Tag Archives: Jawar Mohammed

ደኅንነቱ በማይጠበቅ ሕዝብና አመራር ባጣች ኢትዮጵያ፣ መሥዋዕትነት ጠያቂ ማግሥታት!

30 Oct

Posted by The Ethiopia Observatory (TEO)

አላግባብ የታሠሩትን በመፍታት፡ በደም የተጨጭማለቀውን በጨርቅ መጠራረግ እንደመሞከር ሆኖ፣ ሕዝቡን “አለባብስው ቢያርሱ፣ በአረም ይመለሱን” አስታውሶታል!

 

 

የሰሞኑ የሕዝብ መነጋገሪያ ጉዳዮች:

መንግሥት የሕግ የበላይነትን ማስፈን ላይ ያሳየው ትዕግስት ሕገ ወጥነትን እንዳያበረታታ ሊያጤነው ይገባል ተባለ
ሰሞኑ የፀጥታ ችግር እጃቸውን ያስገቡ አካላት በሕግ ሊጠየቁ ይገባል- የሃይማኖት ተቋማት ጉባኤ
የኦሮሚያ ም/ፕሬዚደንት በጃዋር መሃመድ ላይ የተፈጸመው ተግባር ተቀባይነት የሌለውና ስህተት

ሰዉ እንዴት ሰዉን እንደ እንስሳ ያርዳል? ይሄ የሰው ፀባይ አይደለም!

 

 

ለኢትዮጵያ ዘለቄታ ሠላም ጃዋርንና መንጋውን ማንበርከክ ጊዜ የማይሠጠው እርምጃ ነው!

26 Oct

Posted by The Ethiopia Observatory (TEO)

 

 

 

ከዚህ በታች በሠፈረውና ቅዳሜ ዕለት የዐቢይ አሕመድ መንግሥት በገባው ቃል መሠረት፣ የኢትዮጵያ ሕዝብ የመጨረሻ ዕድል ሠጥቶታል!

—-000—-

“የሕግ የበላይነትን ለማረጋገጥና አጥፊዎች በሕግ ፊት ቀርበው ተገቢው[ን]

ቅጣት እንዲያገኙ ያለማወላወል እንሠራለን።”

 

የሰሞኑ ሁለት ዕይታዎች፡                      ‘ሌላ ትኩሳት’፤ ‘እውነታው ይሄ ነው’ ‘የመንጋ ክፋቱ እረኛ ማጣቱ ነው’!

15 Sep

Posted by The Ethiopia Observatory (TEO)

 

 

 

 

Why Jawar Mohammed is Responsible for the Unrest in the Southern Region of Ethiopia

11 Sep

Posted by The Ethiopia Observatory (TEO)

by Damo Gotamo

Jawar Mohammed couldn’t handle his fifteen-minutes fame. He thinks he is a big shot and above the law. He says anything he wants and gets away with it. Everywhere he goes, he makes controversial statements and agitates the youth to resort to lawlessness. His reckless actions have divided people and caused deaths and destruction in the country. Jawar’s thoughtless speeches and reckless actions are nowhere more apparent than in the SNNPR.

Jawar, the self-appointed Oromo activist and shallow political analyst, has enraged many people in the Southern region. His close personal and business association with Sidama extremists and his support for their illegal activities has caused so much suffering to the people of the region. Jawar’s flirtation with Sidama extremists and his disdain for the rest of the people in the region has made him the most despised man in the region. Talk to anyone in Awassa about Jawar, and you will observe how quickly the expression on the face of the person changes.

In his recent interview with LTV, Jawar has tried to deflect and play down his role in the crimes in Awassa and Sidama zone. He vehemently denied any wrong doing and downplayed his role in inspiring and supporting the Sidama extremists to resort to violence if they wanted to achieve their political agenda. Instead of answering the question put to him by the interviewer, he tried to rebuke her and blamed the government authorities for the problem in the Southern region. Once again, he has shown no concern about the death and destruction in the region. The ethnic extremist’s contempt for the military and federal forces who have sacrificed their lives to restore law and order in the region was apparent in the interview.

Jawar’s role in supporting the crimes of Sidama youths dates back in his refugee days in the United States. In every illegal activity that has taken place in the SNNPR and lack of peace in the area, Jawar’s finger prints are all over the place.

Through his OMN (Oromia Media Network), Jawar played a pivotal role in radicalizing the Sidama youth and sowing the seeds of suspicion among the groups. From his base in Minnesota, home of Oromo extremists, Jawar used to invite people of Sidama origin in his programs to disseminate hateful messages against people in the SNNPR. On many occasions, the self-appointed Sidama activists appearing on OMN preached division and tried to undermine the unity of the people in the region. His guests belittled the current regional structure and disseminated hate against groups in the region. The Sidama ethnic entrepreneurs often made bizarre statements to divide the people of the region.

Jawar was responsible for instigating the conflict between the Sidama and Wolita youths in Awassa in 2018. My sources told me Jawar advised his friends, the leaders of the Ejjeetto, to follow Queros tactics to achieve their goals. He told his criminal friends to restore to violence.

Last year’s mayhem claimed the lives of many people and left thousands of people homeless. Jawar didn’t condemn the crimes. Instead, he sided with the Sidama extremists and defended their crimes.

Youngman hanged during Jawar’s visit in Shashemene

Nothing good happens in places where Jawar sets foot. After overseeing the horrid lynching of an innocent man by his followers in Shashmene many months ago, Jawar went to Awassa to agitate and give moral support to his extreme Sidama friends in the city. He advised the Sidama extremists to be persistent in causing lawlessness in Awassa to achieve their goals. As soon as he left Awassa, we saw the Sidama extremists wreak havoc in the city that lasted for more than a year. The extremists forced the closure of government institutions, Banks, and hotels. They committed many crimes in the city that reduced Awassa into an economically weak city.

