Tag Archives: ethnic politics

የኢትዮጵያ ንግድ ባንክ ባለሙያ ፕሬዝዳንት ሆኖ ተሾመለት! የዐቢይ መንግሥት ጉድ ከሕወሃትም በከፋ—ወንጀለኞች ከቅጣት እንዲያመልጡ—አምባሳደርነት መሸሸጊያ መደረጉ ነው!

5 Mar

Posted by The Ethiopia Observatory (TEO)

ዋዜማ ራዲዮ– ያለፉትን ወራት በቀውስና በውዝግብ ያሳለፈው የኢትዮጵያ ንግድ ባንክ አዲስ ፕሬዝዳንት እንደተሾመለት ዋዜማ ያገኘችው መረጃ ያመለክታል። አዲሱ ፕሬዝዳንት አቢ ሳኖ ትናንት የሹመት ደብዳቤ የደረሳቸው ሲሆን ዛሬ ስራ እንደሚጀምሩ ይጠበቃል።

Abie Sano, newly appointed CBE President- Photo Addis FORTUNE

አቶ አቢ ሳኖ የኦሮሚያ ኢንተርናሽናል ባንክ እንዲሁም የባንኮች ማህበር ፕሬዝዳንት በመሆን ሲያገለግሉ ነበር። በቀደሙት አመታትም በኢትዮጵያ ንግድ ባንክ ውስጥ በነበራቸው የአመራርነት ድርሻ በብቃታቸው ከበሬታን ያገኙ ባለሙያ እንደነበሩ ያነጋገርናቸው የባንክ ባለሙያዎች ነግረውናል።

በ2010 አ.ም ለኢትዮጵያ ንግድ ባንክ ፕሬዝዳንትነት ከተሾሙ ጀምሮ ብዙ ውዝግብ የተነሳባቸው አቶ ባጫ ጊና ፣ የቀድሞ የብሄራዊ ባንክ ገዥ አቶ ተክለወልድ አጥናፉ ለንግድ ባንኩ አዲስ የቦርድ ሊቀመንበር ሆነው መሾማቸው ከተሰማ ሁለት ሳምንት ባልሞላ ጊዜ ውስጥ ከባንኩ ፕሬዚዳንትነት ተነስተው ከሌሎች የቀድሞ የመንግስት የስራ ሀላፊዎች ጋር ለአምባሳደርነት መሾማቸው ተሰምቷል።

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ዐቢይ ባሌ ባደረገው በዚህ ዘር ላይ የተመሠረተ ንግግር ከጃዋር መሃመድ ልዩነቱ ደቃቅ ነው!

10 Feb

Posted by The Ethiopia Observatory (TEO)

 

 

የዘር ፖለቲካ የሚያራምድ እንጂ፣ ለአንድ ሕዝብና ሃገር የሚሆን መልዕክት አላገኘሁበትም! የዐቢይ የብልጠት ፖለቲካ ለሃገር የጥፋት ምንጭ ይሆናል!

 

 

 

ተዛማጅ

በመጨረሻም፣ ዐቢይ በባሌ ሕዝብ ፊት የአንድን ዘር የበላይነት አረጋገጠ አይደለምን? የየዕለቱ በየሥፍራው ግድያዎችስ ማን ይሙት የዩኒቨርሲቲ ተማሪዎችን ዕገታው ከዚያ ውጭ ነውን?

 

 

 

የኢንቨስትመንት ኮሚሽን የተመድ ሪፖርት “እውነታ ቢኖረውም ሙሉ ገጽታውን አያሳይም” ቅሬታ አሰማ!

29 Jan

Posted by The Ethiopia Observatory (TEO)

ከዓለም የኢንቨስትመንት መዳረሻ አገሮች ተርታ በተሠለፈችበት አፍታ ከደረጃዋ እየተንሸራተተች የወጣችው ኢትዮጵያ፣ ካስመዘገበችው የ2.5 ቢሊዮን ዶላር ኢንቨስትመንት ውስጥ ከ60 በመቶ ያላነሰው በቻይና ኩባንያዎች አማካይነት የሚካሄዱ ፕሮጀክቶች የያዙት ድርሻ እንደሆነ በሪፖርቱ ተመልክቷል

 

የኢትዮጵያ ኢቨስትመንት ኮሚሽን የተባበሩት መንግሥታት ድርጅት (ተመድ) ያወጣውን የኢንቨስትመንት መግለጫ ሪፖርት እንደማይቀበል በመግለጽ፣ ሪፖርቱ ሙሉውን እውነታ አላሳየም ሲል ቅሬታውን አሰማ፡፡

