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Ethiopia’s Human Rights Commission Preliminary Findings about the Maykadra Massacre

24 Nov

Posted by The Ethiopia Observatory (TEO)

Ethiopian Human Rights Commission 

Rapid Investigation into Grave Human Rights Violation in Maikadra Preliminary Findings 

24 November 2020 

Introduction 

The Ethiopian Human Rights Commission (EHRC/The Commission) deployed a team of  human rights experts to Maikadra, in Tigray Region’s Western Zone, for a rapid investigation  into purported mass killings of civilians and related human rights violations.  

Between November 14th, 2020 and November 19th, 2020, the EHRC team travelled between  Maikadra, Abrhajira, Sanja, Gondar, Dansha and Humera and gathered testimonies and other  evidences from victims, eye witnesses, families of victims, first responders, military personnel  and various other sources including government authorities who were present at the time of  EHRC’s visit. The team also visited hospitals and health facilities and talked to survivors and  other relevant authorities.  

This report presents the mission’s key preliminary findings along with highlights of ongoing human rights concerns and recommendations. The full report will follow with additional  detailed and verified evidence.  

Preliminary findings 

Brief description of Maikadra 

Maikadra is a rural town located in Western Zone, Hafta Humera Woreda of Tigray Region. It is situated 30 kilometers south of Humera and 60 kilometers north of Midre Genet (also known  as Abdurafi). An estimated 40,000 to 45,000 people of Tigrayan, Amhara, ’Wolkait’ and other  ethnic origin reside there. Wolkait is the local name for people of Amhara descent who were  born or have long resided in Wolkait Woreda. 

Seasonal workers, mainly from Amhara Region but also from a few other areas, go to Maikadra  for seasonal work on large sesame and millet farms on the outskirts of the town, locally known  as ‘desert plains’, and live in one designated neighborhood with groups of up to 12 people  sharing a single house. As in every other year, these seasonal laborers, also known as ‘saluks’,  have been in Maikadra since September for the season’s harvest.

Preparation leading up to and start of the attack  

People of non-Tigrayan ethnic origin, and especially of Amhara and Wolkait origin, have been  subjected to great fear and pressure from the day the conflict between the Federal and the  Tigray regional governments broke out on November 4th, 2020. The seasonal labourers, in  particular, were altogether prohibited from moving freely in the town, from going to work and  even from returning to their usual place of residence.  

A few days before the attack, when the Ethiopian Defence Forces were said to be nearing the  town, the local administration police and militia forces shut all the exit points from Maikadra. (Militia refers to armed community security personnel who are not part of the regular police  force but are set up by regional/local administration within the structure of, as applicable,  either the Regional Peace and Security Bureau or the Regional Police Commissions. They are  therefore part of the government security apparatus. In rural towns and villages with no regular  police, in particular, militia serve as first security responders.) 

Some of the Maikadra residents who attempted to escape to the ’desert plains’ or the nearby  Sudanese town of Berehet, fearing attacks by a defeated and retreating Tigrayan militia and  special force, were forced back home by the local militia. Around the same time, members of  “Samri” – an informal Tigrayan youth group -set up and manned checkpoints at all of the town’s  four main exits.  

On November 9, 2020, the day of the attack, from around 11:00 AM onwards, the town police started checking identity cards to differentiate people of non-Tigray origin from the rest and  raided all the houses/huts, stretching from the neighbourhood known as “Genb Sefer” up to the  area called Wolkait Bole (Kebele 1 Ketena 1) which is largely resided by ethnic Amharas. They detained up to 60 people they profiled as Amhara and Wolkait and who were said to use  Sudanese SIM cards on their mobile phones and destroyed said SIM cards. Ethiopian SIM cards had already stopped working by then and the motive for confiscating and destroying the  Sudanese SIM cards was to prevent any communications or call for help during the attack,  according to testimony of the people in the area. Women and children of Tigrayan ethnic origin  were made to leave the town a few hours ahead of the attack.  

On the same day (November 9th, 2020), around 3:00 P.M., the local police, militia and the  informal Tigray youth group called “Samri” returned to “Genb Sefer” where the majority of  people of Amhara ethnic origin live and began the attack against civilians. 

According to eyewitnesses and families of victims who spoke with EHRC, the first act committed by the perpetrators was to execute an ethnic Amhara former soldier called Abiy  Tsegaye in front of his family and outside his house and set the house on fire. Afterwards, they threw his body into the fire. Residents said Abiy Tsegaye was a former soldier and militia member who had declined a request to re-join the militia as tensions began to rise. They surmise  that this might be why he was targeted. The victim’s wife and eyewitnesses have given a  detailed account of how the group of perpetrators forced Abiy Tsegaye out of his house and  had him shot in front of his family by a local militia and former colleague called Shambel  Kahsay, before throwing his body into the raging fire that engulfed their house. The EHRC  team also visited said house, still smouldering, and the area around it, still heavy with burned  body smoke. 

How the massacre of civilians unfolded  

Immediately after the attack on Abiy Tsegaye’s house, members of Samri, with the help of the local police and militia, moving from house to house and from street to street, began a cruel  and atrocious rampage on people they pre-identified/profiled as Amharas and Wolkaits. They  killed hundreds of people, beating them with batons/sticks, stabbing them with knives,  machetes and hatchets and strangling them with ropes. They also looted and destroyed  properties.  

While Samri, comprised of several groups consisting of 20 to 30 youth, each accompanied by  an estimated 3 to 4 armed police and militia, carried out the massacre, police and militia – strategically posted at street junctions – aided and directly participated in the carnage by  shooting at those who attempted to escape. 

It has been made apparent that the attack was ethnicity based and specifically targeted men the  attackers profiled through, amongst other things, identification cards, as Amharas and  Wolkaits; but a certain number of people from other ethnic groups have also been killed.  Moreover, it was men who were the specific targets in the attacks. While it can be verified that  women and children were spared, some women, including mothers who have tried to shield  their families, have suffered physical and mental injuries. Eyewitnesses also said women  received threats from the perpetrators that “tomorrow, they will come after the women. It will  be their turn”. 

EHRC spoke with victims who suffered grave physical and mental injuries, including people whose bodies were maimed by sharp objects or severely bludgeoned, as well as others who  were dragged on the ground with their necks tied to a rope. The team also talked to survivors  who describe how the attackers tied them to other people before attacking and of being the only  ones to come out alive. The fact that the main target of the attack, the neighborhood of Genb  Sefer is an area where, as mentioned earlier, laborers live together in large numbers, made it  possible for the perpetrators to attack between 10 and 15 people at once in a single house; 

thereby aggravating the heavy toll. 