Little did the Sidama extremists know that Jawar had been undermining the interest of the Sidama people and others to achieve his objectives. While the value of land and property in Shashmene and other cities Oromia regions has gone up, the real estate market in Awassa has declined significantly. The slowdown has affected everyone in the region. Because of the reckless acts of the Sidama ethnic entrepreneurs, people have avoided businesses owned by hardworking Sidama businessmen. Many Sidama businesses were forced to close their doors forever.

During the 2019 Chamebella Holiday celebration, Jawar Mohammed made one of his divisive speeches to date. He encouraged the Sidama extremists to put more pressure on the government by resorting to violent tactics regularly. Inspired by the speech of the ethnic thug, the Sidama extremists unleashed a series of crimes in Awassa and cities in Sidama Zones.

The infamous 11-11-11 caused so much suffering to the non-Sidamas in the cites in Sidama zone. Among other crimes, the lynching of an 83-year grandfather; the murder of two brothers in Aleta Wondo; the brutal killing of a father and son that ended in cutting their genital caused anger and uproar among Ethiopias in the country and overseas.

Jawar didn’t condemn the crimes of the Sidama extremists. Rather, he poked fun at the misery of the people in the region and expressed his anger over the arrest of the perpetrators of the crimes. He pointed his finger at the members of SEPDM while praising the Ejjeettos and their criminal leaders. He laughed at the sacrifices of the military and the federal police forces.

Jawar is mentally unstable. He is a repeat offender and easily gets carried away if he is a center of attention. A few years ago, he made an inflammatory statement that angered many people. He made the following statement to a gathering of Oromo Muslims in Saint Paul Minnesota:

“What I say to the Oromos is this: I started talking about Islam after meeting my friend from Gonder. At the place I live, 99% of the people are Muslims. No one dares speak anything against us. If he does, we hit him with Mencha.”

Jawar is a violent man. The above statement clearly shows how violent the man is. He won’t shy away from saying anything to instigate violence between different groups. In his speech in Saint Paul, Jawar was advising his fellow Muslims to resort to violence if a Christian said anything against them.

Jawar must know he is just another ethnic extremist. He should stop acting and behaving like the head of the country. His behaviors and actions are unacceptable and are hurting many people. If he doesn’t stop behaving erratically, he will further plunge the country into lawlessness. He reminds people of the first two years of the TPLF regime.

Some Tegdaleyes and their relatives were acting as if they had conquered the world soon after the TPLF took power in the country. They were loud and boastful. However, unlike Jawar and his friends, at least the TPLfies fought the Derge regime tooth and nail. Jawar’s empty bravado is an enigma to many people. Why is Jawar acting like a bigwig? Many believe Jawar’s bizarre behavior is because of the role he played in directing the young Oromo youth to throw dung at Woyane soldiers and instructing his friends in Addis Ababa to steal the 12th grade Ethiopian School Leaving Certificate Examination (ESLCE) .

No ethnic group in the Southern region has asked Jawar to be its spokesperson. He should keep his activism to the Oromo cause and stop poking his nose in the affairs of the people in the region. People in the region don’t appreciate his attempt to divide the country’s ethnic group along Kusthtic and Semitic group. They are way far advanced than a narrow ethnic extremists like Jawar. They have lived together for generations and know how to coexistence.

If the people of the SNNPR need advice on any matter, Jawar will be the last person they will look for help. There is nothing in common between the people in the region and ethnic lords like Jawar. For the people of the region, Jawar is just another ethnic extremist. They won’t easily fall for a fast talker, ethnic and religious extremist who makes a living by pitting one group of people with another.

Jawar is a friend of ethnic extremists everywhere. By defending the Sidama extremists, he has shown his utter disdain for the 55 ethnic groups of the region. We haven’t heard him talk about Wolitas, Hadiyas, Kemebatta, and others in the region. He only talks about the Sidama extremists who have a business relationship with him. We know that he is nine million birrs richer today after brokering a deal for the acquisition of the SMN (Sidama Media Network).

Carrying an American passport won’t absolve Jawar from his destructive activities. Being an American citizen comes with responsibilities. From his divisive behavior and actions, it doesn’t appear Jawar has changed much even if he lived fifteen years in the United States.

Citizens everywhere are questioning the government why it has tolerated the destructive behavior of Jawar Mohammed. Many people believe the government should do something to stop the extremist from playing a destabilizing role in the country. He is severely undermining the efforts of the PM and hist team in restoring peace and security in the country. He belittles government officials and the military. He doesn’t know the limits of his actions. Jailing people who haven’t done anything and leaving an ethnic extremist like Jawar to say anything that destabilizes the country is unacceptable.

Jawar is responsible for the criminal activities of Sidama extremists in the SNNPR. If he doesn’t stop his destructive behavior, he must be forced to join his Ejjeetto friends in jail. He shouldn’t be allowed to continue his reckless behavior. Innocent people and members of the armed forces shouldn’t die because of a dangerous lunatic who doesn’t care about human life. No one is above the law. Jawar must know either his fifteen-minutes fame or the Queros he loves to talk about will not protect him if he tries to break the country.

 

/ECADF

OMN የኢትዮጵያን የሚዲያ ሕግ ለምን እንዲያከብር አልተደረገም በማለት VOA ላነሳው ጥያቄ፣ የኦሮሞ ብሄር መብት ተከራካሪው ጀዋር መሐመድ ክህደትን መርጧል!

24 Mar

Posted by The Ethiopia Observatory (TEO)

የኦሮሚያ ሚዲያ ኔትወርክ ዳይሬክተር አቶ ጃዋር መሐመድን ስለ መገናኛ ብዙሃን ሚናና፤ የሚመራው የኦሮሚያ ሚዲያ ኔትወርክ(ኦ.ኤም.ኤን) ስለሚያከናውነው ሥራ ጠይቀነዋል —ቪኦኤ!

