Tag Archives: human rights violations

20 Congressmen write their concerns about Ethiopia’s worsening situation to Mike Pompeo

22 Aug

Posted by The Ethiopia Observatory (TEO)


UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Statement on the Situation in Ethiopia

4 Jul

Posted by The Ethiopia Observatory (TEO)

“We are deeply concerned at violent events in Ethiopia this week where a prominent singer and activist from Oromia Region, Hachalu Hundessa, was shot and killed in the capital, Addis Ababa on Monday.

The killing of Hundessa sparked protests across the country, including in the capital and in Oromia Region. While some of the protests were peaceful, a number were violent from the outset. According to information we have received, roads were reported to be blocked in most parts of Oromia Region and buildings vandalised and burnt, while there was gunfire and bomb explosions in Addis Ababa.

The authorities responded to the spread of the protests by shutting down the Internet in Oromia Region, as well as in Addis Ababa, making it extremely difficult to verify reports about the number of people killed and injured. According to the Government, around 50 people were killed, while media sources indicated some 80 people had died, including three members of the security forces.

We note with concern that the protests following Hundessa’s killing have increasingly taken on an ethnic undertone. We therefore call on all, including young people, to stop carrying out ethnically-motivated attacks and to stop inciting to violence, acts that only serve to exacerbate underlying tensions.

We also urge the security forces to exercise restraint when managing protests and to refrain from using unnecessary or disproportionate force.


Ethiopian military deployed after more than 80 killed in protests


Thirty-five people were reported to have been arrested by security forces on Tuesday evening during a protest over the location of Hundessa’s funeral. According to the police, the protesters, who wanted the singer to be buried in Addis Ababa, unsuccessfully tried to prevent his body being taken to his hometown of Ambo. His funeral went ahead in Ambo on Thursday. 

The shutting down of Internet services is of particular concern as it disproportionately restricts the enjoyment of the right to freedom of expression, including freedom to seek, receive and impart information and risks further exacerbating tensions. We urge the authorities to restore Internet access without further delay.

The authorities have announced that suspects in Hachalu Hundessa’s murder have been arrested. It is essential that there is a prompt, thorough, independent, impartial and transparent investigation into his death to ensure those responsible are held accountable. The victims and their families have the right to justice, the truth and reparations.

We also stand ready to provide support to the Ethiopian Human Rights Commission in its investigation of potential human rights violations during these violent events.”

/ UN OHCHR, July 3/ 2020

Ethiopia Must End Culture of Impunity to Heal from Decades of Human Rights Violations!

2 Jun

Posted by The Ethiopia Observatory (TEO)

TEO Editor:

As a citizen, my view is that the Ministry of Peace has become too weak and putative to deliver what its name promises. This was seen and proved during ministerial meet, chaired by the Deputy Prime Minister during discussion on the Covid-19 State of Emergency implementation.

Already the office of the Attorney General had a bad start with its first occupant Abiy Ahmed appointee leaving the post to become ambassador to Australia—not a reward for a job reportedly mishandled. Likewise, the new AG assumes her task is dispensing justice, but not what the nation’s law says.

This showed the country is not ready to move forward from its decades of human rights quagmire, in the face of the AG Adanech Abebe’s reaction to the advice and suggestion the nation’s Human Rights Commissioner offered on his office’s Facebook.

The AG reacted on 25 May, among others, tweeting: “ኮሚሽኑ የሚያወጣቸው መግለጫዎች ተገቢነት የላቸውም።”

All that the Commissioner had done, consistent with his responsibilities, to issue a statement that this ministerial committee members found annoying. All that the Commission did was emphasising the need for full respect for the human rights of citizens, in accordance with core principles Ethiopia has accepted. Unfortunately, the police spend their days mistreating citizens, clubbing them around town or in prisons!

It appears we all are in post-Abiy Ahmed’s 2018 promise that now is being sarcastically referred on the social media as the Abiy Ahmed “አሻግራችኋለሁ” pledge!

For our own sakes, we need to move forward, show respect to each other. Only then can our human rights be respected and our country’s progress begins!


by Haben Fecadu* Addis Standard

But human rights violations did not end with the ouster of the Derg in 1991. The Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF) which took over leadership in 1991 also carried out serious violations—such as arbitrary detentions, torture, rape and enforced disappearances.

