Tag Archives: human rights violations

Authoritarianism የሥልጣን ብልግና መገለጫዎች በኢትዮጵያ: በየቀኑ ነጠቃ፣ ማሠር፣ መፍታት፣ ዜጎችን ማንገላታት መደብደብ!

5 Apr

Posted by The Ethiopia Observatory (TEO)

በኤልያስ መሠረት

ከኮሮና ቫይረስ ዜና ወጣ ስንል:

– የቤንሻንጉል ሕዝቦች ነፃነት ንቅናቄ ለሰላምና ለዴሞክራሲ ሊቀመንበር አቶ አብዱሰላም ሸንገል ለ10 ቀን የጊዜ ቀጠሮ ተጠይቆባቸዉ ሐሙስ ማረሚያ ቤት እንደተወሰዱ መረጃ ደርሶኛል። ሌሎች ሁለት የፓርቲው አመራሮች የሆኑት አቶ አብዱራሂም ጠሐና አቶ አቡዱ አህመድም አብረዉ ታሥረዋል።

ከአቶ ዮሐንስ ተሰማ የደረሰ መረጃ እንደሚያመለክተው በአሶሳ ያለ ማረሚያ ቤት “አዲስ እሥረኛ አንቀበልም” ስላለ የፓርቲው አመራሮች አንድ ቢሮ ውስጥ ታስረው ይገኛሉ። የታሰሩበት ምክንያትም “ሕገ-ወጥ ስብሰባ አድርጋችኋል” የሚል ነው ብሏል አቶ ዮሐንስ።

– የአገው ብሄራዊ ሸንጎ መጋቢት 6 በእንጅባራ ከተማ የድርጅቱ የዞንና የወረዳ አመራሮች የሚሳተፉበት የምክክር መድረክ ላይ ለመሳተፍ የመጡ ዘጠኝ የሥራ አስፈፃሚዎች አልጋ ከያዙበት ክፍል ከምሽቱ 4:30 ላይ ታስረዋል።

የፓርቲው ሊቀመንበር የሆኑት አቶ አላምረው ይርዳው እንደነገሩኝ አባላቱ እስካሁን እስር ላይ ይገኛሉ። “መጀመርያ ሁከት ፈጥረዋል ተባለ፣ ከዛ ደግሞ በፀረ- ሽብር ህጉ ይከሰሳሉ ተባለ፣ አሁን ደግሞ የትግራይ ተላላኪዎች ናቸው እየተባለ ነው” ብለዋል።

ከሁለቱም ክልሎች በጉዳዩ ላይ ተጨማሪ መረጃ ለማግኘት ያደሩግኩት ሙከራ እስካሁን አልተሳካም። ተጨማሪ መረጃ ካለ እመለስበታለሁ።




 

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የአገራችን ወቅታዊ ሁኔታ በእጅጉ ያሳስበናል!

17 Mar

Posted by The Ethiopia Observatory (TEO)

”መልዕክተ ኢሰመጉ” ወርኀዊ የበይነ መረብ መጽሔት ቅፅ —1 ቁር—3

ተስፋና ሥጋት ይዞ በ2010 ዓ.ም የመጣው ፖሊቲካዊ ለውጥ እየዋለ ሲያድር ከተስፋው ይልቅ ሥጋቱ እያየለ መምጣቱን እያስተዋልን ነው፡፡ ለአንዱ ችግር ‹መፍትሔ ተገኘለት› ብለን ገና በቅጡ እንኳ እፎይታ ሳናገኝ ከሌላ ጥጋት ሌላ ቀውስ የሚፈጠር መሆኑ የአገራችንን ሁኔታ ‹የእንቧይ ካብ› አድርጎታል፡፡