 

 

Forced Eviction and Resettlement, the Jawar Factor and the Absence of International Scrutiny

15 Mar

Posted by The Ethiopia Observatory (TEO)

 by Dawit W Giorgis

Dawit woldegirorgis

I was able to go back to my country after 33 years in exile in Dec of last year.  I have thanked the government and the people of Ethiopia for creating the condition that enabled me to go back home. I am an old man by any standard. My purpose in continuing to write about Africa and Ethiopia is to share the wisdom that can only be gained only through age and experience. I have both. I have no other motives. I know some people would not like some of the contents in this article. I have no right or capacity to prescribe any solution but I have certainly the obligation to present and critically analyze the  situation.

In 1984 during the great famine, the international community viciously condemned the Ethiopian government (dergue) for the resettlement program it conducted. It accused the regime  for gross human rights violation.  The case was discussed in the UN Human Rights Council and in the US Congress several times. Though the Relief and Rehabilitation Commission (RRC) I headed, was not in charge of the resettlement program, it was responsible for the provision of food to the settlers. The program was condemned for it’s political motivation and for moving the people against their will, though the stated goal of the project was humanitarian. It was to move people from drought affected, highly congested  and degraded lands to a more productive areas of Ethiopia, to Wolegga, to Gambela and some to Bale.  Looking back, it was indeed amazing how these settlers, mostly from Tigray, Wollo and Northern Showa  regions were received. People mostly Oromos were lined up on the streets to cheer and welcome the new settlers. They later helped in the construction of their new homes, invited them to their own homes until they adjusted and helped them in every possible way without any coercion from the government. There was no doubt in anybody’s mind that the welcoming was sincere and in the best tradition of Ethiopians.  Those living, remember those days as the best of ‘Ethipiaiwinet’ and indeed it was.

Some members of the international community reported that the program had political motives particularly for those who were moved from Tigray.  I have discussed the resettlement in general and this particular project in detail in my book ‘Red Tears page 281 to 308’.   There were many such experiments on resettlement in Ethiopia but none were done to change the demography of a given area.

The last one was the brainchild of Mengistu: moving 300,000 families (1.5 million people)  from Wollo and Tigray to South Western Ethiopia, in nine months.  The stated objectives were then purely humanitarian though Mengistu included his own political agenda in this project.  The international community was merciless and consistently and strongly condemned these as human rights violations and placed sanctions on the Ethiopian regime.  It created an uproar within the international community.

Human Rights Watch states:   “ The details of the implementation of the program varied from place to place; at its worst, it was a brutal form of counter-insurgency, at its best, a fierce attack on the independence of the peasantry….In addition to the direct human cost of the resettlement program, it involved enormous indirect human costs, by the diversion of resources. Resettlement sites and transit camps received priority allocations of relief food from the RRC.” [1]

The Paradox

There was a very close scrutiny of the activities of the government then, partly because it was the times of the cold war and partly because the government’s (dergue) policies were brutal in many aspects. Fast-forward, and Ethiopia went through a 27-year ordeal that included not only forced eviction and resettlement but also ethnic cleansing, crimes against humanity, suppression of freedom of speech corruption and torture unprecedented in Ethiopian history. And yet the world kept silent. Instead it went on talking tirelessly of the fake economic growth of the nation. Meles was the darling of the West and East and there were little told about what went on behind the prison walls and the booming constructions across urban Ethiopia.  It was not because the West did not know because there were several witnesses and independent sources  which confirmed  the crimes committed by the Ethiopian regime.

In 2017 Forbes Magazine wrote about the UN Secretary General Guterres, speaking from Addis at the 28th Summit of the African Union, described Ethiopia as a “pillar of stability” in the tumultuous Horn of Africa, praised the government of Ethiopia and asked the world to show “total solidarity” with the regime. This was being said as the economy of Ethiopia was collapsing under the weight of its own corruption and the wide spread anger and rebellion of the people.

Forbes (the global media company) asks: “Why, despite ever-increasing amounts of foreign support, can’t this nation of 100 million clever, enterprising people feed itself? Other resource-poor countries facing difficult environmental challenges manage to do so. Two numbers tell the story in a nutshell:

  1. The amount of American financial aid received by Ethiopia’s government since it took power: $30 billion.
  2. The amount stolen by Ethiopia’s leaders since it took power: $30 billion

The West, including the so-called global financial institutions like the World Bank and IMF kept on hammering on the myth that that Ethiopia’s economy was the fastest growing economy.

This government, under the  previous PM, had conducted forced resettlements and the international community did not give it serious attention. Human Rights Watch reports:  “Ethiopia’s government has been accused of forcing tens of thousands of people off their land so it can be leased to foreign investors. People are being forcibly relocated to new villages that lack adequate food, farmland and facilities. Ethiopia has already leased out more than 3.6 million hectares (8.8m acres) of land – an area the size of The Netherlands “ [2]

Somehow the Ethiopian government escaped the harsh scrutiny of the UN, the US and the international community despite the obvious corruptions, oppression and human rights violations that they now shamelessly condemn while keeping silent while Ethiopian people suffered for 27 years.

Forced Eviction and Resettlement

This year, when Ethiopia and the world were expecting improved governance under  PM Abiy and the Lemma Team, the world is once again witnessing gross human rights violations, approved and told publicly by the most senior people in the government.  Some of the incidents are happening right in front of the doorsteps of the international community in Addis. These are the forced evictions of thousands of people from the homes they have lived in for over a decade and the demolition of their homes reminiscent of the destruction of houses in the occupied territories of Palestine.