Again, in what seems like a repeat of history, Ethiopian youth were angry at systemic human rights repression and economic and political marginalization. They took to the streets and protested in vast numbers and in a sustained manner until there was a change of Ethiopian leadership in early 2018. This paved the way for the appointment of Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed and a new Ethiopian leadership.


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ኮቪድ-19ና የአስቸኳይ ጊዜ አዋጁ አፈጻጸምና የሰብዓዊ መብቶች አያያዝ በኢትዮጵያ

27 May

Posted by The Ethiopia Observatory (TEO)

የኮቪድ-19 ወረርሸኝ ሥርጭትን ለመከላከል፣ ለመቆጣጠር እና የሚያስከትለውን ጉዳት ለመቀነስ በኢትዮጵያ የታወጀውን አስቸኳይ ጊዜ አዋጅ እና ማስፈጸሚያ ደንብ በተመለከተ በኢትዮጵያ ሰብዓዊ መብቶች ኮሚሽን የተከናወነ የሕግና ሰብዓዊ መብቶች ትንተና

ግንቦት 2012

Legal/Human Rights Analysis of the Declaration of State of Emergency in Ethiopia in the Context of the COVID-19 Pandemic
7 May 2020

የኢትዮጵያ መንግሥት የኮቪድ-19 ወረርሽኝን ስርጭት ለመቆጣጠር መጋቢት 30 ቀን 2012 ዓ.ም. ሀገር አቀፍ የአስቸኳይ ጊዜ አዋጅ ያወጀ ሲሆን ሚያዚያ 2 ቀን 2012 ዓ.ም. የሕዝብ ተወካዮች ምክር ቤት አዋጁን ተቀብሎ አፅድቋል፡፡ ይህንንም ተከትሎ የሚኒስትሮች ምክር ቤት የአዋጁን ማስፈፀሚያ ደንብ አውጥቷል፡፡ ኢሰመኮ የኢትዮጵያ መንግሥት ያወጀውን የአስቸኳይ ጊዜ አዋጅና የማስፈፀሚያ ደንብ የግድ የሚያስብል አንገብጋቢ የማህበረሰብ ጤና ጉዳይ መኖሩን እና ይህም አካሄድ የአስቸኳይ ጊዜ ስልጣን በይፋ በሕግ እንዲታወጅና ሕግን መሠረት አድርጎ እንዲተገበር ከሚያዘው የሕጋዊነት መርህ ጋር የተጣጣመ መሆኑን ይገነዘባል፡፡

በሌላ በኩል ኮሚሽኑ ባደረገው ጥናት የተወሰኑ የአስቸኳይ ጊዜ ደንቡ ድንጋጌዎች ከኢፌዲሪ ሕገ መንግስትና የዓለም አቀፍ የሰብዓዊ መብቶች መርሆች ጋር የማይጣጣሙ ሆነው በመገኘታቸው፤ ከሕገ መንግሥቱና ዓለም አቀፍ የሰብዓዊ መብቶች ጋር እንዲጣጣሙ ለማድረግ እንደገና እንዲመረመሩና ተገቢው ማሻሻያ እንዲደረግ ምክረ ሀሳብ አቅርቧል።

ከአስቸኳይ ጊዜ አዋጁና ደንቡ የሚመነጩ አንኳር ስጋቶች እንዲሁም ሕገ መንግሥታዊና ዓለም አቀፋዊ የሰብዓዊ መብቶች መርሆችን ሳይሸራረፉ ለማረጋገጥ አበርክቶ ያላቸው የኮሚሽኑ ምክረ ሀሳቦች የተካተቱበትን ሙሉ የሕግና የሰብዓዊ መብቶች ትንተና ሰነድ በአማርኛ እና እንግሊዝኛ ቋንቋዎች ለማግኘት ከታች የተመለከተውን ማስፈንጠርያ ይጫኑ፡፡