While it is not possible yet to verify the exact numbers of the dead, the physically injured and/or  those who suffered property damage, the members of the Burial Committee, set up after the  attack, eyewitnesses and other local sources, estimate a minimum of 600 have been killed and  say the number is likely to be higher still. A mismatch between the large number of bodies and  limited burial capacity meant that burial took three days. EHRC has visited one mass burial  site and seen bodies still scattered on streets. Locals also said that the bodies the perpetrators  dragged to and hid in the bushes and “desert plains” outside the town were not picked up yet  and were therefore not included in the estimates. During the visit, the Commission’s team also  noted that the pungent smell of decaying bodies still lingered in the air.  

Survivors told EHRC that they managed to escape by hiding inside roof openings, pretending  to be dead after severe beatings, fleeing to and hiding in the “desert plains” and, for a few of  them, by hiding inside the nearby Abune Aregawi Church. The attack which began on  November 9th at around 3:00 p.m. went on throughout the night until the perpetrators left in the  early hours of November 10th. The entry into the city of the Ethiopian National Defence Forces  at around 10:00 a.m. made it possible to start the process of getting medical help to victims. 

The Commission visited victims with grave physical injuries as they received treatment in  hospitals in Abrhajira, Sanja and Gondar. 

Humane acts in the midst of inhumanity 

Victims have also explained to EHRC that even though this atrocious massacre was carried out  by Samri, a Tigrayan youth group, other residents, who were Tigrayan themselves, helped  several of them survive by shielding them in their homes, in churches and in farms. 

An exemplary instance is the case of a Tigrayan woman who hid 13 people in her house first, before leading them to a nearby farm. She went as far as staying with them the whole night in  case the group came back in search of them. Another is also of a Tigrayan woman who was  hit on the arm with a machete while trying to wrestle a man away from attackers who set him  on fire. 

Atrocity Crimes against Civilians  

The overall conduct and the results thereof, all point to the fact that the Maikadra attack is not  a simple criminal act but is rather a premeditated and carefully coordinated grave violation of  human rights. More specifically,  

• The perpetrators killed hundreds of people with full intent, a plan and preparation,  

• The conduct was committed as part of a widespread or systematic attack directed  against a civilian population, 

• The perpetrators knew that the conduct was part of or intended the conduct to be part  of a widespread or systematic attack directed against a civilian population, 

• The conduct took place in the context of an armed conflict between the Federal  Government’s National Defence Forces and the Tigray Regional Government’s  security forces while the latter were retreating following a defeat; and perpetrators targeted civilian residents of Maikadra they profiled based on their ethnic origin,  

• During the conduct, the local security apparatus in charge helped and collaborated with  the group known as Samri, responsible for the attacks while the former aided and  participated in the attacks instead of protecting civilians from harm.  

From the above, EHRC is of the view that what transpired in Maikadra on November 9th, 2020  including the killings, bodily and mental injury, as well as the destruction that went on  throughout night and morning, the overall conduct and results thereof, strongly indicate the  commission of grave human rights violations which may amount to crimes against humanity  and war crimes. The full extent of the evidence and elements of the crime will be examined in  detail in the full report. 

When such grave human rights violations occur, all direct and indirect perpetrators at all levels  must be duly investigated and held to account before the law. 

Ongoing human rights concerns that require urgent attention and recommendations 

• EHRC has learned that at least up to November 14th, 2020, people who have escaped from  or were injured by the attacks were still in hiding in the “desert plains” around Maikadra  or had sought shelter in the towns nearby. Among them are also ethnic Tigrayans who fear  retaliatory measures. While EHRC has learned that some of them are returning to Maikadra  over these last few weeks of the month of November, the safety of those who remain in  hiding is of concern. It is therefore imperative to return these displaced persons. Similarly,  the damage caused needs to be documented in a more systematic manner (Those who have  lost their lives and those who have suffered physical injury and/or property damage need  to be identified and the information gathered appropriately recorded. )  

• The residents of Maikadra are in complete shock, grief and psychological trauma from the  attack and the destruction and the separation of family members that followed. When the  EHRC team visited the town, the streets were still lined with bodies yet to be buried. The  psychological and health impacts on the residents is of concern.  

• Because the attack specifically targeted men and most of the victims are heads of  households/breadwinners for their families, a shortage of basic necessities has arisen. The  need for basic necessities, in particular of women, children, and breast-feeding mothers, is  increasing by the day. Moreover, if the harvest is not carried out soon, it might add to the  humanitarian crisis. It is, therefore, essential to invite humanitarian organisations into the affected area and to provide the support necessary to allow return and  recovery/rehabilitation/redress of residents.  

• Maikadra Residents of Tigrayan ethnic origin who fear for their safety, including women  and children, have been assembled in a temporary shelter under the protection of  government security forces. Residents told EHRC that some perpetrators of the attacks may  have also taken refuge among the people in the shelter but EHRC could not independently  verify this information. While it is appropriate, in such unstable security situations, to  provide protection to groups especially vulnerable to various kinds of threats, assembling  them in one location, might, on the contrary, expose them further to discriminatory  treatment. It is therefore urgent to identify perpetrators, if any, hiding in there and close the  said shelter.  

• The continued interruption of telecommunications, water and electricity supplies has  prevented the delivery of basic necessities, and the reunification of separated families. It  has also made provision of health and related services difficult. It requires urgent attention.  

• The media and influencers must ensure that the information they share regarding the  Maikadra attacks, is sensitive to the psychological pressure this puts on survivors and the  community in general. 

/Ethiopian Human Rights Commission

UN High Commissioner for Human Rights urges combatants in Tigray to spare civilian population

24 Nov

Posted by The Ethiopia Observatory (TEO)

Ethiopia: Threat of major hostilities in Mekelle seriously imperils civilian lives – Bachelet

GENEVA (24 November 2020) – UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Michelle Bachelet on Tuesday urged the parties to the conflict in Tigray to give clear and unambiguous orders to their forces to take constant care to spare – and protect – the civilian population from the effect of the hostilities.

“The highly aggressive rhetoric on both sides regarding the fight for Mekelle is dangerously provocative and risks placing already vulnerable and frightened civilians in grave danger,” the High Commissioner said. “I fear such rhetoric will lead to further violations of international humanitarian law,” she added, expressing alarm at reports of a heavy build-up of tanks and artillery around Mekelle, the capital city of Tigray province following the Government’s issuance of a 72-hour ultimatum.

“Such rhetoric suggests possible breaches of the cardinal principles of distinction, proportionality and precaution in the conduct of hostilities that are designed to ensure the civilian population is protected.”

Responding to allegations that the Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF) is stationing itself among civilians, Bachelet stated that under international law, parties to a conflict should take all possible measures to protect the civilian population under their control from the effects of attacks, namely by avoiding, to the extent feasible, locating military objectives in densely populated areas.

“However, this does not then give the Ethiopian State carte blanche to respond with the use of artillery in densely populated areas. I remind all parties to the conflict that the obligation to respect international law is not conditional on the other party’s behavior. All parties to the conflict are bound to respect international humanitarian law and human rights law as applicable. The protection of civilians is paramount.”