People also witnessed the forced resettlement of Oromo farmers and villagers from their ancestral lands to places they have never been, without their consent. The President of the Oromo region Lemma Megersa revealed publicly, boldly and arrogantly that the forced resettlement of 500,000 Oromos was necessary. It was stated that the idea of moving people without their consent to Addis and surrounding areas was to change the demography of Addis Abeba, in favor of the Oromo tribe. It outraged and shocked people particularly because it came from Lemma, the man who was in the forefront of unity and human rights in Ethiopia. The shock reverberated across the nation putting in doubt the agenda of the leaders whom Ethiopians were quick to reward with a saintly image.  Besides creating a wave of discontent this action was also  a clear and gross human rights violation.

The AU, whose head quarter is in Addis Abeba, the  international community, the UN and the US have not condemned this blatant violation of human rights of evicting people from their homes and moving people to remote parts of Ethiopia for political reasons. Forced evictions and forced resettlements are human rights violations under international law.

United nations Human Rights Commission states:

“ Forced evictions commonly result in people being pushed into extreme poverty and as such pose a risk to the right of life itself. They have also been found to be tantamount to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, particularly when carried out with violence or with discriminatory intent. During forced evictions, people are frequently harassed or beaten and occasionally subjected to inhumane treatment or killed. Women and girls are particularly vulnerable to violence, including sexual violence, before, during and after an eviction. Forced evictions may also result in indirect violations of political rights, such as the right to vote, if persons are rendered homeless. They can also have a profound detrimental psychological impact on evictees, in particular children, who have been found to suffer both short- and long-term effects.”[3]

The silence of the PM while thousands of people were being evicted and illegally resettled, put people’s mind in doubt as to whether he was really the head of the country. International law is clearly against this

The United Nations Human Rights Commission states:

“Forced evictions commonly result in people being pushed into extreme poverty and as such pose a risk to the right to life itself. They have also been found to be tantamount to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, particularly when carried out with violence or with discriminatory intent. During forced evictions, people are frequently harassed or beaten and occasionally subjected to inhumane treatment or killed. Women and girls are particularly vulnerable to violence, including sexual violence, before, during and after an eviction. Forced evictions may also result in indirect violations of political rights, such as the right to vote, if persons are rendered homeless. They can also have a profound detrimental psychological impact on evictees, in particular children, who have been found to suffer both short- and long-term effects”[4]

There are numerous UN resolutions and declarations that make forced evictions and resettlement a human rights violation. The Expert Seminar on the Practice of Forced Evictions (Geneva, 11-13 June 1997) establishes guidelines for the practice of forced evictions under the international human rights provisions and instruments.  The guidelines state:

“Forced evictions constitute prima facie violations of a wide range of internationally recognized human rights and can only be carried out under exceptional circumstances and in full accordance with the present Guidelines and relevant provisions of international human rights law.”

Forced and violent evictions and displacements are taking place throughout Ethiopia, and the demolishing of houses by the regional authority in Legetafo is just the latest example.  The dispute over the ownership of Addis Abeba, the attempt to change the demography of the capital city and the forced evictions are   the most serious problems  that can trigger a countrywide unrest.  The international  community has been largely silent.  It is possible that the silence of the international community can  be perceived by the Ethiopian government as a green light.   PM Abiy is not a man deserving a Nobel Prize for peace unless he comes out clean from these crimes.  There could either be tacit or explicit agreement. But certainly it happened on his watch. It must be remembered hundreds of thousands of people have signed a petition calling for Burmese leader Aung San Suu Kyi  to be stripped of her Nobel Prize  because of her country’s persecution of its Rohingya  Muslim minority.

For the sake of political stability, the Ethiopian government should rescind the policy of forced evictions, resettlement and land grabbing without due process of law.   If forced evictions continue unabated, Ethiopia can plunge into a civil war a political tensions rise

Hate Speech and Radicalization: The Jawar Factor.

The government has allowed extremists like Jawar Mohamed, the CEO of the Oromo Media Network (OMN), legally registered in Ethiopia to spread ethnic and religiously motivated hate speech.   PM Abiy’s tolerance of Jawar is perplexing.   Giving unchecked political power to extremists like Jawar can only further exacerbate the already tense political environment.   Some political observers suspect that there is either an explicit or implicit understanding between the PM and Jawar.  If that is the case, PM Abiy is allowing Jawar’s extreme voice to influence the youth, particularly in the Oromo region.  In any other country Jawar would have ended up in prison and prosecuted for crimes of incitements and possibly for terrorism.

OMN reminds one of Radio Télévision Libre des Milles  Collines (RTLM),  the hate radio that was instrumental in the Rwandan Genocide. “ It’s stated aim was “to create harmonious development in Rwandese society” but nothing could have been further from the truth, It was set up and financed by Hutu extremists to prepare the people of Rwanda for genocide by demonizing the Tutsi and encouraging hate and violence. Some people –including the Belgian ambassador and staff of several aid agencies –recognized the danger and asked for international help in shutting down the broadcast, but it was impossible to persuade Western diplomats to take it seriously. They dismissed the station as a joke” [5]

General Romeo Dallaire, the Canadian commander of the UN peacekeeping operation in Rwanda at the time of the genocide, said: “Simply jamming [the] broadcasts and replacing them with messages of peace and reconciliation would have had a significant impact on the course of events.” His advise was ignored and the UN and the international community regrets with great humility and embarrassment that, had it acted earlier the genocide would probably have not taken place.  There is a red line between freedom of expression and hate speech,  oratory and incitement. It is well established in the international legal instruments.