ማስታወሻ፡ የኢፌዲሪ ጠቅላይ ዐቃቤ ሕግ በዚህ በኮሚሽኑ በተዘጋጀዉ የሕግ ትንተና እና ምክረ ሃሳቦችን አስመልክቶ በሰጠው ምላሽ የአስቸኳይ ጊዜ አዋጁ እና የማስፈፀሚያ ደንቡ የኢፌዲሪ ሕገ መንግስት አንቀፅ 93ን መሰረት በማድረግ እንዲሁም በሕገ መንግስቱ አንቀፅ 93 /4/ ሐ ስር እና ሀገሪቱ ፈርማ ባፀደቀቻቸው የሰብዓዊ መብቶች ስምምነቶች መሰረት በአስቸኳይ ጊዜ የማይታገዱ (non-derogable) ናቸዉ ተብለው የተጠቀሱትን መብቶችና ነፃነቶች በማይጥስ መልኩ እና ወረርሽኙን ለመከላከል እና እንዳይስፋፋ ለማድረግ የሚያግዙ እርምጃዎችን ብቻ መሰረት በማድረግ የወጡ እንደሆኑ አስረድቷል። በተጨማሪም የአስቸኳይ ጊዜ እርምጃዎቹ ዋነኛ አላማ መብቶችን ለመገደብ ሳይሆን “የመብቶች ሁሉ እናት የሆነውን በህይወት የመኖር መብት ለማስጠበቅ እና በዚህም እነዚህን እርምጃዎች ሳንወስድ ብንቀር ሊከሰት የሚችለውን ሌሎች በርካታ የዜጎች መሰረታዊ መብቶች የሚጣሱበትን አስቸጋሪ ሁኔታ ለመከላከል እና ለማስቀረት መሆኑ ልብ ሊባል ይገባል” በሚል ገልጿል።

Legal/Human Rights Analysis of the Declaration of State of Emergency in Ethiopia in the Context of the COVID-19 Pandemic (7 May 2020)

On 8 April 2020, the Ethiopian Government declared a national state of emergency to combat the spread of the COVID-19 pandemic and the Federal House of Peoples’ Representatives approved the state of emergency proclamation on 10 April 2020. The Council of Ministers has subsequently issued the Regulation to implement the state of emergency. EHRC recognizes the public health emergency needs for the issuance of the State of Emergency Proclamation and Regulation by the Ethiopian Government which is also consistent with the principle of legality that any such emergency powers should be officially declared and exercised in accordance with the law.

On the other hand, a study by EHRC has identified some provisions of the Emergency Regulation which are inconsistent with the Constitution and international human rights standards and need to be considered for review and possible amendment with a view to ensuring their full compatibility with the Constitution and international human rights standards.

Click on the link below to download Amharic and English versions of the full analysis outlining key human rights concerns arising from the State of Emergency Proclamation and Regulation as well as EHRC’s recommendations.


In response to EHRC’s analysis and recommendations, the Office of Federal Attorney General explained that the state of emergency was proclaimed in accordance with Article 93 of the FDRE Constitution and in a manner that does not impinge on the rights and freedoms that are not subject derogations under Article 93 (4) (c) and human rights treaties ratified by Ethiopia and based solely on measures that are meant to prevent and control the spread of the pandemic. Furthermore, it stated that the primary purpose of the emergency measures is not to restrict rights, but to “protect the right to life which is the mother of all rights and to prevent the infringement of many other fundamental human rights that would otherwise occur if [government] failed to take these actions.”



/  Ethiopian Human Rights Commission




Authoritarianism የሥልጣን ብልግና መገለጫዎች በኢትዮጵያ: በየቀኑ ነጠቃ፣ ማሠር፣ መፍታት፣ ዜጎችን ማንገላታት መደብደብ!

5 Apr

Posted by The Ethiopia Observatory (TEO)

በኤልያስ መሠረት

ከኮሮና ቫይረስ ዜና ወጣ ስንል:

– የቤንሻንጉል ሕዝቦች ነፃነት ንቅናቄ ለሰላምና ለዴሞክራሲ ሊቀመንበር አቶ አብዱሰላም ሸንገል ለ10 ቀን የጊዜ ቀጠሮ ተጠይቆባቸዉ ሐሙስ ማረሚያ ቤት እንደተወሰዱ መረጃ ደርሶኛል። ሌሎች ሁለት የፓርቲው አመራሮች የሆኑት አቶ አብዱራሂም ጠሐና አቶ አቡዱ አህመድም አብረዉ ታሥረዋል።

ከአቶ ዮሐንስ ተሰማ የደረሰ መረጃ እንደሚያመለክተው በአሶሳ ያለ ማረሚያ ቤት “አዲስ እሥረኛ አንቀበልም” ስላለ የፓርቲው አመራሮች አንድ ቢሮ ውስጥ ታስረው ይገኛሉ። የታሰሩበት ምክንያትም “ሕገ-ወጥ ስብሰባ አድርጋችኋል” የሚል ነው ብሏል አቶ ዮሐንስ።

