Tag Archives: liyu police

ሰመጉ በኦሮሚያና የሶማሌ ክልሎች የፀጥታ አካላት የመብት ጥሰቶችን መፈፀማቸውን በሪፖርቱ ገለፀ

1 Aug

Posted by The Ethiopia Observatory (TEO)

ቢ.ቢ.ሲ. አማርኛ

የሰላሳ ዓመቷ ሩሚያ ሱሌ መስከረም 01 ቀን 2010 ዓ.ም ከጂግጂጋ ተፈናቅላ የመጣች ሲሆን “ራበን ዳቦ ስጡን” የሚል ጥያቄ በማንሳቷ በመከላከያ ሰራዊት አባላት በጥይት ተመትታ ህይወቷ ማለፉን የሰብዓዊ መብቶች ጉባኤ ዛሬ ያወጣው ሪፖርት ያትታል።

ሪፖርቱ በኢትዮጵያ ሶማሌ እና በኦሮሚያ ክልል የተለያዩ ዞኖች የተፈፀሙ ሰብዓዊ መብት ጥሰቶችን በዝርዝር ያስቀመጠ ሲሆን ከጥር 29 2009 ዓ.ም እስከ ጥር 2010 ዓ.ም ያለውን ጊዜ ይሸፍናል።

በኢትዮጵያ ብሔርን መሰረት ያደረጉ ግጭቶች በባለፉት ሁለት ዓመታት የብዙዎችን ህይወት ቀጥፏል፣ ንብረት ወድሟል እንዲሁም የሀገሪቷን ህልውናም አደጋ ላይ ጥለውታል።

በተለይም በኦሮሞና በኢትዮጵያ ሶማሌ ብሔር ተወላጆች መካከል ያለው ግጭት እጅጉን ተባብሶ እና መልኩን ቀይሮ ወደ ጥቃት በመቀየር አስከፊና አስፈሪ ደረጃ ላይ ደርሷል።

•    በርካታ ሰዎች ከሞያሌ በመሸሽ ወደ ኬንያ ገብተዋል

•    በኦሮሚያና ሶማሌ ክልሎች ድንበር ግጭት የገዳ ስርዓት መፍትሔ ለምን አላመጣም?

ከግጭቱም ጋር በተያያዘ ሰላምን ሊያስከብሩ የተሰማሩ የመከላከያ ሰራዊት፣ በልዩ ፖሊስና የፀጥታ አካላት በሰብዓዊ መብት ጥሰት በቀጥታ ተሳታፊ እንደሆኑም ሪፖርቱ ያትታል።

ብዙዎችን በመግደል፣ አስገድዶ በመድፈር፣ በዝርፊያና በማሰቃያት ተሳታፊ ናቸው በማለትም ይወነጅላቸዋል። ደብዛ የማጥፋት ወንጀሎች በሁለቱም ክልሎች መፈፀማቸውን ጠቁሟል

በሁለቱ ክልሎች በብዙ መቶዎች የሚቆጠሩ ሴቶችም እንደተደፈሩ ሪፖርቱ አስቀምጧል።

ከነዚሀም ውስጥ በጅግጅጋ ዩኒቨርሲቲ የ2ኛ ዓመት ተማሪ የነበረች አንዲት ሴት በሶማሌ ክልል ልዩ ኃይል አባላት ለሶስት ከመደፈር በተጨማሪ፣ በዱላ እንደተደበደበችና በጩቤ እንደተወጋች ሪፖርቱ ጨምሮ ያትታል።

የደረሱት የሰብዓዊ መብት ጥቃቶች ለመስማት የሚዘገንኑ ሲሆን ከዚህም ውስጥ በአምስት ወታደሮች የተደፈረችና ለ28 ቀናትም በፊቅ ተራራ ላይ የታሰሩ ሴት ይገኙበታል። በስለት ታርደው የተገደሉ፣ በእሳት ተቃጥለው የሞቱና ከዚሀም በተጨማሪ የሶስት ዓመት ህፃን ልጅም እንደተገደለም ሪፖርቱ ጠቅሷል።