በተለያዩ ሥፍራዎች የሚፈጠሩትና ለሰብዓዊ መብቶች ጥሰቶች መንሥዔዎች የሆኑት ግጭቶች በዋናነት የሚቀሰቀሱት የብሔር ማንነትን መሠረት ባደረጉ በክልልና በዞን የመደራጀት ጥያቄዎች፣ በክልሎች መካከል በሚነሡ የወሰን ግጭቶች ምክንያት ነው፡፡ መንግሥትም ‹‹ማንኛውም የኢትዮጵያ ብሔር፣ ብሔረሰብና ሕዝብ የራሱን ዕድል በራሱ የመወሰን መብት አለው›› ከሚለው ሕገ መንግሥታዊ ድንጋጌ ጋር በማይጣረስና ዜጎችን ለሰብዓዊ መብቶች ጥሰቶች ተጋላጭ በማያደርግ መልኩ ለጉዳዩ መፍትሔ መፈለግ ይኖርበታል፡፡

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ከሕገ መንግሥቱ ጋር ስለሚጣረሱ ሊፀድቁ አይገባም ተብሎ ክርክር የቀረበባቸውን ሁለት አዋጆች ፓርላማው ከዕረፍት ተጠርቶ አፀደቀ! ጥድፊያው ለምን ይሆን?

16 Feb

Posted by The Ethiopia Observatory (TEO)

በሪፖርተር

 

ከሕገ መንግሥቱ ጋር የሚጣረሱ በመሆናቸው ሊፀድቁ አይገባም የሚል ክርክር የቀረበባቸውና ፓርላማውም የማፅደቅ ሥልጣን የለውም ተብሎ ጥያቄ የቀረበባቸው ሁለት ረቂቅ አዋጆችን፣ ፓርላማው በአብላጫ ድምፅ አፀደቀ።

 

 ከየካቲት 1 ቀን 2012 ዓ.ም. ጀምሮ ለአንድ ወር የመንፈቅ እረፍት ተበትኖ የነበረው የሕዝብ ተወካዮች ምክር ቤት፣ ለየካቲት 5 ቀን 2012 ዓ.ም. በአስቸኳይ እንዲሰሰብ በተደረገለት ጥሪ ሁለቱን ረቂቅ አዋጆች ጨምሮ በጥቅሉ በቀረቡለት ስምንት አጀንዳዎች ላይ ተወያይቶ ውሳኔ አሳልፏል።

ከሕገ መንግሥቱ ጋር ይጣረሳሉ የሚል ክርክር የተነሳባቸው ረቂቅ አዋጆች የጥላቻ ንግግርና የሐሰተኛ መረጃ ሥርጭትን ለመከላከልና ለመቆጣጠር የቀረበለት፣ እንዲሁም የኒውዮርክ ኮንቬንሽን ተብሎ የሚታወቀውን በውጭ አገሮች ለተሰጡ የግልግል ዳኝነት ውሳኔዎች ዕውቅና የመስጠትና የመፈጸም ስምምነትን ለማፅደቅ የቀረበለት ረቂቅ የሕግ ሰነድ ናቸው።

የጥላቻ ንግግርና የሐሰተኛ መረጃ ሥርጭትን ለመከላከል የተረቀቀው አዋጅ ከሕገ መንግሥቱ አንቀጽ 29 ንዑስ አንቀጽ 6 እና ኢትዮጵያ አፅድቃ የሕገ መንግሥቷ አካል ካደረገችው ዓለም አቀፍ የሲቪልና የፖለቲካ መብት ኮንቬንሽን (ICCPR) አንቀጽ 20 (2) እና አንቀጽ 19 ንዑስ አንቀጽ 3 ድንጋጌዎች ጋር ይጣረሳል የሚል ክርክር ከሰብዓዊ መብት ተሟጋቾችና ከባለድርሻ አካላት፣ እንዲሁም ቀላል ከማይባሉ የፓርላማው አባላት ቀርቦበት ነበር። ‹‹በመናገርና በፕሬስ ነፃነት ላይ ገደብ ሊጣል የሚችለው የሐሳብና መረጃ የማግኘት ነፃነት በአስተሳሰባዊ ይዘቱና ሊያስከትል በሚችለው አስተሳሰባዊ ውጤት ሊገታ አይገባውም፤›› በማለት ሕገ መንግሥቱ በአንቀጽ 29 (6) ላይ የሚደነግግ ሲሆን፣ የቀረበው ረቂቅ አዋጅ ግን ከዚህ የሚቃረን እንደሆነ አዋጁ በዝርዝር በታየባቸው መድረኮች ላይ የተገኙ ባለሙያዎችና የመብት ተሟጋቾች ተከራክረው ነበር።

