Tag Archives: GERD

የታላቁ የሕዳሴ ግድብ የመጀመሪያ ዙር የውሃ ሙሌት ተጠናቀቀ!

22 Jul

Posted by The Ethiopia Observatory (TEO)

አዲስ አበባ፣ ሐምሌ 15፣ 2012 (ኤፍ.ቢ.ሲ) የኢትዮጵያ ታላቁ የሕዳሴ ግድብ የመጀመሪያ ዙር የውሃ ሙሌት መጠናቀቁን ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር ዐቢይ አሕመድ አስታወቁ።

የጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር ጽሕፈት ቤት የአፍሪካ ኅብረት አባላት ቢሮ መሪዎች በሕዳሴ ግድብ ዙሪያ ያካሄዱትን ውይይት አስመለክቶ መግለጫ አውጥቷል።

በመግለጫው በቀጣናው የታየው ወቅታዊ የዝናብና የፈሰስ መጠን መጨመር ግድቡን ለመሙላት ሁኔታዎችን አመቺ አድርጓል፡፡

የግድቡን የመጀመሪያ የውኃ ሙሌትና ዓመታዊ የሥራ ክንውን አስመልክቶ፣ ኢትዮጵያ ሚዛናዊና ሦስቱም ሀገራት በፍትሐዊነት ከ ዓባይ ወንዝ እንዲጠቀሙ የሚያስችል ድርድርን ለማካሄድ ባላት አቋም ትቀጥላለች ብሏል ፅህፈት ቤቱ።

ባለፉት ሁለት ሳምንታት ከተገኘው ከፍተኛ የዝናብ መጠን የተነሣ፣ የግድቡ የመጀመሪያ ዓመት የውኃ ሙሌት ተጠናቋል ያለው ፅህፈት ቤቱ ውኃው በግንባታ ላይ ያለውን ግድብ አልፎ እየፈሰሰ እንደሚገኝ አስታውቋል።

በትናትናው ዕለት የተካሄደውን የወቅቱ የአፍሪካ ህብረት ሊቀ መንበርና የደቡብ አፍሪካ ፕሬዚዳንት ስሪል ራማፎሳ በቪዲዮ ኮንፈረንስ የተካሄደውን ስብሰባ መርተውታል።

በስብሰባው ላይም የኢፌዴሪ ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር ዶክተር ዐቢይ አህመድ፣ የሱዳን ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር አብደላ ሀምዶክ እና የግብፅ ፕሬዚዳንት አብዱልፈታህ አልሲሲ ተሳትፈዋል።

በተጨማሪም የአፍሪካ ህብረት ኮሚሽን ሊቀ መንበር ሙሳ ፋቂ መሃመትን ጨምሮ የቢሮው አባላት የሆኑት የኬንያ፣ የዴሞክራቲክ ሪፐብሊክ ኮንጎ እና የማሊ ሀገራት መሪዎች እና ተወካዮችም ታድመዋል።

ውይይቱን ተከትሎም ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር ዶክተር ዐቢይ አህመድ፥ በደቡብ አአፍሪካው ፕሬዚዳንት ስሪል ራማፎሳ አመቻችነት ለአፍሪካዊ ችግር አፍሪካዊ መፍትሄ የሚለውን ለማጠናከር ፍሬያማ ውይይት አካሂደናል ብለዋል።

በግድቡ ውሃ አሞላል ዙሪያም ቴክኒካዊ ውይይቶችን ቀጥሎ ለማካሄድ የጋራ መግባባት ላይ ለደረሱት የሱዳን ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር አብደላ ሀምዶክ እና ለግብፅ ፕሬዚዳንት አብዱልፈታህ አልሲሲም አድናቆታቸውን ገልፀዋል።

 

How Ethiopia’s River Nile dam will be filled: Great GERD design

18 Jul

Posted by The Ethiopia Observatory (TEO)

Satellite images taken between 27 June and 12 July 2020 show a steady increase in the amount of water being held back by the new mega dam, which straddles the Blue Nile in Ethiopia.

This has angered Egypt and Sudan, the two countries downstream of the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (Gerd), as the timetable for filling it is yet to be agreed at deadlocked negotiations.

Credit: BBC NewsDam picture credit: BBC News

State media in Ethiopia has backtracked after reports that suggested the dam was being filled deliberately.