Security Council resolution 1624 (2005) further

“1. Calls upon all States to adopt such measures as may be necessary and appropriate and in accordance with their obligations under international law to:

(a) Prohibit by law incitement to commit a terrorist act or acts

(b) Prevent incitement to commit a terrorist act or acts

(c) Deny safe haven to any persons with respect to whom there is credible and relevant information giving serious reasons for considering that they have been guilty of incitement to commit a terrorist act or act

The UN resolution clearly leaves the responsibility to governments what to define what constitutes a terrorist act.  Many governments have defined it to use it

Based on these general guidelines the AU defines terrorism  as follows

Terrorist act means:

  • Any act which is a violation of the criminal laws of a State Party and which may endanger the life, physical integrity or freedom of, or cause serious injury or death to, any person, any number or group of persons or causes or may cause damage to public or private property, natural resources, environmental or cultural heritage and is calculated or intended to:
  • 3 (i) intimidate, put in fear, force, coerce or induce any government, body, institution, the general public or any segment thereof, to do or abstain from doing any act, or to adopt or abandon a particular standpoint, or to act according to certain principles; or

(ii) disrupt any public service, the delivery of any essential service to the public or to create a public emergency; or

(iii) create general insurrection in a State.

(b) any promotion, sponsoring, contribution to, command, aid, incitement, encouragement, attempt, threat, conspiracy, organizing, or procurement of any person, with the intent to commit any act referred to in paragraph (a) (i) to(iii). “

Though the previous regime in Ethiopia defined terrorism to stifle dissent and freedom of expression, there are ways for  democratic governments to define it in the genuine interest of the people. The implications of the absence of a universal definition of terrorism for legal purposes are wide-ranging.  I believe that Ethiopian government is conducting a study to replace the revamped pervious anti terrorism law. In doing so care will be taken so that the new law does not define terrorism in a manner that can restrict the freedom of people and violate the individual rights of expression, movement and actions. A suitable universal definition is elusive because different governments   have different definitions to suit their own particular politics and agenda. The UN and the AU, as indicated above,  have established the parameters and for now that should be sufficient to investigate people like Jawar Mohamed for terrorism or crime under the criminal law of the country or deport him to face the law in the US if he is a  US citizen.

A reasonable government should investigate all the activities, speeches, source of funds, affiliations   and their effects on current and future peace and stability and make him accountable through due process of law. Not doing so makes the government itself an accessory or a silent collaborator in what are believed to be  serious crimes.

ENDNOTE

[1] [1]https://www.hrw.org/sites/default/files/reports/Ethiopia919.pdf

[2] https://www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-16590416

[3] https://www.ohchr.org/Documents/Publications/FS25.Rev.1.pdf

[4] (https://www.ohchr.org/Documents/Publications/FS25.Rev.1.pdf).

[5] http://www.rwandanstories.org/genocide/hate_radio.html

 

/Zehabesha, March 15/2019

 

በሚድሮክ ወርቅ ላይ የቀረበው ውንጀላ ሌላ ገፅታ አለው ተባለ! የሕወሃቱ ኢዛናም ሚድሮክ 40ቶን ሳይናይዱን እንዲሠጠው ጠይቆ ነበር!

13 Feb

Posted by The Ethiopia Observatory (TEO)

ዋዜማ ራዲዮ- ትውልደ ኢትዮጵያዊውና ሼክ መሀመድ አላሙዲን  ከእስር ከተለቀቁ በሁዋላ ኢትዮጵያ ውስጥ ካላቸው ኢንቨስትመንት እንዳልሆነ ሆኖ የሚያገኙት የሜድሮክ ወርቅ ማዕድን ሀላፊነቱ የተወሰነ የግል ማህበርን ነው። ኢትዮጵያ በዚህ በጀት አመት ስድስት ወራት የተለያዩ ማእድናትን ለውጭ ገበያ አቅርባ ያገኘችው የእቅዷን አምስት በመቶ መሆኑን ይህም ፣ ከ30 ሚሊየን የአሜሪካ ዶላር ብዙም ያልበለጠ ፣ በብዙ መለኪያም አጅግ ዝቅተኛ ነው። ለዚህ ማሽቆልቆል ደግሞ የሚድሮክ ወርቅ ማዕድን የማምረቻ ፍቃድ ባለፈው አመት መታገዱን ተከትሎ የተከሰተ ነው። ሚድሮክ ወርቅ ስራ ላይ በነበረባቸው ወቅቶች በአመት እስከ 200 ሚሊየን የአሜሪካ ዶላር ለኢትዮጵያ ያስገኝ እንደነበር መንግስት ራሱ በተደጋጋሚ ሲናገር ተሰምቷል።

ባለፈው አመት ሜድሮክ ወርቅ ለአስር አመታት ወርቅ እንዲመያርት የሚያስችለው ፍቃድ በማዕድን ነዳጅና የተፈረጥሮ ጋዝ ሚኒስቴር ከታደሰለት በሁዋላ አካባቢን በክሏል ተብሎ በተነሳ ተደጋጋሚ ህዝባዊ ተቃውሞ መንግስት ላይ ተጽእኖ በመድረሱ የወቅቱ የ ማዕድን ነዳጅና የተፈጥሮ ጋዝ ሚኒስቴር ከግንቦት 1 ቀን 2010 አ.ም ጀምሮ የአካባቢ በካይነት ሁኔታው በገለልተኛ አካል እስኪጠና ድረስ ሜድሮክ ወርቅ ፍቃዱ ታግዶ ምርት እንዲያቆም ይደረጋል። ኩባንያው ስራ ካቆመ ዘጠኝ ወር ሆኖታል።

ሜድርክ ኩባንያ ወርቅ ለማንጠር የሚጠቀምበት ኬሚካል አካባቢን በክሏል ተብሎ ቢዘጋም ኩባንያው ደግሞ የተነሳብኝ ተቃውሞ እና የተወሰደብኝ እርምጃ ፖለቲካዊ ነው ሲል ይከራከራል።

ዋዜማ ከተለያዩ ምንጮች ያሰባሰበችው  ማስረጃ ለሚድሮክ መዘጋት ዋና ሰበቡ የአካባቢ ብክለት ነው የሚለውን ክስ ጥያቄ ውስጥ የሚከት ነው። ለአብነትም በኦሮምያ በሰዎች ላይ ጉዳት ያደረሰ አደገኛ የተባለውን ኬሚካል ሚድሮክ ለትግራይ ክልል እንዲያበድር መንግስት ራሱ አማላጅ ሆኖ ጠይቆታል።

