Tag Archives: Yemen

2020 Global conflict & disorder patterns: “reactivated groups cause for heightened risk of mass violence in Ethiopia…”

21 Feb

Posted by The Ethiopia Observatory (TEO)

Editor’s Note:  Separately on Ethiopia since 2019, pls consult ACLED’s: [Ethiopia] At risk of increased fragmentation despite a popular leader)

 

by Clionadh Raleigh, ACLED Executive Director

Paper presented at the 2020 Munich Security Conference

There is a great range in how states and citizens experience security: in places like Mexico and Burundi, active and latent groups dominate the security environment, while in Iran, Turkey and Ukraine, the level of per capita civilian killing is low, but perpetrated by the same small range of state, and state-associated groups. In countries like Ethiopia and Pakistan, the possibility of high numbers of ‘re-activated’ groups mean that civilians are at a heightened risk of mass violence, should the political environment change suddenly.

In the past 10 years, the world has witnessed a decline in global cooperation and security. This downturn is manifest through multiple internationalized wars and massive humanitarian crises, rising nationalism from global powers, transnational terror organizations using sophisticated recruitment techniques, cyber-attacks orchestrated by marginalized states, sustained levels of violence in nominally ‘post-conflict’ countries, and a drastic rise in the number of non-state violent agents. An intensification of violence and risk has accompanied these notable shifts. Drawing on the ACLED dataset of almost a million political violence and protest events across over 100 countries, we can discern four broad patterns that summarize the current conflict landscape and indicate how disorder is likely to evolve in the future:

(1) Political violence is rising and manifesting as disorder in multiple forms. It is persistent and dynamic, consistently adapting to changing political circumstances and opportunities, rather than dissipating. For these reasons, it is best to understand political violence not as a failure of states, but as a volatile and flexible feature of political systems.

(2) Political violence is rising most quickly in developed states: Russia, Mexico and Turkey are key examples of how specific forms of political violence find an outlet in relatively wealthier states. Continued conflicts in the Democratic Republic of Congo, Somalia and Afghanistan demonstrate the intractable nature of wars in states with inconsistent government control and capacity across territory. Conflict is most persistent in poorer states, but even in these environments, it is a tool of the powerful, rather than the poor and aggrieved.

(3) The fallout from many externally imposed peace-building and stabilization efforts, forced elections, and corruption is unprecedented levels of militia and gang violence. Rather than a descent into chaos, this trend is tied directly to the domestic politics of states and the economic benefits of conflict. The form and intensity of such conflict adapts to political competition within states. As a result, we should expect a continued rise in militias, gangs and violence across most states.

(4) Finally, demonstrations are increasing drastically — but most peaceful protests have no effect on political structures and elite politics. State security forces continue to intervene violently in protests, and mobs — often hired by politicians — are responsible for a significant and deadly increase of rioting in South Asia and beyond.

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Smugglers ‘deliberately drowned’ migrants near Yemen — TPLF as the push factor!

10 Aug

Posted by The Ethiopia Observatory (TEO)
by DW
 
Up to 50 people believed to have been migrants from Somalia and Ethiopia have been “deliberately drowned” near Yemen. The UN’s migration agency has called the killings “shocking and inhumane.”
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Famine ‘largest humanitarian crisis in history of UN’

11 Mar

Posted by The Ethiopia Observatory (TEO)

UN humanitarian chief says 20 million people in Yemen, South Sudan, Somalia and Nigeria face starvation and famine.

The world faces the largest humanitarian crisis since the United Nations was founded in 1945 with more than 20 million people in four countries at risk of starvation and famine, the UN humanitarian chief has said.
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Ethiopians flock in large numbers into war-torn Yemen

29 Nov

Posted by The Ethiopia Observatory (TEO)
by AFP

More than 100,000 refugees from the Horn of Africa have flocked to Yemen this year despite a raging conflict in the country, the United Nations said on Tuesday.
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32nd Human Rights Council session urged to take action on serious human rights violations in Ethiopia

22 Jun

By Keffyalew Gebremedhin, The Ethiopia Observatory (TEO)
 

on Wednesday June 22, 2016, at the 32nd session of the Human Rights Council (HRC), Human Rights Watch (HRW) participated in the General Debate under Agenda item 4: Human Rights situations that require the Council’s attention.

HRW informed HRC that it is “deeply expressed concerned about several human rights situations that have either been inadequately addressed by this Council, or on which the Council has remained largely silent.”

In that respect, it mentioned four countries by name – Bangladesh, Ethiopia, Thailand and Yemen – mostly where these violations have taken place.
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Ethiopia, South Sudan, Sudan & Yemen said with the greatest needs for food aid thru 2016

26 Apr

Posted by The Ethiopia Observatory (TEO)
by Fews.net Food Assistance Outlook Brief
 

This video version of FEWS NET’s Food Assistance Outlook Brief for April 2016, which projects humanitarian assistance needs in October 2016, shows:

    *   30 of the 34 countries that FEWS NET covers will have significant populations in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) or worse food insecurity

    *   El Niño, conflict, and macroeconomic issues are the primary drivers of food insecurity

    *   El Niño is dissipating but a transition to La Niña, which brings a different set of concerns, is more likely by the end of 2016

    *   Ethiopia, South Sudan, Sudan and Yemen are the countries with the greatest needs

    *   Severe and extensive drought in Southern Africa has significantly reduced crop production

 

UK ‘training Ethiopian forces’ linked to Briton’s kidnap, as it had done with the ‘Liyu Police’, the killing machine in the Ogaden

23 Mar

Posted by The Ethiopia Observatory (TEO)

The UK government is providing funding to help train Ethiopian security forces, despite evidence of their involvement in the kidnap and rendition of a British man who is now held under sentence of death.
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UNITED NATIONS: Ethiopians & Somalis flooding into Yemen despite conflict

20 Jan

Editor’s Note:

Following the collapse of the Siad Barre regime in January 1991, Somalia did not have any government for over twenty years. Only late in 2012 was a government established in that country, whose dominion does not extend into the entire territory Siad Barre had left.
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