ሕገ መንግሥቱ ከአንቀጽ 29 (6) በታች ባስቀመጣቸው ድንጋጌዎች ሐሳብን የመግለጽ ነፃነት ልዩ ገደብ ሊጣል የሚችለው የጦርነት ቅስቀሳዎችን፣ የወጣቶች ደኅንነትን፣ ሰብዓዊና የሰውን ክብር የሚነኩትን ለመካላከል ብቻ እንደሆነ የሚደነግግ ሲሆን፣ ረቂቅ አዋጁ ግን ይህንን እንደማያሟላ ትችት ቀርቦበት ነበር።

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Amid blackout, western Oromia plunges deeper into chaos and confusion

14 Feb

Posted by The Ethiopia Observatory (TEO)

by Ermias Tasfaye /*  , February 14, 2020

 

The government is once more employing repressive tactics to try and stamp out a rebellion, but they may be having the opposite effect

 

After he was accused of being an insurgent, prisoner Gammachu Garomsa was reportedly beaten to death by Ethiopian security forces and his body thrown into the bush at Yubdo Kebele in Oromia.

The district government said he was shot dead as he attempted to escape, though a photo of him sitting with his hands tied around his back and surrounded by Oromia regional police carrying sticks found its way onto social media.

Ijara Taddese, in his mid-twenties and a father of one, said he was assaulted with sticks and wires after being taken to a detention camp in Dembi Dollo in western Oromia. “Three soldiers forced me to lie on the ground with my back and two of them stepped on my hands and the other poured water on my mouth and nose from a full jerry can that holds 20 liters.” he told Ethiopia Insight. “That almost killed me.”

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የተናቁ ተማሪዎች (ታጎቾች)!

1 Feb

Posted by The Ethiopia Observatory (TEO)

 

 

  በጥቂቶች ብልሹነት ከዚህ ወዲህ ያለው መንገድ የማዝቀጥ ብቻ… !  

In honor of Jawar Mohammed young man was killed, hanged upside down near Shashemene in Oromia Region. Nobody was held accountable for this crime against humanity!

 

የሰብዓዊ መብቶች ኮሚሽነር ዳንኤል በቀለ ከሰኔ ባሕር ዳርና አዲስ አበባ ግድያዎች ጋር በተያያዘ እሥር ላይ ያሉት ጋዜጠኞችና የዐብን አባሎች ከሕግ ውጭ መታሠራቸውን ገለጹ!

25 Oct

Posted by The Ethiopia Observatory (TEO)

የኢትዮጵያ ሰብዓዊ መብት ኮሚሽን ዋና ኮሚሺነር ዶር ዳንኤል በቀለ ሕግ ከሚፈቅደው ውጭ ታሥረው የሚገኙ ሰዎች በዋስ ወይንም ያለ ዋስትና እንዲለቀቁ ይገባል አሉ፡፡

 

 

አንዳንድ ተጠርጣሪዎች በእሥር የቆዩበት ጊዜ አሳሳቢ መሆኑንና አፋጣኝ እልባት ማግኘት እንዳለበትም ዶር ዳንኤል በቀለ ገልጸዋል።

ካለፈው ሰኔ ባሕር ዳርማ አዲስ አበባ ጋር በተገናኘ የታሠሩትንና እያንዳንዳቸውን የፖለቲካ እሥረኞች መሆን ላይ የደረሱትን ጎብኝተው በስም እየጠሩ እንዳግባቡ እንዲለቀቁ ጠየቁ!