የአሁኑ ማዕድን ሚኒስቴር ሜድሮክ ለወርቅ ማንጠሪያነት የሚጠቀምበትን ሶዲየም ሳናይድ የተሰኘውን ኬሚካል ትግራይ ላለው ወርቅ አምራች ኢዛና ማዕድን ልማት ሀላፊነቱ የተወሰነ የግል ማህበር በብድር መልክ እንዲሰጠው መጠየቁን የሚያሳይ ደብዳቤ አግኝተናል። ሜድሮክ ምርት እያመረተ ስላልሆነ ለወርቅ ምርት የሚያስፈልገውን ሶዲየም ሳናይድ የተባለውን የወርቅ ማንጠሪያ ኬሚካል ካለው ክምችት ውስጥ 40 ቶን ሶዲየም ሳናይድ ለኢዛና መአድን በብድር መልክ እንዲሰጠው ነው የተጠየቀው። ኢዛና ማዕድን በሶዲየም ሳናይድ ኬሚካል እጥረት ምክንያት ወርቅ ማምረት አቁሟል። ለዚህ ነው በመአድን ሚኒስቴር በኩል የብድር ምልጃ ከሜድሮክ የተጠየቀለት።

እዚህ ጋር የሚነሳው ዋናው ጥያቄ ግን ሜድሮክ የሚጠቀመው ኬሚካል አካባቢ በከለ ከተባለ እንዴት መአድን ሚኒስቴር ኬሚካሉን ለኢዛና መአድን አምራች እንዲሰጠው ጠየቀለት የሚለው ነው። ይህ ማለት ማዕድን ሚኒስቴር ኬሚካሉ ወርቅን ለማምረት ምንም ችግር እንደሌለበት ያምናል ማለት ነው።

ሜድሮክ ወርቅ ማዕድን ኩባንያ ታድያ ከ ማዕድን ሚኒስቴር ለተጻፈለት ደብዳቤ ሲመልስ “በኬሚካል አካባቢ በክለሀል ብላቹ ፍቃዴን ነጥቃችሁ ፣ ይህም ጉዳይ እየተጠና እንደሆነ እያወቃችሁ የኬሚካል ብድር ጠይቃችሁኛል ፣ ያላችሁትን 40 ቶን ኬሚካል ለማበደር ፍቃደኛ ነኝ ፣ ነገር ግን ንብረቴ እገዳ ስላለበት የማጓጓዙን ሀላፊነት ራሳችሁ ውሰዱ”  ሲል ምላሽን ሰጥቷል።

 እርግጥ ሜድሮክ ጎልድ የማምረት ፍቃዱ የታገደው ሶዲየም ሳናይድን ስለተጠቀመ ሳይሆን ኬሚካሉን የተጠቀመበት መንገድ ጥንቃቄ ስላልተሞላበት ነው የሚል ነገር ሊነሳ ይችላል። ግን እዚህም ጋር ሌላ በባለሙያዎችና አካባቢውን በሚያውቁ የሚነሳ አብይ ጉዳይ አለ።

ጥንቃቄ የጎደለው የኬሚካል አጠቃቀም ከተነሳ ሜድሮክ ወርቅ የሚያመርትበት ኦሮምያ ክልል በአዶ ሻኪሶ ወረዳ ለገደንቢ አካባቢ ሻኪሶ ከተማ አቅራቢያ ሜድሮክ ብቻ ሳይሆን በአስር ሺህ የሚቆጠሩ ዜጎች ወርቅን በዘመናዊም ሆነ ባህላዊ መንገድ ያመርታሉ። እነዚህ አካላት አደጋን የሚያስከትሉ ኬሚካሎችንም ይጠቀማሉ።

ዋዜማ ራዲዮ ያገኘችው መረጃ እንደሚያሳየው እዚህ አካባቢ ያሉ ባህላዊ ወርቅ አምራቾች ወርቅን  ለማንጠር ሜርኩሪን ሳይቀር ይጠቀማሉ። ከሶዲየም ሳናይድ አንጻር ሲታይ ሜርኩሪ በከፍተኛ ደረጃ አካባቢ በካይና አደገኛ ነው ። ሶዲየም ሳናይድ በጥንቃቄ ጥቅም ላይ ውሎ ተረፈው ከሌላ ንጥረ ቁስ ጋር ከተዋሀደ የጎላ ጉዳት እንደማያስከትል ባለሙያዎች ይናገራሉ። ሀገር ውስጥ ሲገባም ብሄራዊ ደህንነት መስሪያ ቤትም ክትትል ያደርግበታል። ሜርኩሪ ግን ጭራሽ ወርቅ እንዳይመረትበት፣  በሜርኩሪ የተመረተ ወርቅ ራሱ በፍጹም ለአለም አቀፍ ገበያ እንዳይቀርብ አለማቀፍ ስምምነት አለ። ይህም የሚናማታ ስምምነት (ኮንቬንሽን) ይባላል። ስምምነቱ በተፈረመባት የጃፓን ከተማ የተሰየመ ነው። ኢትዮጵያ የዚህ ስምምነት ፈራሚ ነች። ነገር ግን ሜርኩሪ በኮንትሮባንድ እየገባ በስፍራው ለወርቅ ምርት እንደሚውል የታወቀ ነው።