ተቋሙ በልዩ መግለጫው ላይ ወደ 30 በሚጠጉ የሁለቱ ክልል አጎራባች ወረዳዎች በተደረገ ማጣራት ከ500 በላይ ዜጎች መገደላቸውንና በመቶዎች የሚቆጠሩ ለአካል ጉዳት እንደተዳረጉ አስታውቋል።

በዚሀም ምክንያት በአሁኑ ወቅት በከፍተኛ አካላዊ እና ስነልቦናዊ ጉዳት ላይ ያሉ ሲሆን የሰመጉ ባለሙያዎች በሚያነጋግሯቸው ወቅት በተደጋጋሚ ራሳቸውን እየሳቱ ይወድቁ ነበርም ይላል።

ከማንነት፣ ከአስተዳደርና ከድንበር ይገባኛል ጥያቄ ጋር በተያያዘ በኦሮሚያና በሶማሌ ክልል በሚገኙ በተነሱ ግጭቶች ምክንያት ከሁለቱም ክልሎች የተፈናቀሉት ዜጎች ቁጥር ከአንድ ሚሊየን በላይ እንደሚበልጥም ብሔራዊ የአደጋ ስጋት ሥራ አመራር ኮሚሽን እና OCHA3 በጋራ ያወጡት ሪፖርት ያሳያል።

የችግሩን አሳሳቢነትም የሰብዓዊ መብቶች ጉባኤ ተጠባባቂ ዳይሬክተር አቶ ቢንያም አባተ ይናገራሉ።

ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር ዐብይ አህመድ ወደ ስልጣን ከመጡ በኋላ ቃሎች የተገቡ ቢሆኑም ወደ ተግባር ሊቀየሩ እንደሚገባም ዳይሬክተሩ ይናገራሉ።

በጥቃቱና በግጭቱ እጃቸው ያለበት አካላትን ተጠያቂ ከማድረግ ጀምሮ በቂ ትኩረትና ዘለቄታዊ መፍትሔ ሊሰጠው እንደሚገባ አቶ ቢንያም እንደ መፍትሔ የሚያስቀምጡት ነው።

ሰመጉ የተጎጂዎች ቁጥርና ጉዳት መጠኖችን በዘረዘረበት ባለ 55 ገፅ ልዩ ሪፖርቱ ፤ የሰብአዊ መብቶች ጥሰቶች መፍትሄ እንዲሰጣቸው ፣ለወደፊቱም እንዳይደገሙ የመከላከል ርምጃ እንዲወሰድ ፣ጉዳት የደረሰባቸው ካሳ እንዲከፈላቸውና ተጠያቂዎችም ለህግ እንዲቀርቡ ጥሪ አቅርቧል።

Ethiopian Conflict Disrupts School for Tens of Thousands

26 Jun

Posted by The Ethiopia Observatory (TEO)

Conflict in Ethiopia’s vast Oromia region has disrupted formal education for tens of thousands of youngsters, authorities there say.

Violent attacks on mostly ethnic Oromo communities have forced 159 schools in five regions to close at least temporarily in the past two years, said the Oromia Educational Bureau’s head, Tola Bariso.

He said about 65,000 students — at least half of whom fled to Oromia from Ethiopia’s neighboring Somali region — have been displaced, along with their families. He did not say how many of those youths were enrolled in other schools.

Fear of violence is keeping some students out of school, and even for those who do attend it compromises the ability to learn, officials and local residents told VOA’s Horn of Africa service.

“I can count many neighbor children who are staying home in fear for their lives,” said Abdule Jima, a 27-year-old local government employee living in the eastern Oromia town of Chinaksen. There, 27 schools have closed, with the acting mayor estimating that 22,000 youngsters have missed classes for at least six months.

“What kind of generation are we going to have?” Jima asked. “You can imagine a kid growing up in a village where every day you hear shots and [see] people fleeing.”

In a joint report issued last week, Ethiopia’s government and the United Nations said “inter-communal violence” along the winding border between Oromia and eastern Somali state region has displaced more than one million people since 2012. Most have fled since last September.

Bariso and other Oromia officials blame much of the violence on the Liyu police, a paramilitary force based in the country’s Somali region. As in the past, the Liyu police administration did not respond to repeated interview requests by VOA.