Ethiopia releases Oromo journalists arrested on unsubstantiated terrorism charges

4 Oct

Posted by The Ethiopia Observatory (TEO)

Five Ethiopian journalists arrested one month ago and arraigned in court on 3 October on charges of “incitement to terrorism” must be released immediately and unconditionally, after the police failed to produce any shred of evidence for their alleged crimes, Amnesty International said today.

Says Seif Magango, Amnesty International’s Deputy Director for East Africa, the Horn and the Great Lakes:

“It is shocking that after a whole month of arbitrarily detaining the journalists incommunicado, all the Ethiopian police could produce in court was a file containing a letter they sent to the National Intelligence and Security Services asking for assistance in investigating the matter. The absence of credible evidence points to the fact that there is nothing to investigate. The Ethiopian authorities must immediately and unconditionally release these journalists and let them get on with their lives. “

The five journalists, all men, are Bikila Amenu, Abdisa Gutata; Firomsa Bekele, Gadaa Bulti and Adugna Keso. They were arraigned in court on 3 October for a pre-trial hearing after being arrested at one of their homes in the Gerji neighbourhood of Addis Ababa on 5 September 2019.



The journalists who are part of the Sagalee Qeerroo Bilisumaa, or the Voice of Youth for Freedom, have been prolific reporters on human rights violations and political developments in Ethiopia since 2011. They were a key source of information on the sustained protests that erupted in Oromia in 2015, protests that sparked the events that ultimately resulted in a change of leadership in the country.

“The use of Ethiopia’s anti-terrorism proclamation to arbitrarily arrest journalists is completely out of step with reforms witnessed in the country. This law must be revised to align with international standards and must no longer be used to harass journalists,” said Seif Magango.

 

 

Greedy like a ‘day hyena’ shouted Mom, unaware the worst is here!

29 Aug

Posted by The Ethiopia Observatory (TEO)

 

“Hate is like a poison you make for your enemy that you end up swallowing yourself.”

—David Duchovny, Holy Cow

“Ethnic stereotypes are boring and stressful and sometimes criminal. It’s just not a good way to think. It’s non-thinking. It’s stupid and destructive.”

—Tommy Lee Jones

 

by LJDemissie

Author’s note: Although I wrote this article on January 09, 2019, I didn’t try to get it published until now for various reasons, including patience. However, after watching a recommended YouTube video that contained Sebhat Nega’s interview statementspublished by Tigrai Media House on Jun 21, 2019, I was provoked to release my article. I wanted to let him know that I think of him as an evil in Ethiopian society, Ethiopian’s cancer, a hatemonger and day hyena for promoting “ethnic extremism” across Ethiopia, looting Ethiopians resources and conspiring with the TPLF’s elites to assassinate PM Abiy Ahmed by a hand grenade attack.

 

“Notoriously hungry, the hyena has long been a source of fear throughout Africa. A nocturnal hunter and scavenger, it has been associated with sorcery, evil, and trickery. During the European Middle Ages, bestiary texts adopted the hyena as a symbol for the devil’s dark deeds.” Jessica Sheppard-Reynolds

Ato Bereket Simon, who is incarcerated for alleged rampant corruptions and mismanagement of public resources, was the TPLF’s (Woyane’s) Hitman, Minster of Disinformation and Day Hyena for about forty decades. Before he was arrestedhe pitched at the TPLF’s cadres his new book (“a string of [fictionalized] stories that are, at best, littered with errors and, at worst, inaccurate”) at Mekelle University’s conference. He claimed his book contains answers to Ethiopians’ current political and economic problems. He also complained of, among other things, Prime Minster Abiy Ahmed’s unqualified usage of ቀን ጅብ, an Amharic phrase pronounced as “yekenijibi” which means day hyena.

Since it is worth understanding “yekenijibi”, this critic would present a background story of the possible origin of the phrase; would describe it in words and pictures and also deal with Simon’s complaint. So that Simon and his accomplices, including Sebhat Nega would be absolutely assured how a person who is about eight years or older interprets “yekenijibi” unmediated by prejudices.