ከጥቂት ወራት በፊት የተዘጋው እዛው ሜድሮክ ወርቅ አካባቢ ያለው የአዶላ ወርቅ ማምረቻ ፋብሪካ ወርቅን ለማንጠር ሜርኩሪን ይጠቀም እንደነበር በግልጽ ተናግሯል። ይህም ብቻ ሳይሆን ሜድሮክ ወርቅ በሼክ መሀመድ አላሙዲን ከመገዛቱ  በፊት የለገደንብ ወርቅ ማምረቻ በሚል ስያሜ እያለ ከሀይለ ስላሴ ጀምሮ በፋብሪካው ወርቅ ሲመረት የቆየው በሜርኩሪ ነበር። በዚህም ሳቢያ ስፍራው ለበርካታ አመታት ብክለት ሲያጋጥመው የቆየ ነው። ታድያ እዚህ ጋር የሚነሳው ጥያቄ እነዚህ ውስብስብ ነገሮች ባሉበት ሁኔታና ወርቅ በአደገኛ ሜርኩሪ በሚነጠርበት አካባቢ ሚድሮክ ብቻ በምን መስፈርት ተለይቶ በበካይነት ፍቃዱ ታገደ? ለሚለው ጥያቄ ምላሽ የሰጠ አካል የለም።

በአሁኑ ወቅት ሚድሮክ ወርቅ ማዕድን ሀላፊነቱ የተወሰነ የግል ማህበር በአከባቢ እና በሰው እንዲሁም በእንስሳት ላይ የሚያደርሰውን ተጽእኖ አስመልክቶ ከጤና ሚኒስቴር ከአካባቢ ጥበቃ ከማዕድን ሚኒስቴርና ከቡሌ ሆራ ዩኒቨርሲቲ የተውጣጣ የባለሙያዎች ቡድን ጥናትን እያጠና ነው። ቡድኑ መጀመርያ ላይ የገንዘብ እጥረት አጋጥሞት ስራ መስራት ባለመቻሉ የካናዳ መንግስት ባቀረበው የ15 ሚሊየን ብር ድጋፍ ነው ከስድስት ወር ጀምሮ የተጽእኖ ጥናት ግምገማን ማካሄድ የጀመረው። እስካሁንም ጥናቱ አላለቀም።

በጥናቱ ወቅትም ግን ቡድኑ ችግር እንዳጋጠመው ዋዜማ ራዲዮ አረጋግጣለች። እሱም በሚድሮክ የወርቅ ማምረት ሂደት ምክንያት የአካል ጉዳት ደርሶባቸዋል ተብሎ በመገናኛ ብዙሀንና በመብት ተሟጋቾች ምስላቸው ሲቀርቡ ነበሩ ሰዎች አለመገኘታቸው ነው። ለጥናቱ ውጤታማነት ጉዳት ደርሶባቸዋል ከተባሉ ሰዎች የጸጉርን ጨምሮ የተለያዩ የሰውነት አካላት ቅንጣቶች (DNA)ችግሩ የደረሰባቸው በኬሚካል ለመሆኑ ማረጋገጫ ይጠቅማሉ። ነገር ግን የጥናት ቡድኑ እነዚህን ሰዎች ማግኘት አልቻለም። የሚድሮክ ወርቅ ኬሚካል ሰለባ ናቸው የተባሉ ሰዎች መጀመርያ ላይ የቀድሞ የ ማዕድን ነዳጅና የተፈጥሮ ጋዝ ሚኒስትሩ አቶ ሞቱማ መቃሳ ስፍራውን ሲጎበኙ ቀርበውላቸው ነበር። የጥናት ኮሚቴው ሲሄድ ግን እነዛው ሰዎች መጥፋታቸው ነገሩን ውስብስብ አድርጎታል።

የነገሩን ፖለቲካዊ ውስብስብነት የኦሮምያ ክልል ርእሰ መስተዳድር አቶ ለማ መገርሳ እንደተረዱትም መረጃ አለን። በሚድሮክ ወርቅ ላይ ሌሎች የጥቅም ፍላጎት እንዳላቸውም ነገሩን ፖለቲካዊ ገጽታ ማላበሱም የመነጨው ከዚህ እንደሆነ የሚያሳዩ መረጃዎች አሉ።እርግጥ ሚድሮክ የወርቅ ማምረቻውን ከመንግስት የገዛበት መንገድ ብዙ የፍትሀዊነት ጥያቄ የሚነሳበት ነው። ስራውን ሲሰራ ትርፍና ኪሳራው ይፋ የሚሆንበት መንገድም እንዲሁ ድብቅ ነው።

በማዕድን ማምረት ላይ ጥቅም ላይ የሚውሉ አደገኛ ኬሚካሎች አያያዝና አጠቃቀም፣ ከሁሉ አስቀድሞ ደግሞ የኢንቨስትመንት ፈቃድ በሚሰጥበት አሰራር ላይ ፍተሻ ማድረግ አሰፈላጊ ነው። የጥናት ውጤቱ ይፋ ሲሆን፣ ለሚድሮክ የኢንቨስትመንቱ ዕጣ ፈንታ ይለያል። ውዝግቡና ግብግቡ ግን ከአካባቢና ብክለት ተቆርቋሪነት ይልቅ ፖለቲካዊ ጥልፍልፉ እያገነገነ ነው።

 

/Wazema Radio

 

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Ethiopia protests force top gold mining firm MIDROC to shut down …

 

ኢሳትና ኦ ኤም ኤን የተባሉ የቴሌቪዥን ጣቢያዎች እንዲሁም የዶ/ር ብርሃኑ ነጋና ጃዋር መሀመድ ክሶች ተቋረጠ!