– የአገው ብሄራዊ ሸንጎ መጋቢት 6 በእንጅባራ ከተማ የድርጅቱ የዞንና የወረዳ አመራሮች የሚሳተፉበት የምክክር መድረክ ላይ ለመሳተፍ የመጡ ዘጠኝ የሥራ አስፈፃሚዎች አልጋ ከያዙበት ክፍል ከምሽቱ 4:30 ላይ ታስረዋል።

የፓርቲው ሊቀመንበር የሆኑት አቶ አላምረው ይርዳው እንደነገሩኝ አባላቱ እስካሁን እስር ላይ ይገኛሉ። “መጀመርያ ሁከት ፈጥረዋል ተባለ፣ ከዛ ደግሞ በፀረ- ሽብር ህጉ ይከሰሳሉ ተባለ፣ አሁን ደግሞ የትግራይ ተላላኪዎች ናቸው እየተባለ ነው” ብለዋል።

ከሁለቱም ክልሎች በጉዳዩ ላይ ተጨማሪ መረጃ ለማግኘት ያደሩግኩት ሙከራ እስካሁን አልተሳካም። ተጨማሪ መረጃ ካለ እመለስበታለሁ።


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የአገራችን ወቅታዊ ሁኔታ በእጅጉ ያሳስበናል!

17 Mar

Posted by The Ethiopia Observatory (TEO)

”መልዕክተ ኢሰመጉ” ወርኀዊ የበይነ መረብ መጽሔት ቅፅ —1 ቁር—3

ተስፋና ሥጋት ይዞ በ2010 ዓ.ም የመጣው ፖሊቲካዊ ለውጥ እየዋለ ሲያድር ከተስፋው ይልቅ ሥጋቱ እያየለ መምጣቱን እያስተዋልን ነው፡፡ ለአንዱ ችግር ‹መፍትሔ ተገኘለት› ብለን ገና በቅጡ እንኳ እፎይታ ሳናገኝ ከሌላ ጥጋት ሌላ ቀውስ የሚፈጠር መሆኑ የአገራችንን ሁኔታ ‹የእንቧይ ካብ› አድርጎታል፡፡

በተለያዩ ሥፍራዎች የሚፈጠሩትና ለሰብዓዊ መብቶች ጥሰቶች መንሥዔዎች የሆኑት ግጭቶች በዋናነት የሚቀሰቀሱት የብሔር ማንነትን መሠረት ባደረጉ በክልልና በዞን የመደራጀት ጥያቄዎች፣ በክልሎች መካከል በሚነሡ የወሰን ግጭቶች ምክንያት ነው፡፡ መንግሥትም ‹‹ማንኛውም የኢትዮጵያ ብሔር፣ ብሔረሰብና ሕዝብ የራሱን ዕድል በራሱ የመወሰን መብት አለው›› ከሚለው ሕገ መንግሥታዊ ድንጋጌ ጋር በማይጣረስና ዜጎችን ለሰብዓዊ መብቶች ጥሰቶች ተጋላጭ በማያደርግ መልኩ ለጉዳዩ መፍትሔ መፈለግ ይኖርበታል፡፡

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ከሕገ መንግሥቱ ጋር ስለሚጣረሱ ሊፀድቁ አይገባም ተብሎ ክርክር የቀረበባቸውን ሁለት አዋጆች ፓርላማው ከዕረፍት ተጠርቶ አፀደቀ! ጥድፊያው ለምን ይሆን?

16 Feb

Posted by The Ethiopia Observatory (TEO)



ከሕገ መንግሥቱ ጋር የሚጣረሱ በመሆናቸው ሊፀድቁ አይገባም የሚል ክርክር የቀረበባቸውና ፓርላማውም የማፅደቅ ሥልጣን የለውም ተብሎ ጥያቄ የቀረበባቸው ሁለት ረቂቅ አዋጆችን፣ ፓርላማው በአብላጫ ድምፅ አፀደቀ።