In particular, the High Commissioner recalled that it is prohibited to treat as a single military objective a number of distinct military objectives located in a densely populated area.

Bachelet said she was deeply disturbed at the continuing communication blackout in Tigray province, making it very difficult for civilians to communicate with family members, and for the UN to monitor the human rights and humanitarian situation. Reports continue to emerge of arbitrary arrests and detentions, killings, as well as discrimination and stigmatization of ethnic Tigrays. More than 40,000 people have fled from Tigray province into neighbouring Sudan since 7 November.

“I implore all parties to respond positively to attempts at dialogue, and to ensure unfettered access to humanitarian assistance for those who so desperately need it, and protection and security for aid workers,” the High Commissioner said.

ሌሎችን በማሠቃየት ከታየው የሕወሃቶች አረመኔያዊነት በኋላ ወንጀለኞች ለፍርድ፤ ሕወሃትም ወደ ማክተም መገፋት አለበት!

13 Dec

በከፍያለው ገብረመድኅን The Ethiopia Observatory (TEO)

በየሣምንቱም ሆነ በየአጋጣሚው፡ ሕወሃት መቀሌም ሆነ በየመንደሩ— በኢትዮጵያ የሚካሄደውን ለውጥ በመቃወም — በጸረ-ኢትዮጵይዊነት ያሠልፋል! ዓላማው አፍኖ የያዘውን የትግራይን ሕዝብ ከራሱ ጋር የተቆራኘ በማስመሰል፡ መሸሸጊያው ለማድረግ ነው።  ይህም የመጀመሪያው አይደለም። 

ሕዝቡም በልቡ፡ ይህ ለግንባሩ ጥቅም እንጂ ዋርካው እንዳልሆነ ያውቀዋል የሚል እምነት አለኝ። የዚህ እምነቴ መሠረት ደግሞ፡  ሁሌም የድርጅት ዓላማና  የሕዝብ ፍላጎቶች የተሳለጡ አለመሆናቸውን ታሪክ ስለሚያስተምረን ነው።  በሃገራችንም  ለአያሌ አሥርታት ከ”ሠልፍ ካልወጣችሁ ስኳርና ዘይት አታገኙም”፡ “ድጋፍ ካልሠጣችሁ ከቀበሌ ቤት ትባረራችሁ”፣ 2ከገዥው ፓርቲ ጋር ካለተባበራችሁ ከኅብረት ሥራ ማኅበር ብድር አታገኙም” ወዘተ ኢትዮጵያውያን ተገቢውን ትምህርት ወስደዋል።

ይህ ማለት ግን በእምነት፡ በዘር አዋዜ የታጀሉ፡ በቅጥር፡ በጥቅማ ጥቅም  የተሳሰሩ ግለሰቦች የሉም ማለት አይደለም!

ከሁሉም የሚያሳዝነው፣  ከቅርብ ጊዜ ወዲህ በትግራይ ወንጀለኛውና ፋሽስቱ ሕወሃት የሕገ መንግሥት አስከባሪ አድርጎ  ራሱን መሠየሙ ነው! ደብረጽዮንም በተከበረችው አክሱም ጽዮን  መንበር ላይ—  ለዚያውም በማትያስ አጋፋሪነት — አክሊል ደፍቶና ተኮፍሶ መታየቱ፡ በስብሃት ነጋ ትዕዛዝመላው ኢትዮጵያውያን ምዕመናን እምነት በወንጀለኛው ሕወሃት ቡድን መረገጡ ነው!

እውነቱን እንነጋገር ከተባለ፣ ትግራይ የግንባሩ መሣሪያ  ላለመሆንና ድርጊቱን በጣም በሚጠላው የኢትዮጵያ ሕዝብ ፊት ትሥሥሩ የግንባሩን ሕይወት ማራዘሚያ ከመሆን ውጭ  ሃቀኛ ሁኔታውን አንጸባራቂ አይደለም። ሆኖም በዚህ አስከፊና አሳዛኝ ወቅት ሕዝቡ — ሕወሃት እንደሚያስተጋባው —የወንጀሎቹ ደጋፊና ተሳታፊ አለመሆኑን በግልጽ ማሳየት በቻለ፡ ለሁሉም ዜጎች እንዴት ጠቃሚ በሆነ!

ህ ጉዳይ የወደፊቱ የትግራይ ሕዝብ የችግር ምንጭ መሆኑን የተገነዘቡት ሌተና ጄኔራል ጻድቃን ገብረተንሣይ ነሐሴ 24/2016 የትግራይ ሕዝብ ሚና ወደፊት ምን መሆን እንዳለበት እንዲጠና በጻፉት አስተያየት (የሃገራችን ፖለቲካዊ ሁኔታና የመፍትሔ ሃሳቦችየሚከተለውን ምክር ለግሠውነበር፦

የዚህ ጉዳይ የወደፊቱ የትግራ ሕዝብ የችግር ምንጭ መሆኑን የተገነዘቡት ሌተና ጄኔራል ጻድቃን ገብረተንሣይ ነሐሴ 24/2016 የትግራይ ሕዝብ ሚና ወደፊት ምን መሆን እንዳለበት እንዲጠና በጻፉት አስተያየት (የሃገራችን ፖለቲካዊ ሁኔታና የመፍትሔ ሃሳቦችየሚከተለውን ምክር ለግሠውነበር፦

“አሁን ባለችው ኢትዮጵያ የትግራይ ህዝብ የሚኖረው ድርሻና የሚጫወተው ሚና ምን መሆን አለበት? የትግራይ ህዝብ የስልጣን ዘመኑን በፀጥታ ሃይሎች ድጋፍ የሚያራዝም በየግዜው ከህዝብ እየተነጠለና በህዝብ እየተጠላ የሚሄድን የፖለቲካ ስርዓት ጠባቂና ተከላካይ ነው መሆን ያለበት? ወይስ ሌላ ምርጫ አለው? የትግራይ ህዝብ አሁን ባለው የኢትዮጵያ የፖለቲካ ሁኔታ የሚወስደው የፖለቲካ አቋም ምን ይሁን? ብሎ መጠየቅ ይገባል። በሌሎች የኢትዮጵያ ህዝቦችስ ሕገ መንግስታዊ መብታቸውን የሚጥስ ፖለቲካዊ ስርዓት ጠባቂ ተደርጎ የተለየ ጥቅም የሚያገኝ ጠላት ተደርጎ ነው መታየት ያለበት ወይስ በዴሞክራሲና በእኩልነት ላይ ለተመሰረተ የህዝቦች አንድነት ፣ ለህዝቦች መብት መከበር ለትክክለኛ ፍትሕና ለፍትሃዊ ኢኮኖምያዊ ተጠቃሚነት በፊታውራሪነት የሚታገል ህዝብ ተደርጎ ነው መታየት ያለበት? ብለን እየጠየቅን መልሱን መፈለግ ይኖርብናል።”