የኢንቨስትመንት ኮሚሽን ምክትል ኮሚሽነር አቶ ተመስገን ጥላሁን ሰሞኑን ስለወጣው የተመድ ‹‹ኢንቨስትመንት ትሬንድስ ሞኒተር›› የተሰኘውና እ.ኤ.አ. የ2019 ዓመትን የቃኘው ሪፖርት፣ ‹‹እውነታ ቢኖረውም ሙሉ ገጽታውን አያሳይም፤›› በማለት ለሪፖርተር አስታውቀዋል፡፡

እንደ ምክትል ኮሚሽሩ ገለጻ ሪፖርቱ የሙሉ ዓመቱን መረጃ አላካተተም፡፡ ይኸውም ከዓመቱ መካከል የአንድ ሩብ ዓመት የኢንቨስትመንት መረጃን ያላካተተ የተመድ የንግድና የልማት ጉባዔ ያወጣው የኢንቨስትመንት ሪፖርት በመሆኑ፣ እንደማይቀበሉት አቶ ተመስገን ተናግረዋል፡፡ ይህም ይባል እንጂ እውነታ የለውም ማለት እንዳልሆነ አልሸሸጉም፡፡

ባለፉት ሁለት ዓመታት ውስጥ የተመዘገበው የኢንቨስትመንት ፍሰት እያሽቆለቆለ መምጣቱን ያስታወሱት አቶ ተመስገን፣ በኢትዮጵያ እየታየ ባለው የፀጥታ ችግርና በመሳሰሉት ምክንያቶች እየቀነሰ ቢመጣም፣ ባለፉት ስድስት ወራት ውስጥ ከ1.6 ቢሊዮን ዶላር ያላነሰ ካፒታል ያስመዘገቡ የኢንቨስትመንት ፕሮጀክቶች መኖራቸውን ምክትል ኮሚሽነሩ አስረድተዋል፡፡ ይህ የኮሚሽኑን የ70 በመቶ ዕቅድ እንደሚወክልም ገልጸዋል፡፡

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Pope prays for Christians and other victims of violence in Ethiopia

3 Nov

Posted by The Ethiopia Observatory (TEO)

 

Ethiopian Orthodox faithful pray at a memorial service for victims of last month’s violence. (AFP or licensors)

Pope Francis led the faithful in prayer for Ethiopian Orthodox Christians and other victims of violence in Ethiopia.

At the Angelus on Sunday, Pope Francis said he was “saddened” by news of “the violence” in Ethiopia, “which has among its victims Christians of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahado Church”. The Holy Father expressed his closeness to the Church and to its co-Patriarch and Catholicos, who he described “my dear brother Abune Mathias”. He asked for prayer “for all victims of violence” in Ethiopia.

He then led those present in the recitation of the “Hail Mary” for that intention.

Dozens killed in violence

Unrest in Ethiopia in October led to the deaths of more than 70 people. The troubles began with tensions between security forces and a prominent political activist, and were focused in the Oromia region of the country. The government has said that ethnic and religious factors played a role in the violence.



The Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church is the largest of the Oriental Orthodox Churches, with between 45 and 50 million adherents, mostly in Ethiopia. The Oriental Orthodox Churches are distinguished by their recognition of only the first three Ecumenical Councils.

 

Sense & sensibility:                      Why TPLF insists on 2020 election

31 Aug

Posted by The Ethiopia Observatory (TEO)

Editor’s Note:

Without batting its eyes, TPLF openly claims life in Tigray is stable and safe! The question one must ask is to whom it is safe. No sooner than this was stated last June, it struck many as TPLF propaganda. That’s up until the funeral of the late Ethiopian Chief of Staff Gen. Seare Mekonnen.

A former classmate of the General, Dr. Aregawi Berhe flew from Addis Abeba to Mekelle to bid farewell to his former classmate. He writes, on arrival at the airport, he and other mourners accompanying him were received with beatings. 

As far as I knew, Ethiopian culture respects the dead and mourners. I don’t think this is one of them. Nor does the impression one gets from this makes Mekelle a safe and peaceful city with good governance!

★★

The TPLF recently showed some temerity by claiming Tigray has been growing faster, i.e., relative to Ethiopia. However, no sooner than this announcement, Tigrayans rose in arms, among others, angered by such lies and the conditions of life. On seeing this, TPLF jumped on its propaganda wagon and started blaring it. This was further aggravated by labour actions reportedly taking place within enterprises owned by the TPLF itself. 