Sporadic attacks by the Liyu began at least five years ago, escalated in December 2016 and subsided before a renewed wave of attacks began in late May. Some officials and residents said the Liyu police are seeking territorial expansion and economic advantage on behalf of the Somali state government. Its president, Abdi Mohamud Omar, also known as Abdi Illey, started the paramilitary force in 2007 when he was the state’s security chief, according toOPride, a website run by citizen journalists in the Horn of Africa diaspora.

Earlier this month, the rights group Amnesty International called upon Ethiopia’s government to “immediately disband the Liyu Police unit” based on what it alleged “may amount to extrajudicial executions” of at least 14 people in several attacks.

In Moyale, a major market town that straddles the Ethiopia border with Kenya, violence has left at least 20 people dead since March. But the tensions, which go back for years, feed anxieties in school-age children and their families.

“One day, they are in school. The next day, they are out,” Godana Bule said of students such as his 10-year-old son, who goes to Arbale Elementary School in Moyale.

Bule has four other children. “We, as a family, and the children themselves are so scared to go to school,” he said. “We used to take them to school on a motorbike. Now, the [Liyu] force is shooting people on a motorbike almost every day.”

Bule said he had sought help from the federal military command post in Moyale but was turned away. He and other residents said the military usually does not protect civilians from Liyu police, even though the force is operating outside its Somali jurisdiction.

Aschalewu Yohanis, Moyale’s mayor, estimated that more than 4,000 children in his town missed school this year because of violence. He said despite that disadvantage, “even the students who didn’t attend schools properly decided to take the [national university entrance] exam” earlier this month. They’ve reasoned that even if they’re unprepared now, the situation could worsen in the future and they might be even less prepared for testing, he explained. Test results are expected later this summer.

In and around Gumi Eldallo, a town in the southern Oromia region, most youngsters from pastoralist or herding families have big gaps in school attendance, said the town’s mayor, Wario Golicha. He said seven schools have closed in the region as families fled conflict.

Bariso, the Oromia region’s education chief, said conflict also has driven ethnic Oromo teachers out of Somali region — including 437 from the regional capital of Jijiga. “They are assigned to various schools in Oromia,” he said.

Some students, too, have been reassigned. But that creates another challenge: overcrowding. After absorbing displaced students, a single classroom might have as many as 80 students, Bariso said.

The education chief said the regional government is working to reopen schools. But for now, many Oromo families feel vulnerable and inconsistently send youngsters to school.

“I wouldn’t call that an education,” said Bule, “but that is the only option we have.”

/VOA‘s Horn of Africa service

 

Amnesty requests Ethiopia to stop the murderous Liyu Police in its Somali Region!

1 Jun

Posted by The Ethiopia Observatory (TEO)

The Ethiopian government must immediately withdraw and disband the Liyu police unit of the Somali regional state, whose members are unlawfully killing people in neighbouring Oromia region, Amnesty International said Thursday.

Members of the unit, set up by the Somali state as a counter-terrorism special force, this week burnt down 48 homes belonging to Oromo families who were living in Somali Region, forcing them to flee to Kiro in the regional state of Oromia.

The Ethiopian authorities must immediately demobilize the Liyu unit and replace them with police that abide by international human rights law. These rogue officers must not be allowed to brutalize people at will.

Joan Nyanyuki, Amnesty International Director for East Africa, the Horn and the Great Lakes says: 

“The Ethiopian authorities must immediately demobilize the Liyu police and replace them with police that abide by international human rights law. These rogue officers must not be allowed to brutalize people at will.”

On 23 and 24 May the unit also attacked four neighborhoods in the Chinaksen district of East Oromia, killing five farmers and burning down around 50 homes. These attacks caused residents to flee their homes looking for safety.

“The authorities must put an end to what appears to be state-sanctioned violence. The first step is to ensure all policing in Oromia is respectful of human rights. The next is to hold those responsible for these attacks to account through thorough, impartial and independent investigation.”

In 2017, incursions into Oromia by the unit led to the deaths of hundreds and the displacement of more than one million, according to a report by Ethiopia’s National Disaster Risk Management Commission and the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs.