ግፍና ሠቆቃ በኢትዮጵያ የሥውር እሥር ቤቶች

ይህንን ውይይት ለኔ አሁን አስገዳጅ ያደረገው፣ አያሌ ኢትዮጵያውያን ቤተሰቦች ውስጥ ከማክሰኞ ምሽት ታኅሳስ 11/2018 ወዲህ ከፍተኛ ኃዘን ንዴትና ቁጣ ስሜት መቀስቀሱ ነው። በአቃቤ ሕግ ቀደም ሲል በተገለጸው መሠረት፡ ማክሰኞ በትግራይ የወንበዴዎች አመራር ትዕዛዝና ተሳታፊነት በዜጎቻችን ላይ የተፈጸመው ሠቆቃ ዶክመንታሪ ፊልም ለሕዝብ ዕይታና ግንዛቤ በቴሌቪዥን ቀርቦ ዐይተናል።



ማናችንም እንደሰብዓዊ ፍጡር ግለሰባችን መሸከም የማይችለውን ወንጀሎች አያሌ ወጣቶቻችንና ምሁራኖቻችን ላይ በተለይም ያለኃጢያታቸው በዝርያቸው ብቻ እየታፈኑ ለሠቆቃ መዳረጋቸውን ተመልከተን ልባችን ተሠብሯል!

ሃገር ውስጥም በአፈናው ምክንያት፡ ዜጎቻችን ላይ ሥቃዩ ሲፈጸም፡ ሌሎቻችን ለዓመታት እንዳላየን አፋችንን ሸክፈን ፊታችንን አዙረን ለመኖር ብንሞክርም፡ በማንኛውም ሰላማዊ ሕይወት አልተገኘም! የሕወሃት ሰዎች —ተማርን የሚሉት ጭምር —ጥጋብና ብልግና እንዲሁም አይተው የማያውቁት ሃብትና ሥልጣን አላግባብ ‘ባለቤት’ መሆን ስላሰከራቸው— ሌላውን በመፍራት ብቻ በድንቁርናና ስግብግብነታቸው ምክንያት— ሕዝብን መርገጥ፡  ማሰናከል ማኮላሸትና  ማጥፋት ምርጫቸው ሆነ! 

አያሌ ዜጎቻችን በሕይወት ለመኖር ዕድሉን ተነፍገዋል! 

ዶኪመንተሪ ውስጥ የሚታዩት እነዚህ ሰቆቃ የደረሰባቸው ዜጎቻችን ተመልሰው ጤናማ ሕይወት ለመምራት አይችሉም! እንዴት ነው የሚደገፉትና በፊታቸው የተጋረጡት ችግሮች የሚቃለሉላቸው? መልሴ ሶስት ዘርፍ አለው:-

ሀ.   ትግራይ ውስጥ የተሸሸጉት ፀረ-የሰው ዘር የሆኑት ወነጀለኞች የሕዝብና የሃገራችን ጠላቶች በመሆናቸው፡ ንጹሃን ትግራውያን ላይ ሁሉ አስከፊ ድርጊታቸው እንዳይለጠፍ፡ ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር ዐብይ አሕመድ እንዳሉት “ግፍ ሠርቶ መንደላቀቅ አይቻልም[ና]” በገባው ቃል መሠረት፣  ወንጀለኞቹን የዐቢይ አስተዳደር ለፍርድ ለማቅረብ ማናቸውንም እምርጃ በአፋጣኝ እንዲወስድ እንጠብቃለን/ እንጠይቃለን! ወንጀለኞቹ በኢትዮጵያና የዓለም ሕዝብ ፊት ፍርዳቸውን መቀበል  ይገባቸዋል። 

ለ.  የአንድ መንግሥት ኃላፊነት የዜጎቹን ደኅንነት መጠበቅና ማስከበር እንደመሆኑ፡ በተፈጸመባቸው ሠቆቃ ምክንያት አካለ ጎደሎ የተደረጉት፡ እስትንፋሳቸው ስላለ ለመኖር ለሚገደዱ እነዚህ ዜጎች እንክብካቢ ያስፈልጋቸዋል። ለዚህም በዘረፋም ሆነ በተለያየ መንገድ ሕወሃቶች  ያፈሩት ሃብትና ንብረት ለነዚህ ወገኖች እንክብካቤ መዋል ይኖርበታል። እስከዚያ መንግሥት ሊንከባከባቸው ይገባል!

ሐ. እነዚህ የሕወሃት ወንጀለኞች የሕግን የበላይነት እንዲቀበሉ፡  ኢትዮጵያ ሁሉንም ዐይነት አማራጮች መመርመርና መጠቀም ይኖርባታል። ከነዚህም መካከል፣ የአፍሪካ ዲክታተሮች –  በአፍሪካ አንድነት ድርጅት መድረክ ና በተባበሩት መንግሥታት የጸጥታው ምክር ቤት አማካይነት (በቴድሮስ አድሃኖምና/ኃይለማርያም ደሣለኝ መሣሪያነት ሊያጠፉት የሞከሩትን  — የዓለም አቀፍ  የወንጀል ፍርድ ቤትን (International Criminal Court -ICC) በመፈረም ቀደሚ እርምጃ በመወስድ እንቅስቃሴ መጀመር አለበት! ከLeague of Nations ጀምሮ ሃገራችን የምትታወቀው የሕጎች መከበር ለብሔራዊና ዓለም አቀፍ ሰላም የሚኖረውን እሴት ሃይማኖቷ በማድረጓ መሆኑ እስከዛሬ ይጠቀሳል!  ይህ ዛሬ እንደገና ሊታደስ ይገባዋል!

የትግራይ ሕዝብ ለእነዚህ እርምጃዎች ስኬት ከኢትዮጵያ ወገኖቹና ከመንግሥት ጋር ተባባሪ እንዲሆን ይጠበቃል። ሕወሃት መቶ በመቶ የ2015ን አምስተኛ ዙር ምርጫ አሸነፍኩ ብሎ ሃገር በአሰችኳይ ጊዜ አዋጅ  ለመግዛትት ሲያደባ ነው፡ የኢትዮጵያ ሕዝብም ትዕግሥቱ አልቆ ግማሽ ዓመት ባልሞላ ጊዜ ውስጥ እልሁን ሠንቆ ወደ ትግል በመግባት የአሁኑን ለውጥ ማምጣት የቻለው።

ከላይ ሶስተኛውን እርምጃ በተመለከተ፡ ነገሩን ግልጽ ለማድረግ ICC (ዓለም አቀፍ  የወንጀል ፍርድ ቤት) አፍሪካ ውስጥ ተቀባይነት እንዳያገኝ የአፍሪካውያን ጠላት ነው ብለው በአፍሪካ አንድነት (የዲክቴተሮች ክለብ) ውስጥ የሃሰት የጥላቻ ዘመቻ ያካሄዱት:- ኢትዮጵያ (ሕወሃት)፡ ሱዳን፡ ኡጋንዳ፣ ሩዋንዳ ዋናዎቹ ናቸው። እነዚህም ሃገሮች በጨቋኝ አመራሮች መዳፍ ሥር ስለሆኑ፡ መሪዎቹ አንድ ዓላማ ብቻ ነበራቸው— ራሳቸውን ከዓለም አቀፍ ፍርድ ማዳን!