Inevitably many suffered the consequences. People were imprisoned and reportedly in a typical TPLF fashion, along with humiliations and  beatings. Threats and mistreatments forced the workers to end the strikes. No mater how and where, disruption of societal life may not be fruitful. By the same token nor is the action taken against those people acceptable, inhuman as it is, while a consistent TPLF’s natural response.

Most important, however, is who should punish the TPLF that has pushed Mekelle into 75% rate of inflation. Like the TPLF, economists consider inflation a robber of people’s wealth and livelihoods!

Any reason why it thought this has made Mekelle reportedly safe?

★★★

The following is hilarious. A non-TPLF member in Kola Tembein (Werk Enba district) has 13 goats. As part of TPLF’s intolerance, it wanted to provoke the owner. It ‘imprisoned’ six of the goats in the house of a local militia member. This was intended to get the goat owner submitting to TPLF, and becoming a member.

Fortunately, for the owner’s six goats escaped and went back to him—notwithstanding the distance. I don’t think this speaks well of the TPLF, even by standards of goats’ morality. What made it worse for the ruling party is, as if such humiliation is not enough, the local people who heard about this reportedly received the goats with a hero’s welcome! 

Doesn’t this say something?


by Asmelash Yohannes (PhDI: Why does TPLF badly need the next election to be held?

From strategic point of view, the leaders of TPLF (Tigray People’s Liberation Front) know, or they are predicting to say the least, that the ruling EPDRF party may not survive the upcoming general election. You can call this a gamble or a bluff! But it could make sense if you have the time to crunch the numbers!

TPLF is with no doubt credited with the creation of the different parties that the ruling party EPDRF is composed of. Thus, their strategic calculation and prediction should not be undermined. They are betting that ODP (Oromo Democratic Party) and ADP (Amhara Democratic Party) would be victims of their own political making: the ‘reform’ championed by both parties would backfire spectacularly and it would either sweep them into the trash bin! or would highly weaken them politically. This thinking is based on different factors.  ODP and ADP are going to face an uphill battle in their home turf in the upcoming general election as they are going to compete against opposition parties that have strong support at grass roots level.  For example, ODP would compete against OLF (Oromo Liberation Front) and OFC (Oromo Federalist Congress) in Oromia region. OLF, despite the splitting of the party into different factions due to internal power struggle, has a strong support throughout Oromia. The reception of OLF’s leader Abbo Dawud  Ebsa at Addis Ababa from his self imposed exile had attracted millions of people. Main streets and road junctions in many cities of Oromia region are still painted with the flag of OLF. On the other hand, OFC is led by charismatic political veterans: both Dr. Merrara Gudena and Bekella Gerba wield greater influence in Oromia than that of the current president of Oromia region Abbo Shimelis Abdissa. Thus, TPLFites are of the opinion that ODP’s share of the ballots in Oromia region would be snatched by OLF and OFC. Furthermore, Jawar Mohammed, a political fire brand of the Querro movement, is a force that needs to be reckoned with. His decision to support either of the political opponents of ODP could be a game changer.

Further north, every political observer in Ethiopia understands that ADP of Amhara region is at crossroads. The assassination of high ranking political leaders of ADP in June 2019 was the last thing the party needed.   Even before this unfortunate event, the party was under immense pressure from new and emerging nationalist parties. Nationalist parties led by National Movement of Amhara (NMA) and other vocal activists residing abroad have managed to shrink the influence of ADP in Amhara region. This was factored by TPLF strategists. TPLFites are dead sure that the combination of internal power struggle within ADP and the threat from nationalist parties in Amhara would hasten the demise of ADP.

In General, TPLF seems to conclude that ODP and ADP would be at perilous situation at the next general election. The flip side of their argument is that TPLF can comfortably win the election in Tigray as they still seem to command the support of the elite and ordinary people. There are four opposition parties in Tigray: National Congress of Great Tigray (BAITONA), Third Revolution Tigray (TRT), ARENA Tigray, and TAND (Tigray Alliance for National Democracy). However, these four parties don’t seem to mobilize people and their support in Tigray is not something that could threaten the dominance of TPLF. If the next election is to be held as planned, there’s no doubt that TPLF will garner significant support in Tigray to overwhelmingly sweep all seats for the regional and national parliaments. However, the future for ODP and ADP is very bleak. TPLFites have officially and unofficially started to proclaim that they would seek coalition with other federalist parties if ODP and ADP fail to win sufficient votes in the next general election.