A day hyena

Ancient Ethiopians wildlife observers noticed hyenas are scavengers and nocturnal. The prehistoric Ethiopians also thought hyenas’ daytime vision was not so great. So they thought it was completely out of character to see hyena wondering around during a daytime unless it was starving to death, disoriented or infected with rabies, which could make it much more daring than a night hyena. That led them to coin the phrase day hyena – a hyena more dangerous than a night hyena because it lost its senses. Through time they also used the phrase to describe a behavior and an act of a despicable and an extremely dangerous person who lost all its senses out of hate and/or sheer greed.

Fables on hyenas

As in Ethiopians’ classic fables, hyenas across the world are associated with immorality, treachery, greed, greedily gulping food, “feasting on corpses”, ugly appearance and “disturbing and frightening whoop loud laughter”. They are also associated with stupidity. The following “comic tales” would perfectly illustrate people around the world, including Ethiopians’ judgment of hyenas:



The Hungry Slender Hyena: The hyena has long had a bad reputation in African folklore and children’s tales as an untrustworthy, ugly cheater who is greedy as well as stupid. In one comic tale the hungry, slender hyena squeezes through a fence into a chicken coop and begins to eat to its heart’s content. Unlike the clever fox, who knows not to eat too much so he can sneak back out through the fence, the hyena eats all the birds and becomes too fat to escape. When morning comes, he is caught due to his own greed.”  The Iris, the blog of the J. Paul Getty Trust in Los Angeles, said Jessica Sheppard-Reynolds posted the story.

The Greedy Hyena: A hare and a hyena became friends, but one day the hare overheard her friend [the hyena] telling another hyena that once she trusted him enough to sleep at his place, he would eat her. Of course, the hare was worried about this and knew she had to think of a plan to save herself from the hyena’s jaws.”…

“When, on the next occasion, the hyena arrived to call on the hare, he noticed that his friend had a sack and asked what was inside it.”

“The sweetest meat you ever tasted, my friend,” said the hare. “Here, take a piece.”

“The hyena chewed the meat greedily before swallowing, “Yes indeed, it is the sweetest meat I ever tasted. Can I have some more?”

“This meat is so sweet it should only be eaten a little at a time, but you shouldn’t waste its sweetness by going to the toilet,” said the hare.

“How can you do that?” the hyena asked, looking puzzled.”

“By having your bottom sewn up, that’s what everyone who eats this meat does. I can get it done for you, if you wish.”

“I will, if you show me where the meat is,” said the hyena. Such was his greed.

“Up there.” The hare pointed at the cloud-shrouded mountain top. “There’s lots of it on mystical Kirinyaga, I’ll take you there, if you wish, and we’ll get your bottom sewn up before we go.”

They arranged to meet later and the hyena wandered over to talk to some of his sisters. The hare was having doubts about following the badger’s plan, till she overheard the hyena say to his sisters, “I’ll eat the hare, once she has shown me where to find the sweet meat.”

So, when the hyena returned, eager to be off, they went to see the ants. The badger used the bee grubs as payment for the ants’ work. The ants soon had the hyena’s bottom sewn up tightly and off they went to climb the mountain…By Lailoken, to Finish

The Woyane’s elites deservedly earned their nickname, day hyenas

Though stereotypes are “sometimes criminal”, the TPLF’s elites made their living by “exploiting pain of” ethnic diversity – politicizing ethnicity and stereotyping – among Ethiopians for more than forty years. For instance, to divide and conquer Ethiopians, the Woyane first waged a psychological warfare against the Tigrayan peasants. They were misinformed, brainwashed, tribalized and made to believe: The Amhara people are the enemy of the Tigrayan people because the Amhara people stole the Tigrayan people’s more than three thousand year old history, and they use it to brag about themselves. The Amharas invented and introduced prostitution among Tigrayan women. Moreover, Melese Zenawi told the Tigrayan people that they are the “Golden People”; he meant that they will continue dominating and ruling all Ethiopian ethnic groups for a century at least.