ከብሔራዊ ጥቅማችን በላይ ምንም ስለሌለ፡ ይህ ዓለም አቀፉን ኅብረተሰብ የማንቀሳቀስ እርምጃ ኢትዮጵያ አያሌ ገንዘብ ከሃገር ሸሽቶ (በሕወሃቶችና የውጭ አጋሮቻቸው)፡ በውጭ ባንኮች ስለተከማቸና ተንከባላይ ሃብት በተለያዩ የአውሮፓ፣ እስያና አፍሪካ ሃገሮች ውስጥ ስላፈራና ተጠቃሚዎቹም የኛው ሌቦችና የውጭ ደላሎቻቸው በመሆናቸው፡  በሕግ ሃብቱንና ንብረቶቹን ለማሳገድና ብሎም ለማስመለስ ማናቸውንም ዓለም አቀፍ ዕድል መጠቀም ያስፈልጋል!

የዛሬ ሁለት ዓመት ገደማ ነበር የተመድ ዋና ፀሐፊ የነበሩት ኮፊ አናን — ነፍሳቸውን ይማረውና — ታኅሳስ 18/2016 ከነበራቸው ልምድ በመነሳት ለአፍሪካውያን ወገኖቻቸው The Guardian ላይ የሠጡት ምክር እንዲህ ይላል

“The apparent African exodus from the international criminal court must be stopped or the most heinous crimes will be allowed to go unpunished… ICC remains the continent’s most credible court of last resort for the most serious crimes … [It] does not supplant national jurisdictions; it only intervenes in cases where the country concerned is either unable or unwilling to try its own citizens.”

እንደሁኔታው እየታየ፣ ትግራይ የመሸጉት የሕወሃት ወሮበሎች  ኢትዮጵያ በፈረመቻቸው ዓለም አቀፍ የሰብዓዊ መብቶች ጥሰት ወንጀሎች በሕጉ በብሔራዊ ደረጃ በቅድሚያ ተፈላጊ ናቸው (Person/s of interest)። ከአፍሪካ ጥቅሞችም አንፃር፡ ሰላምን በማናጋትና ለሕይወቶች መጥፋት ምክንያት በመሆናቸው፡ ፍላጎታቸው ሰላም ሣይሆን የአፍሪካ ቀንድ ወደ ጦርነት አዘቅት ማሽቆልቆል ስለሆነ፡ ሰላምን በማደፍረስ ወንጀል ተፈላጊ ሊሆኑ እንደሚችሉ መመከር አለባቸው!

በሠቆቃው ዶኪመንተሪ እንደተገለጸው፡ በብዛት ደግሞ እስከ 70% ጥቃቱ የተፈጸመው ኦሮሞች ላይ ሲሆን፡ ቀሪው ሰለባ የሆኑት በሃገሪቱ ሁለተኛ ከፍተኛ ቁጥር ባለው  ሕዝብ — አማሮች ናቸው።

የሥልጣን ላይኛውና ታችኛውም መዋቅር ውስጥ የተሠገሠጉት በአያሌው ሕወሃቶች በመሆናቸውም፡ ይህ ከአንድ ብሄረሰብ ሰዎች በየጊዜው የሚወጣው ቅሌትና ውርደት እስካሁን በሃገራችን ታሪክ ተወዳዳሪ አልተገኘለትም!

የቢቢሲ 4 The Reith Lectures 2018 አሸናፊ ካናዳዊዋ Prof Margaret MacMillan አንድ ጥይቄ ቀርቦላቸው ሲመልሱ፦

“War even affects our language. In English, if you want to say something rude, you tend to use the word ‘Dutch’ or ‘French’ and that refers back of course to times when the Dutch and the British or the French and the British were enemies.” 

በሌላ በኩል ደግሞ፣ ስለ ግጭትና ጦርነት ጎጂነት ብዙ የተመራመሩ በመሆናቸው፣ The Uses and Abuses of History (2010) ፈረንሣዊውን ፈላስፋ Ernest Renan በአንድ ወቅት “The existence of a nation is a plebiscite of every day, as the existence of an individual is a perpetual affirmation of life” የሚለው ሃሣብ ቀልባቸውን እንደያዘው በጽሁፎቻቸውና ሌክቸሮቻቸው ሁሉ ይንጸባረቃል! ይህም አለመክንያት አይደለም!

ስለሆነም እንደማንኛውም በሰው ልጅ ላይ እንደተፈጸመና እንደሚፈጸም ዘግናኝ ሥቃይ በእነዚህ 27 ዓመታት ዘመነ አፓርታይድ በመላው ኢትዮጵያ፡ የሕወሃት ቅጥረኞች በወጣትና በተማሩ ኢትዮጵያውያን ላይ የፈጸሙት ጭካኔ፡ የትግራይ ተወላጅ ለሆኑ ዜጎቻችን በቀላሉ የማይገመት የጥላቻና የቂም በቀል አደጋ እንዳረገዘ  ማድረጉን መገመት አያዳግትም! 

ኢትዮጵያውያንም ሰዎች እንጂ መላዕክት ስላልሆን፣ አልፎ አልፎ ክፉው እንደሚሆን ጥርጥር አይኑር! ባይሆን ደስ ይለኛል፤ መሆንም የለበትም! ይህን መሰል ችግር በቂም በቀል አይፈታም! በዓለም ላይ እስካሁን ከተደጋገሙት ጦርነቶችና ቀጣይ ግጭቶች የምንማረው ቢኖር፡ አሁን ሕወሃት የሚሠራው ዐይነት የሞኝ ብልጠቶች የችግሮች ምንጭ ናቸው!

የሕወሃቶች ትግሬዎች ስለሆን ተጠቃን ስሞታ እጅግ ያማል

መንግሥት በዕቅድም ይሁን ካለማሰብ፣ እስካሁን በትግሬዎች ላይ የበቀልና የማግለል እርምጅ ሲወስድ አይታይም። አንድ አስገራሚ ምሣሌ ልስጥ! 