I am not in a position to ridicule the calculations of the TPLF strategists nor am I going to give them thumps up. But nothing would surprise me if Prime Minister Abiy decides to postpone the general election for fear of losing his grip on power. He perfectly understands that he stands zero chance of staying at the helm if ODP and ADP lose ground in Oromia and Amhara, respectively. For this reason, he may decide to postpone the election indefinitely until he feels comfortable that the survival of EPRDF is not under any threat. However, it would not surprise me a bit if the ruling coalition party disintegrates before the general election is held! These days, only fools would dare to predict what the future holds for the country.

/Satenaw

Greedy like a ‘day hyena’ shouted Mom, unaware the worst is here!

29 Aug

Posted by The Ethiopia Observatory (TEO)

 

“Hate is like a poison you make for your enemy that you end up swallowing yourself.”

—David Duchovny, Holy Cow

“Ethnic stereotypes are boring and stressful and sometimes criminal. It’s just not a good way to think. It’s non-thinking. It’s stupid and destructive.”

—Tommy Lee Jones

 

by LJDemissie

Author’s note: Although I wrote this article on January 09, 2019, I didn’t try to get it published until now for various reasons, including patience. However, after watching a recommended YouTube video that contained Sebhat Nega’s interview statementspublished by Tigrai Media House on Jun 21, 2019, I was provoked to release my article. I wanted to let him know that I think of him as an evil in Ethiopian society, Ethiopian’s cancer, a hatemonger and day hyena for promoting “ethnic extremism” across Ethiopia, looting Ethiopians resources and conspiring with the TPLF’s elites to assassinate PM Abiy Ahmed by a hand grenade attack.

 

“Notoriously hungry, the hyena has long been a source of fear throughout Africa. A nocturnal hunter and scavenger, it has been associated with sorcery, evil, and trickery. During the European Middle Ages, bestiary texts adopted the hyena as a symbol for the devil’s dark deeds.” Jessica Sheppard-Reynolds

Ato Bereket Simon, who is incarcerated for alleged rampant corruptions and mismanagement of public resources, was the TPLF’s (Woyane’s) Hitman, Minster of Disinformation and Day Hyena for about forty decades. Before he was arrestedhe pitched at the TPLF’s cadres his new book (“a string of [fictionalized] stories that are, at best, littered with errors and, at worst, inaccurate”) at Mekelle University’s conference. He claimed his book contains answers to Ethiopians’ current political and economic problems. He also complained of, among other things, Prime Minster Abiy Ahmed’s unqualified usage of ቀን ጅብ, an Amharic phrase pronounced as “yekenijibi” which means day hyena.

Since it is worth understanding “yekenijibi”, this critic would present a background story of the possible origin of the phrase; would describe it in words and pictures and also deal with Simon’s complaint. So that Simon and his accomplices, including Sebhat Nega would be absolutely assured how a person who is about eight years or older interprets “yekenijibi” unmediated by prejudices.

A day hyena

Ancient Ethiopians wildlife observers noticed hyenas are scavengers and nocturnal. The prehistoric Ethiopians also thought hyenas’ daytime vision was not so great. So they thought it was completely out of character to see hyena wondering around during a daytime unless it was starving to death, disoriented or infected with rabies, which could make it much more daring than a night hyena. That led them to coin the phrase day hyena – a hyena more dangerous than a night hyena because it lost its senses. Through time they also used the phrase to describe a behavior and an act of a despicable and an extremely dangerous person who lost all its senses out of hate and/or sheer greed.

Fables on hyenas

As in Ethiopians’ classic fables, hyenas across the world are associated with immorality, treachery, greed, greedily gulping food, “feasting on corpses”, ugly appearance and “disturbing and frightening whoop loud laughter”. They are also associated with stupidity. The following “comic tales” would perfectly illustrate people around the world, including Ethiopians’ judgment of hyenas:



The Hungry Slender Hyena: The hyena has long had a bad reputation in African folklore and children’s tales as an untrustworthy, ugly cheater who is greedy as well as stupid. In one comic tale the hungry, slender hyena squeezes through a fence into a chicken coop and begins to eat to its heart’s content. Unlike the clever fox, who knows not to eat too much so he can sneak back out through the fence, the hyena eats all the birds and becomes too fat to escape. When morning comes, he is caught due to his own greed.”  The Iris, the blog of the J. Paul Getty Trust in Los Angeles, said Jessica Sheppard-Reynolds posted the story.