 ከየካቲት 1 ቀን 2012 ዓ.ም. ጀምሮ ለአንድ ወር የመንፈቅ እረፍት ተበትኖ የነበረው የሕዝብ ተወካዮች ምክር ቤት፣ ለየካቲት 5 ቀን 2012 ዓ.ም. በአስቸኳይ እንዲሰሰብ በተደረገለት ጥሪ ሁለቱን ረቂቅ አዋጆች ጨምሮ በጥቅሉ በቀረቡለት ስምንት አጀንዳዎች ላይ ተወያይቶ ውሳኔ አሳልፏል።

ከሕገ መንግሥቱ ጋር ይጣረሳሉ የሚል ክርክር የተነሳባቸው ረቂቅ አዋጆች የጥላቻ ንግግርና የሐሰተኛ መረጃ ሥርጭትን ለመከላከልና ለመቆጣጠር የቀረበለት፣ እንዲሁም የኒውዮርክ ኮንቬንሽን ተብሎ የሚታወቀውን በውጭ አገሮች ለተሰጡ የግልግል ዳኝነት ውሳኔዎች ዕውቅና የመስጠትና የመፈጸም ስምምነትን ለማፅደቅ የቀረበለት ረቂቅ የሕግ ሰነድ ናቸው።

የጥላቻ ንግግርና የሐሰተኛ መረጃ ሥርጭትን ለመከላከል የተረቀቀው አዋጅ ከሕገ መንግሥቱ አንቀጽ 29 ንዑስ አንቀጽ 6 እና ኢትዮጵያ አፅድቃ የሕገ መንግሥቷ አካል ካደረገችው ዓለም አቀፍ የሲቪልና የፖለቲካ መብት ኮንቬንሽን (ICCPR) አንቀጽ 20 (2) እና አንቀጽ 19 ንዑስ አንቀጽ 3 ድንጋጌዎች ጋር ይጣረሳል የሚል ክርክር ከሰብዓዊ መብት ተሟጋቾችና ከባለድርሻ አካላት፣ እንዲሁም ቀላል ከማይባሉ የፓርላማው አባላት ቀርቦበት ነበር። ‹‹በመናገርና በፕሬስ ነፃነት ላይ ገደብ ሊጣል የሚችለው የሐሳብና መረጃ የማግኘት ነፃነት በአስተሳሰባዊ ይዘቱና ሊያስከትል በሚችለው አስተሳሰባዊ ውጤት ሊገታ አይገባውም፤›› በማለት ሕገ መንግሥቱ በአንቀጽ 29 (6) ላይ የሚደነግግ ሲሆን፣ የቀረበው ረቂቅ አዋጅ ግን ከዚህ የሚቃረን እንደሆነ አዋጁ በዝርዝር በታየባቸው መድረኮች ላይ የተገኙ ባለሙያዎችና የመብት ተሟጋቾች ተከራክረው ነበር።

ሕገ መንግሥቱ ከአንቀጽ 29 (6) በታች ባስቀመጣቸው ድንጋጌዎች ሐሳብን የመግለጽ ነፃነት ልዩ ገደብ ሊጣል የሚችለው የጦርነት ቅስቀሳዎችን፣ የወጣቶች ደኅንነትን፣ ሰብዓዊና የሰውን ክብር የሚነኩትን ለመካላከል ብቻ እንደሆነ የሚደነግግ ሲሆን፣ ረቂቅ አዋጁ ግን ይህንን እንደማያሟላ ትችት ቀርቦበት ነበር።

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Amid blackout, western Oromia plunges deeper into chaos and confusion

14 Feb

Posted by The Ethiopia Observatory (TEO)

by Ermias Tasfaye /*  , February 14, 2020


The government is once more employing repressive tactics to try and stamp out a rebellion, but they may be having the opposite effect


After he was accused of being an insurgent, prisoner Gammachu Garomsa was reportedly beaten to death by Ethiopian security forces and his body thrown into the bush at Yubdo Kebele in Oromia.

The district government said he was shot dead as he attempted to escape, though a photo of him sitting with his hands tied around his back and surrounded by Oromia regional police carrying sticks found its way onto social media.

Ijara Taddese, in his mid-twenties and a father of one, said he was assaulted with sticks and wires after being taken to a detention camp in Dembi Dollo in western Oromia. “Three soldiers forced me to lie on the ground with my back and two of them stepped on my hands and the other poured water on my mouth and nose from a full jerry can that holds 20 liters.” he told Ethiopia Insight. “That almost killed me.”

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