Ethnocentrism is extremely dangerous. For instance, “One of the most well-known and horrific examples of ethnocentrism pertains to Nazi Germany. Adolf Hitler decided he hated Jewish people, as well as other groups of people, and had many innocent people slaughtered in concentration camps.”

No one knows except for the TPLF’s elites how many innocent Amhara people the TPLF’s assassination squads slaughtered. How many innocent Tigrayan youth (the TPLF’s fighters) the TPLF’s hitmen murdered for having consensual heterosexual relationship which was banned by the TPLF? How many of those executed Tigrayan girls (the TPLF’s guerrilla fighters) were pregnant?

This critic argues that the “comic tales” of “The Hungry Slender Hyena” and The Greedy Hyena” held true to Ethiopians’ lives when the TPLF’s elites, the bloodthirsty day hyenas – የቀን ጅቦች – had hegemony. Put differently, the greedy elites’ behavior of the last forty years had an “inherent behavioral similarities” with the greedy hyenas’ behavior of the “comic tales”.

One of the reasons the Ethiopian revolution dismantled the TPLF’s elites hegemony erupted like a volcanic eruption across Ethiopia is that the elites had “their bottoms sewn up” when they greedily gulped Ethiopians resources for twenty-seven years. And like “a bonnacon, a mythical, bull-like beast”,  the TPLF’s elites such as Sebhat Nega, Bereket Simon, Getachew Reda and Getachew Assefa are emitting their  “blast of smelly gas and shooting their excrement” across Ethiopia. “The terrible smell of the animals’ [the TPLF’s elites] gas and excrement” are causing ethnic violence that, so far, had displaced more than three million people so far.

The Iris remarked “The bonnacon is a mythical, bull-like beast with the mane of a horse and horns that spiral inward on top of its head. The bonnacon’s curved horns are not effective for defending itself against hunters, so instead it shoots a stream of potent dung that can burn anything in its path.”

Qualifying the phrase day hyena

To deal with Nega and Simon’s complaint, here is an impartial qualification of the phrase day hyena. Day hyena is an “insulting comment” with “clear meaning and intent”. Ethiopians use the phrase day hyena to describe a greedy, depraved, bloodthirsty, stupid as well as an unmannered and/or untrustworthy person such as Sebhat Nega, Bereket Simon, Getachew Reda, Col. Mengistu Haile Mariam (whom the TPLF’s day hyenas’ made him appear to be an angel) and Getachew Assefa. Though the TPLF’s voracious elites have been described in so many cartoons, images and terms such as tribalist, cancer, “irretrievably biased”, revisionist, thief, murder, hitmen, Nazi and sons of Mussolini’s Italian askaris and asses nothing has described them as perfectly as the phrase “day hyena”;

The below examples are proof that the TPLF’s elites have commonality of purpose with the Nazis:

  1. They looted humanitarian aid food from famine victims; for example, Bereket Simon publicly acknowledged raiding cooking oil stored for the needy when he was the TPLF’s guerilla fighter, hitman.
  2. They arrested and/or executed tens of thousands of people, including their own dear friends some of whom they had been friends with since childhood. And they executed their own teenage (12-17 years old) guerilla fighters some of whom might have been pregnant for having heterosexual relationships.
  3. They enabled their torturers, among other things, to urinate on/at/ detainees and to mutilate detainees’ genitals with pliers.

To sum up, I’m not trying to be mean by aiming at the TPLF’s criminal elites’ devilish personhood now known as evils in Ethiopian society, Ethiopian’s cancer, hatemongers, hitmen, and day hyenas, instead, I showed the “inherent behavioral similarities” between the beast within them and their counterpart – day hyena. Though equating people with an animal is an insult, paralleling people who inhumanely treated a person, including the writer’s friends and families for more than forty years with “a lesser being” is the least I could do.

To show solidarity, this article is dedicated for the TPLF’s teenage (12-17 years old) guerilla fighters, including pregnant teenagers for whom the TPLF’s elites lynched for alleged heterosexual relationships. This article is also dedicated for the TPLF’s political prisoners in the TPLF’s prison camps across Tigray.

 

/ ECADF

 

 

 

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