The Greedy Hyena: A hare and a hyena became friends, but one day the hare overheard her friend [the hyena] telling another hyena that once she trusted him enough to sleep at his place, he would eat her. Of course, the hare was worried about this and knew she had to think of a plan to save herself from the hyena’s jaws.”…

“When, on the next occasion, the hyena arrived to call on the hare, he noticed that his friend had a sack and asked what was inside it.”

“The sweetest meat you ever tasted, my friend,” said the hare. “Here, take a piece.”

“The hyena chewed the meat greedily before swallowing, “Yes indeed, it is the sweetest meat I ever tasted. Can I have some more?”

“This meat is so sweet it should only be eaten a little at a time, but you shouldn’t waste its sweetness by going to the toilet,” said the hare.

“How can you do that?” the hyena asked, looking puzzled.”

“By having your bottom sewn up, that’s what everyone who eats this meat does. I can get it done for you, if you wish.”

“I will, if you show me where the meat is,” said the hyena. Such was his greed.

“Up there.” The hare pointed at the cloud-shrouded mountain top. “There’s lots of it on mystical Kirinyaga, I’ll take you there, if you wish, and we’ll get your bottom sewn up before we go.”

They arranged to meet later and the hyena wandered over to talk to some of his sisters. The hare was having doubts about following the badger’s plan, till she overheard the hyena say to his sisters, “I’ll eat the hare, once she has shown me where to find the sweet meat.”

So, when the hyena returned, eager to be off, they went to see the ants. The badger used the bee grubs as payment for the ants’ work. The ants soon had the hyena’s bottom sewn up tightly and off they went to climb the mountain…By Lailoken, to Finish

The Woyane’s elites deservedly earned their nickname, day hyenas

Though stereotypes are “sometimes criminal”, the TPLF’s elites made their living by “exploiting pain of” ethnic diversity – politicizing ethnicity and stereotyping – among Ethiopians for more than forty years. For instance, to divide and conquer Ethiopians, the Woyane first waged a psychological warfare against the Tigrayan peasants. They were misinformed, brainwashed, tribalized and made to believe: The Amhara people are the enemy of the Tigrayan people because the Amhara people stole the Tigrayan people’s more than three thousand year old history, and they use it to brag about themselves. The Amharas invented and introduced prostitution among Tigrayan women. Moreover, Melese Zenawi told the Tigrayan people that they are the “Golden People”; he meant that they will continue dominating and ruling all Ethiopian ethnic groups for a century at least.

Ethnocentrism is extremely dangerous. For instance, “One of the most well-known and horrific examples of ethnocentrism pertains to Nazi Germany. Adolf Hitler decided he hated Jewish people, as well as other groups of people, and had many innocent people slaughtered in concentration camps.”

No one knows except for the TPLF’s elites how many innocent Amhara people the TPLF’s assassination squads slaughtered. How many innocent Tigrayan youth (the TPLF’s fighters) the TPLF’s hitmen murdered for having consensual heterosexual relationship which was banned by the TPLF? How many of those executed Tigrayan girls (the TPLF’s guerrilla fighters) were pregnant?

This critic argues that the “comic tales” of “The Hungry Slender Hyena” and The Greedy Hyena” held true to Ethiopians’ lives when the TPLF’s elites, the bloodthirsty day hyenas – የቀን ጅቦች – had hegemony. Put differently, the greedy elites’ behavior of the last forty years had an “inherent behavioral similarities” with the greedy hyenas’ behavior of the “comic tales”.

One of the reasons the Ethiopian revolution dismantled the TPLF’s elites hegemony erupted like a volcanic eruption across Ethiopia is that the elites had “their bottoms sewn up” when they greedily gulped Ethiopians resources for twenty-seven years. And like “a bonnacon, a mythical, bull-like beast”,  the TPLF’s elites such as Sebhat Nega, Bereket Simon, Getachew Reda and Getachew Assefa are emitting their  “blast of smelly gas and shooting their excrement” across Ethiopia. “The terrible smell of the animals’ [the TPLF’s elites] gas and excrement” are causing ethnic violence that, so far, had displaced more than three million people so far.

The Iris remarked “The bonnacon is a mythical, bull-like beast with the mane of a horse and horns that spiral inward on top of its head. The bonnacon’s curved horns are not effective for defending itself against hunters, so instead it shoots a stream of potent dung that can burn anything in its path.”