Amnesty International is calling on the Ethiopian authorities to implement the recommendations of the 2004 referendum, which voted for a clear demarcation of the Oromia-Somali border, as a means of addressing the root causes of tensions in the region.

In Amharic from BBC Amharic:

መንግሥት ልዩ ፖሊስን እንዲበትን አምነስቲ ጠየቀ!

በሶማሌና ኦሮሚያ ክልሎች ውስጥ የሰብአዊ መብት ጥሰቶችን ይፈፅማል ያለውን የልዩ ኃይል ፖሊስን መንግሥት እንዲበትን የሰብአዊ መብት ተቆርቋሪው አምነስቲ ኢንተርናሽናል ባወጠው መግለጫ ጥሪ አቅርቧል።

አምነስቲ እንዳመለከተው በአጎራባች የኦሮሚያ ክልል ውስጥ በመግባት ግድያን ይፈፅማሉ ያለቸውን የሶማሌ ክልል ልዩ የፖሊስ ኃይልን የኢትዮጵያ መንግሥት በአስቸኳይ እንዲያስወጣና እንዲበትን ጠይቋል።

በሶማሌ ክልል የፀረ-ሽብር ልዩ ኃይል ሆኖ የተቋቋመው የዚህ ቡድን አባላት በዚህ ሳምንት በሶማሌ ክልል ይኖሩ የነበሩ ሰዎችን 48 ቤቶች በማቃጠል ወደ ኦሮሚያ ክልል እንዲሸሹ ማድረጉን ጠቅሷል።

መግለጫው ጨምሮም የኢትዮጵያ መንግሥት ይህን የልዩ ፖሊስ ክፍልን በአስቸኳይ በመበተን ለዓለም አቀፍ የሰብአዊ መብት ህጎች ተገዢ በሆነ የፖሊስ ኃይል እንዲተካም ጠይቋል።

የአምነስቲ ኢንተርናሽናል የምሥራቅ አፍሪካ፣ የአፍሪካ ቀንድና የታላላቅ ሃይቆች ዳይሬክተር የሆኑት ጆዋን ኒያኑኪ እንዳሉት “የልዩ ኃይሉ አባላት እንደፈለጉ በህዝብ ላይ ግፍ እንዲፈፅሙ መፈቀድ የለበትም” ብለዋል።

ባለፈው ሳምንት ልዩ ኃይሉ በምሥራቃዊ ኦሮሚያ ጭናቅሰን ወረዳ ውስጥ በሚገኙ አራት መንደሮች ላይ በፈፀመው ጥቃት 5 አርሶ አደሮች ሲገደሉ 50 የሚጠጉ ቤቶች በእሳት ተቃጥለዋል።

በዚህም ሳቢያ ነዋሪዎች ነፍሳቸውን ለማትረፍ መኖሪያቸውን ጥለው መሄዳቸውን የአምነስቲ ሪፖርት አመልክቷል።

“የመንግሥት ባለሥልጣናት ይህ ጥቃት እንዲያበቃ ማድረግ ይጠበቅባቸዋል” ያሉት ጆዋን ኒያኑኪ “ለዚህ ደግሞ የመጀመሪያው እርምጃ መሆን ያለበት ፖሊስ የሰብአዊ መብቶችን እንዲያከብር ማድረግና በጥቃቱ ተሳታፊ የሆኑትን በነፃና ገለልተኛ ምርመራ በመለየት ተጠያቂ እንዲሆኑ ማድረግ ያስፈልጋል” ብለዋል።

ልዩ የፖሊስ ኃይሉ ባለፈው ዓመት ኦሮሚያ ክልል ውስጥ በተፈፀመ ጥቃት በመቶዎች ለሚቆጠሩ ሰዎች ሞትና ከአንድ ሚሊዮን ለሚልቁ ሰዎች መፈናቀል ምክንያት መሆኑን የብሔራዊ አደጋ ስጋት ሥራ አመራር ኮሚሽን እና የተባበሩት መንግሥታት የሰብአዊ ጉዳዮች ማስተባበሪያ ያወጣው ሪፖርት ያመለክታል።