ሪፖርተር  በረቡዕ ዕትሙ  እንደዘገበው፣ ሁለት የትግራይ ተወላጆች የዘር መድልዎ ሳይደረግባቸው፣ እስከ ኅዳር 29/2018 ሥራና ሹመት ላይ ነበሩ:  አንዱ አቶ መአሾ ኪዳኔ —የአቶ ጌታቸው አሰፋ ልዩ ጽሕፈት ቤት ኃላፊ ሆነው ሲሠሩ የነበሩና —እንዲሁም እስከተከሰሱና በቁጥጥር እስከዋሉ ድረስ፡ በዲፕሎማትነት እስታምቡል ተመድበው፣ የመሂጃ ቀናቸውን እየተጠባበቁ እንደነበሩ ተገልጿል። 

ሀ.  አቶ መአሾ ኪዳኔ የተወነጁሉት የኦነግና የአርበኞች ግንቦት ሰባት አባል ናቸው ተብለው በሐሰት የተጠረጠሩ ግለሰቦችን በቁጥጥር ሥር እንዲውሉ፣ ለበታች ሠራተኞች ትዕዛዝ መስጠታቸውንና ጉዳት እንዲደርስባቸው ማስደረጋቸውን መርማሪ ቡድኑ ለፍርድ ቤት አስረድቷል። በተጨማሪም አቶ መአሾ ኪዳኔ “ከገቢያቸው በላይ ሦስት ቤቶች መገንባታቸውንና ምንጩ ያልታወቀ ሀብት አከማችተውና ለባለቤታቸው ውክልና ሠጥተው በመገኘታቸው በሙስና ወንጀልም እንደጠረጠራቸው” ፓሊስ አስታውቋል፡፡ 

ለ.  ሁለተኛው ተከሳሽምየብሔራዊ መረጃና ደኅንነት አገልግሎት የኦፕሬሽን ክፍል ዳይሬክተር መሆናቸው የተገለጸው ሌላው የደኅንነት አባል አቶ ሃዱሽ ካሣ ሲሆኑ እርሳቸውም የተወነጀሉት “በከባድ የሰብዓዊ መብቶች ጥሰት ወንጀል”ና አላግባብ የተገኘ ሃብት ማከማቸት ነው!

ከሁሉም የሚያስገርመው፣ የሕወሃት ወሮበሎች ሌሎች ኢትዮጵያውያንን በዘራቸው ምክንያት በጥላቻ ሲያሰቃዩና ሲገሉ 27 ዓመታት የቆዩ ሰዎች በወንጀል ተጠርጥረው ሲያዙ፡ የመጀመሪያ ዑዑታቸው በዘራቸው ምክንያት እንደተሠቃዩ የሚያሰሙት ስሞታቸው በተለይ በአሁኑ ወቅት ያሳምማል።

ለምሣሌም ያህል በፌዴራል ፖሊስ ዳይሬክተር ጄኔራል እነዶር ወርቅነህ ገበየሁ ተመልምለው ቀደም ሲልም ሽልማት ተሠጥቷቸው  የነበሩት አቶ መአሾ ኪዳኔ የታሠሩበትን ምክንያት— ሪፖርተር እንደዘገበው— እንዲህ ሲሉ ይገልጻሉ፦

“የተከሰስኩበትና በቁጥጥር ሥር እንድውል የተደረገበት ምክንያት ሁለት ነው፡፡ አንደኛው የትግራይ ተወላጅ መሆኔ ሲሆን፣ ሁለተኛው ደግሞ በፖለቲካ ውሳኔ ነው፤”

 

በነፃነትና ዲሞክራሲ ስም ላለፉት 27 ዓመታት በብቸኝነት ሥልጣን ላይ በመፈናጠጥ የትግራይ ሕዝብ ነፃነት ግንባር (ሕወሃት) በዚህም ምክንያት ሌቦችን፡ ነፍሰ ገዳዮችንና ወንጀለኞችን ከሕግ ለመደበቅ ሕወሃት ተደጋጋሚ ሠልፎች ሲያደርግ የኢትዮጵያ ሕዝብ እነዚህ ሰዎች መቼ ነው ከከንቱነታቸው የሚላቀቁት ከማለት ባሻገር፡ በመገረም ነበር የሚመለከታቸው።

ምነው እነዚህ ሰዎች እንዲህ ፍንጣቂ ሰብዓዊነትና ይሉኝታ አጡ?

ከላይኛው ጋር ተያያዥ የሆነ ሌላ ምሣሌ ላቅርብ:

ወ/ሮ ትርፉ ኪዳነማርያምን (የአቶ ዐባይ ወልዱ ባለቤት) ሕወሃት ግንባሩ አመራር በ12ኛው ኮንግሬስ መስከረም 2015 ላይ ከአባልነት ሊያባርር ፣ ነሐሴ ውስጥ በሲያትል በተከበረው የትግራይ ፊስቲቫል ላይ እንዲገኙ ተደረገ።  ስለሆነም እግረ መንገዳቸውን ከደኅንነቱ ኃላፊ አቶ ጌታቸው አሰፋ ወንድም ከአቶ ዳንኤል አስፋ ጋር ዋሽንግቶን ዲ.ሲ. ኢትዮጵያ ኤምባሲ ጎራ ይላሉ።    

ለነገሩ ወይዘሮ ትርፉ — ከሕወሃት አመራርነት ቢባረሩም፡ የአቶ ዐባይ ወልዱ ባለቤት ስለሆኑ  ተከታዩን በር መከፈት የግንባሩ ባህል በመሆኑ— ወድያውኑ ያላንዳች ብቃት አውስትራሊያና ኔውዚላንድ አምባሳደር ሆነው ተሾሙ። ውጭ ጉዳይ ሚኒስትር ቴድሮስ አድሃኖም ከዲፕሎማቲክ ባህልና አሠራር ውጭ በቦታው ላይ የነበረው አምባሳደር ቤተሰቡን አንኳ ሳያሰባስብ በአስቸኳይ እንዲወረውር መደረጉ በአያሌው ተነግሯል!

የሕወሃትን ሥራ አከናወኑ ለመባል፣ መቶ ያህል በሃገሬው ነዋሪ ከሆኑ የትግራይ ተወላጆች ብቻ (በግል ጥሪ) ስብሰባ ስለተደረገ —አምባሳደሩንና የቤት ሠራተኞችን ጭምር  አስወጥተው — እርስ በርስ የተባሉበትን ስብሰባቸውን አደረጉ!

ምን አጨቃጨቃቸው?  ለወይዘሮ ትርፉና አቶ ዳኔኤል አሰፋ የቀረበላቸው ጥያቄ፡ “የኢትዮጵያ ህዝብ፣ ብሄር ብሄረሰቦች ለምንድነው የሚጠሉን?…ዲሞክራሲና አንድነትን የማንፈልግ የሚመስላቸው ለምንድን ነው?” 