Qualifying the phrase day hyena

To deal with Nega and Simon’s complaint, here is an impartial qualification of the phrase day hyena. Day hyena is an “insulting comment” with “clear meaning and intent”. Ethiopians use the phrase day hyena to describe a greedy, depraved, bloodthirsty, stupid as well as an unmannered and/or untrustworthy person such as Sebhat Nega, Bereket Simon, Getachew Reda, Col. Mengistu Haile Mariam (whom the TPLF’s day hyenas’ made him appear to be an angel) and Getachew Assefa. Though the TPLF’s voracious elites have been described in so many cartoons, images and terms such as tribalist, cancer, “irretrievably biased”, revisionist, thief, murder, hitmen, Nazi and sons of Mussolini’s Italian askaris and asses nothing has described them as perfectly as the phrase “day hyena”;

The below examples are proof that the TPLF’s elites have commonality of purpose with the Nazis:

  1. They looted humanitarian aid food from famine victims; for example, Bereket Simon publicly acknowledged raiding cooking oil stored for the needy when he was the TPLF’s guerilla fighter, hitman.
  2. They arrested and/or executed tens of thousands of people, including their own dear friends some of whom they had been friends with since childhood. And they executed their own teenage (12-17 years old) guerilla fighters some of whom might have been pregnant for having heterosexual relationships.
  3. They enabled their torturers, among other things, to urinate on/at/ detainees and to mutilate detainees’ genitals with pliers.

To sum up, I’m not trying to be mean by aiming at the TPLF’s criminal elites’ devilish personhood now known as evils in Ethiopian society, Ethiopian’s cancer, hatemongers, hitmen, and day hyenas, instead, I showed the “inherent behavioral similarities” between the beast within them and their counterpart – day hyena. Though equating people with an animal is an insult, paralleling people who inhumanely treated a person, including the writer’s friends and families for more than forty years with “a lesser being” is the least I could do.

To show solidarity, this article is dedicated for the TPLF’s teenage (12-17 years old) guerilla fighters, including pregnant teenagers for whom the TPLF’s elites lynched for alleged heterosexual relationships. This article is also dedicated for the TPLF’s political prisoners in the TPLF’s prison camps across Tigray.

 

/ ECADF

 

 

 

የአዲስ አበባ ስንብት!

12 Aug

Posted by The Ethiopia Observatory (TEO)

በተመስገን ደሳለኝ

 

 

 

 

 

የመከላከያና ደኅንነት ተቋማትን የማያካትት የአስፈጻሚ አካላት መቆጣጠሪያ አዋጅ ቅሬታ አስነሳ!

11 Aug

Posted by The Ethiopia Observatory (TEO)

የአዲስ አበባና የድሬዳዋ ከተሞች አስተዳደርን ጨምሮ የፌዴራል መንግሥት መሥሪያ ቤቶችን የአሠራር ሥነ ሥርዓት በሚመለከት፣ በፌዴራል ጠቅላይ ዓቃቤ ሕግ የቀረበው ረቂቅ የመከላከያ፣ የደኅንነትና የፖሊስ ተቋማትን አይመለከትም መባሉ ቅሬታ አስነሳ፡፡

ረቂቂ አዋጁ በዋናነት የሚመለከተው ሁለቱን የከተማ አስተዳደሮችና የፌዴራል አስተዳደር ተቋማትን ሲሆን፣ ተቋማቱ በሕግ የተሰጣቸውን አስተዳደራዊ ውሳኔ የመስጠትና መመርያ የማውጣት ሥልጣንና ተግባራት በሥራ ላይ ሲያውሉ በሕግ መመራታቸውን፣ ከተፈቀደላቸው የሥልጣን ክልል አለማለፋቸውን፣ እንዲሁም የዜጎችን የተሳትፎና የመደመጥ መብት ማክበራቸውን ማረጋገጥና ዕርማት የሚደረግበት ሥርዓት እንዲኖር ለማድረግ መሆኑ በስፋት ተገልጿል፡፡

የረቂቅ አዋጁ መቅረብ በአገሪቱ እየታየ ያለውን የመንግሥት ተቋማትን ብልሹ አሠራር በተወሰነ ደረጃ የሚያሻሽልና ተገልጋይ ዜጎችም በአስፈጻሚ ተቋማትና አመራሮች ላይ እስከምን ድረስ መብት እንዳላቸው ግንዛቤ የሚሰጥ ቢሆንም፣ በዋናነት ቁጥጥር ሊደረግባቸው የሚገባው የፖሊስ፣ የመከላከያና የደኅንነት ተቋማት ግን ከአዋጁ ውጪ መደረጋቸው ወይም ‹‹እነሱን አይመለከትም›› መባሉ ተገቢ እንዳልሆነ፣ ስለረቂቅ አዋጁ በተደረገ ውይይት ላይ የተሳተፉ አስተያየት ሰጪዎች ተናግረዋል፡፡