አምነስቲ ኢንተርናሽናል በማጠቃለያው በአካባቢው ላለው ውጥረት ዘላቂ መፍትሄ ለመስጠት፤ የኦሮሚያንና የሶማሌ ክልሎችን ድንበር ለይቶ ለማስቀመጥ በ1996 በተካሄደውን ህዝበ-ውሳኔ የተገኘውን ውጤት የኢትዮጵያ ባለስልጣናት ተግባራዊ እንዲያደርጉ አሳስቧል።

ይህንን ሪፖርት ተከትሎ የኢትዮጵያን መንግሥት ባለሥልጣናትን ምላሽ ለማግኘት ያደረግነው ጥረት አልተሳካም።

 

Real time analysis of Ethiopia’s political crisis as November 2017

21 Dec

Posted by The Ethiopia Observatory (TEO)
by Braden Fuller, Real Time Analysis of Political Crisis Across Africa (ACLED) November 2017
 
On Friday, 4 August, Ethiopian officials lifted the 10-month long State of Emergency that was declared last year during an unprecedented wave of popular mobilization and anti-government protests. Enhanced government powers during the State of Emergency brought mass detentions, politically motivated criminal charges, and numerous restrictions on people’s movement and communication (HRW, 7 August 2017). Approximately 29,000 people were arrested, 8,000 of whom are currently on trial (Reuters, 4 August 2017). While mass detainment did succeed in bringing perceived normalcy back to the country throughout the State of Emergency, renewed riots and protests reaching levels seen leading up to the declaration of the State of Emergency in October of 2016 illustrate the failure of the Ethiopian government to address protester’s concerns and open up political space for opposing views. Opposition leaders remain in custody, and regime affiliated security forces continue to act with impunity; triggering renewed unrest in the country.
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Liyu Police Oromo killings intensified. In Tigray, Amhara and Oromo students are targeted. Is inciting inter-ethnic bloodletting TPLF’s survival strategy?

11 Dec

Posted by The Ethiopia Observatory (TEO)
 

 
Meanwhile, while the TPLF media and their social media scribblers are filled with denials and obfuscation, at Adigrat University in Tigray the situation continues to be extremely dangerous for Amhara and Oromo students.
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President Abdi Mohamud of Somali Region: The Capo of Our Time

22 Nov

Posted by The Ethiopia Observatory (TEO)
by Abdel Haq Noor
 

    The Liyu-Police don’t abide by any rules whatsoever. They kill, rape, imprison, torch and displace entire villages at will and face no consequence for their deeds. This does not mean that the military is immune from doing such heinous crimes. They do. But not in such scary scale; and (b) the military is considered an alien force that came to subjugate the people. Hence, a rallying point for the insurgents to fight them. But the Liyu Police is different. Though the leadership mainly come from one sub clan, they still considered as part of the community. Rising up against them will bring intra and inter community conflict.

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Fresh troops into Oromia Region because of ethnic clashes; TPLF addressing the problem w/o disarming the killers, the Liyu Police, heart of the problem!

19 Sep

Posted by The Ethiopia Observatory (TEO)
CGTN Africa
 

 
Ethiopia has sent troops into its eastern Oromia region following renewed ethnic clashes between the people in the Ethiopia Somali and the Oromia regions. Thousands are reportedly fleeing the area, and close to 30 people are reported to have been killed.
 

Meantime reports are surfacing about persecution of those that did not participate in the Qimant referendum, according to DE Amharic Service.

Likewise, there wa report of violence against Amharas and Qimants in Geledba, where two Qimants and an Amhara person were killed.
 

Ma’ekalawi Prison: Why is Ethiopia still running ‘Torture Chamber’ from the past?

30 Jun

Posted by The Ethiopia Observatory (TEO)
by Kalkidan Yibeltal & Tesfalem Waldyes
 

In Piassa, an area many consider to be the heart of Addis Abeba, rests the Ethiopian Federal Police Force Central Bureau of Criminal Investigation, otherwise known by its Amharic name, Ma’ekelawi (Amharic for central). Notorious for the sever torture detainees are subjected to inside its enclosures, Ma’ekelawi is a time defying institution which has been in use for more than half a century in Ethiopia, sadly for the same purpose.
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