the TPLF.  From the outset, Abiy faced significant challenge of governing and implementing changes in conditions of continuing instability, testing his capacity, and his intent, to govern effectively and carry out democratic reforms simultaneously. A successful response required significant mobilization of support needed to consolidate the achievements of his early reforms to guarantee a successful transition. The country’s recent experience of nonviolent resistance, which brought Abiy to power, has made it clear that repression is no longer an option as it will not create a submissive population, and any return to dictatorship can only intensify protests.

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Bereft of Popular Mandate, Hard to Keep the State Viable

2 Jun

Posted by The Ethiopia Observatory (TEO)

Addis Fortune Editorial, May 31, 2020

Two years ago, standing before parliament, Prime Minister Abiy acted and sounded like a leader ready to offer the country a break in an inclusive future.

Alas! He would later on charge the very parliament that installed him as Prime Minister of having questionable legitimacy. The swearing-in speech was perhaps his most significant performance, carefully delivered to herald the coming of a more refined and prosperous future while also walking a fine line to convey that the foundation for this would be the preservation of the status quo.

Running a state that has no functioning democratic, if not credible, institutions, or the social infrastructure to accommodate rapid changes with several orders of magnitude, is more complicated than is advertised by many in the opposition. Attempting to do this without a clear mandate might have been a tall order. It was no different for Prime Minister Abiy, and each year has brought fresh challenges that are compounding to pose an existential threat to the Ethiopian state.

Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed (PhD) has come a long way since his spectacular arrival at the top of Ethiopia’s political scene. In 2018, few would have predicted a state of political uncertainty would, in combination with economic, social and natural disasters all coming together, evolve to unravel almost every facet of life. The Prime Minister is as much to blame as the slew of unprecedented challenges that were visited upon the country.

Two years ago, standing before parliament, Prime Minister Abiy acted and sounded like a leader ready to offer the country a break in an inclusive future.

Alas! He would later on charge the very parliament that installed him as Prime Minister of having questionable legitimacy. The swearing-in speech was perhaps his most significant performance, carefully delivered to herald the coming of a more refined and prosperous future while also walking a fine line to convey that the foundation for this would be the preservation of the status quo.

Running a state that has no functioning democratic, if not credible, institutions, or the social infrastructure to accommodate rapid changes with several orders of magnitude, is more complicated than is advertised by many in the opposition. Attempting to do this without a clear mandate might have been a tall order. It was no different for Prime Minister Abiy, and each year has brought fresh challenges that are compounding to pose an existential threat to the Ethiopian state.

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