ሦስቱንም ተቋማት ከሕግ በላይ በማድረግ የፖለቲካ ማስፈጸሚያ ሆነው መኖራቸውን የጠቆሙት አስተያየት ሰጪዎቹ፣ የሕግ የበላይነት በሕዝብና በመንግሥት መካከል ያለ መሣሪያ መሆኑን፣ አዋጁም እነዚህን ተቋማት አደብ የሚያስገዛ መሆን እንዳለበት አሳስበዋል፡፡ የአስተዳደር ተቋማት ሥልጣናቸውን ያላግባብ በመጠቀም ከሚያደርሱት በደል ዜጎችን መጠበቅና በደል ሲደርስባቸውም መፍትሔ የሚያገኙበት ሥርዓት መዘርጋት ስለሚያስፈልግ፣ ሦስቱም ተቋማት በዚህ ሥርዓት ውስጥ መካተትና አዋጁ እነሱንም የሚያቅፍ መሆን እንዳለበት አስተያየት ሰጪዎቹ ገልጸዋል፡፡



የፌዴራል የአስተዳደር ተቋሞች የአሠራር ሥነ ሥርዓትን አዋጅ አስፈላጊነት ተቋማት የውሳኔ አሰጣጥና የመመርያ አወጣጥ መርሆዎችንና ሥነ ሥርዓት፣ እንዲሁም በአስተዳደራዊ ውሳኔዎችና መመርያዎች ቅር የተሰኘ ሰው የውሳኔዎቹንና የመመርያዎቹን ሕጋዊነት በፍርድ ቤት የሚያስመረምርበት ሥርዓት በመደንገግ፣ የግልጽነትና ተጠያቂነት ባህል በማዳበር አስተዳደራዊ ፍትሕን ማስፈጸም ስለሚያስፈልግ ሦስቱም ተቋማት በዋናነት በአዋጁ መካተት እንዳለባቸውና ቁጥጥር ሊደረግባቸው እንደሚገባ አሳስበዋል፡፡

ለበርካታ ዓመታት በረቂቅ ደረጃ ተዘጋጅቶ ተግባራዊ ሳይደረግ የቆየው የፌዴራል መንግሥት አስፈጻሚ አካላትን የሚመለከተውና ለመጀመርያ ጊዜ በጌትፋም ሆቴል ሐምሌ 27 ቀን 2011 ዓ.ም. ለውይይት የቀረበው ረቂቅ አዋጅ፣ በአራት ንዑስ ክፍሎች፣ 57 አንቀጾችና 67 ንዑስ አንቀጾችን የያዘ ነው፡፡

ማንኛውም የአስተዳደር ተቋም በሕግ በተሰጠው ሥልጣን መሠረት በተገቢው ጊዜ መመርያ ማውጣት እንዳለበት ግዴታ የሚጥለው አዋጁ፣ መመርያ ባያወጣ እንኳን መብቱ ወይም ጥቅሙ የተነካበት ማንኛውም ሰው ተቋሙ ውሳኔ እንዲሰጠው የመጠየቅን መብት ያጎናፅፋል፡፡ ተቋሙ ተገቢውን መመርያ ሳያወጣ ቢቀር እንኳን፣ ማንኛውም ሰው ተገቢውን መመርያ እንዲያወጣ በጽሑፍ ማቅረብ እንደሚችልና የተቋሙ አመራር በ30 የሥራ ቀናት ውስጥ መመርያውን የማውጣት ሒደት መጀመር እንዳለበት፣ ወይም በጽሑፍ ለቀረበለት ጥያቄ ምላሽ መስጠት እንዳለበትም ያስረዳል፡፡

የአስተዳደር ተቋማቱ መመርያ ከማውጣታቸው በፊት ስለሚያወጡት መመርያ ረቂቁን በጋዜጣ፣ በተቋሙ ድረ ገጽና በሌሎች የመገናኛ ብዙኃን ዝርዝር መረጃዎችን ማውጣት እንዳለበትም ረቂቅ አዋጁ ያስረዳል፡፡