But this all gives the false impression that filling up the dam will be like filling up a bath – and that Ethiopia can turn on and off a tap at will.

Can’t it be stopped?

No. The reservoir behind the dam will fill naturally during Ethiopia’s rainy season, which began in June and lasts until September.

Given the stage that the construction is at “there is nothing that can stop the reservoir from filling to the low point of the dam”, Dr Kevin Wheeler, who has been following the $4bn (£3.2bn) Gerd project since 2012, told the BBC.

From the start of the process in 2011, the dam has been built around the Blue Nile as it continued to flow through the enormous building site.

Builders worked on the vast structures on either side of the river without any problem. In the middle, during the dry season, the river was diverted through culverts, or pipes, to allow that section to be built up.

The bottom of the middle section is now complete and the river is currently flowing through bypass channels at the foot of the wall.

As the impact of the rainy season begins to be felt at the dam site, the amount of water that can pass through those channels will soon be less than the amount of water entering the area, meaning that it will back up further and add to the lake that will sit behind the dam, Dr Wheeler says.

The Ethiopian authorities can close the gates on some of the channels to increase the amount of water being held back but this may not be necessary, he says.

What’s the next stage?

In the first year, the Gerd will retain 4.9 billion cubic meters (bcm) of water taking it up to the height of the lowest point on the dam wall, allowing Ethiopia to test the first set of turbines. On average, the total annual flow of the Blue Nile is 49bcm.

In the dry season the lake will recede a bit, allowing for the dam wall to be built up and in the second year a further 13.5bcm will be retained.

By that time, the water level should have reached the second set of turbines, meaning that the flow of water can be managed more deliberately.

Ethiopia says it will take between five to seven years to fill up the dam to its maximum flood season capacity of 74bcm. At that point, the lake that will be created could stretch back some 250km (155 miles) upstream.

Between each subsequent flood season the reservoir will be lowered to 49.3bcm.

So why is Egypt unhappy?

Egypt, which almost entirely relies on the Nile for its water needs, is concerned that in most years of the filling it is not guaranteed a specific volume.

And once the filling stage is over, Ethiopia is reluctant to be tied to a figure of how much water to release as when fully operational, the dam will become the largest hydro-electric plant in Africa.

In years of normal or above average rainfall that should not be a problem, but Egypt is nervous about what might happen during prolonged droughts that could last several years.

 

/BBC News

Sudan is the most affected by filling of Ethiopian dam, says Irrigation Minister

7 Jun

Posted by The Ethiopia Observatory (TEO)

 

“Sudan is the most affected by the dam,” Irrigation Minister Yasir Abbas, June 6, 2020

 

June 6, 2020 (Sudan Tribune) – Sudan’s irrigation minister Saturday stressed the need for an agreement on the filing of the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD) saying that his country is the most affected by its construction.

 Minister Yasir Abbas made his remarks during a TV talk show with the Sudanese foreign minister Asma Abdalla on Saturday on the GERD.

The talks between Egypt, Ethiopia, and Sudan on the GERD are stalled after Ethiopian refusal to discuss the remaining issuing under a U.S.-led initiative to settle the dispute between the three countries.

“The filling of the reservoir of Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD) affects the storage in the reservoirs of Roseires and Sennar dams on the Blue Nile,” said Abbas before to stress that this makes agreement on the principles of initial filling important.

The minister further said that the operation of the Roseires Dam which is at 60 km from the border with Ethiopia depends primarily on the operation of the Renaissance Dam at 15 km from the Sudanese border.

“Sudan is the most affected by the dam,” he emphasized.

The capacity of the Roseires dam reservoir is 7,300 billion cubic meters(bcm), while the GERD water storage capacity is 74 billion which is greater than the Blue Nile yearly average flow of 49 bcm.

Ethiopia reportedly proposes to release 31 bcm of the Blue Nile flow per year while Egypt wants to receive at least 40 bcm to ensure its agricultural production.

In mid-January, the U.S. Treasury announced that the three countries agreed that the initial filling of the dam, due to begin in July, will aim for a level of 595 meters above sea level and early electricity generation while providing appropriate mitigation measures for Egypt and Sudan during severe droughts.

The minister said his country is accused by Egypt and Ethiopia of siding with either country, asserting that Sudan takes its positions based on its national interests without harming the interest of the other two countries.

For her part, the foreign minister reiterated Sudan’s rejection to start the filing of the GERD’s reservoir before the conclusion of an agreement between the three countries.