ሁለቱ የሕወሃት መልዕክተኞች በሠጡት መልስ፡ “የኢትዮጵያ ህዝብ አይጠላንም … ይልቁንም ባለን ቦታና ሚና ይበልጥ እየተከበርን እንገኛለን …በየትኛውም የኢትዮጵያ ክልል የትግራይ ተወላጆች በሰላምና ተከብረው እንደሚኖሩ አስረድተዋል። የሚጠሉን ተቃዋሚዎችና ከህወሃት ያፈነገጡ ግለሰቦች ናቸው።”

የሚቀጥለው አስገራሚውና የብስጭት ጥያቄያቸው ያተኮረው ልማት — ትግራይን ዘሎ —ለምን አዲስ አበባና ባሕር ዳር ላይ ብቻ አተኮረ የሚል እንደነበር ታውቋል። ዋናው ጉልህ ፍላጎታቸው በምሽቱ በምሥጢሩ ስብሰባ የተንጸባረቀው ዓመታዊ ስፖርት ውድድር ትልቅ ስታዲዮም ትግራይ ውስጥ ተሠርቶ እዚያ እንጂ ባሕር ዳር እንዳይካሄድ የሚሻ ነበር።

በመጠኑም ቢሆን፣ ይህም የአስተሳሰባቸውን ጤንነት መቃወስ ያመለክታል!

ማጠቃለያ

ባለፈው ቅዳሜ — የትግራይ ክልል ም/መስተዳደር ደብረጽዮን ገብረሚካኤል መቀሌ በኢትዮጵያ ሃብትና ንብረት እንዲሁም በአያሌ ዜጎች ላይ በብሔራዊ ደረጃም ሆነ በዓለም አቀፍ ሕግጋት የተወገዙ ወንጀሎች የፈጸሙ ወንጀለኞችን አሳልፎ ላለመስጠት፡ ሕዝቡን በመገፋፋትና በማሳሳት ዛቻና ጦር ሰበቃ ውስጥ መግባታቸውን በገሃድ በኢትዮጵያ ሕዝብ ላይ  የተቃጣ ነው!

ብዙ ቅር የሚያሰኙኝ ነገሮች ቢኖሩም፡ ኢትዮጵያ ትላንት በወሮበሎች ከተያዘችበት 27 ዓመት የተሻለ አመራር ዛሬ አላት ብዪ አምናለሁ! በዚህም ምክንያት፣ በኢትዮጵያ ውስጥ አሁን በዘር ሳቢያ ሥልጣን ላይ እንደ ወያኔዎቹ ለመንጠላጠል የሚሞክሩትን አመራሩ ካየና ገብስና ገለባውን ከለየ በኋላ ሃገሪቱን በትክክለኛ መሥመር እንዲወስዳት እጠብቃለሁ!

ያ ከተደረገ — ሕወሃት ብዙ ክፋትና ጥፋት ሊያደርስ የሚችልበት ቀዳዳዎች መኖር እንደተጠበቀ ሆኖ— ከኢትዮጵያ ጋር የጥፋትን ጎዳና ከመረጡ ከታሪክ አለመማራቸውን ብቻ ነው የሚያሳየው!

ለማንኛውም በቴሌቪዥን የወገኖቻችንን ሠቆቃና ሥቃይ ማየቴ ቢያናድደኝም፣ ስለስማነው አስፈሪ ሠቆቃ በቴለቪዥን ዐይተን ለማመንና የኢትዮጵያ ሕዝብ ጠላት የሆነው ሕወሃት ምን ዐይነት አስከፊ አውሬ መሆኑን በማየት፣ የግንባሩን ዘላለማዊ ሞት እንድንፈልግ ኢትዮጵያውያንን የሚገፋፋን ልዩ ኃይልና አስፈላጊ ቁጣ አድርጌ ተቀበየዋለሁ።

 

 

Fuel Shortage hits Tigray, writes The Reporter

15 Oct

Posted by The Ethiopia Observatory (TEO)

Rate of daily arrivals from Eritrea increased exponentially

Given the type of vehicles that are coming from Eritrea, each car will carry at least 400 litres per day 

Fuel trucks returning to Eritrea after buying needed amount of fuel from Tigray. Reporter’s photo. i

Following the opening of the border of the two countries, there is a significant increase in the transit of vehicles. In light of these, according to the data gathered from Tigray Urban Development, Trade & Industry Bureau–on average, 1,000 vehicles arrive at Tigray with the figure sometimes going up to 2,000. The vehicles mostly are automobiles, few freight vehicles as well as public buses.

This resulted in a shortage of Benzene in towns of Tigray, particularly Mekelle, Adigrat, Axum, Wekro as well as Adewa. Those who have arrived from Eritrea prefer to feel their cars here in Ethiopia given the price advantage as well the limited accessibility of the product in Eritrea.

“The problem needs a solution,” Daniel Mekonne, deputy head from Tigray Urban Development, Trade & Industry Bureau told The Reporter.

Given the type of vehicles that are coming from Eritrea, each car will carry at least 400 liters per day, he added.

The shortage which is mostly attributed to growing business activities in the borders towns is also promoted by other factors, The Reporter has learnt.

There are few fuel and gas distributing companies who has gas stations in those affected towns, which recently, have stopped supplying given the lawsuit by the Ethiopian Petroleum Supply Enterprise.

“As a result of this, we are not getting benzene which was supposed to come via those distributors,” said Daniel.

“We know about the shortage,” Tadesse Hailemariam, CEO of The Enterprise told The Reporter.

In related news, a new report from the UN High Commissioner for Refugees which was released last week has indicated that the reopening of the border has also resulted in an increase in number of people arriving from Eritrea.

From this, 90 percent of the new arrivals are women and children, according to the report. This is in contradiction to the current feature of refugee camps in Tigray, which is dominated by young men.

The average daily rate of arrivals is increasing from 53 to approximately 390 individuals, reads the report. Between September 12 and October, 02, 2018, a total of 6,779 refugees were registered at the Endabaguna Reception Centre with a further 2,725 awaiting relocation at the border to Endabaguna.

 

The Ethiopian Observatory (TEO) makes the following observations:


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Eritrean Nakfa (fixed exchange rate)

 

              Click to magnify

Ethiopian Birr National Bank rate in its managed float operations

A one year historical exchange rate of the Ethiopian Birr

Historical exchange rate of Birr from XE Oct 15, 2017 to 15 Oct 2018
Click to magnify.


Not all things are produced in Ethiopia. Those it does not produce, Ethiopia imports, especially wealthy ones, although Ethiopia has been a country — even during its double-digit growth years—a country that has never known—forget abundance of foreign exchange—not even half a year’s supply!

We all know now the earnings from good years of growth, as reported by international sources, were spirited out of the country.

Consequently, there has always been scarcity of sugar, oil, wheat, medicines, schools supplies, building materials, etc. The prices of those products are determined — theoretically by the market. However, during the past 27 years Ethiopians have known, at least better than TPLF’s revolutionary democracy and its developmental government, wherever the market is properly organised and law-governed, it has invariably determined the prices of goods based on their quality and availability— not mischiefs.