የተቋማቱ አስተዳደር ውሳኔ ጥያቄ በጽሑፍ ሆኖ እንደ ሁኔታው በአካል፣ በተመዘገበ ፖስታ ወይም በኤሌክትሮኒክስ ዘዴዎች ሊቀርብ እንደሚችልና ለቀረበው ጥያቄ ወዲያውኑ ውሳኔ የማይሰጥ ከሆነ ለጥያቄ አቅራቢው ደረሰኝ መስጠት፣ ጥያቄው በተገቢው ጊዜ እንዲመዘገብና ለውሳኔ እንዲቀርብ ማድረግና ጉዳዩ የሚታይበትን ቀነ ቀጠሮ ለባለጉዳዩ የማሳወቅ ግዴታ ይጥላል፡፡ ውሳኔ የሚሰጠው የተቋሙ የበላይ ኃላፊ ወይም ሥልጣን የተሰጠው የተቋሙ የሥራ ኃላፊ ብቻ መሆን እንዳለበትም ይደነግጋል፡፡ ውሳኔ የሚሰጠው ኃላፊ ተገልጋዮች ያቀረቡትን ፍሬ ነገርና ማስረጃ መመርመር፣ እንደ ሁኔታው የሦስተኛ ወገን አስተያየት ማዳመጥ እንዳለበትም ግዴታ ይጥላል፡፡

ቅሬታ አቅራቢው ውሳኔ ከሚሰጠው ኃላፊ ጋር በሥጋ ወይም በጋብቻ ዝምድና ካለው ወይም በማንኛውም ሁኔታ ግጭት የሚያስከትልበት ከሆነ ጉዳዩን ማየት እንደሌለበት፣ በዘር፣ በብሔር፣ በቀለም፣ በፆታ፣ በቋንቋ፣ በሃይማኖት፣ በፖለቲካ አመለካከት፣ በማኅበራዊ አመጣጥ፣ በሀብት መጠን፣  በትውልድ ሁኔታ፣ ወይም በሌላ ምክንያት ልዩነት ሳያደርግ ማስተናገድ እንዳለበትም አዋጁ ያስጠነቅቃል፡፡



በፌዴራል ተቋማት ውሳኔ ቅር የተሰኘ ተገልጋይ ለአስተዳደር ተቋሙ ቅሬታ ማቅረብ እንደሚችል፣ ተቋሙም የቅሬታ ማስተናገጃ አካል ማቋቋምና ለተገልጋዩም ይፋ ማድረግ እንዳለበት፣ የቀረበው ቅሬታ ተመርምሮ ውሳኔ እስከሚሰጥ ድረስ እንዳይፈጸምም እንደሚደረግ ረቂቂ አዋጁ ያብራራል፡፡ የአስተዳደር ተቋሙ ውሳኔ ተገቢ አለመሆኑን የተረዳ ሰው፣ ውሳኔው በፍርድ ቤት እንዲከለስ አቤቱታ ለፌዴራል ከፍተኛ ፍርድ ቤት ማቅረብ እንደሚችልና የፍርድ ቤቱ ውሳኔ የመጨረሻ እንደሚሆንም ደንግጓል፡፡ የክለሳ አቤቱታው መመርያውን በሚመለከት ከሆነ መመርያው ከፀደቀበት ቀን ጀምሮ በ90 ቀናት ውስጥ መሆኑን፣ የአስተዳደር ውሳኔን ለማስከለስ ከሆነ ደግሞ ውሳኔው ከተሰጠበት ቀን ጀምሮ በ30 ቀናት ውስጥ መሆን እንዳለበትም አዋጁ ያስረዳል፡፡ ፍርድ ቤቱም ውሳኔው ሊመረመር ይገባዋል ብሎ ሲያምን ቅሬታ የቀረበበት ተቋም በ15 ቀናት ውስጥ የጽሑፍ መልስ እንዲሰጥ ማዘዝ እንዳለበት ይገልጻል፡፡

የአስተዳደር ተቋማቱ በሚያወጡት መመርያ ወይም በሚሰጡት ውሳኔ ጉዳት የደረሰበት ማንኛውም ተገልጋይ፣ የአስተዳደር ተቋሙን (የመንግሥት አስፈጻሚ ተቋማትን) አግባብ ባለው ሕግ መሠረት ካሳ እንዲከፍል መጠየቅ እንደሚችልም ረቂቅ አዋጁ ለተገልጋይ ሕጋዊ መብት ሰጥቷል፡፡

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