“The agreement on the principles of filling and operation is a prerequisite that Sudan has put forward throughout the different negotiating rounds,” she said. (ST)

 

 

History Will Judge [Ethiopian] Negotiators on GERD [Will It?]

20 May

Posted by The Ethiopia observstory (TEO )

By Addis Fortune, February 8, 2020

Belatedly, negotiators over the Great Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (DERD) took the rare gesture in explaining to the public the positions they have taken during tough talks with their counterparts from Sudan and Egypt. They faced a select group of people gathered at the Hyatt Regency Hotel late last week, in a forum organised by the Institute for Strategic Studies (ISA), after their return from Washington, D.C., the capital of the convener and the headquarters of the World Bank.

To their disappointment, the damage has already been done. Public perception has already been formed, seeing the negotiators in disfavour, believing that they have compromised Ethiopia’s national interest under duress from the US government and the World Bank. The Hyatt session was an attempt to redress this and assure the public that no document will be signed if it is deemed against Ethiopia’s interests. Indeed, the team, led by Seleshi Bekele (PhD), minister of Water, Irrigation & Energy, has delved into plenty of technical details to make its point and appealed for public understanding.

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Ethiopia: from autarchy to developmentalism

15 Apr

Posted by The Ethiopia Observatory (TEO)
by Ivan Cuesta-Fernandez*

    “As fast-track growth overhauls the Ethiopian society, the regime is obliged to re-consider its recipe of mixed authoritarianism and development – as Franco’s Spain was.”

On May 24 Ethiopia will celebrate its fifth parliamentary elections. A defeat of the incumbent Ethiopia’s People Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF), in power since 1991, appears as highly unlikely. Such a defeat would see the opposition making a giant stride forward from its current unique seat in the chamber. That alone reflects the EPRDF’s deliberate efforts – in the 2010 elections, marred by credible allegations of intimidation and fraud – to avoid at any rate a repetition of the ‘accident’ of 2005. Then, the regime was inflicted a devastating and utterly humiliating loss in Addis Ababa. To halt the propagation of the malaise, the then PM Meles Zenawi decided to administer the country through authoritarianism and developmentalism in equal doses. Predictably Zenawi’s death in Brussels in 2012 did not change much and his successor Hailemariam Desalegn is imparting a recipe only marginally more developmental.
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Ethiopia, Egypt & Sudan select firms to do GERD impact studies

10 Apr

Editor’s Note:

    The TPLF media have reported that Ethiopia-nominated French firm BRL Engineering has been selected to undertake the two main studies (Hydrology simulation Model and Transboundary Environmental Impact Assessment Study -IPoE). It is understood from the news report Egypt seems to have favored Dutch co Delta Raze to do the modelling work as subconsultant.

    Interestingly, in its April 9 article, Ahram had already stated, citing a source in Egypt’s water and irrigation ministry, “A French consultancy firm is likely to be selected to carry out new water and environmental studies on Ethiopia’s controversial Grand Renaissance Dam.” Was there an a priori understanding?

 

Posted by The Ethiopia Observatory (TEO)

Water ministers in Ethiopia, Egypt and Sudan selected on Thursday two international consultancy firms to conduct studies determining the impact of Ethiopia’s Grand Renaissance Dam, which has caused tensions over regional Nile river water shares.
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Egypt, Ethiopia and Sudan to choose Renaissance dam consultancy firm

9 Apr

Posted by The Ethiopia Observatory (TEO)

Egypt’s Irrigation and Water Resources Minister Hossam Moghazi landed in the Ethiopian capital Addis Ababa on Wednesday for a fifth meeting over the contested Ethiopian dam.
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Egypt uncertain which way it should go to find settlement to its problem with Ethiopia’s dam

28 Mar

By Keffyalew Gebremedhin The Ethiopia Observatory

Wala Hussein of Al-Montior reported Thursday that Egypt’s Specialized National Councils has filed to the Office of the Interim President an “important report“, along with a study and recommendation for Egypt to take the case of the Great Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD) to the International Court of Justice for arbitration (sic). The journalist indicated that the report was prepared by a team of Egyptian experts in law and international arbitration, headed by Mufid Shehab, who was part of the international Taba arbitration tribunal, the reputation of which was built around Egypt’s recovery of Taba town through armistice negotiations and agreement from Israel in 1988.
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