29 May

Posted by The Ethiopia Observatory (TEO)

አዲስ አበባ፣ ግንቦት 21፣ 2010 (ኤፍ.ቢ.ሲ) የፌደራሉ ጠቅላይ አቃቤ ህግ ተቀማጭነታቸው በውጭ ሀገር በሆነው ኢሳት እና ኦ ኤም ኤን የተባሉ የቴሌቪዥን ጣቢያዎች እንዲሁም በዶክተር ብርሃኑ ነጋ እና ጃዋር መሀመድ ላይ የከፈተው ክስ እንዲቋረጥ ጠይቋል።

በፌደራል ጠቅላይ አቃቤ ህግ የተደራጁ ድንበር ተሻጋሪ ሀገራዊ ጉዳት የሚያስከትሉ ወንጀሎች መከታተያ ዳይሬክቶሬት ዳይሬክተር አቶ ብርሃኑ ወንድማገኝ ለፋና ብሮድካስቲንግ ኮርፖሬት እንደተናገሩት፥ በአዋጅ ቁጥር 943//08 አንቀፅ 6 ንዑስ ቁጥር 3/ሀ/ መሰረት ክሱ እንዲነሳ ተወስኗል።

የፌደራል ጠቅላይ አቃቤ ህግ ለፌደራሉ ከፍተኛ ፍርድ ቤት 19ኛ ወንጀል ችሎት ክስን ስለማንሳት በፃፈው ደብዳቤ በእነ ዶክተር መረራ ጉዲና መዝገብ ስር የሚገኙት እነዚህ ተቋማትና ግለሰቦች ክስ እንዲቋረጥ ዛሬ የጠየቀ ሲሆን፥ ፍርድ ቤቱም ጥያቄውን ተቀብሏል።

ግለሰቦቹ በሕገ መንግሥቱና ሕገ መንግሥታዊ ሥርዓቱን በኃይል ለማስወገድ ሙከራ ወንጀል እንዲሁም የቴሌቪዥን ጣቢያዎቹ ደግሞ ግለሰቦቹ የሚያስተላልፉትን ጥሪ በመቀበልና የሽብር ቡድን ድጋፍ በማድረግ በዋና ወንጀል ላይ ተካፋይ በመሆን የሽብር ተግባር ወንጀል ተከሰው እንደነበር ነው በወቅቱ የአቃቤ ህግ የክስ መዝገብ ይገልፅ የነበረው።

ተዛማጅ:

ጠ/ሚሩ የዜጎችን ሰብአዊ መብት የማስከበርና የማክበር ተልዕኮ መግሥታቸው እንደሚያከብር አረጋገጡ!

አዲስ አበባ፣ ግንቦት 21፣ 2010 (ኤፍ.ቢ.ሲ) መንግስት የዜጎችን ሰብአዊ መብት የማስከበርና የማክበር ተልእኮን ለመደገፍ ቁርጠኛ እንደሆነ ማረጋገጡን የኢትዮጵያ ሰብአዊ መብት ኮሚሽን ገለፀ።

የኢፌድሪ ጠቅላይ ሚንስትር ዶክተር አብይ አህመድ ከኢትዮጵያ ሰብአዊ መብት ኮሚሽን ኮሚሽነር ዶክተር አዲሱ ገብረእግዚአብሄር ጋር ተወያይተዋል።

የኢትዮጵያ ሰብአዊ መብት ኮሚሽነር ዶክተር አዲሱ ገብረእግዚአብሄር ውይይቱን አስመልክቶ በሰጡት መግለጫ፥ ከጠቅላይ ሚንስትር ዶክተር አብይ ጋር በሀገሪቱ በሚፈፀሙ የሰብአዊ መብት ጥሰቶች ዙሪያ መወያየታቸውን ገልፀዋል።

በውይይታቸውም በተለይ ኮሚሽኑ የሚወስናቸውን ውሳኔዎች በመቀበል እና በመተግበር በኩል የክልል እና ፌደራል ተቋመት ላይ ክፍተት እና የቁርጠኝነት ችግር እንዳለ መነሳቱንም አብራርተዋል።

በነዚህ አካላት ላይ ክትትል እና ቁጥጥር እንዲደረግ ማሳሰቢያ መስጠት የሚያስችል ውይይት መደረጉንም ዶክተር አዲሱ አስታውቀዋል።

ዜጎች በሰብአዊ መብት ጉዳይ ዙሪያ ያላቸውን ግንዛቤ የማዳበር ስራ ከኮሚሽኑ በተጨማሪ የመንግስት እና የፍትህ አካላት ስራ ሊሆን እንደሚገባ መወያየታቸውንም ዶክተር አዲሱ ተናግረዋል።

ግንዛቤ የማዳበር ስራው የእነዚህን አካላት ቁርጠኝነት የሚጠይቅ እንደሆነም በውይይቱ መነሳቱን አብራርተዋል።

ጠቅላይ ሚንስትር ዶክተር አብይ የዜጎችን ሰብአዊ መብት የማስከበርና የማክበር ተልእኮን ለመደገፍ ቁርጠኛ እንደሆኑ በውይይቱ ማረጋገጣቸውን ነው ዶክተር አዲሱ የተናገሩት።

ከመብት ጥሰቶች ጋር ተያይዞም በዜጎች የሚነሱ ጥያቄዎችን በመመለስ እና ኮሚሽኑ በምርመራ በሚለያቸው ጉዳዮች ላይ በመመስረት ቁርጠኛ እና ተግባራዊ ምላሽ ለመስጠት ዝግጁ እንደሆኑ ማረጋገጣቸውንም ዶክተር አዲሱ ገልፀዋል።

ዶክተር አዲሱ ገብረእግዚአብሄር አያይዘውም፥ በአማራ፣ ኦሮሚያ እና ደቡብ ክልል አንዳንድ አካባቢዎች ተከስቶ በነበረው ግጭት የመብት ጥሰት ውስጥ የገቡ የአስፈጻሚ፣ የፀጥታ እና የአስተዳደር አካላት እንደተለዩም ተናግረዋል።

በእነዚህ አካላት የተፈፀሙ የመብት ጥሰቶች ዝርዝር መረጃንም ለህዝብ ተወካዮች ምክር ቤት ለማቅረብ ኮሚሽኑ ዝግጅቱን እንዳጠናቀቀ እና መድረክም እንደተያዘለት ነው ያስታወቁት።

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