To determine prices, such a market in turn requires as many buyers and sellers participating in the market. Of that, the eminent conservative economist Milton Friedman is quoted as having remarked elegantly: “The most important single central fact about a free market is that no exchange takes place unless both parties benefit.”

In the Tigray market, today there is only one buyer. It’s also the same seller — the TPLF and its EFFORT!

Part of the dilemma of Ethiopians now is also the fact that, as citizens and in keeping with past feudal and un-transparent political tradition, the Abiy Administration has been tight-lipped on the terms of trade it has entered into with Eritrea— in particular the Nakfa exchange rate regime— which is fraught with future troubles for Ethiopia-Eritrea commerce. 

As administrator of Tigray Region, what has the TPLF done to address the current problem of scarcity of fuel, as Eritreans drive into Tigray and, in keeping with their individual needs, relieved their fuel problems their country could not provide? The action by Eritreans is consistent with that of all humans in situations of scarcity and excessive shortages!

Everything I state here is not in any sense directed against the people — but TPLF greed and blindness. Note that Daniel Mekonnen of the Tigray Urban Development, Trade & Industry Bureau told The Reporter “The problem needs a solution”.

This situation arose in Eritrea, partly because of the disability the TPLF has brought upon them! Was the TPLF held back from acting as supposedly as state leader, or is it disabled by its guilt, under the current circumstance?

Or this situation arose because some TPLF members saw this Eritrean pressing need for fuel and other products as their source of enrichment: by selling for Nakfa and turning it into dollars and keeping in foreign banks?

It’s possible the TPLF may have focused on its own solutions that as usual serves its interests— not of the people of Tigray!  For that, it has equated regulating the situation with leaving the door wide open for our Eritrean brothers to come and exhaust the meager supply of fuel and etc., which Ethiopia imports with its depleted foreign exchange resources!

Why this TPLF generosity now to the People’s Front for Democracy and Justice (PEFDJ), as if it had not been persecuting it at all international fora until less than half a year ago, including advocating sanctions not to be lifted? One only needs to consider the report of the United Nations Somalia Eritrea Monitoring Group (SEMG) to the Security Council (S/2017/924) of November 2nd, 2017.

In its paragraph 229, the SEMG recommended for Security Council action of “disassociating the Eritrea and Somalia sanctions regimes.” This was because it had found no evidence of Eritrean terrorism in Somalia or anywhere else in the Horn of Africa.

To be honest, in the circumstances I don’t have the fullest answer to any of the above questions!

Nonetheless, skepticism being a second nature to Ethiopians, i.e., without dropping any hints, today most Ethiopians prefer to distrust the TPLF ‘gesture’ to Eritreans. 

As a political force that finds itself caught between its present opportunism toward Eritreans and mortal enmity to the reformist Ethiopian group in power at this moment, it’s only contriving, if it could, to bring down the administration in Addis Abeba.

In that, its strategy is two-pronged. It aims at frustrating the unfortunate Tigrean people with scarcity. For over half a century, it has been masquerading as their protector, although now treating them as collaterals.

While paying lip-service to Eritreans, TPLF strategy is to bring down the Abiy Ahmed Administration.

Meantime, all known TPLF criminals would, with consent of the mafia organisation, continue to use Tigray as their hiding place from justice!

It’s my earnest hope Ethiopians and Eritreans would strengthen their fraternal ties in peace and dignity!

 

 

የራያ ዩኒቨርሲቲ መሠረት ድንጋይ በሕወሃት/ኢሕአዴግ ባለሥልጣኖች ተቀመጠ፤ ኢትዮጵያ የምትሰማውን ግን ማመን አዳጋች ነው

26 Feb

Posted by The Ethiopia Observatory (TEO)
በፍቃዱ ሞላ፤ አዲስ ዘመን

    የትምህርት ሚኒስትሩ አቶ ሽፈራው ሽጉጤ፤ “ዩኒቨርሲቲው ከሦስት ዓመት በኋላ የሕብረ ብሔራዊነት ምልክት ይሆናል…በመላው አገሪቷ ለተስፋፋው ትምህርት የህወሓትና የትግራይ ህዝብ ትግል መሰረት ነው!” – አዲስ ዘመን

 

የራያ ዩኒቨርሲቲ የመሰረት ድንጋይ ሲቀመጥ  (ፎቶ አዲስ ዘመን)

የራያ ዩኒቨርሲቲ የመሰረት ድንጋይ ሲቀመጥ (ፎቶ አዲስ ዘመን)


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ገንዘብ ለመስብስቢያ ተብሎ “መለስ ዜናዊ የሰሜን ኢትዮጵያ የተራራዎች ምርምርና ልማት ኢንስቲትዩት” ሊቋቋም ነው – ታዲያ ለምን ይሆን ሕወሃት ደን አሰመንጣሪ የሆነው?

2 Feb

የአዘጋጁ አስተያየት:

    ማቋቋሚያ ወጭውን ማን ይሽፍናል? እንዳለፈው ጊዜ አንዳንድ ድርጅቶች፡ ሕዝቡ በተለይ በአንዳንድ የደቡብ ክፍሎችና በኦሮሚያ ርሃብ የገባባቸው መንደሮች እያሉ እስክሚሊዮን ብር ድረስ ለመለስ ፋውንዴሽን እንዲከፍሉ ተደርጓል። አንዳንዶችም አንደ ደቡብ ክፍል ዐይነቶቹ ለመተ ዓመቱ ልማት ማፋጠኛ (MDG) ተብሎ ከተያዘው ላይ ነው የዛሬው የትምህርት ሚኒስትር ክፍያ ያደረጉት። ሕዝቡ ያን ጊዜ ጤፍን ችላ ብሎ ሥራ ሥሮች ላይ እንዲያተኩር ዘመቻ የሚጧጧፍበት ጊዜ ነበር። ያም ዛሬ ተአምር ተብሎ በ ጋርድያን ላይ ያጽፍለታል – ነፍስን በሥራሥሮች ማትረፍ።
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Abraha Desta Wonders Who Owns Mesebo Cement in Tigray Region

2 Feb

Mesebo Cement Factory (Credit: The Reporter)

Posted by The Ethiopia Observatory

መሰቦ ሲሚንቶ ፋብሪካ ከትእምት ኩባንያዎች አንድ ሲሆን በመቀለ ከተማ ይገኛል። አንድ በጣም የወረደ ግን አስገራሚ ነገር ልንገራቹ። በመሰቦ ሲሚንቶ ፋብሪካ የሚሰሩ ሰራተኞች በሙሉ የአንድ ሐረግ ቤተሰብ አባላት ናቸው። ግን የአንድ ትልቅ ፋብሪካ ሰራተኞች እንዴት የአንድ ቤተሰብ ሊሆኑ ይችላሉ? ለኔም ገርሞኛል።
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